12. R³piy±dipaµiggahaŗavinicchayakath±

59. R³piy±dipaµiggahoti j±tar³p±dipaµiggaŗhana½. Tattha (p±r±. aµµha. 2.583-4)j±tar³pa½ rajata½ j±tar³pam±sako rajatam±sakoti catubbidha½ nissaggiyavatthu. Tambaloh±d²hikato loham±sako. S±rad±run± v± ve¼upesik±ya v± antamaso t±lapaŗŗenapir³pa½ chinditv± kato d±rum±sako. L±kh±ya v± niyy±sena v± r³pa½ samuµµh±petv±kato jatum±sako. Yo yo yattha yattha janapade yad± yad± voh±ra½ gacchati, antamasoaµµhimayopi cammamayopi rukkhaphalab²jamayopi samuµµh±pitar³popi asamuµµh±pitar³pop²ti aya½sabbopi rajatam±sakeneva saŖgahito. Mutt± maŗi ve¼uriyo saŖkho sil± pav±¼a½lohitaŖko mas±ragalla½ satta dhańń±ni d±sid±sakhettavatthupupph±r±maphal±r±m±dayoti ida½dukkaµavatthu. Tattha nissaggiyavatthu½ attano v± saŖghagaŗapuggalacetiy±na½ v± atth±ya sampaµicchitu½na vaµµati. Attano atth±ya sampaµicchato nissaggiya½ p±cittiya½ hoti, ses±na½ atth±yadukkaµa½. Dukkaµavatthu½ sabbesampi atth±ya sampaµicchato dukkaµameva.
Tatr±ya½ vinicchayo (p±r±. aµµha. 2.538-9)– sace koci j±tar³parajata½ ±haritv± “ida½saŖghassa dammi, ±r±ma½ v± karotha cetiya½ v± bhojanas±l±d²na½ v± ańńataran”ti vadati,ida½ sampaµicchitu½ na vaµµati. Sace pana “nayida½ bhikkh³na½ sampaµicchitu½ vaµµat²”tipaµikkhitte “va¹¹hak²na½ v± kammak±r±na½ v± hatthe bhavissati kevala½tumhe sukatadukkaµa½ j±n±th±”ti vatv± tesa½ hatthe datv± pakkamati, vaµµati. Ath±pi“mama manuss±na½ hatthe bhavissati, mayhameva v± hatthe bhavissati, kevala½ tumhe ya½yassa d±tabba½, tadatth±ya peseth±”ti vadati, evampi vaµµati. Sace pana sa½gha½ v± gaŗa½v± puggala½ v± an±masitv± “ida½ hirańńasuvaŗŗa½ cetiyassa dema, vih±rassa dema,navakammassa dem±”ti vadanti, paµikkhipitu½ na vaµµati, “ime ida½ bhaŗant²”ti kappiyak±rak±na½±cikkhitabba½. “Cetiy±d²na½ atth±ya tumhe gahetv± µhapetv±”ti vutte pana “amh±ka½gahetu½ na vaµµat²”ti paµikkhipitabba½.
Sace pana koci bahu½ hirańńasuvaŗŗa½ ±netv± “ida½ sa½ghassa dammi, catt±ro paccayeparibhuńjath±”ti vadati, tańce sa½gho sampaµicchati, paµiggahaŗepi paribhogepi ±patti.Tatra ceko bhikkhu “nayida½ kappat²”ti paµikkhipati, up±sako ca “yadina kappati,mayhameva bhavissat²”ti ta½ ±d±ya gacchati. So bhikkhu “tay± sa½ghassa l±bhantar±yokato”ti na kenaci kińci vattabbo. Yo hi ta½ codeti, sveva s±pattikohoti. Tena panekena bah³ an±pattik± kat±. Sace pana bhikkh³hi “na vaµµat²”tipaµikkhitte “kappiyak±rak±na½ v± hatthe bhavissati, mama puris±na½ v± mayha½ v±hatthe bhavissati, kevala½ tumhe paccaye paribhuńjath±”ti vadati, vaµµati.
Catupaccayatth±ya ca dinna½ yena yena paccayena attho hoti, ta½ tadattha½ upanetabba½. Civaratth±yadinna½ c²vareyeva upanetabba½. Sace c²varena t±diso attho natthi, piŗ¹ap±t±d²hisa½gho kilamati, sa½ghasuµµhut±ya apaloketv± tadatth±yapi upanetabba½. Esa nayo piŗ¹ap±tagil±napaccayatth±yadinnepi. Sen±sanatth±ya dinna½ pana sen±sanassa garubhaŗ¹att± sen±saneyeva upanetabba½.Sace pana bhikkh³su sen±sana½ cha¹¹etv± gatesu sen±sana½ vinassati, ²dise k±lesen±sana½ vissajjetv±pi bhikkh³na½ paribhogo anuńń±to, tasm± sen±sanajagganattha½ m³lacchejja½akatv± y±panamatta½ paribhuńjitabba½.
60. Sace koci “mayha½ tisassasamp±danaka½ mah±ta¼±ka½ atthi, ta½ sa½ghassa damm²”tivadati, tańce sa½gho sampaµicchati, paµiggahaŗepi paribhogepi ±pattiyeva. Yo pana ta½paµikkhipati, so purimanayeneva na kenaci kińci vattabbo. Yo hi ta½ codeti,sveva s±pattiko hoti Tena panekena bah³ an±pattik± kat±. Yo pana“t±disa½yeva ta¼±ka½ damm²”ti vatv± bhikkh³hi “na vaµµat²”ti paµikkhitto vadati“asukańca asukańca saŖghassa ta¼±ka½ atthi, ta½ katha½ vaµµat²”ti. So vattabbo “kappiya½katv± dinna½ bhavissat²”ti. Katha½ dinna½ kappiya½ hot²ti. “Catt±ro paccayeparibhuńjath±”ti vatv± dinnanti. So sace “s±dhu, bhante catt±ro paccaye paribhuńjath±”tideti, vaµµati. Ath±pi “ta¼±ka½ gaŗhath±”ti vatv± “na vaµµat²”ti paµikkhitto“kappiyak±rako atth²”ti pucchitv± “natth²”ti vutte “ida½ asuko n±mavic±ressati, asukassa v± hatthe mayha½ v± hatthe bhavissati, saŖgho kappiyabhaŗ¹a½ paribhuńjat³”tivadati, vaµµati. Sacepi “na vaµµat²”ti paµikkhitto “udaka½ paribhuńjissati, bhaŗ¹aka½dhovissati, migapakkhino pivissant²”ti vadati, evampi vaµµati. Ath±pi “na vaµµat²”tipaµikkhitto vadati “kappiyas²sena gaŗhath±”ti. “S±dhu up±saka, saŖgho p±n²ya½pivissati, bhaŗ¹aka½ dhovissati, migapakkhino pivissant²”ti vatv± paribhuńjitu½vaµµati. Ath±pi “mama ta¼±ka½ v± pokkharaŗi½ v± saŖghassa damm²”ti vutte “s±dhu up±saka, saŖgho p±n²ya½ pivissat²”ti-±d²ni vatv± paribhuńjitu½ vaµµatiyeva.
Yadi pana bhikkh³hi hatthakamma½ y±citv± sahatthena ca kappiyapathavi½ khaŗitv± udakaparibhogatth±yata¼±ka½ k±rita½ hoti, tańce niss±ya sassa½ nipph±detv± manuss± vih±rekappiyabhaŗ¹a½ denti, vaµµati. Atha manuss± eva saŖghassa upak±ratth±ya saŖghikabh³mi½ khaŗitv±ta½ niss±ya nipphannasassato kappiyabhaŗ¹a½ denti, etampi vaµµati. “Amh±ka½ eka½kappiyak±raka½ µhapeth±”ti vutte ca µhapetumpi labbhati. Atha te manuss± r±jabalin±upaddut± pakkamanti, ańńe paµipajjanti, na ca bhikkh³na½ kińci denti, udaka½ v±retu½labbhati, tańca kho kasikammak±leyeva, na sassak±le. Sace te vadanti “nanu, bhante,pubbepi manuss± ima½ niss±ya sassa½ aka½s³”ti, tato vattabb± “te saŖghassa imańcaimańca upak±ra½ aka½su, idańcidańca kappiyabhaŗ¹aka½ ada½s³”ti. Sace te vadanti“mayampi dass±m±”ti, evampi vaµµati.
Sace pana koci abyatto akappiyavoh±rena ta¼±ka½ paµiggaŗh±ti v± k±reti v±,ta½ bhikkh³hi na paribhuńjitabba½, ta½ niss±ya laddhakappiyabhaŗ¹ampi akappiyameva ace bhikkh³hi pariccattabh±va½ ńatv± s±miko v± tassa puttadh²taro v± ańńo v± kociva½se uppanno puna kappiyavoh±rena deti, vaµµati. Pacchinne kulava½se yo tassa janapadassas±miko, so acchinditv± kappiyavoh±rena puna deti cittalapabbate bhikkhun± n²haµa-udakav±haka½a¼an±gar±jamahes² viya, evampi vaµµati. Kappiyavoh±repi udakavasena paµiggahitata¼±kesuddhacitt±na½ mattikuddharaŗap±¼ibandhan±d²ni ca k±tu½ vaµµati. Ta½ niss±ya pana sassa½karonte disv± kappiyak±raka½ µhapetu½ na vaµµati. Yadi te sayameva kappiyabhaŗ¹a½denti, gahetabba½. No ce denti, na codetabba½. Paccayavasena paµiggahitata¼±kekappiyak±raka½ µhapetu½ vaµµati, mattikuddharaŗap±¼ibandhan±d²ni k±retu½ na vaµµati.Sace kappiyak±rak± sayameva karonti, vaµµati. Abyattena pana lajjibhikkhun± k±r±pitesukińc±pi paµiggahaŗa½ kappiya½, bhikkhussa pana payogapaccay± uppannena missatt± visagatapiŗ¹ap±toviya akappiyama½sarasamissabhojana½ viya ca dubbinibhoga½ hoti, sabbesa½ akappiyameva.
61. Sace pana udakassa ok±so atthi, ta¼±kassa p±¼i thir±, “yath± bahu½ udaka½gaŗh±ti, eva½ karohi, t²rasam²pe udaka½ karoh²”ti eva½ udakameva vic±reti,vaµµati. Uddhane aggi½ na p±tenti, “udakakamma½ labbhatu up±sak±”ti vattu½vaµµati, “sassa½ katv± ±harath±”ti vattu½ pana na vaµµati. Sace pana ta¼±ke atibahu½udaka½ disv± passato v± piµµhito v± m±tika½ n²har±peti, vana½ chind±petv±ked±re k±r±peti, por±ŗaked±resu v± pakatibh±ga½ aggahetv± atireka½ gaŗh±ti,navasasse v± aparicchinnabh±ge “ettake kah±paŗe deth±”ti kah±paŗe uµµh±peti,sabbesa½ akappiya½.
Yo pana “kasatha vapath±”ti avatv± “ettak±ya bh³miy± ettako n±ma bh±go”ti eva½bh³mi½ v± patiµµh±peti, “ettake bh³mibh±ge amhehi sassa½ kata½, ettaka½ n±ma bh±ga½gaŗhath±”ti vadantesu kassakesu bh³mippam±ŗagahaŗattha½ rajjuy± v± daŗ¹ena v± min±ti,khale v± µhatv± rakkhati, khalato v± n²har±peti, koµµh±g±re v± paµis±meti, tassevata½ akappiya½. Sace kassak± kah±paŗe ±haritv± “ime saŖghassa ±haµ±”ti vadanti,ańńataro ca bhikkhu “na saŖgho kah±paŗe kh±dat²”ti sańń±ya “ettakehi kah±paŗehis±µake ±haratha ettakehi y±gu-±d²ni samp±deth±”ti vadati, ya½ te ±haranti,ta½ sabbesa½ akappiya½. Kasm±? Kah±paŗ±na½ vic±ritatt±. Sace dhańńa½ ±haritv±“ida½ saŖghassa ±haµan”ti vadanti, ańńataro ca bhikkhu purimanayeneva “ettakehi v²h²hiidańcidańca ±harath±”ti vadati, ya½ te ±haranti, ta½ tasseva akappiya½. Kasm±?Dhańńassa vic±ritatt±. Sace taŗ¹ula½ v± aparaŗŗa½ v± ±haritv± “ida½ saŖghassa ±haµan”tivadanti, ańńataro ca bhikkhu purimanayeneva “ettakehi taŗ¹ulehi idańcidańca ±harath±”tivadati, ya½ te ±haranti, ta½ sabbesa½ kappiya½. Kasm±? Kappiy±na½ taŗ¹ul±d²na½vic±ritatt±. Kayavikkayepi an±patti kappiyak±rakassa ±cikkhitatt±.
62. Pubbe pana cittalapabbate eko bhikkhu catus±ladv±re “aho vata sve saŖghassa ettakappam±ŗep³ve paceyyun”ti ±r±mik±na½ sańń±jananattha½ bh³miya½ maŗ¹ala½ ak±si. Ta½disv± cheko ±r±miko tatheva katv± dutiyadivase bheriy± ±koµit±ya sannipatitesaŖghe p³va½ gahetv± saŖghatthera½ ±ha– “bhante, amhehi ito pubbe neva pit³na½,na pit±mah±na½ evar³pa½ sutapubba½, ekena ayyena catus±ladv±re p³vatth±ya sańń± kat±,ito d±ni pabhuti ayy± attano attano citt±nur³pa½ vadantu, amh±kampi ph±suvih±robhavissat²”ti. Mah±thero tatova nivatti, ekabhikkhun±pi p³vo na gahito. Eva½pubbe tatrupp±da½ na paribhuńji½su. Tasm±–
Sallekha½ accajantena, appamattena bhikkhun±;
kappiyepi na k±tabb±, ±misatth±ya lolat±ti. (P±r±. aµµha. 2.538-9).
Yo c±ya½ ta¼±ke vutto, pokkharaŗ²-udakav±hakam±tik±d²supi eseva nayo.
63. Pubbaŗŗ±paraŗŗa-ucchuphal±phal±d²na½ viruhanaµµh±na½ ya½ kińci khetta½ v± vatthu½v± “damm²”ti vuttepi “na vaµµat²”ti paµikkhipitv± ta¼±ke vuttanayeneva yad±kappiyavoh±rena “catupaccayaparibhogatth±ya damm²”ti vadati, tad± sampaµicchitabba½, “vana½dammi arańńa½ damm²”ti vutte pana vaµµati. Sace manuss± bhikkh³hi an±ŗatt±yeva tattharukkhe chinditv± aparaŗŗ±d²ni samp±detv± bhikkh³na½ bh±ga½ denti, vaµµati,adent± na codetabb±. Sace kenacideva antar±yena tesu pakkantesu ańńe karonti,na ca bhikkh³na½ kińci denti, te v±retabb±. Sace vadanti “nanu, bhante, pubbemanuss± idha sass±ni aka½s³”ti, tato vattabb± “te saŖghassa idańcidańca kappiyabhaŗ¹a½ada½s³”ti. Sace vadanti “mayampi dass±m±”ti, eva½ vaµµati.
Kińci sassuµµh±naka½ bh³mippadesa½ sandh±ya “s²ma½ dem±”ti vadanti, vaµµati. S²maparicchedanattha½pana thambh± v± p±s±ŗ± v± saya½ na µhapetabb±, bh³mi n±ma anaggh±, appakenapi p±r±jikobhaveyya. ¾r±mik±na½ pana vattabba½ “imin± µh±nena amh±ka½ s²m± gat±”ti. Sacepihi te adhika½ gaŗhanti, pariy±yena kathitatt± an±patti. Yadi pana r±jar±jamah±matt±dayosayameva thambhe µhap±petv± “catt±ro paccaye paribhuńjath±”ti denti, vaµµatiyeva.