2. Dutiyap±r±jikavaººan±

Dutiye g±m± v± araññ±v±ti ettha sabbopi ekakuµik±dibhedo parikkhitto v± aparikkhitto v± samanusso v± amanusso v± antamaso atirekac±tum±saniviµµho yo koci satthopi “g±mo”ti veditabbo. Ýhapetv± g±mañca g±m³pac±rañca avasesa½ arañña½ n±ma. Tattha asammohattha½ ghara½ ghar³pac±ro g±mo g±m³pac±roti aya½ vibh±go veditabbo. Nibbakosassa hi udakapatanaµµh±nabbhantara½ ghara½ n±ma. Ya½ pana dv±re µhito m±tug±mo bh±janadhovana-udaka½ cha¹¹eti, tassa patanaµµh±nañca m±tug±meneva antogehe µhitena pakatiy± bahi khittassa suppassa v± sa½muñjaniy± v± patanaµµh±nañca gharassa purato dv²su koºesu sambandhitv± majjhe rukkhas³cidv±ra½ µhapetv± gor³p±na½ pavesananiv±raºattha½ kataparikkhepo ca aya½ sabbopi ghar³pac±ro n±ma. Ya½ pana sabbantima½ ghara½ hoti, tassa gharassa t±dise ghar³pac±re µhitassa th±mamajjhimassa purisassa yath± taruºamanuss± attano bala½ dassento b±hu½ pas±retv± le¹¹u½ khipanti, eva½ khittassa le¹¹ussa patanaµµh±nabbhantara½ g±mo n±ma. Tato aññassa le¹¹up±tassa abbhantara½ g±m³pac±ro n±ma. Patitassa pana le¹¹uno pavattitv± gataµµh±na½ na gahetabba½. Parikkhittassa pana g±massa parikkhepoyeva g±massa paricchedo, tassa sace dve indakhil± honti abbhantarime indakhile µhitassa le¹¹up±tabbhantara½ g±m³pac±ro n±ma. Padabh±janepi (p±r±. 92) hi imin±va nayena attho veditabbo. Tattha yv±ya½ aparikkhittassa g±massa upac±ro dassito, tassa vasena vik±le g±mappavesan±d²su ±patti paricchinditabb±. Iti ima½ µhapetv± g±mañca g±m³pac±rañca avasesa½ imasmi½ sikkh±pade arañña½ n±ma. Desan±mattameva ceta½ “g±m± v± araññ±v±”ti. Ye pana imesa½ paricchedadassanattha½ gharaghar³pac±rag±m³pac±r± vutt±, tatopi p±r±jikavatthu½ avaharantassa p±r±jika½ hotiyeva.
Adinnanti aññassa manussaj±tikassa santaka½. Theyyasaªkh±tanti ettha thenoti coro, thenassa bh±vo theyya½, avaharaºacittasseta½ n±ma½. Saªkh± saªkh±tanti atthato eka½, koµµh±sasseta½ n±ma½ “saññ±nid±n± hi papañcasaªkh±”ti-±d²su (su. ni. 880; mah±ni. 109) viya. Theyyañca ta½ saªkh±tañc±ti theyyasaªkh±ta½, theyyacittasaªkh±to eko cittakoµµh±soti attho. Karaºatthe ceta½ paccattavacana½, tasm± theyyasaªkh±ten±ti atthato daµµhabba½. Yo ca theyyasaªkh±tena ±diyati, so yasm± theyyacitto hoti, tasm± byañjana½ an±diyitv± atthameva dassetu½ “theyyacitto avaharaºacitto”ti (p±r±. 92) evamassa padabh±jana½ vuttanti veditabba½.
¾diyeyy±ti pañcav²satiy± avah±r±na½ aññataravasena hareyya. Te pana avah±r± pañca pañcak±ni samodh±netv± s±dhuka½ sallakkhetabb±. Pañca pañcak±ni n±ma n±n±bhaº¹apañcaka½ ekabhaº¹apañcaka½ s±hatthikapañcaka½ pubbapayogapañcaka½ theyy±vah±rapañcakanti. Tattha purim±ni dve pañcak±ni etasseva padassa padabh±jane vutt±na½ “±diyeyya hareyya avahareyya iriy±patha½ vikopeyya µh±n± c±veyy±”ti imesa½ pad±na½ vasena labbhanti. Tattha n±n±bhaº¹apañcaka½ saviññ±ºak±viññ±ºakavasena daµµhabba½, itara½ saviññ±ºakavaseneva. Katha½? ¾diyeyy±ti ±r±ma½ abhiyuñjati, ±patti dukkaµassa. S±mikassa vimati½ upp±deti, ±patti thullaccayassa. S±miko “na mayha½ bhavissat²”ti dhura½ nikkhipati, ±patti p±r±jikassa. Hareyy±ti aññassa bhaº¹a½ haranto s²se bh±ra½ theyyacitto ±masati, dukkaµa½. Phand±peti, thullaccaya½. Khandha½ oropeti, p±r±jika½. Avahareyy±ti upanikkhitta½ bhaº¹a½ “dehi me bhaº¹an”ti vuccam±no “n±ha½ gaºh±m²”ti bhaºati, dukkaµa½. S±mikassa vimati½ upp±deti, thullaccaya½. S±miko “na mayha½ bhavissat²”ti dhura½ nikkhipati, p±r±jika½. Iriy±patha½ vikopeyy±ti “saha bhaº¹ah±raka½ ness±m²”ti paµhama½ p±da½ atikk±meti, thullaccaya½. Dutiya½ p±da½ atikk±meti, p±r±jika½. Ýh±n± c±veyy±ti thalaµµha½ bhaº¹a½ theyyacitto ±masati, dukkaµa½. Phand±peti, thullaccaya½. Ýh±n± c±veti, p±r±jika½. Eva½ t±va n±n±bhaº¹apañcaka½ veditabba½. Sas±mikassa pana d±sassa v± tiracch±nagatassa v± yath±vuttena abhiyog±din± nayena ±diyanaharaºa-avaharaºa-iriy±pathavikopanaµh±n±c±vanavasena ekabhaº¹apañcaka½ veditabba½.
Katama½ s±hatthikapañcaka½? S±hatthiko ±ºattiko nissaggiyo atthas±dhako dhuranikkhepoti. Tattha s±hatthiko n±ma parassa bhaº¹a½ sahatth± avaharati. ¾ºattiko n±ma “asukassa bhaº¹a½ avahar±”ti añña½ ±º±peti. Nissaggiyo n±ma suªkagh±takaparikappitok±s±na½ anto µhatv± bahi p±tana½. Atthas±dhako n±ma “asukassa bhaº¹a½ yad± sakkoti, tad± ta½ avahar±”ti añña½ ±º±peti. Tattha sace paro anantar±yiko hutv± ta½ avaharati, ±º±pakassa ±ºattikkhaºeyeva p±r±jika½. Parassa v± pana telakumbhiy± p±dagghanakatela½ avassa½ pivanak±ni up±han±d²ni pakkhipati, hatthato muttamatteyeva p±r±jika½. Dhuranikkhepo pana ±r±m±bhiyoga-upanikkhittabhaº¹avasena veditabbo. T±vak±likabhaº¹adeyy±ni adentass±pi esevanayoti ida½ s±hatthikapañcaka½.
Katama½ pubbapayogapañcaka½? Pubbapayogo sahapayogo sa½vidh±vah±ro saªketakamma½ nimittakammanti Tattha ±ºattivasena pubbapayogo veditabbo. Ýh±n± c±vanavasena, khil±d²ni saªk±metv± khett±diggahaºavasena ca sahapayogo veditabbo. Sa½vidh±vah±ro n±ma “asuka½ n±ma bhaº¹a½ avahariss±m±”ti sa½vidahitv± sa½mantayitv± avaharaºa½. Eva½ sa½vidahitv± gatesu hi eken±pi tasmi½ bhaº¹e µh±n± c±vite sabbesa½ avah±r± honti. Saªketakamma½ n±ma sañj±nanakamma½. Sace hi purebhatt±d²su ya½kiñci k±la½ paricchinditv± “asukasmi½ k±le itthann±ma½ bhaº¹a½ avahar±”ti vutto saªketato apacch± apure ta½ avaharati, saªketak±rakassa saªketakaraºakkhaºeyeva avah±ro. Nimittakamma½ n±ma saññupp±danattha½ akkhinikkhaº±dinimittakaraºa½. Sace hi eva½ katanimittato apacch± apure “ya½ avahar±”ti vutto, ta½ avaharati, nimittak±rakassa nimittakaraºakkhaºeyeva avah±roti ida½ pubbapayogapañcaka½.
Katama½ theyy±vah±rapañcaka½? Theyy±vah±ro pasayh±vah±ro parikapp±vah±ro paµicchann±vah±ro kus±vah±roti. Tattha yo sandhicched±d²ni katv± adissam±no avaharati, k³µam±nak³µakah±paº±d²hi v± vañcetv± gaºh±ti, tasseva½ gaºhato avah±ro theyy±vah±roti veditabbo. Yo pana pasayha balakk±rena paresa½ santaka½ gaºh±ti g±magh±tak±dayo viya, attano pattabalito v± vuttanayeneva adhika½ gaºh±ti r±jabhaµ±dayo viya, tasseva½ gaºhato avah±ro pasayh±vah±roti veditabbo. Parikappetv± gahaºa½ pana parikapp±vah±ro n±ma. So bhaº¹ok±savasena duvidho. Tatr±ya½ bhaº¹aparikappo– s±µakatthiko antogabbha½ pavisitv± “sace s±µako bhavissati, gaºhiss±mi, sace sutta½, na gaºhiss±m²”ti parikappetv± andhak±re pasibbaka½ gaºh±ti, tatra ce s±µako hoti, uddh±reyeva p±r±jika½. Sutta½ ce hoti, rakkhati. Bahi n²haritv± muñcitv± “suttan”ti ñatv± puna ±haritv± µhapeti, rakkhatiyeva. “Suttan”ti ñatv±pi “ya½ laddha½, ta½ gahetabban”ti gacchati, padav±rena k±retabbo. Bh³miya½ µhapetv± gaºh±ti, uddh±re p±r±jika½. “Coro coro”ti anubandho chaµµetv± pal±yati, rakkhati. S±mik± disv± gaºhanti, rakkhati yeva. Añño ce koci gaºh±ti, bhaº¹adeyya½. S±mikesu nivattesu saya½ disv± pa½suk³lasaññ±ya “pageveta½ may± gahita½, mama d±ni santakan”ti gaºhantass±pi bhaº¹adeyyameva. Tattha yv±ya½ “sace s±µako bhavissati, gaºhiss±m²”ti-±din± nayena pavatto parikappo, aya½ bhaº¹aparikappo n±ma.
Ok±saparikappo pana eva½ veditabbo– ekacco pana parapariveº±d²ni paviµµho kiñci lobhaneyya½ bhaº¹a½ disv± gabbhadv±rapamukhaheµµh±p±s±dadv±rakoµµhakarukkham³l±divasena pariccheda½ katv± “sace ma½ etthantare passissanti, daµµhuk±mat±ya gahetv± vicaranto viya dass±mi, no ce passissanti, hariss±m²”ti parikappeti, tassa ta½ ±d±ya parikappitapariccheda½ atikkantamatte avah±ro hoti. Iti yv±ya½ vuttanayeneva pavatto parikappo, aya½ ok±saparikappo n±ma. Evamimesa½ dvinnampi parikapp±na½ vasena parikappetv± gaºhato avah±ro “parikapp±vah±ro”ti veditabbo.
Paµicch±detv± pana avaharaºa½ paµicchann±vah±ro n±ma. So eva½ veditabbo– yo bhikkhu uyy±n±d²su paresa½ omuñcitv± µhapita-aªgulimuddik±d²ni disv± “pacch± gaºhiss±m²”ti pa½sun± v± paººena v± paµicch±deti, tassa ett±vat± uddh±ro natth²ti na t±va avah±ro hoti Yad± pana s±mik± vicinant± apassitv± “sve j±niss±m±”ti s±lay±va gat± honti, athassa ta½ uddharato uddh±re avah±ro. Paµicchannak±leyeva “eta½ mama santakan”ti sakasaññ±ya v± “gat± d±ni te, chaµµitabhaº¹a½ idan”ti pa½suk³lasaññ±ya v± gaºhantassa pana bhaº¹adeyya½. Tesu dutiyatatiyadivase ±gantv± vicinitv± adisv± dhuranikkhepa½ katv± gatesupi gahita½ bhaº¹adeyyameva. Pacch± ñatv± codiyam±nassa adadato s±mik±na½ dhuranikkhepe avah±ro hoti. Kasm±? Yasm± tassa payogena tehi na diµµha½. Yo pana tath±r³pa½ bhaº¹a½ yath±µh±ne µhita½yeva appaµicch±detv± theyyacitto p±dena akkamitv± kaddame v± v±luk±ya v± paveseti, tassa pavesitamatteyeva avah±ro.
Kusa½ saªk±metv± pana avaharaºa½ kus±vah±ro n±ma. Sopi eva½ veditabbo– yo bhikkhu vil²vamaya½ v± t±lapaººamaya½ v± katasaññ±ºa½ ya½kiñci kusa½ p±tetv± c²vare bh±j²yam±ne attano koµµh±sassa sam²pe µhita½ appagghatara½ v± mahagghatara½ v± samasama½ v± agghena parassa koµµh±sa½ harituk±mo attano koµµh±se patita½ kusa½ parassa koµµh±se p±tetuk±mat±ya uddharati, rakkhati t±va. Parassa koµµh±se p±tite rakkhateva. Yad± pana tasmi½ patite parassa koµµh±sato parassa kusa½ uddharati, uddhatamatte avah±ro. Sace paµhamatara½ parakoµµh±sato parassa kusa½ uddharati, attano koµµh±se p±tetuk±mat±ya uddh±re rakkhati, p±tanepi rakkhati, attano koµµh±sato pana attano kusa½ uddharato uddh±reyeva rakkhati, ta½ uddharitv± parakoµµh±se p±tentassa hatthato muttamatte avah±ro. Aya½ kus±vah±ro. Iti ya½ vutta½ “±diyeyy±ti pañcav²satiy± avah±r±na½ aññataravasena hareyy±”ti, tassattho pak±sito hoti.
Yath±r³peti y±dise. Adinn±d±neti adinnassa parasantakassa gahaºe. R±j±noti-ida½ bimbis±ra½yeva sandh±ya vutta½, aññe pana tath± kareyyu½ v± na kareyyu½ v±ti te nappam±ºa½. Haneyyu½ ti hatth±d²hi v± potheyyu½, satthena v± chindeyyu½. Bandheyyu½ v±ti rajjubandhan±d²hi bandheyyu½ v±. Pabb±jeyyu½ v±ti n²hareyyu½ v±. Corosi b±losi m³¼hosi thenos²ti imehi vacanehi paribh±seyyu½. K²disassa pana adinnassa ±d±ne r±j±no eva½ karonti? P±dassa v± p±d±rahassa v±. Tath±r³pa½ bhikkhu adinna½ ±diyam±noti t±disa½ bhikkhu por±ºakassa kah±paºassa p±da½ v± p±d±raha½ v± bhaº¹a½ adinna½ bh³mi-±d²su yattha katthaci µhita½ ya½kiñci saj²vanijj²va½ vuttappak±r±na½ avah±r±na½ yena kenaci avah±rena avaharanto p±r±jiko hoti, ko pana v±do tato atirekatarasminti.
R±jagahe dhaniyatthera½ ±rabbha rañño d±r³ni adinna½ ±diyanavatthusmi½ paññatta½, “g±m± v± araññ± v±”ti ayamettha anupaññatti, s±dh±raºapaññatti, s±ºattika½, haraºatth±ya gaman±dike pubbappayoge dukkaµa½, ±masane dukkaµa½, p±r±jikavatthuno phand±pane thullaccaya½. ¾diyantassa m±sake v± ³nam±sake v± dukkaµa½, atirekam±sake v± ³napañcam±sake v± thullaccaya½, pañcam±sake v± atirekapañcam±sake v± p±r±jika½. Sabbattha gahaºak±lavasena ca gahaºadesavasena ca paribhogabh±janaparivattan±d²hi ca parih²n±parih²navasena vinicchayo veditabbo. Sakasaññissa, viss±sagg±he, t±vak±like, petapariggahe, tiracch±nagatapariggahe, pa½suk³lasaññissa, ummattak±d²nañca an±patti. S²lavipatti, aññassa manussaj±tikassa vasena parapariggahita½, parapariggahitasaññit±, garuparikkh±ro, theyyacitta½, vuttappak±r±na½ avah±r±na½ vasena avaharaºañc±ti im±nettha pañca aªg±ni. Adinn±d±nasamuµµh±na½, kiriya½, saññ±vimokkha½, sacittaka½, lokavajja½, k±yakamma½, vac²kamma½, akusalacitta½, tivedananti.

Dutiyap±r±jikavaººan± niµµhit±.