5. KulasaŖgahavinicchayakath±

27. KulasaŖgahoti pupphaphal±d²hi kul±na½ saŖgaho kulasaŖgaho. Tatr±ya½vinicchayo (p±r±. aµµha. 2.431)– kulasaŖgahatth±ya m±l±vacch±d²ni ropetu½ v± rop±petu½v± sińcitu½ v± sińc±petu½ v± pupph±ni ocinitu½ v± ocin±petu½ v± ganthitu½v± ganth±petu½ v± na vaµµati. Tattha akappiyavoh±ro kappiyavoh±ro pariy±yoobh±so nimittakammanti im±ni pańca j±nitabb±ni.
28. Tattha akappiyavoh±ro n±ma allaharit±na½ koµµana½ koµµ±pana½, ±v±µassa khaŗana½khaŗ±pana½, m±l±vacchassa ropana½ rop±pana½, ±¼iy± bandhana½ bandh±pana½, udakassa secana½sec±pana½, m±tik±ya sammukhakaraŗa½, kappiya-udakasińcana½, hatthap±damukhadhovananah±nodakasińcana½.Kappiyavoh±ro n±ma “ima½ rukkha½ j±na, ima½ ±v±µa½ j±na, ima½ m±l±vaccha½j±na, ettha udaka½ j±n±”ti-±divacana½ sukkham±tik±ya ujukaraŗańca. Pariy±yon±ma “paŗ¹itena m±l±vacch±dayo rop±petabb±, nacirasseva upak±r±ya sa½vattant²”ti-±divacana½.Obh±so n±ma kud±lakhaŗitt±d²ni ca m±l±vacche ca gahetv± µh±na½. Eva½ µhitańhis±maŗer±dayo disv± “thero k±r±petuk±mo”ti gantv± karonti. Nimittakamma½n±ma kud±lakhaŗittiv±sipharasu-udakabh±jan±ni ±haritv± sam²pe µhapana½.
29. Im±ni pańcapi kulasaŖgahatth±ya ropanarop±pan±d²su na vaµµanti. Phalaparibhogatth±yakappiy±kappiyavoh±radvayameva na vaµµati, itarattaya½ vaµµati. Mah±paccariya½ pana “kappiyavoh±ropivaµµati, yańca attano paribhogatth±ya vaµµati, ta½ ańńapuggalassa v± saŖghassa v± cetiyassa v±atth±yapi vaµµat²”ti vutta½. ¾r±matth±ya pana vanatth±ya ch±yatth±ya ca akappiyavoh±ramattamevana vaµµati, sesa½ vaµµati. Na kevalańca sesa½, ya½ kińci m±tikampi uju½ k±tu½kappiya-udaka½ sińcitu½ nah±nakoµµhaka½ katv± nah±yitu½ hatthap±damukhadhovana-udak±nica tattha cha¹¹etumpi vaµµati. Mah±paccariya½ pana kurundiyańca “kappiyapathaviya½saya½ ropetumpi vaµµat²”ti vutta½. ¾r±m±di-atth±ya pana ropitassa v± rop±pitassav± phala½ paribhuńjitumpi vaµµati.
30. Aya½ pana ±dito paµµh±ya vitth±rena ±pattivinicchayo– kulad³sanatth±yaakappiyapathaviya½ m±l±vaccha½ ropentassa p±cittiyańceva dukkaµańca, tath± akappiyavoh±renarop±pentassa. Kappiyapathaviya½ ropanepi rop±panepi dukkaµameva. Ubhayatr±pi saki½±ŗattiy± bah³nampi ropane ekameva sap±cittiyadukkaµa½ v± suddhadukkaµa½ v± hoti.Paribhogatth±ya kappiyabh³miya½ v± akappiyabh³miya½ v± kappiyavoh±rena rop±pane an±patti.¾r±m±di-atth±yapi akappiyapathaviya½ ropentassa v± akappiyavacanena rop±pentassa v±p±cittiya½. Aya½ pana nayo mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ na suµµhu vibhatto, mah±paccariya½pana vibhattoti.
Sińcanasińc±pane pana akappiya-udakena sabbattha p±cittiya½, kulad³sanaparibhogatth±ya dukkaµampi.Kappiyena tesa½yeva dvinna½ atth±ya dukkaµa½, paribhogatth±ya cettha kappiyavoh±rena sińc±panean±patti. ¾pattiµµh±ne pana dh±r±vacchedavasena payogabahulat±ya ca ±pattibahulat± veditabb±.
KulasaŖgahatth±ya ocinane pupphagaŗan±ya dukkaµap±cittiy±ni, ańńattha p±cittiy±neva.Bah³ni pana pupph±ni ekapayogena ocinanto payogavasena k±retabbo. Ocin±panekulad³sanatth±ya saki½ ±ŗatto bahumpi ocin±ti, ekameva sap±cittiyadukkaµa½,ańńatra p±cittiyameva.
31. Ganthanaganth±panesu pana sabb±pi cha pupphavikatiyo veditabb±– ganthima½ gopphima½vedhima½ veµhima½ p³rima½ v±yimanti. Tattha ganthima½ n±ma sadaŗ¹akesu v±uppalapadum±d²su ańńesu v± d²ghavaŗµesu pupphesu daµµhabba½. Daŗ¹akena v± daŗ¹aka½,vaŗµena v± vaŗµa½ ganthetv± katameva hi ganthima½. Ta½ bhikkhussa v± bhikkhuniy±v± k±tumpi akappiyavacanena k±r±petumpi na vaµµati, “eva½ j±na, eva½ kate sobheyya,yath± et±ni pupph±ni na vikiriyanti, tath± karoh²”ti-±din± pana kappiyavacanenak±r±petu½ vaµµati.
Gopphima½ n±ma suttena v± v±k±d²hi v± vassikapupph±d²na½ ekatovaŗµika-ubhatovaŗµikam±l±vasenagopphana½, v±ka½ v± rajju½ v± diguŗa½ katv± tattha avaŗµak±ni n²papupph±d²nipavesetv± paµip±µiy± bandhanti, etampi gopphimameva. Sabba½ purimanayeneva na vaµµati.
Vedhima½ n±ma savaŗµak±ni vassikapupph±d²ni vaŗµe, avaŗµak±ni vakulapupph±d²niattano chiddesu s³cit±lah²r±d²hi vinivijjhitv± ±vunanti, eta½ vedhima½ n±ma.Ta½ purimanayeneva na vaµµati. Keci pana kadalikkhandhamhi kaŗµake v± t±lah²r±d²niv± pavesetv± tattha pupph±ni vinivijjhitv± µhapenti, keci kaŗµakas±kh±su, kecipupphachattapupphak³µ±g±rakaraŗattha½ chatte ca bhittiyańca pavesetv± µhapitakaŗµakesu,keci dhamm±sanavit±ne baddhakaŗµakesu, keci kaŗik±rapupph±d²ni sal±k±hi vijjhanti,chatt±dhichatta½ viya karonti, ta½ ati-o¼±rikameva. Pupphavijjhanattha½ pana dhamm±sanavit±nekaŗµakampi bandhitu½ kaŗµak±d²hi v± ekapupphampi vijjhitu½ puppheyeva v± puppha½pavesetu½ na vaµµati. J±lavit±navedikan±gadantakapupphapaµicchakat±lapaŗŗagu¼ak±d²na½ panachiddesu asokapiŗ¹iy± v± antaresu pupph±ni pavesetu½ na doso. Na heta½ vedhima½hoti. Dhammarajjuyampi eseva nayo.
Veµhima½ n±ma pupphad±mapupphahatthakesu daµµhabba½. Keci hi matthakad±ma½ karont±heµµh± ghaµak±k±ra½ dassetu½ pupphehi veµhenti, keci aµµha aµµha v± dasa dasa v± uppalapupph±d²nisuttena v± v±kena v± daŗ¹akesu bandhitv± uppalahatthake v± padumahatthake v± karonti,ta½ sabba½ purimanayeneva na vaµµati. S±maŗerehi upp±µetv± thale µhapita-uppal±d²nik±s±vena bhaŗ¹ikampi bandhitu½ na vaµµati. Tesa½yeva pana v±kena v± daŗ¹akena v±bandhitu½ a½sabhaŗ¹ika½ v± k±tu½ vaµµati. A½sabhaŗ¹ika½ n±ma khandhe µhapitak±s±vassaubho ante ±haritv± bhaŗ¹ika½ katv± tasmi½ pasibbake viya pupph±ni pakkhipanti,aya½ vuccati a½sabhaŗ¹ik±, eta½ k±tu½ vaµµati. Daŗ¹akehi paduminipaŗŗa½ vijjhitv±uppal±d²ni paŗŗena veµhetv± gaŗhanti, tatr±pi pupph±na½ upari paduminipaŗŗameva bandhitu½vaµµati, heµµh± daŗ¹aka½ pana bandhitu½ na vaµµati.
P³rima½ n±ma m±l±guŗe ca pupphapaµe ca daµµhabba½. Yo hi m±l±guŗena cetiya½ v±bodhi½ v± vedika½ v± parikkhipanto puna ±netv± purimaµµh±na½ atikk±meti, ett±vat±p³rima½ n±ma hoti, ko pana v±do anekakkhattu½ parikkhipantassa. N±gadantakantarehipavesetv± haranto olambaka½ katv± puna n±gadantaka½ parikkhipati, etampi p³rima½n±ma. N±gadantake pana pupphavalaya½ pavesetu½ vaµµati. M±l±guŗehi pupphapaµa½karonti, tatr±pi ekameva m±l±guŗa½ haritu½ vaµµati. Puna pacc±harato p³rimameva hoti.Ta½ sabba½ purimanayeneva na vaµµati. M±l±guŗehi pana bah³hipi kata½ pupphad±ma½ labhitv±±sanamatthak±d²su bandhitu½ vaµµati. Atid²gha½ pana m±l±guŗa½ ekav±ra½ haritv± parikkhipitv±puna itarassa bhikkhuno d±tu½ vaµµati, tenapi tatheva k±tu½ vaµµati.
V±yima½ n±ma pupphaj±lapupphapaµapupphar³pesu daµµhabba½. Cetiye pupphaj±la½ karontassaekamekamhi j±lachiddake dukkaµa½. Bhittichattabodhitthambh±d²supi eseva nayo. Pupphapaµa½pana parehi p³ritampi v±yitu½ na labbhati. Gopphimapuppheheva hatthi-ass±dir³pak±nikaronti, t±nipi v±yimaµµh±ne tiµµhanti. Purimanayeneva sabba½ na vaµµati. Ańńehikataparicchede pana pupph±ni µhapentena hatthi-ass±dir³pakampi k±tu½ vaµµati. Mah±paccariya½pana ka¼ambakena a¹¹hacandakena ca saddhi½ aµµha pupphavikatiyo vutt±.
32. Tattha ka¼ambakoti a¹¹hacandakantare ghaµikad±ma-olambako vutto. A¹¹hacandakotia¹¹hacand±k±rena m±l±guŗaparikkhepo. Tadubhayampi p³rimeyeva paviµµha½. Kurundiya½pana “dve tayo m±l±guŗe ekato katv± pupphad±makaraŗampi v±yima½yev±”ti vutta½.Tampi idha p³rimaµµh±neyeva paviµµha½. Na kevalańca pupphad±mameva, piµµhamayad±mampi geŗ¹ukapupphad±mampikurundiya½ vutta½. Kharapattad±mampi sikkh±padassa s±dh±raŗatt± bhikkh³nampi bhikkhun²nampineva k±tu½, na k±r±petu½ vaµµati, p³j±nimitta½ pana kappiyavacana½ sabbattha vattu½vaµµati. Pariy±ya-obh±sanimittakamm±ni vaµµantiyeva.
Yo haritv± v± har±petv± v± pakkositv± v± pakkos±petv± v± saya½ v± upagat±na½ya½ kińci attano santaka½ puppha½ kulasaŖgahatth±ya deti, tassa dukkaµa½, parasantaka½deti, dukkaµameva. Theyyacittena deti, bhaŗ¹agghena k±retabbo. Esa nayo saŖghikepi.Aya½ pana viseso– sen±sanatth±ya niyamita½ issaravat±ya dadato thullaccayanti.
33. Puppha½ n±ma kassa d±tu½ vaµµati, kassa na vaµµat²ti? M±t±pit³na½ t±va haritv±pihar±petv±pi pakkositv±pi pakkos±petv±pi d±tu½ vaµµati sesań±tak±na½pakkos±petv±va. Tańca kho vatthup³janatth±ya, maŗ¹anatth±ya pana sivaliŖg±dip³janatth±ya v±kassacipi d±tu½ na vaµµati. M±t±pit³nańca har±pentena ń±tis±maŗereheva har±petabba½.Itare pana yadi sayameva icchanti, vaµµati. Sammatena pupphabh±jakena pupphabh±janak±le sampatt±na½s±maŗer±na½ upa¹¹habh±ga½ d±tu½ vaµµati. Kurundiya½ pana “sampattagih²na½ upa¹¹habh±ga½”,mah±paccariya½ “c³¼aka½ d±tu½ vaµµat²”ti vutta½. Asammatena apaloketv± d±tabba½.¾cariyupajjh±yesu sag±rav± s±maŗer± bah³ni pupph±ni ±haritv± r±si½ katv± µhapenti,ther± p±tova sampatt±na½ saddhivih±rik±d²na½ up±sak±d²na½ v± “tva½ ida½ gaŗha, tva½ida½ gaŗh±”ti denti, pupphad±na½ n±ma na hoti. “Cetiya½ p³jess±m±”ti gahetv±gacchant±pi p³ja½ karont±pi tattha tattha sampatt±na½ cetiyap³janatth±ya denti, etampi pupphad±na½n±ma na hoti. Up±sake akkapupph±d²hi p³jente disv± “vih±re kaŗik±rapupph±d²niatthi, up±sak± t±ni gahetv± p³jeth±”ti vattumpi vaµµati. Bhikkh³ pupphap³ja½katv± div±tara½ g±ma½ paviµµhe “ki½, bhante, atidiv± paviµµhatth±”ti pucchanti,“vih±re pupph±ni bah³ni, p³ja½ akarimh±”ti vadanti. Manuss± “bah³ni kiravih±re pupph±n²”ti punadivase pah³ta½ kh±dan²ya½ bhojan²ya½ gahetv± vih±ra½gantv± pupphap³jańca karonti d±nańca denti, vaµµati.
34. Manuss± “maya½, bhante, asukadivasa½ n±ma p³jess±m±”ti pupphav±ra½ y±citv±anuńń±tadivase ±gacchanti, s±maŗerehi ca pageva pupph±ni ocinitv± µhapit±nihonti, te rukkhesu pupph±ni apassant± “kuhi½, bhante, pupph±n²”ti vadanti,s±maŗerehi ocinitv± µhapit±ni, tumhe pana p³jetv± gacchatha, saŖgho ańńa½ divasa½p³jessat²ti. Te p³jetv± d±na½ datv± gacchanti, vaµµati. Mah±paccariya½ pana kurundiyańca“ther± s±maŗerehi d±petu½ na labhanti, sace sayameva t±ni pupph±ni tesa½ denti,vaµµati. Therehi pana ‘s±maŗerehi ocinitv± µhapit±n²’ti ettakameva vattabban”tivutta½. Sace pana pupphav±ra½ y±citv± anocitesu pupphesu y±gubhatt±d²ni ±d±ya±gantv± s±maŗere “ocinitv± deth±”ti vadanti, ń±bhis±maŗer±na½yeva ocinitv±d±tu½ vaµµati. Ańń±take ukkhipitv± rukkhas±kh±ya µhapenti, na orohitv± pal±yitabba½,ocinitv± d±tu½ vaµµati Sace pana koci dhammakathiko “bah³ni up±sak±vih±re pupph±ni, y±gubhatt±d²ni ±d±ya gantv± pupphap³ja½ karoth±”ti vadati,tasseva na kappat²ti mah±paccariyańca kurundiyańca vutta½. Mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ pana“eta½ akappiya½ na vaµµat²”ti avisesena vutta½.
35. Phalampi attano santaka½ vuttanayeneva m±t±pit³nańca sesań±t²nańca d±tu½vaµµati. KulasaŖgahatth±ya pana dentassa vuttanayeneva attano santake parasantake saŖghikesen±sanatth±ya niyamite ca dukkaµ±d²ni veditabb±ni. Attano santaka½yeva gil±namanuss±na½v± sampatta-issar±na½ v± kh²ŗaparibbay±na½ v± d±tu½ vaµµati, phalad±na½ na hoti. Phalabh±jakenapisammatena saŖghassa phalabh±janak±le sampattamanuss±na½ upa¹¹habh±ga½ d±tu½ vaµµati, asammatenaapaloketv± d±tabba½. SaŖgh±r±mepi phalaparicchedena v± rukkhaparicchedena v± katik±k±tabb± “tato gil±namanuss±na½ v± ańńesa½ v± phala½ y±cant±na½ yath±paricchedena catt±ripańca phal±ni d±tabb±ni, rukkh± v± dassetabb± ‘ito gahetu½ labbhat²”’ti. “Idhaphal±ni sundar±ni, ito gaŗhath±”ti eva½ pana na vattabba½. Attano santaka½ sir²sacuŗŗa½v± ańńa½ v± ya½ kińci kas±va½ kulasaŖgahatth±ya deti, dukkaµa½. Parasantak±d²supivuttanayeneva vinicchayo veditabbo. Aya½ pana viseso– saŖghassa rakkhitagopit±pi rukkhachalligarubhaŗ¹amev±ti. Mattikadantakaµµhave¼upaŗŗesupi garubhaŗ¹³paga½ ńatv± cuŗŗe vuttanayenevavinicchayo veditabbo.
36. JaŖghapesaniyanti gih²na½ d³teyya½ s±sanaharaŗakamma½ vuccati, ta½ na k±tabba½.Gih²nańhi s±sana½ gahetv± gacchantassa pade pade dukkaµa½. Ta½ kamma½ niss±ya laddhabhojana½bhuńjantassapi ajjhoh±re ajjhoh±re dukkaµa½. Paµhama½ s±sana½ aggahetv±pi pacch± “aya½d±ni so g±mo, handa na½ s±sana½ ±rocem²”ti magg± okkamantassapi pade pade dukkaµa½.S±sana½ ±rocetv± laddhabhojana½ bhuńjato purimanayeneva dukkaµa½. S±sana½ aggahetv± ±gatenapana “bhante, tasmi½ g±me itthann±massa k± pavatt²”ti pucchiyam±nena kathetu½vaµµati, pucchitapańhe doso natthi. Pańcanna½ pana sahadhammik±na½ m±t±pit³na½ paŗ¹upal±sassaattano veyy±vaccakarassa s±sana½ haritu½ vaµµati, gih²nańca kappiyas±sana½, tasm±“mama vacanena bhagavato p±de vandath±”ti v± “cetiya½ paµima½ bodhi½ saŖghatthera½ vandath±”tiv± “cetiye gandhap³ja½ karoth±”ti v± “pupphap³ja½ karoth±”ti v± “bhikkh³ sannip±tetha,d±na½ dass±ma, dhamma½ des±payiss±m±”ti v± ²disesu s±sanesu kukkucca½ nak±tabba½. Kappiyas±san±ni hi et±ni, na gih²na½ gihikammapaµisa½yutt±n²ti. Imehipana aµµhahi kulad³sakakammehi uppannapaccay± pańcannampi sahadhammik±na½ na kappanti.Abh³t±rocanar³piyasa½voh±rehi uppannapaccayasadis±va honti.
Pabb±jan²yakammakato pana yasmi½ g±me v± nigame v± kulad³sakakamma½ kata½, yasmińcavih±re vasati, neva tasmi½ g±me v± nigame v± caritu½ labhati, na vih±re vasitu½.Paµippassaddhakammenapi ca tena yesu kulesu pubbe kulad³sakakamma½ kata½, tatouppannapaccay± na gahetabb±, ±savakkhayapattenapi na gahetabb±, akappiy±va honti. “Kasm±na gaŗhath±”ti pucchitena “pubbe eva½ katatt±”ti vutte sace vadanti “na maya½tena k±raŗena dema, id±ni s²lavantat±ya dem±”ti, gahetabb±. Pakatiy± d±naµµh±neyevakulad³sakakamma½ kata½ hoti, tato pakatid±nameva gahetu½ vaµµati. Ya½ va¹¹hetv± denti,ta½ na vaµµati. Yasm± ca pucchitapańhe doso natthi, tasm± ańńampi bhikkhu½ pubbaŗhe v±s±yanhe v± antaraghara½ paviµµha½ koci puccheyya “kasm±, bhante, carath±”ti. Yenatthenacarati, ta½ ±cikkhitv± “laddha½ na laddhan”ti vutte sace na laddha½, “na laddhan”ti vatv±ya½ so deti, ta½ gahetu½ vaµµati.
37. “Na ca, bhikkhave, paŗidh±ya arańńe vatthabba½, yo vaseyya, ±patti dukkaµassa.Na ca, bhikkhave, paŗidh±ya piŗ¹±ya caritabba½…pe… na ca, bhikkhave, paŗidh±ya caŖkamitabba½…pe…na ca, bhikkhave, paŗidh±ya µh±tabba½…pe… na ca, bhikkhave, paŗidh±ya nis²ditabba½…pe…na ca, bhikkhave, paŗidh±ya seyy± kappetabb±, yo kappeyya, ±patti dukkaµass±”ti(p±r±. 223 ±dayo) vuttatt± “eva½ (p±r±. aµµha. 2.223) arańńe vasanta½ ma½ janoarahatte v± sekkhabh³miya½ v± sambh±vessati, tato lokassa sakkato bhaviss±mi garukatom±nito p³jito”ti eva½ patthana½ katv± arańńe na vasitabba½. Eva½ paŗidh±ya “arańńevasiss±m²”ti gacchantassa padav±re padav±re dukkaµa½, tath± arańńe kuµikaraŗacaŖkamananis²dananiv±sanap±rupan±d²susabbakiccesu payoge payoge dukkaµa½, tasm± eva½ arańńe na vasitabba½. Eva½ vasantohi sambh±vana½ labhatu v± m± v±, dukkaµa½ ±pajjati. Yo pana sam±dinnadhutaŖgo “dhutaŖga½rakkhiss±m²”ti v± “g±mante me vasato citta½ vikkhipati, arańńa½ sapp±yan”ticintetv± v± “addh± arańńe tiŗŗa½ vivek±na½ ańńatara½ p±puŗiss±m²”ti v±“arańńa½ pavisitv± arahatta½ ap±puŗitv± na nikkhamiss±m²”ti v± “arańńav±son±ma bhagavat± pasattho, mayi ca arańńe vasante bah³ sabrahmac±r² g±manta½ hitv± ±rańńak±bhavissant²”ti v± eva½ anavajjav±sa½ vasituk±mo hoti, teneva vasitabba½. Piŗ¹±yacarantassapi “abhikkant±d²ni saŗµhapetv± piŗ¹±ya cariss±m²”ti niv±sanap±rupanakiccatopabhuti y±va bhojanapariyos±na½, t±va payoge payoge dukkaµa½, sambh±vana½ labhatu v± m±v±, dukkaµameva. Khandhakavattasekhiyavattaparip³raŗattha½ pana sabrahmac±r²na½ diµµh±nugati-±pajjanattha½v± p±s±dikehi abhikkamapaµikkam±d²hi piŗ¹±ya pavisanto anupavajjo vińń³na½.CaŖkaman±d²supi eseva nayo.

Iti p±¼imuttakavinayavinicchayasaŖgahe

KulasaŖgahavinicchayakath± samatt±.