3. Bhesajj±dikaraºavinicchayakath±

15. Bhesajjakaraºaparittapaµisanth±resu pana bhesajjakaraºe t±va aya½ vinicchayo(p±r±. aµµha. 2.185-7)– ±gat±gatassa parajanassa bhesajja½ na k±tabba½, karonto dukkaµa½±pajjati. Pañcanna½ pana sahadhammik±na½ k±tabba½ bhikkhussa bhikkhuniy± ikkham±n±ya s±maºerassa s±maºeriy±ti. Samas²lasaddh±paññ±nañhi etesa½ t²su sikkh±suyutt±na½ bhesajja½ ak±tu½ na labbhati. Karontena ca sace tesa½ atthi, tesa½ santaka½gahetv± yojetv± d±tabba½, sace natthi, attano santaka½ k±tabba½. Sace attanopinatthi, bhikkh±c±ravattena v± ñ±takapav±ritaµµh±nato v± pariyesitabba½, alabhantena gil±nassaatth±ya akataviññattiy±pi ±haritv± k±tabba½.
16. Aparesampi pañcanna½ k±tu½ vaµµati m±tu pitu tadupaµµh±k±na½ attano veyy±vaccakarassapaº¹upal±sassa c±ti. Paº¹upal±so n±ma yo pabbajj±pekkho y±va pattac²vara½ paµiy±diyati,t±va vih±re vasati. Tesu sace m±t±pitaro issar± honti na pacc±s²santi, ak±tu½vaµµati. Sace pana rajjepi µhit± pacc±s²santi, ak±tu½ na vaµµati. Bhesajja½ pacc±s²sant±na½bhesajja½ d±tabba½, yojetu½ aj±nant±na½ yojetv± d±tabba½. Sabbesa½ atth±ya sahadhammikesuvuttanayeneva pariyesitabba½. Sace pana m±tara½ vih±ra½ ±netv± jaggati, sabba½ parikamma½an±masantena k±tabba½, kh±dan²yabhojan²ya½ sahatth± d±tabba½. Pit± pana yath± s±maºero,eva½ sahatthena nh±panasamb±han±d²ni katv± upaµµh±tabbo. Ye ca m±t±pitaro upaµµhahantipaµijagganti, tesampi evameva k±tabba½. Veyy±vaccakaro n±ma yo vetana½ gahetv±araññe d±r³ni v± chindati, añña½ v± kiñci kamma½ karoti, tassa roge uppanney±va ñ±tak± na passanti, t±va bhesajja½ k±tabba½. Yo pana bhikkhunissitakova hutv±sabbakamm±ni karoti, tassa bhesajja½ k±tabbameva. Paº¹upal±sepi s±maºere viya paµipajjitabba½.
17. Aparesampi dasanna½ k±tu½ vaµµati jeµµhabh±tu kaniµµhabh±tu jeµµhabhaginiy± kaniµµhabhaginiy±c³¼am±tuy± mah±m±tuy± c³¼apituno mah±pituno pitucch±ya m±tulass±ti. Tesa½pana sabbesampi karontena tesa½yeva santaka½ bhesajja½ gahetv± kevala½ yojetv± d±tabba½.Sace pana nappahonti y±canti ca “detha no, bhante, tumh±ka½ paµidass±m±”ti, t±vak±lika½d±tabba½. Sacepi na y±canti, “amh±ka½ bhesajja½ atthi, t±vak±lika½ gaºhath±”tivatv± v± “yad± tesa½ bhavissati, tad± dassant²”ti ±bhoga½ v±katv± d±tabba½. Sace paµidenti, gahetabba½. No ce denti, na codetabb±. Ete dasañ±take µhapetv± aññesa½ na k±tabba½.
Etesa½ puttaparampar±ya pana y±va sattam± kulaparivaµµ±, t±va catt±ro paccaye ±har±pentassaakataviññatti v± bhesajja½ karontassa vejjakamma½ v± kulad³sak±patti v± na hoti.Sace bh±tu j±y±, bhaginiy± s±miko v± gil±no hoti, ñ±tak± ce, tesampi vaµµati.Aññ±tak± ce, bh±tu ca bhaginiy± ca katv± d±tabba½ “tumh±ka½ jagganaµµh±ne deth±”ti.Atha v± tesa½ putt±na½ katv± d±tabba½ “tumh±ka½ m±t±pit³na½ deth±”ti. Etenup±yenasabbapadesu vinicchayo veditabbo.
Tesa½ atth±ya ca s±maºerehi araññato bhesajja½ ±har±pentena ñ±tis±maºerehi v± ±har±petabba½,aññ±takehi attano atth±ya v± ±har±petv± d±tabba½. Tehipi “upajjh±yassa ±har±m±”tivattas²sena ±haritabba½. Upajjh±yassa m±t±pitaro gil±n± vih±ra½ ±gacchanti, upajjh±yoca dis±pakkanto hoti, saddhivih±rikena upajjh±yassa santaka½ bhesajja½ d±tabba½.No ce atthi, attano bhesajja½ upajjh±yassa pariccajitv± d±tabba½. Attanopi asantevuttanayeneva pariyesitv± upajjh±yassa santaka½ katv± d±tabba½. Upajjh±yenapi saddhivih±rikassam±t±pit³su evameva paµipajjitabba½. Eseva nayo ±cariyantev±sikesupi. Aññopiyo ±gantuko v± coro v± yuddhapar±jito issaro v± ñ±takehi pariccatto kapaºov± gamiyamanusso v± gil±no hutv± vih±ra½ pavisati, sabbesa½ apacc±s²santena bhesajja½k±tabba½.
18. Saddha½ kula½ hoti cat³hi paccayehi upaµµh±yaka½ bhikkhusaªghassa m±t±pituµµh±niya½,tatra ce koci gil±no hoti, tassatth±ya viss±sena “bhesajja½ katv± bhante deth±”tivadanti, neva d±tabba½ na k±tabba½. Atha pana kappiya½ ñatv± eva½ pucchanti “bhante,asukassa n±ma rogassa ki½ bhesajja½ karont²”ti, “idañcidañca gahetv± karont²”tivattu½ vaµµati. “Bhante, mayha½ m±t± gil±n±, bhesajja½ t±va ±cikkhath±”ti eva½pucchite pana na ±cikkhitabba½, aññamañña½ pana kath± k±tabb± “±vuso,asukassa n±ma bhikkhuno imasmi½ roge ki½ bhesajja½ kari½s³”ti. Idañcidañca bhesajja½bhanteti. Ta½ sutv± itaro m±tu bhesajja½ karoti, vaµµati. Mah±padumatthero kiravasabharaññopi deviy± roge uppanne ek±ya itthiy± ±gantv± pucchito “na j±n±m²”tiavatv± evameva bhikkh³hi saddhi½ samullapesi. Ta½ sutv± tass± bhesajjamaka½su. V³pasanteca roge tic²varena t²hi ca kah±paºasatehi saddhi½ bhesajjacaªkoµaka½ p³retv± ±haritv±therassa p±dam³le µhapetv± “bhante, pupphap³ja½ karoth±”ti ±ha½su. Thero “±cariyabh±gon±ma ayan”ti kappiyavasena g±h±petv± pupphap³jamak±si. Eva½ t±va bhesajje paµipajjitabba½.
19. Paritte pana “gil±nassa paritta½ karotha, bhante”ti vutte na k±tabba½,“paritta½ bhaºath±”ti vutte pana bhaºitabba½. Sacepissa eva½ hoti “manuss± n±mana j±nanti, akariyam±ne vippaµis±rino bhavissant²”ti, k±tabba½. “Parittodaka½parittasutta½ katv± deth±”ti vutte pana tesa½yeva udaka½ hatthena c±letv± sutta½parimajjitv± d±tabba½. Sace vih±rato udaka½ attano santaka½ v± sutta½ deti,dukkaµa½. Manuss± udakañca suttañca gahetv± nis²ditv± “paritta½ bhaºath±”ti vadanti,k±tabba½. No ce j±nanti, ±cikkhitabba½. Bhikkh³na½ nisinn±na½ p±desu udaka½±kiritv± suttañca µhapetv± gacchanti “paritta½ karotha, paritta½ bhaºath±”ti,na p±d± apanetabb±. Manuss± hi vippaµis±rino honti. Antog±mepi gil±nassaatth±ya vih±ra½ pesenti “paritta½ bhaºant³”ti, bhaºitabba½. Antog±me r±jageh±d²suroge v± upaddave v± uppanne pakkos±petv± bhaº±penti, ±µ±n±µiyasutt±d²ni bhaºitabb±ni.“¾gantv± gil±nassa sikkh±pad±ni dentu, dhamma½ kathentu, r±jantepure v± amaccagehev± ±gantv± sikkh±pad±ni dentu, dhamma½ kathent³”ti pesitepi gantv± sikkh±pad±nid±tabb±ni, dhammo kathetabbo. “Mat±na½ pariv±rattha½ ±gacchant³”ti pakkosanti,na gantabba½. “S²vathikadassane asubhadassane ca maraºassati½ paµilabhiss±m±”ti kammaµµh±nas²senagantu½ vaµµati. “Pah±redinne matepi amaraº±dhipp±yassa an±patti vutt±”ti na ettakenevaamanussagahitassa pah±ro d±tabbo t±lapaººa½ pana parittasutta½ v± hatthe v±p±de v± bandhitabba½, ratanasutt±d²ni paritt±ni bhaºitabb±ni, “m± s²lavanta½ bhikkhu½viheµheh²”ti dhammakath± k±tabb±, ±µ±n±µiyaparitta½ v± bhaºitabba½.
Idha pana ±µ±n±µiyaparittassa parikamma½ veditabba½ (d². ni. aµµha. 3.282). Paµhamamevahi ±µ±n±µiyasutta½ na bhaºitabba½, mettasutta½ (khu. p±. 9.1 ±dayo; su.ni. 143 ±dayo) dhajaggasutta½ (sa½. ni. 1.249) ratanasuttanti (khu. p±.6.1 ±dayo; su. ni. 224 ±dayo) im±ni satt±ha½ bhaºitabb±ni. Sace muñcati, sundara½.No ce muñcati, ±µ±n±µiyasutta½ bhaºitabba½. Ta½ bhaºantena ca bhikkhun± piµµha½ v±ma½sa½ v± na kh±ditabba½, sus±ne na vasitabba½. Kasm±? Amanuss± ot±ra½ labhanti.Parittakaraºaµµh±na½ harit³palitta½ k±retv± tattha parisuddha½ ±sana½ paññapetv± nis²ditabba½.Parittak±rako bhikkhu vih±rato ghara½ nentehi phalak±vudhehi pariv±retv± netabbo.Abbhok±se nis²ditv± na vattabba½, dv±rav±tap±n±ni pidahitv± nisinnena ±vudhahatthehisampariv±ritena mettacitta½ purec±rika½ katv± vattabba½, paµhama½ sikkh±pad±ni g±h±petv±s²le patiµµhitassa paritta½ k±tabba½. Evampi mocetu½ asakkontena vih±ra½ netv±cetiyaªgaºe nipajj±petv± ±sanap³ja½ k±retv± d²pe j±l±petv± cetiyaªgaºa½ sammajjitv±maªgalakath± vattabb±, sabbasannip±to ghosetabbo, vih±rassa upavane jeµµhakarukkho n±mahoti, tattha “bhikkhusaªgho tumh±ka½ ±gamana½ patim±net²”ti pahiºitabba½. Sabbasannip±taµµh±nean±gantu½ n±ma na labhati, tato amanussagahitako “tva½ kon±mos²”ti pucchitabbo,n±me kathite n±meneva ±lapitabbo, “itthann±ma tuyha½ m±l±gandh±d²su patti, ±sanap³j±ya½patti, piº¹ap±te patti, bhikkhusaªghena tuyha½ paºº±k±ratth±ya mah±maªgalakath± vutt±,bhikkhusaªghe g±ravena eta½ muñc±h²”ti mocetabbo. Sace na muñcati, devat±na½ ±rocetabba½“tumhe j±n±tha, aya½ amanusso amh±ka½ vacana½ na karoti, maya½ buddha-±ºa½ kariss±m±”tiparitta½ k±tabba½. Eta½ t±va gih²na½ parikamma½. Sace pana bhikkhu amanussenagahito hoti, ±san±ni dhovitv± sabbasannip±ta½ ghos±petv± gandham±l±d²su atti½ datv± paritta½ bhaºitabba½, ida½ bhikkh³na½ parikamma½. Eva½ paritte paµipajjitabba½.
20. Paµisanth±re pana aya½ vinicchayo (p±r±. aµµha. 2.185-7)– an±maµµhapiº¹ap±tokassa d±tabbo, kassa na d±tabbo? M±t±pit³na½ t±va d±tabbo. Sacepi kah±paºagghanakohoti, saddh±deyyavinip±tana½ natthi. M±t±pitu-upaµµh±k±na½ veyy±vaccakarassa paº¹upal±sassac±ti etesampi d±tabbo. Tattha paº¹upal±sassa th±lake pakkhipitv±pi d±tu½ vaµµati,ta½ µhapetv± aññesa½ ag±rik±na½ m±t±pit³nampi na vaµµati. Pabbajitaparibhogo hiag±rik±na½ cetiyaµµh±niyo. Apica an±maµµhapiº¹ap±tho n±mesa sampattassa d±marikacorassapiissariyassapi d±tabbo. Kasm±? Te hi ad²yam±nepi “na dent²”ti ±masitv±d²yam±nepi “ucchiµµhaka½ dent²”ti kujjhanti, kuddh± j²vit±pi voropenti,s±sanassapi antar±ya½ karonti. Rajja½ patthayam±nassa vicarato coran±gassa vatthu cetthakathetabba½. Eva½ an±maµµhapiº¹ap±te paµipajjitabba½.
Paµisanth±ro ca n±m±ya½ kassa k±tabbo, kassa na k±tabbo? Paµisanth±ro n±ma vih±ra½sampattassa yassa kassaci ±gantukassa v± daliddassa v± corassa v± issarassa v± k±tabboyeva.Katha½? ¾gantuka½ t±va kh²ºaparibbaya½ vih±ra½ sampatta½ disv± “p±n²ya½ piv±”tid±tabba½, p±damakkhanatela½ d±tabba½, k±le ±gatassa y±gubhatta½, vik±le ±gatassasace taº¹ul± atthi, taº¹ul± d±tabb±. Avel±ya sampattopi “gacch±h²”ti na vattabbo,sayanaµµh±na½ d±tabba½. Sabba½ apacc±s²yanteneva k±tabba½. “Manuss± n±ma catupaccayad±yak±,eva½ saªgahe kariyam±ne punappuna½ pas²ditv± upak±ra½ karissant²”ti citta½na upp±detabba½. Cor±na½ pana saªghikampi d±tabba½. Paµisanth±r±nisa½sad²panatthañca coran±gavatthu,bh±tar± saddhi½ jambud²pagatassa mah±n±garañño vatthu, pitur±jassa rajje catunna½ amacc±na½vatthu, abhayacoravatth³ti evam±d²ni bah³ni vatth³ni mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ vitth±ratovutt±ni.
Tatr±ya½ ekavatthud²pan±– s²ha¼ad²pe kira abhayo n±ma coro pañcasatapariv±ro ekasmi½µh±ne khandh±v±ra½ bandhitv± samant± tiyojana½ ubb±setv± vasati. Anur±dhapurav±sinokadambanadi½ na uttaranti, cetiyagirimagge janasañc±ro upacchinno. Athekadivasa½ coro“cetiyagiri½ vilumpiss±m²”ti agam±si. ¾r±mik± disv± d²ghabh±ºaka-abhayattherassa±rocesu½. Thero “sappiph±ºit±d²ni atth²”ti pucchi. “Atthi, bhante”ti.“Cor±na½ detha”. “Taº¹ul± atth²”ti. “Atthi, bhante, saªghassatth±ya ±haµ±taº¹ul± ca pakkas±kañca goraso c±”ti. “Bhatta½ samp±detv± cor±na½ deth±”ti.¾r±mik± tath± kari½su. Cor± bhatta½ bhuñjitv± “ken±ya½ paµisanth±ro kato”tipucchi½su. “Amh±ka½ ayyena abhayattheren±”ti. Cor± therassa santika½ gantv±vanditv± ±ha½su “maya½ ‘saªghassa ca cetiyassa ca santaka½ acchinditv± gahess±m±’ti±gat±, tumh±ka½ pana imin± paµisanth±rena maya½ pasann±, ajja paµµh±ya vih±re dhammik±rakkh±amh±ka½ ±yatt± hotu, n±gar± ±gantv± d±na½ dentu, cetiya½ vandant³”ti. Tatopaµµh±ya ca n±gare d±na½ d±tu½ ±gacchante nad²t²reyeva paccuggantv± rakkhant± vih±ra½nenti, vih±repi d±na½ dent±na½ rakkha½ katv± tiµµhanti. Tepi bhikkh³na½ bhutt±vasesa½cor±na½ denti. Gamanak±lepi te cor± nad²t²ra½ p±petv± nivattanti.
Athekadivasa½ bhikkhusaªghe kh²yanakakath± uppann± “thero issaravat±ya saªghasantaka½ cor±na½ad±s²”ti. Thero sannip±ta½ k±r±petv± ±ha “cor± ‘saªghassa pakativaµµañca cetiyasantakañcaacchinditv± gaºhiss±m±’ti ±gami½su, atha tesa½ may± ‘eta½ na harissant²’ti ettakon±ma paµisanth±ro kato, ta½ sabbampi ekato sampiº¹etv± aggh±petha, tena k±raºena avilutta½bhaº¹a½ ekato sampiº¹etv± aggh±peth±”ti. Tato sabbampi therena dinnaka½ cetiyaghareeka½ varapotthakacittattharaºa½ na agghati. Tato ±ha½su “therena kato paµisanth±ro sukato,codetu½ v± s±retu½ v± na labbhati, g²v± v± avah±ro v± natth²”ti. Eva½ mah±nisa½sopaµisanth±roti sallakkhetv± kattabbo paº¹itena bhikkhun±ti.

Iti p±¼imuttakavinayavinicchayasaªgahe

Bhesajj±dikaraºavinicchayakath± samatt±.