18. K±likavinicchayakath±

89. K±lik±nipi catt±r²ti ettha (p±ci. aµµha. 255-256) y±vak±lika½ y±mak±lika½satt±hak±lika½ y±vaj²vikanti im±ni catt±ri k±lik±ni veditabb±ni. Tatthapurebhatta½ paµiggahetv± paribhuñjitabba½ ya½ kiñci kh±dan²yabhojan²ya½ y±va majjhanhikasaªkhatok±lo, t±va paribhuñjitabbato y±vak±lika½. Saddhi½ anulomap±nehi aµµhavidha½p±na½ y±va rattiy± pacchimay±masaªkh±to y±mo, t±va paribhuñjitabbato y±mok±lo ass±ti y±mak±lika½. Sappi-±di pañcavidha½ bhesajja½ paµiggahetv± satt±ha½nidhetabbato satt±ho k±lo ass±ti satt±hak±lika½. Ýhapetv± udaka½ avasesa½sabbampi paµiggahita½ y±vaj²va½ pariharitv± sati paccaye paribhuñjitabbato y±vaj²vikantivuccati.
90. Tattha y±vak±likesu bhojan²ya½ n±ma odano kumm±so sattu macchoma½santi. Pañca bhojan±ni y±mak±lika½ satt±hak±lika½ y±vaj²vikañca µhapetv±avasesa½ kh±dan²ya½ n±ma. Ettha (p±ci. aµµha. 248-9) pana ya½ t±va sakkhalimodak±dipubbaºº±paraººamaya½ kh±dan²ya½, tattha vattabbameva natthi. Yampi vanam³l±dippabheda½ ±misagatika½hoti. Seyyathida½– m³lakh±dan²ya½ kandakh±dan²ya½ mu¼±lakh±dan²ya½ matthakakh±dan²ya½ khandhakh±dan²ya½tacakh±dan²ya½ pattakh±dan²ya½ pupphakh±dan²ya½ phalakh±dan²ya½ aµµhikh±dan²ya½ piµµhakh±dan²ya½ niyy±sakh±dan²yanti,idampi kh±dan²yasaªkhyameva gacchati.
Tattha pana ±misagatikasallakkhaºattha½ ida½ mukhamattanidassana½– m³lakh±dan²ye t±va m³lakam³la½kh±rakam³la½ caccum³la½ tambakam³la½ taº¹uleyyakam³la½ vatthuleyyakam³la½ vajakalim³la½jajjharim³lanti evam±d²ni s³peyyapaººam³l±ni ±misagatik±ni. Ettha ca vajakalim³lejaraµµha½ chinditv± cha¹¹enti, ta½ y±vaj²vika½ hoti. Aññampi evar³pa½ eteneva nayenaveditabba½. M³lakakh±rakajajjharim³l±na½ pana jaraµµh±nipi ±misagatik±nev±ti vutta½.Y±ni pana p±¼iya½–
“Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, m³l±ni bhesajj±ni haliddi½ siªgivera½ vaca½ vacatta½ativisa½ kaµukarohiºi½ us²ra½ bhaddamuttaka½, y±ni v± panaññ±nipi atthi m³l±nibhesajj±ni neva kh±dan²ye kh±dan²yattha½ pharanti, na bhojan²ye bhojan²yattha½ pharant²”ti(mah±va. 263)–

Vutt±ni, t±ni y±vaj²vik±ni. Tesa½ c³¼apañcam³la½ mah±pañcam³lanti-±din± nayenagaºiyam±n±na½ gaºan±ya anto natthi, kh±dan²yatthañca bhojan²yatthañca apharaºabh±voyeva panetesa½lakkhaºa½. Tasm± ya½ kiñci m³la½ tesu tesu janapadesu pakati-±h±ravasena manuss±na½kh±dan²yattha½ bhojan²yatthañca pharati, ta½ y±vak±lika½, itara½ y±vaj²vikanti veditabba½ Subahu½ vatv±pi hi imasmi½yeva lakkhaºe µh±tabba½. N±masaññ±su pana vuccam±n±suta½ ta½ n±ma½ aj±nant±na½ sammohoyeva hoti, tasm± n±masaññ±ya ±dara½ akatv± lakkhaºamevadassita½. Yath± ca m³le, eva½ kand±d²supi lakkhaºa½ dassayiss±ma, tasseva vasena vinicchayoveditabbo. Yañca ta½ p±¼iya½ halidd±di aµµhavidha½ vutta½, tassa khandhatacapupphaphal±disabba½ y±vaj²vikanti vutta½.

Kandakh±dan²ye duvidho kando d²gho ca bhisaki½sukakand±di, vaµµo ca uppalakaserukakand±di,ya½ gaºµh²tipi vadanti. Tattha sabbesa½ kand±na½ jiººajaraµµhaµµh±nañca challi ca sukhumam³l±nica y±vaj²vik±ni, taruºo pana sukhakh±dan²yo s±lakaly±ºipotakakando ki½sukapotakakandoamb±µakakando ketakakando m±luvakando bhisasaªkh±to padumapuº¹ar²kakando piº¹±lumas±lu-±dayoca kh²ravallikando ±luvakando siggukando t±lakando n²luppalarattuppalakumudasogandhik±na½kand± kadalikando ve¼ukando kaserukakandoti evam±dayo tesu tesu janapadesupakati-±h±ravasena manuss±na½ kh±dan²yatthañca bhojan²yatthañca pharaºakakand± y±vak±lik±.Kh²ravallikando adhoto y±vaj²viko, dhoto y±vak±liko. Kh²rak±kolij²vika-usabhakalasuº±dikand±pana y±vaj²vik±. Te p±¼iya½ “y±ni v± panaññ±nipi atthi m³l±ni bhesajj±n²”tieva½ (mah±va. 263) m³labhesajjasaªgaheneva saªgahit±.
Mu¼±lakh±dan²ye padumamu¼±la½ puº¹ar²kamu¼±la½ m³lasadisa½yeva. Erakamu¼±la½kandulamu¼±lanti evam±di tesu tesu janapadesu pakati-±h±ravasena manuss±na½ kh±dan²yattha½bhojan²yatthañca pharaºakamu¼±la½ y±vak±lika½, haliddisiªgiveramakacicaturassavalliketakat±lahint±lakunt±lan±¼ikerap³garukkh±dimu¼±la½pana y±vaj²vika½. Ta½ sabbampi p±¼iya½ “y±ni v± panaññ±nipi atthi m³l±nibhesajj±n²”ti eva½ m³labhesajjasaªgaheneva saªgahita½.
Matthakakh±dan²ye t±lahint±lakunt±laketakan±¼ikerap³garukkhakhajj³rivetta-erakakadal²na½ka¼²rasaªkh±t± matthak±, veºuka¼²ro na¼aka¼²ro ucchuka¼²ro m³lakaka¼²ros±sapaka¼²ro sat±varika¼²ro sattanna½ dhaññ±na½ ka¼²r±ti evam±di tesu tesu janapadesupakati-±h±ravasena manuss±na½ kh±dan²yattha½ bhojan²yatthañca pharaºako rukkhavalli-±d²na½ matthakoy±vak±liko, haliddisiªgiveravacamakacilasuº±na½ ka¼²r±, t±lahint±lakunt±lan±¼ikeraka¼²r±nañcachinditv± p±tito jaraµµhabundo y±vaj²viko.
Khandhakh±dan²ye antopathav²gato s±lakaly±º²khandho ucchukhandho n²luppalarattuppalakumudasogandhik±na½daº¹akakhandh±ti evam±di tesu tesu janapadesu pakati-±h±ravasena manuss±na½ kh±dan²yattha½bhojan²yatthañca pharaºako khandho y±vak±liko, uppalaj±t²na½ paººadaº¹ako padumaj±t²na½sabbopi daº¹ako karavindadaº¹±dayo ca avasesasabbakhandh± y±vaj²vik±.
Tacakh±dan²ye ucchutacova eko y±vak±liko, sopi saraso, seso sabbo y±vaj²viko.Tesa½ pana matthakakhandhatac±na½ tiººampi p±¼iya½ kas±vabhesajjena saªgaho veditabbo. Vuttañheta½–
“Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, kas±v±ni bhesajj±ni nimbakas±va½ kuµajakas±va½ paµolakas±va½phaggavakas±va½ nattam±lakas±va½, y±ni v± panaññ±nipi atthi kas±v±ni bhesajj±nineva kh±dan²ye kh±dan²yattha½ pharanti, na bhojan²ye bhojan²yattha½ pharant²”ti (mah±va.263).
Ettha hi etesampi saªgaho sijjhati. Vuttakas±v±ni ca sabbakappiy±n²ti veditabb±ni.
Pattakh±dan²ye m³laka½ kh±rako caccu tambako taº¹uleyyako papunn±go vatthuleyyakovajakali jajjhari sellu siggu k±samaddako umm±c²namuggo m±so r±jam±so µhapetv±mah±nipph±va½ avasesanipph±vo aggimantho sunisannako setavaraºo n±¼ik± bh³miya½j±taloº²ti etesa½ patt±ni, aññ±ni ca evar³p±ni tesu tesu janapadesu pakati-±h±ravasenamanuss±na½ kh±dan²yatthañca bhojan²yatthañca pharaºak±ni patt±ni eka½sena y±vak±lik±ni y± panaññ± mah±nakhapiµµhimattapaºº± loºirukkhe ca gacche ca ±rohati, tass±patta½ y±vaj²vika½. Brahmipattañca y±vak±likanti d²pav±sino vadanti. Ambapallava½y±vak±lika½, asokapallava½ pana y±vaj²vika½. Y±ni caññ±ni p±¼iya½–
“Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, paºº±ni bhesajj±ni nimbapaººa½ kuµajapaººa½ paµolapaººa½sulasipaººa½ kapp±sapaººa½, y±ni v± panaññ±nipi atthi paºº±ni bhesajj±ni neva kh±dan²yekh±dan²yattha½ pharanti, na bhojan²ye bhojan²yattha½ pharant²”ti (mah±va. 263)–

Vutt±ni, t±ni y±vaj²vik±ni. Na kevalañca paºº±ni, tesa½ pupphaphal±nipi.Y±vaj²vikapaºº±na½ pana phaggavapaººa½ ajjukapaººa½ phaºijjakapaººa½ tamb³lapaººa½ paduminipaººantieva½ gaºanavasena anto natthi.

Pupphakh±dan²ye m³lakapuppha½ kh±rakapuppha½ caccupuppha½ tambakapuppha½ vajakalipuppha½jajjharipuppha½ c³¼anipph±vapuppha½ mah±nipph±vapuppha½ kaserukapuppha½ n±¼ikerat±laketak±na½taruºapupph±ni setavaraºapuppha½ siggupuppha½ uppalapadumaj±tik±na½ pupph±na½kaººik±matta½ agandhipuppha½ kar²rapuppha½ j²vant² pupphanti evam±di tesutesu janapadesu pakati-±h±ravasena manuss±na½ kh±dan²yattha½ bhojan²yatthañca pharaºapuppha½y±vak±lika½, asokabakulakuyyakapunn±gacampakaj±tikarav²rakaºik±rakundanavam±likamallik±d²na½pana puppha½ y±vaj²vika½, tassa gaºan±ya anto natthi. P±¼iya½ panassa kas±vabhesajjenasaªgaho veditabbo.
Phalakh±dan²ye panasalabujat±lan±¼ikera-ambajambu-amb±µakatintiºikam±tuluªgakapitthal±bukumbhaº¹apussaphalatimbar³sakatipusav±tiªgaºacocamocamadhuk±d²na½phal±ni, y±ni loke tesu tesu janapadesu pakati-±h±ravasena manuss±na½ kh±dan²yattha½bhojan²yatthañca pharanti, sabb±ni t±ni y±vak±lik±ni, n±magaºanavasena tesa½ na sakk±pariyanta½ dassetu½. Y±ni pana p±¼iya½–
“Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, phal±ni bhesajj±ni bilaªga½ pippali½ mar²ca½ har²taka½vibh²taka½ ±malaka½ goµµhaphala½, y±ni v± panaññ±nipi atthi phal±ni bhesajj±nineva kh±dan²ye kh±dan²yattha½ pharanti, na bhojan²ye bhojan²yattha½ pharant²”ti (mah±va. 263)–

Vutt±ni t±ni y±vaj²vik±ni. Tesampi aparipakk±ni acchivabimbavaraºaketakak±smar²-±d²na½phal±ni j±tiphala½ kaµukaphala½ e¼± takkolanti eva½ n±mavasena na sakk± pariyanta½dassetu½.

Aµµhikh±dan²ye labujaµµhi panasaµµhi amb±µakaµµhi s±laµµhi khajj³r²ketakatimbar³sak±na½ taruºaphalaµµhitintiºikaµµhi bimbaphalaµµhi uppalapadumaj±t²na½ pokkharaµµh²ti evam±d²ni tesu tesu janapadesumanuss±na½ pakati-±h±ravasena kh±dan²yattha½ bhojan²yatthañca pharaºak±ni aµµh²ni y±vak±lik±ni,madhukaµµhi punn±gaµµhi har²tak±d²na½ aµµh²ni siddhatthakaµµhi r±jikaµµh²ti evam±d²ni aµµh²niy±vaj²vik±ni. Tesa½ p±¼iya½ phalabhesajjeneva saªgaho veditabbo.
Piµµhakh±dan²ye sattanna½ t±va dhaññ±na½ dhaññ±nulom±na½ aparaºº±nañca piµµha½ panasapiµµha½ labujapiµµha½amb±µakapiµµha½ s±lapiµµha½ dhotakat±lapiµµha½ kh²ravallipiµµhañc±ti evam±d²ni tesu tesujanapadesu pakati-±h±ravasena manuss±na½ kh±dan²yattha½ bhojan²yatthañca pharaºak±ni piµµh±niy±vak±lik±ni, adhotaka½ t±lapiµµha½ kh²ravallipiµµha½ assagandh±dipiµµh±ni ca y±vaj²vik±ni.Tesa½ p±¼iya½ kas±vehi m³laphalehi ca saªgaho veditabbo.
Niyy±sakh±dan²ye– eko ucchuniyy±sova satt±hak±liko, ses±–
“Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, jat³ni bhesajj±ni hiªgu½ hiªgujatu½ hiªgusip±µika½ taka½takapatti½ takapaººi½ sajjulasa½, y±ni v± panaññ±nipi atthi jat³ni bhesajj±n²”ti(mah±va. 263)–

Eva½ p±¼iya½ vutt± niyy±s± y±vaj²vik±. Tattha yev±panakavasena saªgahit±na½ ambaniyy±sokaºik±raniyy±soti eva½ n±mavasena na sakk± pariyanta½ dassetu½. Eva½ imesum³lakh±dan²y±d²su ya½ kiñci y±vak±lika½, sabbampi imasmi½ atthe avasesa½ kh±dan²ya½n±m±ti saªgahita½.

91. Y±mak±likesu pana aµµha p±n±ni n±ma ambap±na½ jambup±na½ cocap±na½mocap±na½ madhukap±na½ muddikap±na½ s±l³kap±na½ ph±rusakap±nanti im±ni aµµha p±n±ni.Tattha (mah±va. aµµha. 300) ambap±nanti ±mehi v± pakkehi v± ambehi katap±na½.Tattha ±mehi karontena ambataruº±ni bhinditv± udake pakkhipitv± ±tape ±diccap±kenapacitv± pariss±vetv± tadahupaµiggahitakehi madhusakk±rakapp³r±d²hi yojetv±k±tabba½, eva½ kata½ purebhattameva kappati. Anupasampannehi kata½ labhitv± pana purebhatta½paµiggahita½ purebhatta½ s±misaparibhogenapi vaµµati, pacch±bhatta½ nir±misaparibhogenay±va aruºuggaman± vaµµati. Esa nayo sabbap±nesu. Jambup±nanti jambuphalehikatap±na½. Cocap±nanti aµµhikakadaliphalehi katap±na½. Mocap±nanti anaµµhikehikadaliphalehi katap±na½. Madhukap±nanti madhuk±na½ j±tirasena katap±na½. Ta½pana udakasambhinna½ vaµµati, suddha½ na vaµµati. Muddikap±nanti muddik± udake madditv±ambap±na½ viya katap±na½. S±l³kap±nanti rattuppalan²luppal±d²na½ s±l³ke madditv±katap±na½. Ph±rusakap±nanti ph±rusakaphalehi ambap±na½ viya katap±na½. Im±niaµµha p±n±ni s²t±nipi ±diccap±k±nipi vaµµanti, aggip±k±ni na vaµµanti.