20. Paµiggahaŗavinicchayakath±

104. Kh±dan²y±dipaµigg±hoti ajjhoharitabbassa yassa kassaci kh±dan²yassa v± bhojan²yassav± paµiggahaŗa½. Tatr±ya½ vinicchayo– pańcahi aŖgehi paµiggahaŗa½ ruhati, th±mamajjhimassapurisassa ucc±raŗamatta½ hoti, hatthap±so pańń±yati, abhih±ro pańń±yati, devo v±manusso v± tiracch±nagato v± k±yena k±yapaµibaddhena nissaggiyena v± deti,tańce bhikkhu k±yena v± k±yapaµibaddhena v± paµiggaŗh±ti. Eva½ pańcahaŖgehi paµiggahaŗa½ruhati.
Tattha µhitanisinnanipann±na½ vasena eva½ hatthap±so veditabbo– sace bhikkhu nisinnohoti, ±sanassa pacchimantato paµµh±ya, sace µhito, paŗhi-antato paµµh±ya, sace nipanno, yenapassena nipanno, tassa p±rimantato paµµh±ya, d±yakassa nisinnassa v± µhitassa v± nipannassav± µhapetv± pas±ritahattha½ ya½ ±sannatara½ aŖga½, tassa orimantena paricchinditv±a¹¹hateyyahattho hatthap±so n±ma.
Sace pana d±yakapaµigg±hakesu eko ±k±se hoti, eko bh³miya½, bh³maµµhassa ca s²sena,±k±saµµhassa ca µhapetv± d±tu½ v± gahetu½ v± pas±ritahattha½ ya½ ±sannatara½ aŖga½,tassa orimantena hatthap±sapam±ŗa½ paricchinditabba½. Sacepi eko k³pe hoti, ekok³pataµe, eko v± pana rukkhe, eko pathaviya½, vuttanayeneva hatthap±sapam±ŗa½ paricchinditabba½.Evar³pe hatthap±se µhatv± sacepi pakkh² mukhatuŗ¹akena v± hatth² v± soŗ¹±ya gahetv±puppha½ v± phala½ v± deti, paµiggahaŗa½ ruhati. Sace pana a¹¹haµµhamaratanassapi hatthinokhandhe nisinno tena soŗ¹±ya d²yam±na½ gaŗh±ti, vaµµatiyeva. Hatth±d²su yena kenacisar²r±vayavena antamaso p±daŖguliy±pi d²yam±na½ k±yena dinna½ n±ma hoti. Paµiggahaŗepieseva nayo. Yena kenaci hi sar²r±vayavena gahita½ k±yena gahitameva hoti. Sacepinatthukaraŗiya½ d²yam±na½ n±s±puµena akallako v± mukhena paµiggaŗh±ti, ±bhogamevahettha pam±ŗa½.
105. Kaµacchu-±d²su pana yena kenaci upakaraŗena dinna½ k±yapaµibaddhena dinna½ n±mahoti. Paµiggahaŗepi eseva nayo. Yena kenaci hi sar²rasambaddhena pattath±lak±din±gahita½ k±yapaµibaddhena gahitameva hoti. K±yato pana k±yapaµibaddhato ca mocetv± hatthap±seµhitassa k±ye v± k±yapaµibaddhe v± p±tiyam±nampi nissaggiyena payogena dinna½ n±mahoti. Eko bah³ni bhattabyańjanabh±jan±ni s²se katv± bhikkhussa santika½±gantv± µhitakova “gaŗhath±”ti vadati, na t±va abhih±ro pańń±yati, tasm± na gahetabba½.Sace pana ²sakampi onamati, bhikkhun± hattha½ pas±retv± heµµhimabh±jana½ ekadesenapisampaµicchitabba½. Ett±vat± sabbabh±jan±ni paµiggahit±ni honti. Tato paµµh±ya oropetv±uggh±µetv± v± ya½ icchati, ta½ gahetu½ vaµµati. Bhattapacchi-±dimhi pana ekabh±jane vattabbamevanatthi.
K±jena bhatta½ harantopi sace k±ja½ onametv± deti, vaµµati. Ti½sahattho veŗu hoti,ekasmi½ ante gu¼akumbho baddho, ekasmi½ sappikumbho, tańce paµiggaŗh±ti, sabba½paµiggahitameva. Ucchuyantadoŗito paggharantameva “rasa½ gaŗhath±”ti vadati, abhih±rona pańń±yat²ti na gahetabbo. Sace pana kasaµa½ cha¹¹etv± hatthena ussińcitv± deti, vaµµati.Bah³ patt± mańce v± p²µhe v± kaµas±re v± doŗiya½ v± phalake v± µhapit± honti,yattha µhitassa d±yako hatthap±se hoti, tattha µhatv± paµiggahaŗasańń±ya mańc±d²ni aŖguliy±piphusitv± µhitena v± nisinnena v± nipannena v± ya½ tesu pattesu d²yati, ta½ sabba½paµiggahita½ hoti. Sacepi “paµiggahess±m²”ti mańc±d²ni abhiruhitv± nis²dati,vaµµatiyeva.
Pathaviya½ pana sacepi kucchiy± kucchi½ ±hacca µhit± honti, ya½ ya½ aŖguliy± v±s³ciy± v± phusitv± nisinno hoti, tattha tattha d²yam±nameva paµiggahita½ hoti.Yattha katthaci mah±kaµas±rahatthattharaŗ±d²su µhapitapatte paµiggahaŗa½ na ruhat²ti vutta½, ta½hatthap±s±tikkama½ sandh±ya vuttanti veditabba½, hatthap±se pana sati yattha katthaci vaµµatiańńatra tatthaj±tak±. Tatthaj±take pana paduminipaŗŗe v± ki½sukapaŗŗ±dimhi v± navaµµati. Na hi ta½ k±yapaµibaddhasaŖkhya½ gacchati. Yath± ca tatthaj±take, eva½ kh±ŗuke bandhitv±µhapitamańc±dimhi asa½h±rime phalake v± p±s±ŗe v± na ruhatiyeva. Tepi hi tatthaj±takasaŖkhyupag±honti. Bh³miya½ atthatesu sukhumesu tintiŗik±dipaŗŗesu paµiggahaŗa½ na ruhati.Na hi t±ni sandh±retu½ samatth±n²ti. Mahantesu pana paduminipaŗŗ±d²su ruhati.Sace hatthap±sa½ atikkammaµhito d²ghadaŗ¹akena u¼uŖkena deti, “±gantv± deh²”tivattabbo. Vacana½ asutv± v± an±diyitv± v± patte ±kiratiyeva, puna paµiggahetabba½.D³re µhatv± bhattapiŗ¹a½ khipantepi eseva nayo.
106. Sace pattathavikato n²hariyam±ne patte rajanacuŗŗ±ni honti, satiudake dhovitabbo, asati rajanacuŗŗa½ puńchitv± paµiggahetv± v± piŗ¹±ya caritabba½.Sace piŗ¹±ya carantassa patte raja½ patati, paµiggahetv± bhikkh± gaŗhitabb±, appaµiggahetv±gaŗhato vinayadukkaµa½, ta½ pana puna paµiggahetv± bhuńjato an±patti. Sace pana “paµiggahetv±deth±”ti vutte vacana½ asutv± v± an±diyitv± v± bhikkha½ dentiyeva, vinayadukkaµa½natthi, puna paµiggahetv± ańń± bhikkh± gahetabb±. Sace mah±v±to tato tato raja½p±teti, na sakk± hoti bhikkha½ gahetu½, “anupasampannassa dass±m²”ti suddhacittena±bhoga½ katv± gaŗhitu½ vaµµati. Eva½ piŗ¹±ya caritv± vih±ra½ v± ±sanas±la½ v±gantv± ta½ anupasampannassa datv± puna tena dinna½ v± tassa viss±sena v± paµiggahetv±bhuńjitu½ vaµµati. Sace bhikkh±c±re saraja½ patta½ bhikkhussa deti, so vattabbo “ima½paµiggahetv± bhikkha½ v± gaŗheyy±si paribhuńjeyy±si v±”ti, tena tath± k±tabba½.Sace raja½ upari uppilavati, kańjika½ pav±hetv± sesa½ bhuńjitabba½. Saceantopaviµµha½ hoti, paµiggahetabba½. Anupasampanne asati hatthato amocenteneva yattha anupasampannoatthi, tattha netv± paµiggahetabba½. Sukkhabhatte patitaraja½ apanetv± bhuńjitu½ vaµµati.Sace atisukhuma½ hoti, upari bhattena saddhi½ apanetabba½, paµiggahetv± v± bhuńjitabba½.Y±gu½ v± s³pa½ v± purato µhapetv± ±lu¼ent±na½ bh±janato phusit±ni uggantv± pattepatanti, patto paµiggahetabbo.
107. U¼uŖkena ±haritv± dent±na½ paµhamatara½ u¼uŖkato thev± patte patanti, supatit±,abhihaµatt± doso natthi. Sacepi carukena bhatte ±kiriyam±ne carukato masi v±ch±rik± v± patati, abhihaµatt± nevatthi doso. Anantarassa bhikkhuno d²yam±na½ pattatouppatitv± itarassa patte patati, supatita½. Paµiggahitameva hi ta½ hoti. Sace jajjharis±kh±di½ph±letv± ekassa bhikkhuno dent±na½ s±khato phusit±ni ańńassa patte patanti, pattopaµiggahetabbo, yassa pattassa upari ph±lenti, tassa patte patitesu d±tuk±mat±yaabhihaµatt± doso natthi. P±y±sassa p³retv± patta½ denti, uŗhatt± heµµh± gahetu½na sakkoti, mukhavaµµiy±pi gahetu½ vaµµati. Sace tath±pi na sakkoti, ±dh±rakenagahetabbo. ¾sanas±l±ya patta½ gahetv± nisinno bhikkhu nidda½ okkanto hoti, neva±hariyam±na½, na d²yam±na½ j±n±ti, appaµiggahita½ hoti. Sace pana ±bhoga½ katv±nisinno hoti, vaµµati. Sacepi so hatthena ±dh±raka½ muńcitv± p±dena pelletv±nidd±yati, vaµµatiyeva. P±dena ±dh±raka½ akkamitv± paµiggaŗhantassa pana j±garantassapian±darapaµiggahaŗa½ hoti, tasm± na kattabba½. Keci “eva½ ±dh±rakena paµiggahaŗa½ k±yapaµibaddhapaµibaddhenapaµiggahaŗa½ n±ma hoti tasm± na vaµµat²”ti vadanti, ta½ vacanamattameva, atthato pana sabbampeta½k±yapaµibaddhameva hoti. K±yasa½saggepi cesa nayo dassito. Yampi bhikkhussa d²yam±na½patati, tampi s±ma½ gahetv± paribhuńjitu½ vaµµati.
Tatrida½ sutta½–
“Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, ya½ d²yam±na½ patati, ta½ s±ma½ gahetv± paribhuńjitu½,pariccatta½ ta½, bhikkhave, d±yakeh²”ti (c³¼ava. 273).
Idańca pana sutta½ neyyattha½, tasm± evamettha adhipp±yo veditabbo– ya½ d²yam±na½ d±yakassahatthato pariga¼itv± suddh±ya v± bh³miy± paduminipaŗŗe v± vatthakaµas±rak±d²su v±patati, ta½ s±ma½ gahetv± paribhuńjitu½ vaµµati. Ya½ pana saraj±ya bh³miya½ patati, ta½raja½ puńchitv± v± dhovitv± v± paµiggahetv± v± paribhuńjitabba½. Sace pavaµµanta½ ańńassabhikkhuno santika½ gacchati, tena ±har±petumpi vaµµati. Sace ta½ bhikkhu½ vadati“tva½yeva kh±d±”ti, tassapi kh±ditu½ vaµµati, an±ŗattena pana tena na gahetabba½. “An±ŗattenapiitarassa dass±m²ti gahetu½ vaµµat²”ti kurundiya½ vutta½. Kasm± paneta½ itarassabhikkhuno gahetu½ na vaµµat²ti? Bhagavat± ananuńń±tatt±. Bhagavat± hi “s±ma½ gahetv±paribhuńjitun”ti vadantena yasseva ta½ d²yam±na½ patati, tassa appaµiggahitakampi ta½gahetv± paribhogo anuńń±to. “Pariccatta½ ta½, bhikkhave, d±yakeh²”ti vacanena panetthaparasantakabh±vo d²pito, tasm± ańńassa s±ma½ gahetv± paribhuńjitu½ na vaµµati, tassapana ±ŗattiy± vaµµat²ti aya½ kirettha adhipp±yo. Yasm± ca eta½ appaµiggahitakatt± anuńń±ta½, tasm± yath±µhita½yeva an±masitv± kenaci pidahitv± µhapita½dutiyadivasepi paribhuńjitu½ vaµµati, sannidhipaccay± an±patti, paµiggahetv± pana paribhuńjitabba½.Ta½ divasa½yeva hi tassa s±ma½ gahetv± paribhogo anuńń±to, na tato paranti ayampikirettha adhipp±yo.
108. Id±ni abboh±rikanayo vuccati. Bhuńjant±nańhi dant± kh²yanti, nakh± kh²yanti,pattassa vaŗŗo kh²yati, sabba½ abboh±rika½. Satthakena ucchu-±d²su ph±litesu mala½pańń±yati, eta½ navasamuµµhita½ n±ma, paµiggahetv± paribhuńjitabba½. Satthaka½ dhovitv±ph±litesu mala½ na pańń±yati, lohagandhamatta½ hoti, ta½ abboh±rika½. Yampi satthaka½gahetv± pariharanti tena ph±litepi eseva nayo. Na hi ta½ paribhogatth±ya pariharant²ti.M³labhesajj±d²ni pisant±na½ v± koµµent±na½ v± nisadanisadapotaka-udukkhalamusal±d²nikh²yanti, pariharaŗakav±si½ t±petv± bhesajjatth±ya takke v± kh²re v± pakkhipanti,tattha n²lik± pańń±yati, satthake vuttasadisova vinicchayo. ¾makatakk±d²supana saya½ na pakkhipitabb±, pakkhipati ce, s±ma½p±kato na muccati. Deve vassantepiŗ¹±ya carantassa sar²rato v± c²varato v± kiliµµha-udaka½ patte patati, paµiggahetabba½.Rukkham³l±d²su bhuńjantassa patitepi eseva nayo. Sace pana satt±ha½ vassante devesuddha½ udaka½ hoti, abbhok±sato v± patati, vaµµati.
109. S±maŗerassa odana½ dentena tassa pattagata½ acchupanteneva d±tabbo, patto v±ssapaµiggahetabbo. Appaµiggahite odana½ chupitv± puna attano patte odana½ gaŗhantassauggahitako hoti. Sace pana d±tuk±mo hutv± “±hara, s±maŗera, patta½, odana½gaŗh±h²”ti vadati, itaro “ala½ mayhan”ti paµikkhipati, puna “taveta½ may± pariccattan”tica vutte “na mayha½ etenattho”ti vadati, satakkhattumpi pariccajatu, y±va attano hatthagata½,t±va paµiggahitameva hoti. Sace pana ±dh±rake µhita½ nirapekkho “gaŗh±h²”ti vadati,puna paµiggahetabba½. S±pekkho ±dh±rake patta½ µhapetv± “etto p³va½ v± bhatta½v± gaŗh±h²”ti s±maŗera½ vadati, s±maŗero hattha½ dhovitv± sacepi satakkhattu½ gahetv±attano pattagata½ aphusantova attano patte pakkhipati, puna paµiggahaŗakicca½natthi. Yadi pana attano pattagata½ phusitv± tato gaŗh±ti, s±maŗerasantakena sa½saµµha½hoti, puna paµiggahetabba½. Keci pana “sacepi gayham±na½ chijjitv± tattha patati,puna paµiggahetabban”ti vadanti. Ta½ “eka½ bhattapiŗ¹a½ gaŗha, eka½ p³va½ gaŗha,imassa gu¼apiŗ¹assa ettaka½ padesa½ gaŗh±”ti eva½ paricchinditv± vutte veditabba½,idha pana paricchedo natthi, tasm± ya½ s±maŗerassa patte patati, tadeva paµiggahaŗa½ vijahati,hatthagata½ pana y±va s±maŗero v± “alan”ti na oramati, bhikkhu v± na v±reti, t±vabhikkhusseva santaka½, tasm± paµiggahaŗa½ na vijahati. Sace attano v± bhikkh³na½ v±y±gupacanakabh±jane kesańci atth±ya bhatta½ pakkhipati, “s±maŗera, bh±janassa upari hattha½karoh²”ti vatv± tassa hatthe pakkhipitabba½. Tassa hatthato bh±jane patitańhi dutiyadivasebh±janassa akappiyabh±va½ na karoti pariccattatt±. Sace eva½ akatv± pakkhipati, pattamivabh±jana½ nir±misa½ katv± paribhuńjitabba½.