15. Bh³tag±mavinicchayakath±

75. Bh³tag±moti pańcahi b²jehi j±t±na½ rukkhalat±d²nameta½ adhivacana½.Tatrim±ni pańca b²j±ni– m³lab²ja½ khandhab²ja½ pha¼ub²ja½ aggab²ja½ b²jab²janti.Tattha m³lab²ja½ n±ma haliddi siŖgivera½ vac± vacatta½ ativisa½ kaµukarohiŗ² us²ra½bhaddamuttaka½, y±ni v± panańń±nipi atthi m³le j±yanti m³le sańj±yanti, eta½m³lab²ja½ n±ma. Khandhab²ja½ n±ma assattho nigrodho pilakkho udumbaro kacchakokapitthano, y±ni v± panańń±nipi atthi khandhe j±yanti khandhe sańj±yanti, eta½ khandhab²ja½n±ma. Pha¼ub²ja½ n±ma ucchu ve¼u na¼o, y±ni v± panańń±nipi atthi pabbej±yanti pabbe sańj±yanti, eta½ pha¼ub²ja½ n±ma. Aggab²ja½ n±ma ajjuka½phaŗijjaka½ hirivera½, y±ni v± panańń±nipi atthi agge j±yanti agge sańj±yanti,eta½ aggab²ja½ n±ma. B²jab²ja½ n±ma pubbaŗŗa½ aparaŗŗa½, y±ni v± panańń±nipiatthi b²je j±yanti b²je sańj±yanti, eta½ b²jab²ja½ n±ma (p±ci. 91). Tattha bh³tag±mebh³tag±masańń² chindati v± chind±peti v± bhindati v± bhind±peti v± pacati v±pac±peti v±, p±cittiya½. Bh³tag±mańhi vikopentassa p±cittiya½, bh³tag±maparimocita½pańcavidhampi b²jag±ma½ vikopentassa dukkaµa½.
76. B²jag±mabh³tag±mo (p±ci. aµµha. 922) n±mesa atthi udakaµµho, atthi thalaµµho.Tattha udakaµµho s±sapamattikatilab²jak±dibhed± sapaŗŗik± ca apaŗŗik± ca sabb± sev±laj±ti,antamaso udakapappaµaka½ up±d±ya “bh³tag±mo”ti veditabbo. Udakapappaµako n±maupari thaddho pharusavaŗŗo heµµh± mudu n²lavaŗŗo hoti. Tattha yassa sev±lassa m³la½oruhitv± pathaviya½ patiµµhita½, tassa pathav² µh±na½. Yo udake sańcarati, tassa udaka½.Pathaviya½ patiµµhita½ yattha katthaci vikopentassa, uddharitv± v± µh±nantara½ saŖk±mentassa p±cittiya½,udake sańcaranta½ vikopentasseva p±cittiya½. Hatthehi pana ito cito caviy³hitv±nah±yitu½ vaµµati. Sakalańhi udaka½ tassa µh±na½, tasm± na so ett±vat± µh±nantara½saŖk±mito hoti. Udakato pana udakena vin± sańcicca ukkhipitu½ na vaµµati, udakenasaddhi½ ukkhipitv± puna udake pakkhipitu½ vaµµati. Uppalinipadumini-±d²ni jalajavallitiŗ±niudakato uddharantassa v± tattheva vikopentassa v± p±cittiya½, parehi upp±µit±nivikopentassa dukkaµa½. T±ni hi b²jag±me saŖgaha½ gacchanti, tilab²jakas±sapamattikasev±lopi udakato uddhaµo amil±to aggab²jasaŖgaha½ gacchati. Mah±paccariy±d²su “anantakatilab²jaka-udakapappaµak±d²nidukkaµavatth³n²”ti vutta½, tattha k±raŗa½ na dissati. Andhakaµµhakath±ya½ “sampuŗŗabh³tag±ma½na hoti, tasm± dukkaµan”ti vutta½, tampi na sameti. Bh³tag±me hi p±cittiya½b²jag±me dukkaµa½ vutta½. Asampuŗŗabh³tag±mo n±ma tatiyo koµµh±so neva p±¼iya½,na aµµhakath±su ±gato, atheta½ b²jag±masaŖgaha½ gamissat²ti, tampi na yutta½ abh³tag±mam³latt±t±disassa b²jag±mass±ti. Apica “garukalahukesu garuke µh±tabban”ti eta½ vinayalakkhaŗa½.
Thalaµµhe chinnarukkh±na½ avasiµµho haritakh±ŗu n±ma hoti, tattha kakudhakarańjapiyaŖgupanas±d²na½kh±ŗu uddha½ va¹¹hati, so bh³tag±mena saŖgahito. T±lan±¼iker±d²na½ kh±ŗu uddha½ na va¹¹hati,so b²jag±mena saŖgahito. Kadaliy± pana aphalit±ya kh±ŗu bh³tag±mena saŖgahito, phalit±yab²jag±mena. Kadal² pana phalit± y±va n²lapaŗŗ±, t±va bh³tag±meneva saŖgahit±, tath±phalito ve¼u. Yad± pana aggato paµµh±ya sussati, tad± b²jag±mena saŖgaha½ gacchati. Katarab²jag±mena?Pha¼ub²jag±mena. Ki½ tato nibbattati? Na kińci. Yadi hi nibbatteyya, bh³tag±menasaŖgaha½ gaccheyya. Indas±l±dirukkhe chinditv± r±si½ karonti, kińc±pi r±sikatadaŗ¹akehiratanappam±ŗ±pi s±kh± nikkhamanti, b²jag±meneva pana saŖgaha½ gacchanti. Maŗ¹apatth±ya v±vati-atth±ya v± valli-±ropanatth±ya v± bh³miya½ nikhaŗanti, m³lesu ceva paŗŗesu caniggatesu puna bh³tag±masaŖkhya½ gacchanti, m³lamattesu pana paŗŗamattesu v± niggatesupib²jag±mena saŖgahit± eva.
Y±ni k±nici b²j±ni pathaviya½ v± udakena sińcitv± µhapit±ni, kap±l±d²su v±allapa½su½ pakkhipitv± nikkhitt±ni honti, sabb±ni m³lamatte v± paŗŗamatte v± niggatepib²j±niyeva. Sacepi m³l±ni ca upari aŖkuro ca niggacchati, y±va aŖkuro haritona hoti, t±va b²j±niyeva. Mugg±d²na½ pana paŗŗesu uµµhitesu, v²hi-±d²na½ v± aŖkureharite n²lavaŗŗe j±te bh³tag±masaŖgaha½ gacchanti. T±laµµh²na½ paµhama½ s³karad±µh± viya m³la½niggacchati, niggatepi y±va upari pattavaµµi na niggacchati, t±va b²jag±mo n±mayeva.N±¼ikerassa taca½ bhinditv± dantas³ci viya aŖkuro niggacchati, y±va migasiŖgasadis± n²lapattavaµµi na hoti, t±va b²jag±moyeva. M³le aniggatepi t±dis±yapattavaµµiy± j±t±ya am³lakabh³tag±me saŖgaha½ gacchati.
Ambaµµhi-±d²ni v²hi-±d²hi vinicchinitabb±ni. Vand±k± v± ańń± v± y± k±cirukkhe j±yitv± rukkha½ ottharati, rukkhova tass± µh±na½, ta½ vikopentassa v± tatouddharantassa v± p±cittiya½. Ek± am³lik± lat± hoti, aŖguliveµhako viya vanappagumbadaŗ¹akeveµheti, tass±pi ayameva vinicchayo. Gehapamukhap±k±ravedik± cetiy±d²su n²lavaŗŗosev±lo hoti, y±va dve t²ŗi patt±ni na sańj±yanti, t±va aggab²jasaŖgaha½ gacchati.Pattesu j±tesu p±cittiyavatthu, tasm± t±disesu µh±nesu sudh±lepampi d±tu½ navaµµati, anupasampannena littassa upari sinehalepo d±tu½ vaµµati. Sace nid±ghasamaye sukkhasev±lotiµµhati, ta½ sammuńjan²-±d²hi gha½sitv± apanetu½ vaµµati. P±n²yaghaµ±d²na½ bahi sev±lodukkaµavatthu, anto abboh±riko, dantakaµµhap³v±d²su kaŗŗakampi abboh±rikameva.Vuttańheta½ “sace gerukaparikammakat± bhitti kaŗŗakit± hoti, co¼aka½ temetv±p²¼etv± pamajjitabb±”ti (mah±va. 66).
77. P±s±ŗaj±ti p±s±ŗadaddusev±laseleyyak±d²ni aharitavaŗŗ±ni apattak±ni cadukkaµavatthuk±ni. Ahicchattaka½ y±va makuµa½ hoti, t±va dukkaµavatthu, pupphitak±latopaµµh±ya abboh±rika½, allarukkhato pana ahicchattaka½ gaŗhanto rukkhataca½ vikopeti,tasm± tattha p±cittiya½. Rukkhapapaµik±yapi eseva nayo. Y± pana indas±lakakudh±d²na½papaµik± rukkhato muccitv± tiµµhati, ta½ gaŗhantassa an±patti. Niyy±sampi rukkhatomuccitv± µhita½ sukkharukkhe v± lagga½ gaŗhitu½ vaµµati, allarukkhato na vaµµati. L±kh±yapieseva nayo. Rukkha½ c±letv± paŗ¹upal±sa½ v± pariŗatakaŗik±r±dipuppha½ v±p±tentassa p±cittiyameva. Hatthakukkuccena mudukesu indas±lanuh²khandh±d²su v±tatthaj±takat±lapaŗŗ±d²su v± akkhara½ chindantassapi eseva nayo. S±maŗer±na½ puppha½ocinant±na½ s±kha½ on±metv± d±tu½ vaµµati. Tehi pana pupphehi p±n²ya½ na v±setabba½,p±n²yav±satthikena s±maŗera½ ukkhipitv± ocin±petabb±ni. Phalas±kh±pi attan±kh±dituk±mena na on±metabb±, s±maŗera½ ukkhipitv± phala½ g±h±petabba½.Kińci gaccha½ v±lata½ v± upp±µentehi s±maŗerehi saddhi½ gahetv± ±ka¹¹hitu½ navaµµati, tesa½ pana uss±hajananattha½ an±ka¹¹hantena ka¹¹han±k±ra½ dassentena viya agge gahetu½vaµµati. Yesa½ rukkh±na½ s±kh± ruhati, tesa½ s±kha½ makkhikab²jan±d²na½ atth±ya kappiya½ak±r±petv± gahita½, tace v± patte v± antamaso nakhenapi vilekhantassa dukkaµa½. AllasiŖgiver±d²supieseva nayo. Sace pana kappiya½ k±r±petv± s²tale padese µhapitassa m³la½ sańj±yati,uparibh±ge chinditu½ vaµµati. Sace aŖkuro j±yati, heµµh±bh±ge chinditu½ vaµµati, m³leca aŖkure ca j±te na vaµµati.
“Sammuńjan²sal±k±yapi tiŗ±ni chindiss±m²”ti bh³miya½ sammajjanto saya½ v± chindati,ańńena v± ched±peti, na vaµµati. CaŖkamantopi “chijjanaka½ chijjatu, bhijjanaka½ bhijjatu,caŖkamitaµµh±na½ dassess±m²”ti sańcicca p±dehi akkamanto tiŗavalli-±d²ni saya½ v±chindati, ańńena v± ched±peti, na vaµµati. Sacepi hi tiŗa½ v± lata½ v± ganthi½karontassa bhijjati, ganthimpi k±tu½ na vaµµati. T±larukkh±d²su pana cor±na½ an±ruhaŗatth±yad±rumakkaµaka½ ±koµenti, kaŗµake bandhanti, bhikkhussa eva½ k±tu½ na vaµµati.Sace d±rumakkaµako rukkhe all²namattova hoti, rukkha½ na p²¼eti, vaµµati. “Rukkha½chinda, lata½ chinda, kanda½ v± m³la½ v± upp±µeh²”ti vattu½ vaµµati aniyamitatt±.Niyametv± pana “ima½ rukkha½ chind±”ti-±di vattu½ na vaµµati. N±ma½ gahetv±pi“ambarukkha½ catura½savalli½ ±luvakanda½ muńjatiŗa½ asukarukkhacchalli½ chinda bhindaupp±µeh²”ti-±divacanampi aniyamitameva hoti. “Ima½ ambarukkhan”ti-±divacanamevahi niyamita½ n±ma, ta½ na vaµµati. Pattampi pacituk±mo tiŗ±d²na½ upari sańciccaaggi½ karonto saya½ v± pacati, ańńena v± pac±peti, na vaµµati. Aniyametv± pana“mugge paca, m±se pac±”ti-±di vattu½ vaµµati, “ime mugge pac±”ti eva½ vattu½na vaµµati. “Ima½ m³labhesajja½ j±na, ima½ m³la½ v± paŗŗa½ v± dehi, ima½ rukkha½v± lata½ v± ±hara, imin± pupphena phalena v± attho, ima½ rukkha½ v± lata½ v±phala½ v± kappiya½ karoh²”ti eva½ pana vattu½ vaµµati. Ett±vat± bh³tag±maparimocita½kata½ hoti.
78. Paribhuńjantena pana b²jag±maparimocanattha½ puna kappiya½ k±r±petabba½.Kappiyakaraŗańcettha imin± sutt±nus±rena veditabba½–
“Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, pańcahi samaŗakappehi phala½ paribhuńjitu½ aggiparijita½satthaparijita½ nakhaparijita½ ab²ja½ nibbaµµab²jańńeva pańcaman”ti (c³¼ava. 250).
Tattha aggiparijitanti aggin± parijita½ adhibh³ta½ da¹¹ha½ phuµµhanti attho. Satthaparijitantisatthena parijita½ adhibh³ta½ chinna½ viddha½ v±ti attho. Esa nayo nakhaparijite. Ab²janibbaµµab²j±nisayameva kappiy±ni. Aggin± kappiya½ karontena kaµµhaggigomayaggi-±d²su yenakenaci antamaso lohakhaŗ¹enapi ±dittena kappiya½ k±tabba½, tańca kho ekadese phusantena“kappiyan”ti vatv±va k±tabba½. Satthena karontena yassa kassaci lohamayasatthassaantamaso s³cinakhacchedan±nampi tuŗ¹ena v± dh±r±ya v± cheda½ v± vedha½ v± dassentena“kappiyan”ti vatv±va k±tabba½. Nakhena kappiya½ karontena p³tinakhena na k±tabba½,manuss±na½ pana s²habyagghad²pimakkaµ±na½ sakunt±nańca nakh± tikhiŗ± honti, tehik±tabba½. Assamahi½sas³karamigagor³p±d²na½ khur± atikhiŗ±, tehi na k±tabba½, katampiakata½ hoti. Hatthinakh± pana khur± na honti, tehi ca vaµµati. Yehi pana k±tu½vaµµati, tehi tatthaj±takehipi uddharitv± gahitakepi cheda½ v± vedha½ v± dassentena “kappiyan”tivatv±va k±tabba½.
Tattha sacepi b²j±na½ pabbatamatto r±si, rukkhasahassa½ v± chinditv± ek±baddha½ katv±ucch³na½ v± mah±bh±ro bandhitv± µhapito hoti, ekasmi½ b²je v± rukkhas±kh±ya v±ucchumhi v± kappiye kate sabba½ kata½ hoti. Ucch³ ca d±r³ni ca ekato baddh±nihonti, “ucchu½ kappiya½ kariss±m²”ti d±ru½ vijjhati, vaµµatiyeva. Sace panay±ya rajjuy± v± valliy± v± baddh±ni, ta½ vijjhati, na vaµµati. Ucchukhaŗ¹±na½ pacchi½p³retv± ±haranti, ekasmi½ khaŗ¹e kappiye kate sabba½ katameva. Mar²capakk±d²hica missetv± bhatta½ ±haranti, “kappiya½ karoh²”ti vutte sacepi bhattasitthe vijjhati,vaµµatiyeva. Tilataŗ¹ul±d²supi eseva nayo. Y±guy± pakkhitt±ni pana ek±baddh±ni hutv± na santiµµhanti, tattha ekameka½ vijjhitv± kappiya½ k±tabbameva.Kapitthaphal±d²na½ anto mińja½ kaµ±ha½ muńcitv± sańcarati, bhind±petv± kappiya½k±r±petabba½, ek±baddha½ hoti, kaµ±hepi k±tu½ vaµµati.

Iti p±¼imuttakavinayavinicchayasaŖgahe

Bh³tag±mavinicchayakath± samatt±.