Paris±sampattiy± yutt± n±ma sabbantimena paricchedena cat³hi bhikkh³hi sannipatitv±y±vatik± tasmi½ g±makhette baddhas²ma½ v± nadisamuddaj±tassare v± anokkamitv± µhit±bhikkh³, te sabbe hatthap±se v± katv± chanda½ v± ±haritv± sammat±.
Kammav±c±sampattiy± yutt± n±ma “suŗ±tu me, bhante, saŖgho,y±vat± samant± nimitt± kittit±”ti-±din± (mah±va. 139) nayena vutt±ya parisuddh±yańattidutiyakammav±c±ya sammat±. Eva½ ek±dasa vipattis²m±yo atikkamitv± tividhasampattiyutt±nimittena nimitta½ sambandhitv± sammat± s²m± “baddhas²m±”ti veditabb±. Khaŗ¹as²m±sam±nasa½v±sas²m± avippav±sas²m±ti tass±yeva pabhedo.
Abaddhas²m± pana g±mas²m±, sattabbhantaras²m±, udakukkhepas²m±ti tividh±. Tatthay±vat± eka½ g±makkhetta½, aya½ g±mas²m± n±ma. Ag±make arańńe samant± sattabbhantar±sattabbhantaras²m± n±ma. Tattha ag±maka½ n±ma arańńa½ vińjh±µavi-±d²su v±samuddamajjhe v± macchabandh±na½ agamanapathesu d²pakesu labbhati. Samant± sattabbhantar±timajjhe µhit±na½ sabbadis±su sattabbhantar± vinibbedhena cuddasa honti.Tattha eka½ abbhantara½ aµµhav²satihatthappam±ŗa½ hoti, ayańca s²m± paris±vasena va¹¹hati,tasm± samant± paris±pariyantato paµµh±ya abbhantaraparicchedo k±tabbo. Sace pana dvesaŖgh± visu½ uposatha½ karonti, dvinna½ sattabbhantar±na½ antare ańńameka½ sattabbhantara½upac±ratth±ya µhapetabba½. Y± panes± “sabb±, bhikkhave, nad² as²m±”ti-±din± (mah±va.147) nayena nadi-±d²na½ s²mabh±va½ paµikkhipitv± puna “nadiy± v±, bhikkhave, samuddev± j±tassare v± ya½ majjhimassa purisassa samant± udakukkhep±, aya½ tatthasam±nasa½v±s± ek³posath±”ti vutt± aya½ udakukkhepas²m± n±ma. Tattha yass±dhammik±na½ r±j³na½ k±le anva¹¹ham±sa½ anudas±ha½ anupańc±ha½ anatikkamitv± devevassante val±hakesu vigatamattesu sota½ pacchijjati, aya½ nadisaŖkhya½ na gacchati. Yass±pana ²dise suvuµµhik±le vass±nassa catum±se sota½ na pacchijjati, yattha titthena v±atitthena v± sikkh±karaŗ²ye ±gatalakkhaŗena timaŗ¹ala½ paµicch±detv± antarav±saka½ anukkhipitv±uttarantiy± bhikkhuniy± ekadvaŖgulamattampi antarav±sako temiyati, aya½ samudda½ v± pavisatuta¼±ka½ v±, pabhavato paµµh±ya nad² n±ma. Samuddo p±kaµoyeva. Yo pana kenacikhaŗitv± akato saya½j±to sobbho samantato ±gatena udakena p³rito tiµµhati,yattha nadiya½ vuttappak±re vassak±le udaka½ santiµµhati, aya½ j±tassaro n±ma.Yopi nadi½ v± samudda½ v± bhinditv± nikkhanta-udakena khato sobbho eta½ lakkhaŗa½ p±puŗ±ti,ayampi j±tassaroyeva.
Ya½ majjhimassa purisassa samant± udakukkhep±ti ya½ µh±na½ th±mamajjhimassapurisassa samantato udakukkhepena paricchinna½, tattha yath± akkhadhutt± d±rugu¼a½khipanti, eva½ udaka½ v± v±luka½ v± hatthena gahetv± majjhimena purisena sabbath±menakhipitabba½, tattha yattha eva½ khitta½ udaka½ v± v±luka½ v± patati, aya½ udakukkhepon±ma.
Aya½ tattha sam±nasa½v±s± ek³posath±ti aya½ tesu nadi-±d²su udakukkhepaparicchinn±s²m± sam±nasa½v±s± ceva ek³posath± ca, aya½ pana etesa½ nadi-±d²na½ antoyeva labbhati,na bahi. Tasm± nadiy± v± j±tassare v± yattaka½ padesa½ pakativassak±le cat³sum±sesu udaka½ ottharati, samudde yasmi½ padese pakativ²ciyo ottharitv± saŗµhahanti,tato paµµh±ya kappiyabh³mi, tattha µhatv± uposath±dikamma½ k±tu½ vaµµati ubbuµµhik±le v± gimhe v± nadij±tassaresu sukkhesupi s± eva kappiyabh³mi, sacepana sukkhe j±tassare v±pi½ v± khaŗanti, vappa½ v± karonti, ta½ µh±na½ g±makkhetta½hoti. Y± panes± “kappiyabh³m²”ti vutt±, tato bahi udakukkhepas²m± na gacchati,antoyeva gacchati, tasm± tesa½ anto paris±pariyantato paµµh±ya samant± udakukkhepaparicchedok±tabbo. Sace pana dve saŖgh± visu½ visu½ uposath±dikamma½ karonti, dvinna½ udakukkhep±na½antare ańńo eko udakukkhepo upac±ratth±ya µhapetabbo. Ayańhi sattabbhantaras²m± caudakukkhepas²m± ca bhikkh³na½ µhitok±sato paµµh±ya labbhati. Paricchedabbhantare hatthap±sa½vijahitv± µhitopi paricchedato bahi ańńa½ tattaka½yeva pariccheda½ anatikkamitv±µhitopi kamma½ kopeti, ida½ sabba-aµµhakath±su (mah±va. aµµha. 147) sanniµµh±na½. Eva½abaddhas²m± veditabb±. Iti ima½ baddhas²m±baddhas²m±vasena duvidha½ s²ma½ sandh±yeta½vutta½ “te ca kho hatthap±sa½ avijahitv± ekas²m±ya½ µhit±”ti. Tesu hi cat³subhikkh³su ekas²m±ya½ hatthap±sa½ avijahitv± µhitesveveta½ saŖghassa uposathakamma½pattakalla½ n±ma hoti, na itarath±. Yath±ha “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, catunna½ p±timokkha½uddisitun”ti (mah±va. 168).
Sabh±g±pattiyo ca na vijjant²ti ettha ya½ sabbo saŖgho vik±labhojan±din± sabh±gavatthun±lahuk±patti½ ±pajjati, evar³p± vatthusabh±g± “sabh±g±”ti vuccati, vik±labhojanapaccay±±panna½ pana ±pattisabh±ga½ anatirittabhojanapaccay± ±pannassa santike desetu½ vaµµati.Sabh±g±pattiy± pana sati tehi bhikkh³hi eko bhikkhu s±mant± ±v±s± sajjuka½p±hetabbo “gacch±vuso, ta½ ±patti½ paµikaritv± ±gaccha, maya½ te santike ±patti½paµikariss±m±”ti, evańceta½ labhetha, icceta½ kusala½, no ce labhetha, byattena bhikkhun±paµibalena saŖgho ń±petabbo “suŗ±tu me, bhante, saŖgho, aya½ sabbo saŖgho sabh±ga½±patti½ ±panno, yad± ańńa½ bhikkhu½ suddha½ an±pattika½ passissati, tad± tassa santiketa½ ±patti½ paµikarissat²”ti (mah±va. 171) vatv± uposatho k±tabbo. Sace panavematiko hoti, “suŗ±tu me, bhante, saŖgho, aya½ sabbo saŖgho sabh±g±ya ±pattiy±vematiko, yad± nibbematiko bhavissati, tad± ta½ ±patti½ paµikarissat²”ti vatv±uposatho k±tabbo. Sace panettha koci ta½ sabh±ga½ ±patti½ desetu½ vaµµat²ti mańńam±noekassa santike deseti, desit± sudesit±va. Ańńa½ pana desan±paccay± desako,paµiggahaŗapaccay± paµigg±hako c±ti ubhopi dukkaµa½ ±pajjanti, ta½ n±n±vatthuka½ hoti,tasm± ańńamańńa½ desetabba½ Ett±vat± te dve nir±pattik± honti, tesa½santike sesehi sabh±g±pattiyo desetabb± v± ±rocetabb± v±. Sace te eva½akatv± uposatha½ karonti, “p±risuddhi½ ±yasmanto ±roceth±”ti-±din± (mah±va.134) nayena s±pattikassa uposathakaraŗe pańńatta½ dukkaµa½ ±pajjanti. Sace sabbosaŖgho sabh±g±pattiy± sati vuttavidhi½ akatv± uposatha½ karoti, vuttanayeneva sabbosaŖgho ±patti½ ±pajjati, tasm± sabh±g±pattiy± sati saŖghassa pattakalla½ ±ma na hoti, tena vutta½ “sabh±g±pattiyo ca na vijjant²”ti. Et±su hi sabh±g±patt²suavijjam±n±su visabh±g±patt²su vijjam±n±supi pattakalla½ hotiyeva.
Vajjan²y± ca puggal± tasmi½ na hont²ti “na, bhikkhave, sagahaµµh±ya paris±ya p±timokkha½uddisitabba½, yo uddiseyya ±patti dukkaµass±”ti (mah±va. 154) vacanato gahaµµho,“na, bhikkhave, bhikkhuniy± nisinnaparis±ya p±timokkha½ uddisitabban”ti-±din±(mah±va. 183) nayena vutt± bhikkhun², sikkham±n±, s±maŗero, s±maŗer², sikkh±paccakkh±tako,antimavatthu-ajjh±pannako, ±pattiy± adassane ukkhittako, ±pattiy± appaµikammeukkhittako, p±pik±ya diµµhiy± appaµinissagge ukkhittako, paŗ¹ako, theyyasa½v±sako,titthiyapakkantako, tiracch±nagato, m±tugh±tako, pitugh±tako arahantagh±tako,bhikkhunid³sako, saŖghabhedako, lohitupp±dako, ubhatobyańjanakoti ime v²satic±ti ekav²sati puggal± vajjan²y± n±ma, te hatthap±sato bahikaraŗavasena vajjetabb±.Etesu hi tividhe ukkhittake sati uposatha½ karonto saŖgho p±cittiya½ ±pajjati,sesesu dukkaµa½. Ettha ca tiracch±nagatoti yassa upasampad± paµikkhitt±, titthiy±gahaµµheneva saŖgahit±. Etepi hi vajjan²y± n±ma. Eva½ pattakalla½ imehi cat³hiaŖgehi saŖgahitanti veditabba½.
SaŖgho uposatha½ kareyy±ti-imin± ye te aparepi tayo uposath± saŖghe uposatho, gaŗeuposatho, puggale uposathoti, eva½ k±rakavasena tayo uposath± vutt±, tesu itaredve paµikkhipitv± saŖghe uposathameva d²peti. P±timokkha½ uddiseyy±ti-imin± yete aparepi tayo uposath± suttuddeso, p±risuddhi-uposatho, adhiµµh±na-uposathoti, eva½kattabb±k±ravasena tayo uposath± vutt±, tesu itare dve paµikkhipitv± suttuddesamevad²peti. Suttuddeso n±ma p±timokkhuddeso vuccati, so duvidho ov±dap±timokkhuddesoca ±ŗ±p±timokkhuddeso ca. Tattha
“Khant² parama½ tapo titikkh±…pe….
“Sabbap±passa akaraŗa½…pe….
“An³pav±do an³pagh±to”ti. (D². ni. 2.90; dha. pa. 184, 183, 185)
¾din± nayena vutt± tisso g±th±yo ov±dap±timokkha½ n±ma, ta½ buddh± eva uddisanti,na s±vak±. “Suŗ±tu me, bhante, saŖgho”ti-±din± (mah±va. 134)nayena vutta½ ±ŗ±p±timokkha½ n±ma, ta½ s±vak± eva uddisanti, na buddh±. Idamevaca imasmi½ atthe “p±timokkhan”ti adhippeta½.
Ye pana itare dve uposath±, tesu p±risuddhi-uposatho t±va ańńesańca santike, ańńamańńańca±rocanavasena duvidho. Tattha yv±ya½ ańńesa½ santike kar²yati, sopi pav±rit±nańcaappav±rit±nańca santike karaŗavasena duvidho. Tattha mah±pav±raŗ±ya pav±rit±na½ santikepacchimik±ya upagatena v± anupagatena v± chinnavassena v± c±tum±siniya½ pana pav±rit±na½santike purimik±ya upagatena v± anupagatena v± chinnavassena v± k±yas±maggi½ datv±“parisuddho aha½, bhante, ‘parisuddho’ti ma½ dh±reth±”ti tikkhattu½ vatv± k±tabbo,µhapetv± ca pana pav±raŗ±divasa½ ańńasmi½ k±le ±v±sikehi uddiµµhamatte p±timokkheavuµµhit±ya v± ekacc±ya vuµµhit±ya v± sabb±ya v± vuµµhit±ya paris±ya ye ańńe samasam±v± thokatar± v± ±gacchanti, tehi tesa½ santike vuttanayeneva p±risuddhi ±rocetabb±.Yo pan±ya½ ańńamańńa½ ±rocanavasena kar²yati, so ńatti½ µhapetv± ca aµµhapetv± ca karaŗavasenaduvidho. Tattha yasmi½ ±v±se tayo bhikkh³ viharanti, tesu uposathadivase sannipatitesuekena bhikkhun± “suŗantu me ±yasmant± ajjuposatho c±tuddaso”ti v± “pannaraso”tiv± vatv± “yad±yasmant±na½ pattakalla½ maya½ ańńamańńa½ p±risuddhi-uposatha½ kareyy±m±”tińattiy± µhapit±ya therena bhikkhun± eka½sa½ uttar±saŖga½ karitv± ukkuµika½ nis²ditv±ańjali½ paggahetv± “parisuddho aha½, ±vuso, ‘parisuddho’ti ma½ dh±reth±”ti (mah±va.168) tikkhattu½ vattabba½. Itarehi “bhante”ti vatv± evameva vattabba½. Eva½ ńatti½µhapetv± k±tabbo. Yattha pana dve bhikkh³ viharanti, tatra ńatti½ aµµhapetv±vuttanayeneva p±risuddhi ±rocetabb±ti aya½ p±risuddhi-uposatho.
Sace pana ekova bhikkhu hoti, sabba½ pubbakaraŗ²ya½ katv± ańńesa½ an±gamana½ ńatv±“ajja me uposatho c±tuddaso”ti v± “pannaraso”ti v± vatv± “adhiµµh±m²”tivattabba½. Aya½ adhiµµh±nuposathoti eva½ kattabb±k±ravasena tayo uposath±ti veditabb±.Ett±vat± nava uposath± d²pit± honti. Tesu divasavasena pannarasiko, k±rakavasenasaŖghuposatho, kattabb±k±ravasena suttuddesoti eva½ tilakkhaŗasampanno uposatho idhaniddiµµhoti veditabbo. Tasmi½ pavattam±ne uposatha½ akatv± tadahuposathe ańńa½ abhikkhuka½n±n±sa½v±sakehi v± sabhikkhuka½ ±v±sa½ v± an±v±sa½ v± v±satth±ya ańńatra saŖghena,ańńatra antar±y± gacchantassa dukkaµa½ hoti.