9. C²varavippav±savinicchayakath±

51. C²varenavin±v±soti tic²var±dhiµµh±nena adhiµµhit±na½ tiŗŗa½ c²var±na½ ańńatarena vippav±so. Eva½ adhiµµhitesu hi t²su c²varesu ekenapi vin± vasitu½ na vaµµati,vasantassa saha aruŗuggaman± c²vara½ nissaggiya½ hoti, tasm± aruŗuggamanasamayec²vara½ a¹¹hateyyaratanappam±ŗe hatthap±se katv± vasitabba½. G±manivesana-udosita-a¹¹am±¼ap±s±dahammiyan±v±satthakhettadhańńakaraŗa-±r±mavih±rarukkham³la-ajjhok±sesupana aya½ viseso (p±r±. aµµha. 2.477-8)– sace ekassa rańńo g±mabhojakassa v± santakog±mo hoti, yena kenaci p±k±rena v± vatiy± v± parikh±ya v± parikkhittoca, evar³pe g±me c²vara½ nikkhipitv± g±mabbhantare yattha katthaci yath±rucitaµµh±ne aruŗa½uµµh±petu½ vaµµati. Sace pana aparikkhitto hoti, evar³pe g±me yasmi½ ghare c²vara½ nikkhitta½,tasmi½ vatthabba½, tassa v± gharassa hatthap±se samant± a¹¹hateyyaratanabbhantare vasitabba½. Ta½pam±ŗa½ atikkamitv± sacepi iddhim± bhikkhu ±k±se aruŗa½ uµµh±peti, c²vara½ nissaggiyamevahoti.
Sace n±n±r±j³na½ v± bhojak±na½ v± g±mo hoti ves±l²kusin±r±disadiso parikkhittoca, evar³pe g±me yasmi½ ghare c²vara½ nikkhitta½, tattha v± vatthabba½, tattha saddasaŖghaµµanenav± janasamb±dhena v± vasitu½ asakkontena sabh±ye v± vatthabba½ nagaradv±ram³le v±. Tatr±pivasitu½ asakkontena yattha katthaci ph±sukaµµh±ne vasitv± anto-aruŗe ±gamma tesa½yevasabh±yanagaradv±ram³l±na½ hatthap±se vasitabba½. Gharassa pana c²varassa v± hatthap±se vattabbamevanatthi.
Sace ghare aµµhapetv± “sabh±ye µhapess±m²”ti sabh±ya½ gacchanto hattha½ pas±retv± “handima½c²vara½ µhapeh²”ti eva½ nikkhepasukhe hatthap±sagate kismińci ±paŗe c²vara½ nikkhipati,tena purimanayeneva sabh±ye v± vatthabba½, dv±ram³le v± tesa½ hatthap±se v± vasitabba½.
Sace nagarassa bah³nipi dv±r±ni honti bah³ni ca sabh±y±ni, sabbattha vasitu½ na vaµµati.Yass± pana v²thiy± c²vara½ µhapita½, ya½ tass± sammukhaµµh±ne sabh±yańca dv±rańca, tassa sabh±yassaca dv±rassa ca hatthap±se vasitabba½. Evańhi sati sakk± c²varassa pavatti½ j±nitu½ abh±ya½ pana gacchantena yassa ±paŗikassa hatthe nikkhitta½, sace so ta½ c²vara½ atiharitv±ghare nikkhipati, v²thihatthap±so na rakkhati, gharassa hatthap±se vatthabba½. Sacemahanta½ ghara½ hoti dve v²thiyo pharitv± µhita½, purato v± pacchato v± hatthap±seyevaaruŗa½ uµµh±petabba½. Sabh±ye nikkhipitv± pana sabh±ye v± tassa sammukhe nagaradv±ram³lev± tesa½yeva hatthap±se v± aruŗa½ uµµh±petabba½. Sace pana g±mo aparikkhitto hoti,yasmi½ ghare c²vara½ nikkhitta½, tasmi½ ghare tassa gharassa v± hatthap±se vatthabba½.
Sace (p±r±. 480) ekakulassa santaka½ nivesana½ hoti parikkhittańca n±n±gabbha½n±n±-ovaraka½, antonivesane c²vara½ nikkhipitv± antonivesane vatthabba½. Saceaparikkhitta½, yasmi½ gabbhe c²vara½ nikkhitta½ hoti, tasmi½ gabbhe vatthabba½ gabbhassahatthap±se v±. Sace n±n±kulassa nivesana½ hoti parikkhittańca n±n±gabbha½ n±n±-ovaraka½,yasmi½ gabbhe c²vara½ nikkhitta½ hoti, tasmi½ gabbhe vatthabba½, sabbesa½ s±dh±raŗe gharadv±ram³lev± gabbhassa v± gharadv±ram³lassa v± hatthap±se. Sace aparikkhitta½ hoti, yasmi½ gabbhec²vara½ nikkhitta½, tasmi½ gabbhe vatthabba½ gabbhassa v± hatthap±se. Udosita-a¹¹am±¼ap±s±dahammiyesupinivesane vuttanayeneva vinicchayo veditabbo.
Sace ekakulassa n±v± hoti, anton±v±ya½ c²vara½ nikkhipitv± anton±v±ya½ vatthabba½.Sace n±n±kulassa n±v± hoti n±n±gabbh± n±n±-ovarak±, yasmi½ ovarake c²vara½nikkhitta½ hoti, tasmi½ ovarake vatthabba½ ovarakassa hatthap±se v±.
Sace ekakulassa sattho hoti, tasmi½ satthe c²vara½ nikkhipitv± purato v± pacchatov± sattabbhantar± na vijahitabb±, passato abbhantara½ na vijahitabba½. Eka½ abbhantara½aµµhav²satihattha½ hoti. Sace n±n±kulassa sattho hoti, satthe c²vara½ nikkhipitv±c²varassa hatthap±se vasitabba½. Sace sattho gacchanto g±ma½ v± nadi½ v± pariy±diyitv±tiµµhati, antopaviµµhena saddhi½ ek±baddho hutv± orańca p±rańca pharitv± µhito hoti,satthaparih±ro labbhati. Atha g±me v± nadiy± v± pariy±panno hoti, g±maparih±ro cevanad²parih±ro ca labbhati. Sace vih±ras²ma½ atikkamitv± tiµµhati, antos²m±ya cac²vara½ hoti, vih±ra½ gantv± vasitabba½. Sace bahis²m±ya c²vara½ hoti,satthasam²peyeva vasitabba½. Sace gacchanto sattho sakaµe v± bhagge goŗe v± naµµhe antar±chijjati, yasmi½ koµµh±se c²vara½ nikkhitta½, tattha vasitabba½.
Sace ekakulassa khetta½ hoti parikkhittańca, antokhette c²vara½ nikkhipitv± antokhettevatthabba½. Sace aparikkhitta½ hoti, c²varassa hatthap±se vasitabba½. Sace n±n±kulassakhetta½ hoti parikkhittańca, antokhette c²vara½ nikkhipitv± dv±ram³le vatthabba½ dv±ram³lassahatthap±se v±. Sace aparikkhitta½ hoti, c²varassa hatthap±se vasitabba½.
Sace ekakulassa dhańńakaraŗa½ hoti parikkhittańca, antodhańńakaraŗe c²vara½ nikkhipitv±antodhańńakaraŗe vatthabba½. Sace aparikkhitta½ hoti, c²varassa hatthap±se vasitabba½. Sacen±n±kulassa dhańńakaraŗa½ hoti parikkhittańca, antodhańńakaraŗe c²vara½ nikkhipitv±dv±ram³le v± vatthabba½ dv±ram³lassa v± hatthap±se. Sace aparikkhitta½ hoti, c²varassa hatthap±sevasitabba½. Pupph±r±maphal±r±mesupi khette vuttanayeneva vinicchayo veditabbo.
Sace ekakulassa vih±ro hoti parikkhitto ca, antovih±re c²vara½ nikkhipitv±antovih±re vatthabba½. Sace aparikkhitto hoti, yasmi½ vih±re c²vara½ nikkhitta½,tasmi½ vatthabba½ tassa vih±rassa v± hatthap±se.
Sace ekakulassa rukkham³la½ hoti, ya½ majjhanhike k±le samant± ch±y± pharati,antoch±y±ya c²vara½ nikkhipitv± antoch±y±ya vatthabba½. Vira¼as±khassa pana rukkhassa ±tapenaphuµµhok±se µhapita½ nissaggiyameva hoti, tasm± t±disassa rukkhassa s±khacch±y±ya v±khandhacch±y±ya v± µhapetabba½. Sace s±kh±ya v± viµape v± µhapeti, upari ańńas±khacch±y±yaphuµµhok±seyeva µhapetabba½. Khujjarukkhassa ch±y± d³ra½ gacchati, ch±y±ya gataµµh±neµhapetu½ vaµµatiyeva. Sace n±n±kulassa rukkham³la½ hoti, c²varassa hatthap±se vasitabba½.
Ajjhok±se pana ag±make arańńe c²vara½ µhapetv± tassa samant± sattabbhantare vasitabba½.Ag±maka½ n±ma arańńa½ vińjh±µav²-±d²su v± samuddamajjhe v± macchabandh±na½ agamanapathed²pakesu labbhati. T±dise arańńe majjhe µhitassa samant± sattabbhantaraparicchedo,vinibbedhena cuddasa honti. Majjhe nisinno puratthim±ya v± pacchim±ya v± dis±yapariyante µhapitac²vara½ rakkhati. Sace pana aruŗuggamanasamaye kesaggamattampi puratthima½disa½ gacchati, pacchim±ya dis±ya c²vara½ nissaggiya½ hoti. Esa nayo itarasmi½. Nissaggiya½pana c²vara½ anissajjitv± paribhuńjanto dukkaµa½ ±pajjati.
52. Sace padh±niko bhikkhu sabbaratti½ padh±namanuyuńjitv± pacc³sasamaye “nah±yiss±m²”tit²ŗi c²var±ni t²re µhapetv± nadi½ otarati, nah±yantasseva cassa aruŗa½ uµµhahati,ki½ k±tabba½? So hi yadi uttaritv± c²vara½ niv±seti, nissaggiya½ c²vara½, anissajjitv±paribhuńjanapaccay± dukkaµa½ ±pajjati. Atha naggo gacchati, evampi dukkaµa½ ±pajjat²ti?N±pajjati. So hi y±va ańńa½ bhikkhu½ disv± vinayakamma½ na karoti, t±va tesa½c²var±na½ aparibhog±rahatt± naµµhac²varaµµh±ne µhito hoti, naµµhac²varassa ca akappiya½ n±manatthi, tasm± eka½ niv±setv± dve hatthena gahetv± vih±ra½ gantv± vinayakamma½ k±tabba½.Sace d³re vih±ro hoti, antar±magge manuss± sańcaranti, eka½ niv±setv± eka½p±rupitv± eka½ a½sak³µe µhapetv± gantabba½. Sace vih±re sabh±ga½ bhikkhu½na passati, bhikkh±c±ra½ gat± honti, saŖgh±µi½ bahig±me µhapetv± santaruttarena ±sanas±la½gantv± vinayakamma½ k±tabba½. Sace bahig±me corabhaya½ hoti, p±rupitv± gantabba½.Sace ±sanas±l± samb±dh± hoti, jan±kiŗŗ± na sakk± ekamante c²vara½ apanetv± vinayakamma½k±tu½, eka½ bhikkhu½ ±d±ya bahig±ma½ gantv± vinayakamma½ katv± c²var±ni paribhuńjitabb±ni.
Sace ther± bhikkh³ dahar±na½ hatthe pattac²vara½ datv± magga½ gacchant± pacchimay±me sayituk±m±honti, attano attano c²vara½ hatthap±se katv±va sayitabba½. Sace gacchant±na½yeva asampattesudaharesu aruŗa½ uggacchati, c²vara½ nissaggiya½ hoti, nissayo pana na paµippassambhati.Dahar±nampi purato gacchant±na½ theresu asampattesu eseva nayo. Magga½ virajjhitv±arańńe ańńamańńa½ apassantesupi eseva nayo. Sace pana dahar± “maya½, bhante, muhutta½sayitv± asukasmi½ n±ma ok±se tumhe samp±puŗiss±m±”ti vatv± y±va aruŗuggaman±sayanti, c²varańca nissaggiya½ hoti, nissayo ca paµippassambhati. Dahare uyyojetv±theresu sayantesupi eseva nayo. Dvedh±patha½ disv± ther± “aya½ maggo” dahar± “aya½ maggo”ti vatv± ańńamańńassa vacana½ aggahetv± gat±, saha aruŗassa uggaman±c²var±ni ca nissaggiy±ni honti, nissayo ca paµippassambhati. Sace dahar± maggatookkamma “anto-aruŗeyeva nivattiss±m±”ti bhesajjatth±ya g±ma½ pavisitv± ±gacchanti,asampatt±na½yeva ca nesa½ aruŗo uggacchati, c²var±ni nissaggiy±ni honti, nissayopana na paµippassambhati. Sace pana dhenubhayena v± sunakhabhayena v± muhutta½ µhatv± “gamiss±m±”tiµhatv± v± nis²ditv± v± gacchanti, antar± aruŗe uggate c²var±ni ca nissaggiy±nihonti, nissayo ca paµippassambhati.
Sace “anto-aruŗeyeva ±gamiss±m±”ti antos²m±ya½ g±ma½ paviµµh±na½ antar± aruŗouggacchati, neva c²var±ni nissaggiy±ni honti, na nissayo paµippassambhati. Sacepana “vibh±yatu t±v±”ti nis²danti, aruŗe uggate na c²var±ni nissaggiy±nihonti, nissayo pana paµippassambhati. Sace yepi “anto-aruŗeyeva ±gamiss±m±”tis±mantavih±ra½ dhammassavanatth±ya sa-uss±h± gacchanti, antar±maggeyeva ca nesa½ aruŗo uggacchati,c²var±ni nissaggiy±ni honti, nissayo pana na paµippassambhati. Sace dhammag±ravena“y±vapariyos±na½ sutv±va gamiss±m±”ti nis²danti, saha aruŗassa uggaman± c²var±nipinissaggiy±ni honti, nissayo ca paµippassambhati. Therena dahara½ c²varadhovanatth±yag±maka½ pesentena attano c²vara½ paccuddharitv±va d±tabba½, daharassapi c²vara½ paccuddhar±petv±vaµhapetabba½. Sace asatiy± gacchati, attano c²vara½ paccuddharitv± daharassa c²vara½ viss±senagahetv± µhapetabba½. Sace thero na sarati, daharova sarati, daharena attano c²vara½ paccuddharitv±therassa c²vara½ viss±sena gahetv± gantv± vattabba½ “bhante,tumh±ka½ c²vara½ adhiµµhahitv± paribhuńjath±”ti. Attanopi c²vara½adhiµµh±tabba½. Eva½ ekassa satiy±pi ±pattimokkho hoti.

Iti p±¼imuttakavinayavinicchayasaŖgahe

C²varavippav±savinicchayakath± samatt±.