10. Bhaŗ¹apaµis±manavinicchayakath±

53. Bhaŗ¹assa paµis±mananti paresa½ bhaŗ¹assa gopana½. Paresańhi (p±ci.aµµha. 506) kappiyavatthu v± hotu akappiyavatthu v±, antamaso m±tu kaŗŗapi¼andhana½k±lapaŗŗampi gihisantaka½ bhaŗ¹±g±rikas²sena paµis±mentassa p±cittiya½. Sacepana m±t±pit³na½ santaka½ avassa½ paµis±metabba½ kappiyabhaŗ¹a½ hoti, attano atth±yagahetv± paµis±metabba½. “Ida½ paµis±metv± deh²”ti pana vutte “na vaµµat²”tipaµikkhipitabba½. Sace “paµis±meh²”ti p±tetv± gacchanti, palibodho n±ma hoti,paµis±metu½ vaµµati. Vih±re kamma½ karont± va¹¹hak²-±dayo v± r±javallabh± v±“attano upakaraŗabhaŗ¹a½ v± sayanabhaŗ¹a½ v± paµis±metv± deth±”ti vadanti, chandenapibhayenapi na k±tabbameva, guttaµµh±na½ pana dassetu½ vaµµati, balakk±rena p±tetv± gatesuca paµis±metu½.
Sace (p±r±. aµµha. 1.111) attano hatthe paµis±manatth±ya µhapita½ bhaŗ¹a½ s±mikena “dehime bhaŗ¹an”ti y±cito ad±tuk±mo “n±ha½ gaŗh±m²”ti bhaŗati, sampaj±namus±v±depiadinn±d±nassa payogatt± dukkaµa½. “Ki½ tumhe bhaŗatha, nevida½ mayha½ anur³pa½, natumh±kan”ti-±d²ni vadantassapi dukkaµameva. “Raho may± etassa hatthe µhapita½,na ańńo koci j±n±ti, dassati nu kho me, no”ti s±miko vimati½ upp±deti,bhikkhussa thullaccaya½. Tassa pharus±dibh±va½ disv± s±miko “na mayha½ dassat²”tidhura½ nikkhipati, tatra sac±ya½ bhikkhu “kilametv± na½ dass±m²”ti d±ne sa-uss±ho,rakkhati t±va. Sacepi so d±ne niruss±ho, bhaŗ¹as±miko pana gahaŗe sa-uss±ho,rakkhatiyeva. Yadi pana tasmi½ d±ne niruss±ho bhaŗ¹as±miko “na mayha½ dassat²”tidhura½ nikkhipati, eva½ ubhinna½ dhuranikkhepena bhikkhuno p±r±jika½. Yadipi mukhena“dass±m²”ti vadati, cittena pana ad±tuk±mo, evampi s±mikassa dhuranikkhepe p±r±jika½.Ta½ pana saŖgopanatth±ya attano hatthe parehi µhapita½ bhaŗ¹a½ aguttadesato µh±n± c±vetv±guttaµµh±ne µhapanatth±ya harato an±patti. Theyyacittenapi µh±n± c±ventassa avah±ro natthi.Kasm±? Attano hatthe nikkhittatt±, bhaŗ¹adeyya½ pana hoti. Theyyacittena paribhuńjatopieseva nayo.
54. Pańcanna½ sahadhammik±na½ santaka½ pana ya½ kińci parikkh±ra½ paµis±metu½vaµµati. Sace ±gantuko bhikkhu ±v±sik±na½ c²varakamma½ karont±na½ sam²pe pattac²vara½µhapetv± “ete saŖgopessant²”ti mańńam±no nah±yitu½ v± ańńatra v± gacchati, saceta½ ±v±sik± saŖgopenti, icceta½ kusala½. No ce, naµµhe g²v± na hoti. Sacepiso “ida½, bhante, µhapeth±”ti vatv± gacchati, itare ca kiccapasutatt± na j±nanti,eseva nayo. Ath±pi te “ida½, bhante, µhapeth±”ti vutt± “maya½ by±vaµ±”ti paµikkhipanti,itaro ca “avassa½ µhapessant²”ti an±diyitv± gacchati, eseva nayo. Sace pana tetena y±cit± v± ay±cit± v± “maya½ µhapess±ma, tva½ gacch±”ti vadanti, ta½ saŖgopitabba½.No ce saŖgopenti, naµµhe g²v±. Kasm±? Sampaµicchitatt±.
Yo bhikkhu bhaŗ¹±g±riko hutv± pacc³sasamaye eva bhikkh³na½ pattac²var±ni heµµh±p±s±da½oropetv± dv±ra½ apidahitv± tesampi an±rocetv±va d³re bhikkh±c±ra½ gacchati,t±ni ce cor± haranti, tasseva g²v±. Yo pana bhikkhu bhikkh³hi “oropetha, bhante,pattac²var±ni, k±lo sal±kaggahaŗass±”ti vutto “sam±gat±tth±”ti pucchitv±“±ma sam±gat±mh±”ti vutte pattac²var±ni n²haritv± nikkhipitv± bhaŗ¹±g±radv±ra½bandhitv± “tumhe pattac²var±ni gahetv± heµµh±p±s±dadv±ra½ paµijaggitv± gaccheyy±th±”tivatv± gacchati. Tatra ceko alasaj±tiko bhikkhu bhikkh³su gatesu pacch± akkh²ni puńchantouµµhahitv± udakaµµh±na½ mukhadhovanattha½ gacchati, ta½ khaŗa½ disv± cor± tassa pattac²vara½ haranti,suhaµa½, bhaŗ¹±g±rikassa g²v± na hoti.
Sacepi koci bhaŗ¹±g±rikassa an±rocetv±va bhaŗ¹±g±re attano parikkh±ra½ µhapeti,tasmimpi naµµhe bhaŗ¹±g±rikassa g²v± na hoti. Sace pana bhaŗ¹±g±riko ta½ disv±“aµµh±ne µhapitan”ti gahetv± µhapeti, naµµhe tasseva g²v±. Sacepi µhapitabhikkhun± “may±,bhante, ²diso n±ma parikkh±ro µhapito, upadh±reyy±th±”ti vutto “s±dh³”ti sampaµicchati,dunnikkhitta½ v± mańńam±no ańńasmi½ µh±ne µhapeti, naµµhe tasseva g²v±. “N±ha½ j±n±m²”tipaµikkhipantassa pana natthi g²v±. Yopi tassa passantasseva µhapeti, bhaŗ¹±g±rikańca nasampaµicch±peti, naµµha½ sunaµµhameva. Sace pana na½ bhaŗ¹±g±riko ańńatra µhapeti, naµµhe g²v± Sace bhaŗ¹±g±ra½ sugutta½, sabbo saŖghassa cetiyassa ca parikkh±ro tatthevaµhap²yati, bhaŗ¹±g±riko ca b±lo abyatto dv±ra½ vivaritv± dhammakatha½ v± sotu½ ańńa½v± kińci k±tu½ katthaci gacchati, ta½ khaŗa½ disv± yattaka½ cor± haranti, sabba½ tassag²v±. Bhaŗ¹±g±rato nikkhamitv± bahi caŖkamantassa v± dv±ra½ vivaritv± sar²ra½ utu½g±h±pentassa v± tattheva samaŗadhamm±nuyogena nisinnassa v± tattheva nis²ditv± kenacikammena by±vaµassa v± ucc±rapass±vap²¼itassapi sato tattheva upac±re vijjam±ne bahigacchato v± ańńena v± kenaci ±k±rena pamattassa sato dv±ra½ vivaritv± v± vivaµamevapavisitv± v± sandhi½ chinditv± v± yattaka½ tassa pam±dapaccay± cor± haranti, sabba½tasseva g²v±. “Uŗhasamaye pana v±tap±na½ vivaritv± nipajjitu½ vaµµat²”ti vadanti.Ucc±rap²¼itassa pana tasmi½ upac±re asati ańńattha gacchantassa gil±napakkhe µhitatt± avisayo,tasm± g²v± na hoti.
55. Yo pana anto uŗhap²¼ito dv±ra½ sugutta½ katv± bahi nikkhamati, cor± ta½ gahetv±“dv±ra½ vivar±”ti vadanti, y±vatatiya½ na vivaritabba½. Yadi pana te cor± “sacena vivarasi, tańca m±ress±ma, dv±rańca bhinditv± parikkh±ra½ hariss±m±”ti pharasu-±d²niukkhipanti, “mayi ca mate saŖghassa ca sen±sane vinaµµhe guŗo natth²”ti vivaritu½ vaµµati.Idh±pi “avisayatt± g²v± natth²”ti vadanti. Sace koci ±gantuko kuńcika½v± deti, dv±ra½ v± vivarati, yattaka½ cor± haranti, sabba½ tassa g²v±. SaŖghena bhaŗ¹±g±ra½guttatth±ya s³ciyantakańca kuńcikamuddik± ca yojetv± dinn± hoti, bhaŗ¹±g±rikoghaµikamatta½ datv± nipajjati, cor± vivaritv± parikkh±ra½ haranti, tasseva g²v±.S³ciyantakańca kuńcikamuddikańca yojetv± nipanna½ paneta½ sace cor± ±gantv±“dv±ra½ vivar±h²”ti vadanti, tattha purimanayeneva paµipajjitabba½. Eva½ sugutta½ katv±nipanne pana sace bhitti½ v± chadana½ v± bhinditv± umaŖgena v± pavisitv± haranti, natassa g²v±.
Sace bhaŗ¹±g±re ańńepi ther± vasanti, vivaµe dv±re attano attano parikkh±ra½ gahetv±gacchanti, bhaŗ¹±g±riko tesu gatesu dv±ra½ na jaggati, sace tattha kińci avahar²yati,bhaŗ¹±g±rikassa issaravat±ya bhaŗ¹±g±rikasseva g²v±, therehi pana sah±yehi bhavitabba½.Ayańhi s±m²ci. Yadi bhaŗ¹±g±riko “tumhe bahi µhatv± tumh±ka½ parikkh±ra½ gaŗhatha m± pavisitth±”ti vadati, tesańca eko lolamah±thero s±maŗerehi cevaupaµµh±kehi ca saddhi½ bhaŗ¹±g±ra½ pavisitv± nis²dati ceva nipajjati ca, yattaka½ bhaŗ¹a½nassati, sabba½ tassa g²v±, bhaŗ¹±g±rikena pana avasesatherehi ca sah±yehi bhavitabba½.Atha bhaŗ¹±g±rikova lolas±maŗere ca upaµµh±ke ca gahetv± bhaŗ¹±g±re nis²dati cevanipajjati ca, yattaka½ nassati, sabba½ tasseva g²v±. Tasm± bhaŗ¹±g±rikeneva tatthavasitabba½, avasesehi appeva rukkham³le vasitabba½, na ca bhaŗ¹±g±reti.
56. Ye pana attano attano sabh±gabhikkh³na½ vasanagabbhesu parikkh±ra½ µhapenti, parikkh±renaµµhe yehi µhapito, tesa½yeva g²v±, itarehi pana sah±yehi bhavitabba½. Yadi pana saŖghobhaŗ¹±g±rikassa vih±reyeva y±gubhatta½ d±peti, so ca bhikkh±c±ratth±ya g±ma½ gacchati,naµµha½ tasseva g²v±. Bhikkh±c±ra½ pavisantehi atirekac²vara½ rakkhaŗatth±ya µhapitavih±rav±rikassapiy±gubhatta½ v± niv±pa½ v± labham±nasseva bhikkh±c±ra½ gacchato ya½ tattha nassati, sabba½g²v±. Na kevalańca ettakameva, bhaŗ¹±g±rikassa viya ya½ tassa pam±dapaccay± nassati,sabba½ g²v±.
Sace vih±ro mah± hoti, ańńa½ padesa½ rakkhitu½ gacchantassa ańńasmi½ padese nikkhitta½haranti, avisayatt± g²v± na hoti. ædise pana vih±re vemajjhe sabbesa½ osaraŗaµµh±neparikkh±re µhapetv± nis²ditabba½, vih±rav±rik± v± dve tayo µhapetabb±. Sace tesampiappamatt±na½ ito cito ca rakkhata½yeva kińci nassati, g²v± na hoti. Vih±rav±rikebandhitv± haritabhaŗ¹ampi cor±na½ paµipatha½ gatesu ańńena maggena haritabhaŗ¹ampi natesa½ g²v±. Sace vih±rav±rik±na½ vih±re d±tabba½ y±gubhatta½ v± niv±po v±na hoti, tehi pattabbal±bhato atirek± dve tisso y±gusal±k± tesa½ pahonakabhattasal±k±ca µhapetu½ vaµµati, nibaddha½ katv± pana na µhapetabb±. Manuss± hi vippaµis±rino honti“vih±rav±rik±yeva amh±ka½ bhatta½ bhuńjant²”ti, tasm± parivattetv± parivattetv±µhapetabb±. Sace tesa½ sabh±g± sal±kabhatt±d²ni ±haritv± denti, icceta½ kusala½ No ce denti, v±ra½ g±h±petv± n²har±petabb±ni. Sace vih±rav±rikodve tisso y±gusal±k± ca catt±ri pańca sal±kabhatt±ni ca labham±no bhikkh±c±ra½ gacchati,bhaŗ¹±g±rikassa viya sabba½ naµµha½ g²v± hoti. Sace saŖghassa vih±rap±l±na½ d±tabba½ bhatta½v± niv±po v± natthi, bhikkh³ vih±rav±ra½ gahetv± attano attano nissitake vih±ra½jagg±penti, sampattav±ra½ aggahetu½ na labhati. Yath± ańńe bhikkh³ karonti, tathevak±tabba½. Bhikkh³hi pana asah±yassa v± adutiyassa v± yassa sabh±go bhikkhu bhatta½ ±netv±d±t± natthi, evar³passa v±ro na p±petabbo.
Yampi p±kavaµµatth±ya vih±re µhapenti, ta½ gahetv± upaj²vantena µh±tabba½. Yo ta½ naupaj²vati, so v±ra½ na g±h±petabbo. Phal±phalatth±yapi vih±re bhikkhu½ µhapenti,jaggitv± gopetv± phalav±rena bh±jetv± kh±danti. Yo t±ni kh±dati, tena µh±tabba½,anupaj²vanto na g±h±petabbo. Sen±sanamańcap²µhapaccattharaŗarakkhaŗatth±yapi µhapenti, ±v±sevasantena µh±tabba½, abbhok±siko pana rukkham³liko v± na g±h±petabbo. Ekonavako hoti, bahussuto pana bah³na½ dhamma½ v±ceti, paripuccha½ deti, p±¼i½ vaŗŗeti,dhammakatha½ katheti, saŖghassa bh±ra½ nittharati, aya½ l±bha½ paribhuńjantopi ±v±se vasantopiv±ra½ na g±h±petabbo. “Purisaviseso n±ma ń±tabbo”ti vadanti. Uposath±g±rapaµim±gharajagganakassapana diguŗa½ y±gubhatta½, devasika½ taŗ¹ulan±¼i, sa½vacchare tic²vara½ dasav²sagghanaka½kappiyabhaŗ¹ańca d±tabba½. Sace pana tassa ta½ labham±nasseva pam±dena tattha kińci nassati,sabba½ g²v±. Bandhitv± balakk±rena acchinna½, na g²v±. Tattha cetiyassa v± saŖghassav± santakena cetiyassa santaka½ rakkh±petu½ vaµµati, cetiyassa santakena saŖghassa santaka½rakkh±petu½ na vaµµati. Ya½ pana cetiyassa santakena saddhi½ saŖghassa santaka½ µhapita½ hoti,ta½ cetiyasantake rakkh±pite rakkhitameva hot²ti eva½ vaµµati. Pakkhav±rena uposath±g±r±d²nirakkhatopi pam±davasena naµµha½ g²v±yev±ti.

Iti p±¼imuttakavinayavinicchayasaŖgahe

Bhaŗ¹apaµis±manavinicchayakath± samatt±.