27. Upajjh±y±divattavinicchayakath±

183. Vattanti ettha pana vatta½ n±meta½ upajjh±yavatta½ ±cariyavatta½ ±gantukavatta½±v±sikavatta½ gamikavatta½ bhattaggavatta½ piŗ¹ac±rikavatta½ ±rańńikavatta½ sen±sanavatta½jant±gharavatta½ vaccakuµivattanti bahuvidha½. Tattha upajjh±yavatta½ t±va eva½ veditabba½–saddhivih±rikena k±lasseva uµµh±ya up±han± omuńcitv± eka½sa½ uttar±saŖga½ karitv±upajjh±yassa dantakaµµha½ d±tabba½, mukhodaka½ d±tabba½. Tattha dantakaµµha½ dentena mahanta½majjhima½ khuddakanti t²ŗi dantakaµµh±ni upanetv± ito ya½ t²ŗi divas±ni gaŗh±ti, catutthadivasatopaµµh±ya t±disameva d±tabba½. Sace aniyama½ katv± ya½ v± ta½ v± gaŗh±ti, atha y±disa½labhati, t±disa½ d±tabba½. Mukhodaka½ dentenapi s²tańca uŗhańca udaka½ upanetv±tato ya½ t²ŗi divas±ni va¼ańjeti. Catutthadivasato paµµh±ya t±disameva mukhadhovanodaka½d±tabba½. Sace duvidhampi va¼ańjeti, duvidhampi upanetabba½. Udaka½ mukhadhovanaµµh±neµhapetv± vaccakuµito paµµh±ya sammajjitabba½. There vaccakuµigate pariveŗa½ sammajjitabba½,eva½ pariveŗa½ asuńńa½ hoti. There vaccakuµito anikkhanteyeva ±sana½ pańńapetabba½.Sar²rakicca½ katv± ±gantv± tasmi½ nisinnassa sace y±gu hoti, bh±jana½ dhovitv±y±gu upan±metabb±, y±gu½ pivitassa udaka½ datv± bh±jana½ paµiggahetv± n²ca½katv± s±dhuka½ appaµigha½santena dhovitv± paµis±metabba½. Upajjh±yamhi vuµµhite ±sana½uddharitabba½. Sace so deso ukl±po hoti kenaci kacavarena sa½kiŗŗo, so desosammajjitabbo. Sace pana ańńo kacavaro natthi, udakaphusit±neva honti, hatthena pamajjitabbo.
Sace upajjh±yo g±ma½ pavisituk±mo hoti, niv±sana½ d±tabba½, paµiniv±sana½ paµiggahetabba½,k±yabandhana½ d±tabba½, saguŗa½ katv± saŖgh±µiyo d±tabb±, dhovitv± patto sa-udakod±tabbo. Sace upajjh±yo pacch±samaŗa½ ±kaŖkhati, timaŗ¹ala½ paµicch±dentena parimaŗ¹ala½niv±setv± k±yabandhana½ bandhitv± saguŗa½ katv± saŖgh±µiyo p±rupitv± gaŗµhika½paµimuńcitv± dhovitv± patta½ gahetv± upajjh±yassa pacch±samaŗena hotabba½, n±tid³regantabba½, n±cc±sanne gantabba½. Ettha pana sace upajjh±ya½ nivattitv± olokenta½ ekenav± dv²hi v± padav²tih±rehi samp±puŗ±ti, ett±vat± n±tid³re n±cc±sanne gato hot²tiveditabba½. Sace upajjh±yena bhikkh±c±re y±guy± v± bhatte v± laddhe patto uŗho v± bh±riko v± hoti, attano patta½ tassa datv± so patto gahetabbo, na upajjh±yassabhaŗam±nassa antarantar± kath± op±tetabb±. Ito paµµh±ya pana yattha yattha na-k±rena paµisedhokar²yati, sabbattha dukkaµ±patti veditabb±. Upajjh±yo ±pattis±mant± bhaŗam±no niv±retabbo.Niv±rentena ca “bhante, ²disa½ n±ma vattu½ vaµµati, ±patti na hot²”ti eva½ pucchantenaviya v±retabbo, “v±ress±m²”ti pana katv± “mahallaka, m± eva½ bhaŗ±”ti navattabbo.
Sace ±sanne g±mo hoti, vih±re v± gil±no bhikkhu hoti, g±mato paµhamatara½ ±gantabba½.Sace d³re g±mo hoti, upajjh±yena saddhi½ ±gacchantopi natthi, teneva saddhi½ g±matonikkhamitv± c²varena patta½ veµhetv± antar±maggato paµhamatara½ ±gantabba½. Eva½ paµhamatara½±gatena ±sana½ pańńapetabba½, p±dodaka½ p±dap²µha½ p±dakathalika½ upanikkhipitabba½,paccuggantv± pattac²vara½ paµiggahetabba½, paµiniv±sana½ d±tabba½, niv±sana½ paµiggahetabba½.Sace c²vara½ sedaggahita½ hoti, muhutta½ uŗhe ot±petabba½, na ca uŗhe c²vara½ nidahitabba½,c²vara½ saŖgharitabba½. C²vara½ saŖgharantena ca caturaŖgula½ kaŗŗa½ uss±retv± c²vara½ saŖgharitabba½.Ki½k±raŗ±? M± majjhe bhaŖgo ahos²ti. Sama½ katv± saŖgharitassa hi majjhe bhaŖgo hoti,tato nicca½ bhijjam±na½ dubbala½ hoti, ta½ niv±raŗatthameta½ vutta½. Tasm± yath± ajjabhaŖgaµµh±neyeva sve na bhijjissati, tath± divase divase caturaŖgula½ uss±retv± saŖgharitabba½,obhoge k±yabandhana½ k±tabba½.
Sace piŗ¹ap±to hoti, upajjh±yo ca bhuńjituk±mo hoti, udaka½ datv± piŗ¹ap±toupan±metabbo, upajjh±yo p±n²yena pucchitabbo. Pucchantena ca tikkhattu½ “p±n²ya½,bhante, ±har²yat³”ti p±n²yena pucchitabbo. Sace k±lo atthi, upajjh±ye bhuttesaya½ bhuńjitabba½. Sace upakaµµho k±lo, p±n²ya½ upajjh±yassa santike µhapetv± sayampibhuńjitabba½. Bhutt±vissa udaka½ datv± patta½ paµiggahetv± n²ca½ katv± s±dhuka½appaµigha½santena dhovitv± vodaka½ katv± muhutta½ uŗhe ot±petabbo, na ca uŗhepatto nidahitabbo, pattac²vara½ nikkhipitabba½. Patta½ nikkhipantena ekenahatthena patta½ gahetv± ekena hatthena heµµh±mańca½ v± heµµh±p²µha½ v± par±masitv± pattonikkhipitabbo, na ca taµµikacammakhaŗ¹±d²hi anantarahit±ya bh³miy± patto nikkhipitabbo.Sace pana k±¼avaŗŗakat± v± sudh±baddh± v± bh³mi hoti nirajamattik±, tath±r³p±ya bh³miy±µhapetu½ vaµµati, dhotav±lik±yapi µhapetu½ vaµµati, pa½surajasakkhar±d²su na vaµµati. Tatrapana paŗŗa½ v± ±dh±raka½ v± µhapetv± tatra nikkhipitabbo. C²vara½ nikkhipantena ekenahatthena c²vara½ gahetv± ekena hatthena c²varava½sa½ v± c²vararajju½ v± pamajjitv± p±ratoanta½ orato bhoga½ katv± c²vara½ nikkhipitabba½. Idańca c²varava½s±d²na½ heµµh± hattha½pavesetv± abhimukhena hatthena saŗika½ nikkhipanattha½ vutta½. Ante pana gahetv± bhogenac²varava½s±d²na½ upari khipantassa bhittiya½ bhogo paµihańńati, tasm± tath± na k±tabba½.Upajjh±yamhi vuµµhite ±sana½ uddharitabba½, p±dodaka½ p±dap²µha½ p±dakathalika½ paµis±metabba½.Sace so deso ukl±po hoti, so deso sammajjitabbo.
Sace upajjh±yo nah±yituk±mo hoti, nah±na½ paµiy±detabba½. Sace s²tena attho hoti,s²ta½ paµiy±detabba½. Sace uŗhena attho hoti, uŗha½ paµiy±detabba½.
Sace upajjh±yo jant±ghara½ pavisituk±mo hoti, cuŗŗa½ sannetabba½, mattik± temetabb±.Jant±gharap²µha½ ±d±ya upajjh±yassa piµµhito piµµhito gantv± jant±gharap²µha½ datv± c²vara½ paµiggahetv±ekamante niddh³maµµh±ne µhapetabba½, cuŗŗa½ d±tabba½, mattik± d±tabb±. Sace ussahati,jant±ghara½ pavisitabba½, pavisantena mattik±ya mukha½ makkhetv± purato ca pacchato ca paµicch±detv±jant±ghara½ pavisitabba½. Na there bhikkh³ anupakhajja nis²ditabba½, na nav± bhikkh³ ±sanenapaµib±hitabb±, jant±ghare upajjh±yassa parikamma½ k±tabba½. Jant±ghare parikamma½ n±maaŖg±ramattik±-uŗhodakad±n±dika½ sabbakicca½. Jant±ghar± nikkhamantena jant±gharap²µha½±d±ya purato ca pacchato ca paµicch±detv± jant±ghar± nikkhamitabba½.
Udakepi upajjh±yassa aŖgapaccaŖgagha½san±dika½ parikamma½ k±tabba½, nah±tena paµhamatara½ uttaritv±attano gatta½ vodaka½ katv± niv±setv± upajjh±yassa gattato udaka½ pamajjitabba½,niv±sana½ d±tabba½, saŖgh±µi d±tabb± jant±gharap²µha½ ±d±ya paµhamatara½ ±gantv±±sana½ pańńapetabba½, p±dodaka½ p±dap²µha½ p±dakathalika½ upanikkhipitabba½, upajjh±yop±n²yena pucchitabbo. Jant±ghare hi uŗhasant±pena pip±s± hoti. Sace uddis±petuk±mohoti, uddisitabbo. Sace paripucchituk±mo hoti, paripucchitabbo.
Yasmi½ vih±re upajjh±yo viharati, sace so vih±ro ukl±po hoti, sace ussahati,kenaci gelańńena anabhibh³to hoti, sodhetabbo. Agil±nena hi saddhivih±rikenasaµµhivassenapi sabba½ upajjh±yavatta½ k±tabba½, an±darena akarontassa vattabhede dukkaµa½,na-k±rapaµisa½yuttesu pana padesu gil±nassapi paµikkhittakiriya½ karontassa dukkaµameva.Vih±ra½ sodhentena paµhama½ pattac²vara½ n²haritv± ekamanta½ nikkhipitabba½, nis²danapaccattharaŗa½n²haritv± ekamanta½ nikkhipitabba½, bhisibimbohana½ n²haritv± ekamanta½ nikkhipitabba½,mańco n²ca½ katv± s±dhuka½ apaµigha½santena asaŖghaµµentena kav±µap²µha½ n²haritv±ekamanta½ nikkhipitabbo, p²µha½ n²ca½ katv± s±dhuka½ apaµigha½santena asaŖghaµµentenakav±µap²µha½ n²haritv± ekamanta½ nikkhipitabba½, mańcapaµip±dak± n²haritv± ekamanta½nikkhipitabb±, khe¼amallako n²haritv± ekamanta½ nikkhipitabbo, apassenaphalaka½n²haritv± ekamanta½ nikkhipitabba½. Bh³mattharaŗa½ yath±pańńatta½ sallakkhetv± n²haritv±ekamanta½ nikkhipitabba½. Sace vih±re sant±naka½ hoti, ullok± paµhama½ oh±retabba½,±lokasandhikaŗŗabh±g± pamajjitabb±. Sace gerukaparikammakat± bhitti kaŗŗakit±hoti, co¼aka½ temetv± p²¼etv± pamajjitabb±. Sace k±¼avaŗŗakat± bh³mi kaŗŗakit±hoti, co¼aka½ temetv± p²¼etv± pamajjitabb±. Sace akat± hoti bh³mi, udakenaparipphositv± paripphositv± sammajjitabb± “m± vih±ro rajena uhańń²”ti,saŖk±ra½ vicinitv± ekamanta½ cha¹¹etabba½.
Bh³mattharaŗa½ ot±petv± sodhetv± papphoµetv± abhiharitv± yath± paµhama½ pańńatta½ ahosi,tatheva pańńapetabba½. Etadatthameva hi “yath±pańńatta½ sallakkhetv± n²haritv± ekamanta½nikkhipitabban”ti vutta½. Sace pana paµhama½ aj±nantena kenaci pańńatta½ ahosi, samantatobhitti½ dvaŖgulamattena v± tivaŖgulamattena v± mocetv± pańńapetabba½. Idańhettha pańń±panavatta½ sace kaµas±rako hoti atimahanto ca, chinditv± koµi½ nivattetv± bandhitv±pańńapetabbo. Sace koµi½ nivattetv± bandhitu½ na j±n±ti, na chinditabbo. Mańcapaµip±dak±ot±petv± pamajjitv± yath±µh±ne µhapetabb±, mańco ot±petv± sodhetv± papphoµetv±n²ca½ katv± s±dhuka½ apaµigha½santena asaŖghaµµentena kav±µap²µha½ atiharitv± yath±pańńatta½pańńapetabbo, p²µha½ ot±petv± sodhetv± papphoµetv± n²ca½ katv± s±dhuka½ apaµigha½santenaasaŖghaµµentena kav±µap²µha½ atiharitv± yath±pańńatta½ pańńapetabba½, bhisibimbohana½ot±petv± sodhetv± papphoµetv± atiharitv± yath±pańńatta½ pańńapetabba½, nis²danapaccattharaŗa½ot±petv± sodhetv± papphoµetv± atiharitv± yath±pańńatta½ pańńapetabba½, khe¼amallakoot±petv± pamajjitv± atiharitv± yath±µh±ne µhapetabbo, apassenaphalaka½ ot±petv±pamajjitv± atiharitv± yath±µh±ne µhapetabba½. Pattac²vara½ nikkhipitabba½, patta½ nikkhipantenaekena hatthena patta½ gahetv± ekena hatthena heµµh±mańca½ v± heµµh±p²µha½ v± par±masitv±patto nikkhipitabbo, na ca anantarahit±ya bh³miy± patto nikkhipitabbo. C²vara½ nikkhipantenaekena hatthena c²vara½ gahetv± ekena hatthena c²varava½sa½ v± c²vararajju½ v± pamajjitv±p±rato anta½, orato bhoga½ katv± c²vara½ nikkhipitabba½.
Sace puratthim± saraj± v±t± v±yanti, puratthim± v±tap±n± thaketabb±. Sace pacchim±,uttar±, dakkhiŗ± saraj± v±t± v±yanti, dakkhiŗ± v±tap±n± thaketabb±. Sace s²tak±lohoti, div± v±tap±n± vivaritabb±, ratti½ thaketabb±. Sace uŗhak±lo hoti,div± thaketabb±, ratti½ vivaritabb±.
Sace ukl±pa½ hoti, pariveŗa½ sammajjitabba½, koµµhako sammajjitabbo, upaµµh±nas±l± sammajjitabb±,aggis±l± sammajjitabb±, vaccakuµi sammajjitabb±, p±n²ya½ paribhojan²ya½ upaµµhapetabba½,±camanakumbhiy± udaka½ ±sińcitabba½.
Sace upajjh±yassa anabhirati uppann± hoti, saddhivih±rikena ańńattha netabbo, ańńo v±bhikkhu vattabbo “thera½ gahetv± ańńattha gacch±”ti, dhammakath± v±ssa k±tabb±. Saceupajjh±yassa kukkucca½ uppanna½ hoti, saddhivih±rikena vinodetabba½, ańńena v±vinod±petabba½ dhammakath± v±ssa k±tabb±. Sace upajjh±yassa diµµhigata½ uppanna½hoti, saddhivih±rikena vissajjetabba½, ańńo v± vattabbo “thera½ diµµhigata½ vissajj±peh²”ti,dhammakath± v±ssa k±tabb±. Sace upajjh±yo garudhamma½ ajjh±panno hoti pariv±s±raho,saddhivih±rikena ussukka½ k±tabba½, pariv±sad±nattha½ so so bhikkhu upasaŖkamitv± y±citabbo.Sace attan± paµibalo hoti, attan±va d±tabbo. No ce paµibalo hoti, ańńena d±petabbo.Sace upajjh±yo m³l±yapaµikassan±raho hoti m±natt±raho abbh±n±raho v±, vuttanayenevaussukka½ k±tabba½. Sace saŖgho upajjh±yassa kamma½ kattuk±mo hoti tajjan²ya½ v±niyassa½ v± pabb±jan²ya½ v± paµis±raŗ²ya½ v± ukkhepan²ya½ v±, saddhivih±rikena ussukka½k±tabba½ “kena nu kho up±yena saŖgho upajjh±yassa kamma½ na kareyya, lahuk±ya v±pariŗ±meyy±”ti. Saddhivih±rikena hi “upajjh±yassa ukkhepan²yakamma½ kattuk±mosaŖgho”ti ńatv± ekameka½ bhikkhu½ upasaŖkamitv± “m±, bhante, amh±ka½ upajjh±yassakamma½ karitth±”ti y±citabb±. Sace karontiyeva, “tajjan²ya½ v± niyassa½ v±lahukakamma½ karoth±”ti y±citabb±. Sace karontiyeva, atha upajjh±yo “samm± vattatha,bhante”ti y±citabbo. Iti ta½ samm± vatt±petv± “paµippassambhetha, bhante, kamman”tibhikkh³ y±citabb±.