4. Vińńattivinicchayakath±

21. Vińńatt²ti y±can±. Tatr±ya½ vinicchayo (p±r±. aµµha. 2.342)–m³lacchejj±ya purisa½ y±citu½ na vaµµati, “sah±yatth±ya kammakaraŗatth±ya purisa½ deth±”tiy±citu½ vaµµati, purisena kattabba½ hatthakammasaŖkh±ta½ purisattakara½ y±citu½ vaµµatiyeva.Hatthakammańhi kińci vatthu na hoti, tasm± ta½ µhapetv± migaluddakamacchabandhanak±d²na½sakakamma½ avasesa½ sabba½ kappiya½. “Ki½, bhante, ±gat±ttha kena kammen±”tipucchite v± apucchite v± y±citu½ vaµµati, vińńattipaccay± doso natthi. Migaluddak±dayopana sakakamma½ na y±citabb±, “hatthakamma½ deth±”ti aniyametv±pi na y±citabb±.Eva½ y±cit± hi te “s±dhu, bhante”ti bhikkh³ uyyojetv± migepi m±retv±±hareyyu½. Niyametv± pana “vih±re kińci kattabba½ atthi, tattha hatthakamma½deth±”ti y±citabb±, ph±lanaŖgal±d²ni upakaraŗ±ni gahetv± kasitu½ v± vapitu½v± l±yitu½ v± gacchanta½ sakakiccapasutampi kassaka½ v± ańńa½ v± kińci hatthakamma½y±citu½ vaµµateva. Yo pana vigh±s±do v± ańńo v± koci nikkammo niratthakakatha½kathento nidd±yanto v± viharati, evar³pa½ ay±citv±pi “ehi re ida½ v± ida½ v±karoh²”ti yadicchaka½ k±r±petu½ vaµµati.
Hatthakammassa pana sabbakappiyabh±vad²panattha½ ima½ naya½ kathenti. Sace hi bhikkhu p±s±da½k±retuk±mo hoti, thambhatth±ya p±s±ŗakoµµak±na½ ghara½ gantv± vattabba½ “hatthakamma½laddhu½ vaµµati up±sak±”ti. “Ki½ k±tabba½, bhante”ti? “P±s±ŗatthambh± uddharitv±d±tabb±”ti. Sace te uddharitv± v± denti, uddharitv± nikkhitte attano thambhe v±denti, vaµµati. Ath±pi vadanti “amh±ka½, bhante, hatthakamma½ k±tu½ khaŗo natthi,ańńa½ uddhar±petha, tassa m³la½ dass±m±”ti, uddhar±petv± “p±s±ŗatthambhe uddhaµamanuss±na½m³la½ deth±”ti vattu½ vaµµati. Eteneva up±yena p±s±dad±r³na½ atth±ya va¹¹hak²na½santika½, iµµhakatth±ya iµµhakava¹¹hak²na½, chadanatth±ya gehacch±dak±na½, cittakammatth±yacittak±r±nanti yena yena attho hoti, tassa tassa atth±ya tesa½ tesa½ sippak±rak±na½santika½ gantv± hatthakamma½ y±citu½ vaµµati, hatthakammay±canavasena ca m³lacchejj±yav± bhattavetan±nuppad±nena v± laddhampi sabba½ gahetu½ vaµµati. Arańńato ±har±pentena casabba½ anajjh±vutthaka½ ±har±petabba½.
22. Na kevalańca p±s±da½ k±retuk±mena, mańcap²µhapattapariss±vanadhamakaraŗac²var±d²nik±r±petuk±menapi d±rulohasutt±d²ni labhitv± te te sippak±rake upasaŖkamitv±vuttanayeneva hatthakamma½ y±citabba½. Hatthakammay±canavasena ca m³lacchejj±ya v± bhattavetan±nuppad±nenav± laddhampi sabba½ gahetabba½. Sace pana k±tu½ na icchanti, bhattavetana½ pacc±s²santi,akappiyakah±paŗ±di na d±tabba½, bhikkh±c±ravattena taŗ¹ul±d²ni pariyesitv± d±tu½vaµµati. Hatthakammavasena patta½ k±retv± tatheva p±cetv± navapakkassa pattassa puńchanatelatth±yaantog±ma½ paviµµhena “bhikkh±ya ±gato”ti sallakkhetv± y±guy± v± bhatte v± ±n²tehatthena patto pidh±tabbo. Sace up±sik± “ki½, bhante”ti pucchati, “navapakkopatto, puńchanatelena attho”ti vattabba½. Sace s± “dehi, bhante”ti patta½gahetv± telena puńchitv± y±guy± v± bhattassa v± p³retv± deti, vińńatti n±ma nahoti, gahetu½ vaµµati.
23. Bhikkh³ pageva piŗ¹±ya caritv± ±sanas±la½ gantv± ±sana½ apassant± tiµµhanti.Tatra ce up±sak± bhikkh³ µhite disv± sayameva ±san±ni ±har±penti, nis²ditv± gacchantehi±pucchitv± gantabba½, an±pucch± gat±nampi naµµha½ g²v± na hoti, ±pucchitv± gamana½pana vatta½. Sace bhikkh³hi “±san±ni ±harath±”ti vuttehi ±haµ±ni honti, ±pucchitv±vagantabba½, an±pucch± gat±na½ vattabhedo ca naµµhańca g²v±. Attharaŗakojavak±d²supi esevanayo.
Makkhik± bahuk± honti, “makkhikab²jani½ ±harath±”ti vattabba½, pucimandas±kh±d²ni±haranti, kappiya½ k±r±petv± paµiggahetabb±ni. ¾sanas±l±ya½ udakabh±jana½ ritta½hoti, “dhamakaraŗa½ gaŗh±h²”ti na vattabba½. Dhamakaraŗańhi rittabh±jane pakkhipantobhindeyya, “nadi½ v± ta¼±ka½ v± gantv± udaka½ ±har±”ti pana vattu½ vaµµati,“gehato ±har±”ti neva vattu½ vaµµati, na ±haµa½ paribhuńjitu½. ¾sanas±l±ya v±arańńe v± bhattakicca½ karontehi tattha j±taka½ anajjh±vutthaka½ ya½ kińci uttaribhaŖg±raha½patta½ v± phala½ v± sace kińci kamma½ karonta½ ±har±peti, hatthakammavasena ±har±petv±paribhuńjitu½ vaµµati, alajj²hi pana bhikkh³hi v± s±maŗerehi v± hatthakamma½ na k±retabba½.Aya½ t±va purisattakare nayo.
24. Goŗa½ pana ańń±taka-appav±ritaµµh±nato ±har±petu½ na vaµµati, ±har±pentassadukkaµa½. ѱtakapav±ritaµµh±natopi m³lacchejj±ya y±citu½ na vaµµati, t±vak±likanayenasabbattha vaµµati. Eva½ ±har±pitańca goŗa½ rakkhitv± jaggitv± s±mik± paµicch±petabb±.Sacassa p±do v± siŖga½ v± bhijjati v± nassati v±, s±mik± ce sampaµicchanti, icceta½kusala½. No ce sampaµicchanti, g²v± hoti. Sace “tumh±ka½yeva dem±”ti vadanti,na sampaµicchitabba½. “Vih±rassa dem±”ti vutte pana “±r±mik±na½ ±cikkhatha jagganatth±y±”tivattabb±.
25. “Sakaµa½ deth±”tipi ańń±taka-appav±rite vattu½ na vaµµati, vińńatti evahoti, dukkaµa½ ±pajjati. ѱtakapav±ritaµµh±ne pana vaµµati, t±vak±lika½ vaµµati, kamma½pana katv± puna d±tabba½. Sace nemi-±d²ni bhijjanti, p±katik±ni katv± d±tabba½,naµµhe g²v± hoti. “Tumh±kameva dem±”ti vutte d±rubhaŗ¹a½ n±ma sampaµicchitu½vaµµati. Esa nayo v±sipharasukuµh±r²kud±lanikh±danesu valli-±d²su ca parapariggahitesu.Garubhaŗ¹appahonakesuyeva valli-±d²su vińńatti hoti, na tato ora½.
26. Anajjh±vutthaka½ pana ya½ kińci ±har±petu½ vaµµati. Rakkhitagopitaµµh±neyeva hivińńatti n±ma vuccati. S± dv²su paccayesu sabbena sabba½ na vaµµati. Sen±sanapaccayepana “±hara deh²”ti vińńattimattameva na vaµµati, parikathobh±sanimittakamm±ni vaµµanti.Tattha uposath±g±ra½ v± bhojanas±la½ v± ańńa½ v± kińci sen±sana½ icchato “imasmi½vata ok±se evar³pa½ sen±sana½ k±tu½ vaµµat²”ti v± “yuttan”ti v± “anur³pan”tiv±ti-±din± nayena vacana½ parikath± n±ma. Up±sak± tumhe kuhi½ vasath±ti.P±s±de, bhanteti. “Ki½ bhikkh³na½ pana up±sak± p±s±do na vaµµat²”ti evam±divacana½obh±so n±ma. Manusse disv± rajju½ pas±reti, kh²le ±koµ±peti, “ki½ida½, bhante”ti vutte “idha ±v±sa½ kariss±m±”ti evam±dikaraŗa½ pana nimittakamma½n±ma. Gil±napaccaye pana vińńattipi vaµµati, pageva parikath±d²ni.

Iti p±¼imuttakavinayavinicchayasaŖgahe

Vińńattivinicchayakath± samatt±.