17. Mańcap²µh±disaŖghikasen±sanesu paµipajjitabbavinicchayakath±

82. Vih±re saŖghike seyya½, santharitv±na pakkamoti saŖghike vih±reseyya½ santharitv±na ańńattha vasituk±mat±ya vih±rato pakkamana½. Tatr±ya½ vinicchayo–
“Yo pana bhikkhu saŖghike vih±re seyya½ santharitv± v± santhar±petv± v± ta½ pakkamantoneva uddhareyya na uddhar±peyya an±puccha½ v± gaccheyya, p±cittiyan”ti (p±ci. 115)–

Vacanato saŖghike vih±re seyya½ saya½ santharitv± ańńena v± santhar±petv±uddharaŗ±d²ni akatv± parikkhittassa ±r±massa parikkhepa½, aparikkhittassa upac±ra½ atikkamantassap±cittiya½.

Tattha seyy± n±ma bhisi cimilik± uttarattharaŗa½ bh³mattharaŗa½ taµµik± cammakhaŗ¹onis²dana½ paccattharaŗa½ tiŗasanth±ro paŗŗasanth±roti dasavidh±. Tattha bhis²ti mańcakabhisiv± p²µhakabhisi v±. Cimilik± n±ma sudh±diparikammakat±ya bh³miy± vaŗŗ±nurakkhaŗattha½kat±, ta½ heµµh± pattharitv± upari kaµas±raka½ pattharanti. Uttarattharaŗa½ n±mamańcap²µh±na½ upari attharitabbakapaccattharaŗa½. Bh³mattharaŗa½ n±ma bh³miya½ attharitabb±kaµas±rak±divikati. Taµµik± n±ma t±lapaŗŗehi v± v±kehi v± katataµµik±.Cammakhaŗ¹o n±ma s²habyagghad²pitaracchacamm±d²supi ya½ kińci camma½. Aµµhakath±suhi sen±sanaparibhoge paµikkhittacamma½ na dissati, tasm± s²habyagghacamm±d²na½ pariharaŗeyevapaµikkhepo veditabbo. Nis²dananti sadasa½ veditabba½. Paccattharaŗanti p±v±rokojavoti ettakameva vutta½. Tiŗasanth±roti yesa½ kesańci tiŗ±na½ santh±ro.Esa nayo paŗŗasanth±repi. Eva½ pana ima½ dasavidha½ seyya½ saŖghike vih±re santharitv±v± santhar±petv± v± pakkamantena ±pucchitv± pakkamitabba½, ±pucchantena ca bhikkhumhisati bhikkhu ±pucchitabbo, tasmi½ asati s±maŗero, tasmi½ asati ±r±miko, tasmi½asati yena vih±ro k±rito, so vih±ras±miko, tassa v± kule yo koci ±pucchitabbo,tasmimpi asati cat³su p±s±ŗesu mańca½ µhapetv± mańce avasesamańcap²µh±ni ±ropetv±upari bhisi-±dika½ dasavidhampi seyya½ r±si½ katv± d±rubhaŗ¹a½ mattik±bhaŗ¹a½ paµis±metv±dv±rav±tap±n±ni pidahitv± gamiyavatta½ p³retv± gantabba½.
Sace pana sen±sana½ ovassati, chadanatthańca tiŗa½ v± iµµhak± v± ±n²t± honti, saceussahati, ch±detabba½. No ce sakkoti, yo ok±so anovassako, tattha mańcap²µh±d²ninikkhipitv± gantabba½. Sace sabbampi ovassati, ussahantena antog±me up±sak±na½ghare µhapetabba½. Sace tepi “saŖghika½ n±ma, bhante, bh±riya½, aggid±h±d²na½ bh±y±m±”tina sampaµicchanti, abbhok±sepi p±s±ŗ±na½ upari mańca½ µhapetv± sesa½ pubbe vuttanayenevanikkhipitv± tiŗehi ca paŗŗehi ca paµicch±detv± gantu½ vaµµati. Yańhi tattha aŖgamattampiavasissati, ta½ ańńesa½ tattha ±gatabhikkh³na½ upak±ra½ bhavissat²ti.Uddharitv± gacchantena pana mańcap²µhakav±µa½ sabba½ apanetv± sa½haritv± c²varava½se laggetv±vagantabba½. Pacch± ±gantv± vasanakabhikkhun±pi puna mańcap²µha½ µhapayitv± gacchantenatatheva k±tabba½. Antokuµµato seyya½ bahikuµµe pańńapetv± vasantena gamanak±lepuna gahitaµµh±neyeva paµis±metabba½. Uparip±s±dato oropetv± heµµh±p±s±de vasantassapieseva nayo. Rattiµµh±nadiv±µµh±nesu mańcap²µha½ pańńapetv± bahigamanak±le puna gahitaµµh±neyevaµhapetabba½.
83. Sen±sanesu pana aya½ ±pucchitabb±n±pucchitabbavinicchayo– y± t±va bh³miya½d²ghas±l± v± paŗŗas±l± v± hoti, ya½ v± rukkhatthambhesu katageha½ upacik±na½ uµµh±naµµh±na½hoti, tato pakkamantena t±va ±pucchitv±va pakkamitabba½. Tasmińhi katipay±nidivas±ni ajaggiyam±ne vammik±va santiµµhanti. Ya½ pana p±s±ŗapiµµhiya½ v± p±s±ŗatthambhesuv± katasen±sana½ siluccayaleŗa½ v± sudh±littasen±sana½ v±, yattha yattha upacik±saŖk± natthi,tato pakkamantassa ±pucchitv±pi an±pucchitv±pi gantu½ vaµµati, ±pucchana½ pana vatta½.Sace t±disepi sen±sane ekena passena upacik± ±rohanti, ±pucchitv±va gantabba½.Yo pana ±gantuko bhikkhu saŖghikasen±sana½ gahetv±va santa½ bhikkhu½ anuvattanto attanosen±sana½ aggahetv± vasati, y±va so na gaŗh±ti, t±va ta½ sen±sana½ purimabhikkhussevapalibodho. Yad± pana so sen±sana½ gahetv± attano issariyena vasati, tato paµµh±ya ±gantukassevapalibodho. Sace ubhopi vibhajitv± gaŗhanti, ubhinnampi palibodho.
Mah±paccariya½ pana vutta½– sace dve tayo ekato hutv± pańńapenti, gamanak±le sabbehi±pucchitabba½. Tesu ce paµhama½ gacchanto “pacchimo jaggissat²”ti ±bhoga½ katv±gacchati, vaµµati pacchimassa ±bhogena mutti natthi. Bah³ eka½ pesetv± santhar±penti,gamanak±le sabbehi v± ±pucchitabba½, eka½ v± pesetv± ±pucchitabba½. Ańńatomańcap²µh±d²ni ±netv± ańńatra vasitv± gamanak±le tattheva netabb±ni. Sace ańńato±netv± vasam±nassa ańńo vu¹¹hataro ±gacchati, na paµib±hitabbo “may±,bhante, ańń±v±sato ±n²ta½, p±katika½ kareyy±th±”ti vattabba½. Tena “eva½ kariss±m²”tisampaµicchite itarassa gantu½ vaµµati. Eva½ ańńattha haritv±pi saŖghikaparibhogena paribhuńjantassahi naµµha½ v± jiŗŗa½ v± corehi v± haµa½ g²v± neva hoti, puggalikaparibhogena paribhuńjantassapana g²v± hoti. Ańńassa mańcap²µha½ pana saŖghikaparibhogena v± puggalikaparibhogenav± paribhuńjantassa naµµha½ g²v±yeva. Antovih±re seyya½ santharitv± “ajjeva ±gantv±paµijaggiss±m²”ti eva½ s±pekkho nad²p±ra½ g±mantara½ v± gantv± yatthassa gamanacitta½uppanna½, tattheva µhito kańci pesetv± ±pucchati, nad²p³rar±jacor±d²su v± kenacipalibodho hoti upadduto, na sakkoti pacc±gantu½, eva½bh³tassa an±patti.
Vih±rassa upac±re pana upaµµh±nas±l±ya v± maŗ¹ape v± rukkham³le v± seyya½ santharitv±v± santhar±petv± v± ta½ pakkamanto neva uddharati na uddhar±peti an±puccha½ v± gacchati,dukkaµa½. Vuttappak±rańhi dasavidha½ seyya½ antogabbh±dimhi guttaµµh±ne pańńapetv±gacchantassa yasm± seyy±pi sen±sanampi upacik±hi palujjati, vammikar±siyeva hoti,tasm± p±cittiya½ vutta½. Bahi pana upaµµh±nas±l±d²su pańńapetv± gacchantassa seyy±mattamevanasseyya µh±nassa aguttat±ya, na sen±sana½, tasm± ettha dukkaµa½ vutta½. Mańcap²µha½pana yasm± na sakk± sahas± upacik±hi kh±yitu½, tasm± ta½ vih±repi santharitv± gacchantassadukkaµa½. Vih±rass³pac±re upaµµh±nas±l±ya½ maŗ¹ape rukkham³lepi santharitv± pakkamantassadukkaµameva.
84. “Yo pana bhikkhu saŖghika½ mańca½ v± p²µha½ v± bhisi½ v± koccha½ v± ajjhok±sesantharitv± v± santhar±petv± v± ta½ pakkamanto neva uddhareyya na uddhar±peyya an±puccha½v± gaccheyya, p±cittiyan”ti (p±ci. 109) vacanato saŖghik±ni pana mańcap²µh±d²ni catt±riajjhok±se santharitv± v± santhar±petv± v± uddharaŗ±d²ni akatv± “ajjeva ±gamiss±m²”tigacchantassapi th±mamajjhimassa purisassa le¹¹up±t±tikkame p±cittiya½. Ettha koccha½n±ma v±kamaya½ v± us²ramaya½ v± muńjamaya½ v± pabbajamaya½ v± heµµh± ca upari ca vitthata½majjhe sa½khitta½ paŗavasaŗµh±na½ katv± baddha½. Ta½ kira majjhe s²habyagghacammaparikkhittampi karonti, akappiyacamma½ n±mettha natthi. Sen±sanańhi sovaŗŗamayampi vaµµati, tasm±ta½ mahaggha½ hoti.
“Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, aµµha m±se avassikasaŖkete maŗ¹ape v± rukkham³lev± yattha k±k± v± kulal± v± na ³hadanti, tattha sen±sana½ nikkhipitun”ti (p±ci.110) vacanato pana vassikavass±nam±s±ti eva½ apańń±te catt±ro hemantike, catt±rogimhiketi aµµha m±se s±kh±maŗ¹ape v± padaramaŗ¹ape v± rukkham³le v± nikkhipitu½vaµµati. Yasmi½ pana k±k± v± kulal± v± ańńe v± sakunt± dhuvaniv±sena kul±vakekatv± vasanti, tassa rukkhassa m³le na nikkhipitabba½. “Aµµha m±se”ti vacanato yesujanapadesu vassak±le na vassati, tesu catt±ro m±se nikkhipitu½ na vaµµatiyeva.“AvassikasaŖkete”ti vacanato yattha hemante devo vassati, tattha hemantepi ajjhok±senikkhipitu½ na vaµµati. Gimhe pana sabbattha vigataval±haka½ visuddha½ nata½ hoti, evar³pek±le kenacideva karaŗ²yena ajjhok±se mańcap²µha½ nikkhipitu½ vaµµati.
85. Abbhok±sikenapi vatta½ j±nitabba½. Tassa hi sace puggalikamańcako atthi,tattheva sayitabba½. SaŖghika½ gaŗhantena vettena v± v±kena v± v²tamańcako gahetabbo,tasmi½ asati pur±ŗamańcako gahetabbo, tasmi½ asati navav±yimo v± onaddhako v± gahetabbo.Gahetv± pana “aha½ ukkaµµharukkham³liko ukkaµµha-abbhok±siko”ti c²varakuµimpiakatv± asamaye ajjhok±se v± rukkham³le v± pańńapetv± nipajjitu½ na vaµµati.Sace pana catugguŗenapi c²varena kat± kuµi atementa½ rakkhitu½ na sakkoti, satt±havaddalik±d²nibhavanti, bhikkhuno k±y±nugatikatt± vaµµati. Arańńe paŗŗakuµ²su vasant±na½s²lasampad±ya pasannacitt± manuss± nava½ mańcap²µha½ denti “saŖghikaparibhogena paribhuńjath±”ti,vasitv± gacchantehi s±mantavih±re sabh±gabhikkh³na½ pesetv± gantabba½, sabh±g±na½ abh±venaanovassake nikkhipitv± gantabba½, anovassake asati rukkhe laggetv± gantabba½.CetiyaŖgaŗe sammajjani½ gahetv± bhojanas±laŖgaŗa½ v± uposath±g±raŖgaŗa½ v± pariveŗadiv±µµh±na-aggis±l±d²suv± ańńatara½ sammajjitv± dhovitv± puna sammajjanim±¼akeyeva µhapetabb±. Uposath±g±r±d²suańńatarasmi½ gahetv± avases±ni sammajjantassapi eseva nayo.
Yo pana bhikkh±c±ramagga½ sammajjanto gantuk±mo hoti, tena sammajjitv± saceantar±magge s±l± atthi, tattha µhapetabb±. Sace natthi, val±hak±na½ anuµµhitabh±va½ sallakkhetv±“y±v±ha½ g±mato nikkham±mi, t±va na vassissat²”ti j±nantena yattha katthaci nikkhipitv±puna pacc±gacchantena p±katikaµµh±ne µhapetabb±. “Sace vassissat²ti j±nanto ajjhok±seµhapeti, dukkaµan”ti mah±paccariya½ vutta½. Sace pana tatra tatreva sammajjanatth±yasammajjan² nikkhitt± hoti, ta½ ta½ µh±na½ sammajjitv± tatra tatreva nikkhipitu½ vaµµati,±sanas±la½ sammajjantena vatta½ j±nitabba½. Tatrida½ vatta½– majjhato paµµh±ya p±daµµh±n±bhimukh±v±lik± haritabb±, kacavara½ hatthehi gahetv± bahi cha¹¹etabba½.
86. Sace vuttappak±ra½ catubbidhampi saŖghika½ sen±sana½ ajjhok±se v± rukkham³lev± maŗ¹ape v± anupasampannena santhar±peti, yena santhar±pita½, tassa palibodho. Sacepana upasampannena santhar±peti, yena santhata½, tassa palibodho. Tatr±ya½ vinicchayo (p±ci.aµµha. 111)– thero bhojanas±l±ya½ bhattakicca½ katv± dahara½ ±ŗ±peti “gaccha div±µµh±nemańcap²µha½ pańńapeh²”ti. So tath± katv± nisinno, thero yath±ruci vicaritv±tattha gantv± thavika½ v± uttar±saŖga½ v± µhapeti, tato paµµh±ya therassa palibodho. Nis²ditv±saya½ gacchanto neva uddharati na uddhar±peti, le¹¹up±t±tikkame p±cittiya½. Sace panathero tattha thavika½ v± uttar±saŖga½ v± aµµhapetv± caŖkamantova dahara½ “gaccha tvan”tibhaŗati, tena “ida½, bhante, mańcap²µhan”ti ±cikkhitabba½. Sace thero vatta½ j±n±ti,“tva½ gaccha, aha½ p±katika½ kariss±m²”ti vattabba½. Sace b±lo hoti anuggahitavatto,“gaccha, m± idha tiµµha, neva nis²ditu½ na nipajjitu½ dem²”ti dahara½ tajjetiyeva.Daharena “bhante, sukha½ sayath±”ti kappa½ labhitv± vanditv± gantabba½. Tasmi½ gatetherasseva palibodho, purimanayeneva cassa ±patti veditabb±.
Atha pana ±ŗattikkhaŗeyeva daharo “mayha½ bhaŗ¹e bhaŗ¹adhovan±di kińci karaŗ²ya½ atth²”tivadati, thero pana ta½ “pańńapetv± gacch±h²”ti vatv± bhojanas±lato nikkhamitv±ańńattha gacchati, p±duddh±rena k±retabbo Sace tattheva gantv± nis²dati, purimanayenevacassa le¹¹up±t±tikkame ±patti. Sace pana thero s±maŗera½ ±ŗ±peti, s±maŗeretattha mańcap²µha½ pańńapetv± nisinnepi bhojanas±lato ańńattha gacchanto p±duddh±renak±retabbo. Gantv± nisinno puna gamanak±le le¹¹up±t±tikkame ±pattiy± k±retabbo.Sace pana ±ŗ±pento “mańcap²µha½ pańńapetv± tattheva nis²d±”ti ±ŗ±peti,yatricchati, tatra gantv± ±gantu½ labhati. Saya½ pana p±katika½ akatv± gacchantassa le¹¹up±t±tikkamep±cittiya½. Antarasannip±te mańcap²µh±d²ni pańńapetv± nisinnehi gamanak±le±r±mik±na½ “ida½ paµis±meth±”ti vattabba½, avatv± gacchant±na½ le¹¹up±t±tikkame±patti.
87. Mah±dhammassavana½ n±ma hoti, tattha uposath±g±ratopi bhojanas±latopi ±haritv± mańcap²µh±nipańńapenti, ±v±sik±na½yeva palibodho. Sace ±gantuk± “ida½ amh±ka½ upajjh±yassa,ida½ ±cariyass±”ti gaŗhanti, tato paµµh±ya tesa½ palibodho. Gamanak±le p±katika½akatv± le¹¹up±ta½ atikkamant±na½ ±patti. Mah±paccariya½ pana vutta½ “y±vaańńe na nis²danti, t±va yehi pańńatta½, tesa½ bh±ro, ańńesu ±gantv± nisinnesunisinnak±na½ bh±ro. Sace te anuddharitv± v± anuddhar±petv± v± gacchanti, dukkaµa½.Kasm±? An±ŗattiy± pańńapitatt±”ti. Dhamm±sane pańńatte y±va uss±rako v± dhammakathikov± n±gacchati, t±va pańń±pak±na½ palibodho. Tasmi½ ±gantv± nisinne tassa palibodho.Sakala½ ahoratta½ dhammassavana½ hoti, ańńo uss±rako v± dhammakathiko v± uµµh±ti,ańńo nis²dati, yo yo ±gantv± nis²dati, tassa tasseva bh±ro. Uµµhahantena pana “idam±sana½tumh±ka½ bh±ro”ti vatv± gantabba½. Sacepi itarasmi½ an±gate paµhama½ nisinnouµµh±ya gacchati, tasmińca anto-upac±raµµheyeva itaro ±gantv± nis²dati, uµµh±ya gato ±pattiy±na k±retabbo. Sace pana itarasmi½ an±gateyeva paµhama½ nisinno uµµh±y±san± le¹¹up±ta½atikkamati, ±pattiy± k±retabbo. “Sabbattha le¹¹up±t±tikkame paµhamap±de dukkaµa½,dutiyap±de p±cittiyan”ti aya½ nayo mah±paccariya½ vuttoti.
88. Sace pana vuttappak±rasen±sanato ańńa½ saŖghika½ cimilika½ v± uttarattharaŗa½v± bh³mattharaŗa½ v± taµµika½ v± cammakhaŗ¹a½ v± p±dapuńchani½ v± phalakap²µha½ v± ajjhok±sesantharitv± v± santhar±petv± v± ta½ pakkamanto neva uddharati na uddhar±peti an±puccha½ v±gacchati, dukkaµa½. ¾dh±raka½ pattapidh±naka½ p±dakaµhalika½ t±lavaŗµa½ b²janipattaka½ya½ kińci d±rubhaŗ¹a½ antamaso p±n²ya-u¼uŖka½ p±n²yasaŖkha½ ajjhok±se nikkhipitv±gacchantassapi dukkaµa½. Ajjhok±se rajana½ pacitv± rajanabh±jana½ rajana-u¼uŖko rajanadoŗik±tisabba½ aggis±l±ya paµis±metabba½. Sace aggis±l± natthi, anovassake pabbh±renikkhipitabba½. Tasmimpi asati yattha olokent± bhikkh³ passanti, t±dise µh±neµhapetv± gantu½ vaµµati. Ańńapuggalike pana mańcap²µh±disen±sanepi dukkaµameva. Etthapana “yasmi½ viss±sagg±ho na ruhati, tassa santake dukkaµa½. Yasmi½ pana viss±sagg±horuhati, tassa santaka½ attano puggalikameva hot²”ti mah±paccariy±d²su vutta½.Attano puggalike pana an±pattiyeva. Yo bhikkhu v± s±maŗero v± ±r±miko v±lajj² hoti, attano palibodha½ viya mańńati, tath±r³pa½ an±pucchitv± gacchantassapi an±patti.Yo pana ±tape ot±pento “±gantv± uddhariss±m²”ti gacchati, tassapi an±patti.

Iti p±¼imuttakavinayavinicchayasaŖgahe

Mańcap²µh±disaŖghikasen±sanesu

Paµipajjitabbavinicchayakath± samatt±.