10. Saªghabhedasikkh±padavaººan±

Dasame samaggassa saªghass±ti sahitassa bhikkhusaªghassa, cittena ca sar²rena ca aviyuttass±ti attho. Tenevassa padabh±jane (p±r±. 412) “samaggo n±ma saªgho sam±nasa½v±sako sam±nas²m±ya½ µhito”ti vutta½. Sam±nasa½v±sako hi samacittat±ya cittena aviyutto hoti, sam±nas²m±ya½ µhito k±yas±maggid±nato sar²rena aviyutto. Bhed±ya parakkameyy±ti “katha½ n±m±ya½ bhijjeyy±”ti bhedanatth±ya v±y±meyya. Bhedanasa½vattanika½ v± adhikaraºanti bhedanassa saªghabhedassa atth±ya sa½vattanika½ k±raºa½. Imasmiñhi ok±se “k±mahetu k±manid±na½ k±m±dhikaraºan”ti ±d²su (ma. ni. 1.168, 178) viya k±raºa½ “adhikaraºan”ti adhippeta½. Ta½ bhedakaravatthuvasena aµµh±rasavidha½. Sam±d±y±ti gahetv±. Paggayha tiµµheyy±ti ta½ saªghabhedassa atth±ya sa½vattanika½ saªghabhedanibbattisamattha½ k±raºa½ gahetv± d²peyya ceva nappaµinissajjeyya ca. Bhikkh³hi evamassa vacan²yoti ye ta½ paggayha tiµµhanta½ sammukh± passanti, ye v± “asukasmi½ n±ma vih±re”ti suºanti, tehi sabbantimena paricchedena a¹¹hayojanamatta½ gantv±pi yv±ya½ anantare “m±yasm±”ti-±divacanakkamo vutto, evamassa vacan²yo. Disv± v± sutv± v± avadant±na½ dukkaµa½. Ettha ca m±-iti pada½ “parakkam²”tipadena “aµµh±s²”tipadena ca saddhi½ “m± parakkami, m± aµµh±s²”ti yojetabba½. Samet±yasm± saªghen±ti ±yasm± saªghena saddhi½ sametu sam±gacchatu, ekaladdhiko hot³ti attho. Ki½ k±raº±? Samaggo hi saªgho…pe… viharat²ti. Tattha sammodam±noti aññamaññasampattiy± suµµhu modam±no. Avivadam±noti “aya½ dhammo, n±ya½ dhammo”ti eva½ na vivadam±no. Eko uddeso ass±ti ekuddeso, ekato pavattap±timokkhuddesoti attho. Ph±su viharat²ti sukha½ viharati. Eva½ visumpi saªghamajjhepi tikkhattu½ vuccam±nassa appaµinissajjato dukkaµa½. Evañca soti-±dimhi samanubh±sitabboti samanubh±sanakamma½ k±tabba½. Icceta½ kusalanti iti eta½ paµinissajjana½ kusala½ khema½ sotthibh±vo tassa bhikkhuno. No ce paµinissajjeyya, saªgh±disesoti ettha samanubh±sanakammapariyos±ne appaµinissajjantassa saªgh±diseso. Sesa½ utt±napadatthameva.
R±jagahe devadatta½ ±rabbha saªghabhed±ya parakkamanavatthusmi½ paññatta½, s±dh±raºapaññatti, an±ºattika½, samanubh±sanakamme kariyam±ne appaµinissajjantassa ñattipariyos±ne dukkaµa½, dv²hi kammav±c±hi dve thullaccay±, “yassa nakkhamati, so bh±seyy±”ti eva½ yya-k±rapatt±ya tatiyakammav±c±ya tañca dukkaµa½ te ca thullaccay± paµippassambhanti, saªgh±disesoyeva tiµµhati. Asamanubh±siyam±nassa ca paµinissajjantassa ca ummattak±d²nañca an±patti. S²lavipatti, bhed±ya parakkamana½, dhammakammena samanubh±sana½, kammav±c±pariyos±na½, appaµinissajjananti im±nettha catt±ri aªg±ni. Samanubh±sanasamuµµh±na½, akiriya½, saññ±vimokkha½, sacittaka½, lokavajja½, k±yakamma½, vac²kamma½, akusalacitta½, dukkhavedananti.

Saªghabhedasikkh±padavaººan± niµµhit±.