Adhikaraºasamathavaººan±

Adhikaraºasamathesu satt±ti tesa½ gaºanaparicchedo. Adhikaraº±ni samentiv³pasament²ti adhikaraºasamath±. Uddesa½ ±gacchant²ti ±patt±dhikaraºasaªkh±t±suca avases±dhikaraºattayapaccay±su ca ±patt²su parisuddhabh±va½ pucchanattha½ uddisitabbata½±gacchanti. Uppannuppann±nanti uppann±na½ uppann±na½. Adhikaraº±nanti viv±d±dhikaraºa½anuv±d±dhikaraºa½ ±patt±dhikaraºa½ kicc±dhikaraºanti imesa½ catunna½. Samath±yav³pasam±y±ti samanatthañceva v³pasamanatthañca sammukh±vinayo d±tabbo…pe… tiºavatth±rakotiime satta samath± d±tabb±. Tatr±ya½ vinicchayo– adhikaraºesu t±va “dhammo”ti v±,“adhammo”ti v± aµµh±rasahi vatth³hi vivadant±na½ bhikkh³na½ yo viv±do, ida½ viv±d±dhikaraºa½n±ma. S²lavipattiy± v± ±c±radiµµhi-±j²vavipattiy± v± anuvadant±na½ yo anuv±doupavadan± ceva codan± ca, ida½ anuv±d±dhikaraºa½ n±ma. M±tik±ya ±gat± pañca, vibhaªgedveti sattapi ±pattikkhandh± ±patt±dhikaraºa½ n±ma. Ya½ saªghassa apalokan±d²na½ catunna½ kamm±na½ karaºa½, ida½ kicc±dhikaraºa½ n±ma.
Tattha viv±d±dhikaraºa½ (c³¼ava. 228) dv²hi samathehi sammati sammukh±vinayena ca yebhuyyasik±yaca, sammukh±vinayeneva sammam±na½ yasmi½ vih±re uppanna½, tasmi½yeva v±, aññattha v³pasametu½gacchant±na½ antar±magge v±, yattha gantv± saªghassa niyy±tita½, tattha saªghena v± v³pasametu½asakkonte tattheva ubb±hik±ya sammatapuggalehi v± vinicchita½ sammati, eva½ sammam±neca pana tasmi½ y± saªghasammukhat± dhammasammukhat± vinayasammukhat± puggalasammukhat± aya½ sammukh±vinayon±ma. Tattha ca k±rakasaªghassa saªghas±maggivasena sammukh²bh±vo saªghasammukhat±, sametabbassavatthuno bh³tat± dhammasammukhat±, yath± ta½ sametabba½, tathevassa samana½ vinayasammukhat±,yo ca vivadati, yena ca vivadati, tesa½ ubhinna½ atthapaccatthik±na½ sammukh²bh±vo puggalasammukhat±.Ubb±hik±ya v³pasamane panettha saªghasammukhat± parih±yati, eva½ t±va sammukh±vinayenevasammati.
Sace panevampi na sammati, atha na½ ubb±hik±ya sammat± bhikkh³ “na maya½sakkoma v³pasametun”ti saªghasseva niyy±tenti, tato saªgho pañcaªgasamann±gata½ bhikkhu½sal±kagg±h±paka½ sammannitv± tena gu¼hakavivaµµakasakaººajappakesu t²su sal±kagg±hesuaññataravasena sal±ka½ g±hetv± sannipatitaparis±ya dhammav±d²na½ yebhuyyat±ya yath± tedhammav±dino vadanti, eva½ v³pasanta½ adhikaraºa½ sammukh±vinayena ca yebhuyyasik±yaca v³pasanta½ hoti. Tattha sammukh±vinayo vuttanayo eva, ya½ pana yebhuyyasikakammassakaraºa½. Aya½ yebhuyyasik± n±ma, eva½ viv±d±dhikaraºa½ dv²hi samathehi sammati.
Anuv±d±dhikaraºa½ (c³¼ava. 236) cat³hi samathehi sammati sammukh±vinayena ca sativinayenaca am³¼havinayena ca tassap±piyasik±ya ca. Sammukh±vinayeneva sammam±na½ yo ca anuvadati,yañca anuvadati, tesa½ vacana½ sutv± sace k±ci ±patti natthi, ubho kham±petv±,sace atthi, “aya½ n±mettha ±patt²”ti eva½ vinicchita½ v³pasammati, tattha sammukh±vinayalakkhaºa½vuttanayameva. Yad± pana kh²º±savassa bhikkhuno am³lik±ya s²lavipattiy± anuddha½sitassasativinaya½ y±cam±nassa saªgho ñatticatutthena kammena sativinaya½ deti, tad± sammukh±vinayenaca sativinayena ca v³pasanta½ hoti, dinne pana sativinaye puna tasmi½ puggale kassacianuv±do na ruhati. Yad± ummattako bhikkhu umm±davasena gate ass±maºake ajjh±c±re“sarat±yasm± evar³pi½ ±pattin”ti bhikkh³hi codiyam±no “ummattakena me, ±vuso,eta½ kata½, n±ha½ ta½ sar±m²”ti bhaºantopi bhikkh³hi codiyam±nova puna acodanatth±yaam³¼havinaya½ y±cati, saªgho cassa ñatticatutthena kammena am³¼havinaya½deti. Tad± sammukh±vinayena ca am³¼havinayena ca v³pasanta½ hoti, dinne pana am³¼havinayepuna tasmi½ puggale kassaci tappaccay± anuv±do na ruhati.
Yad± pana p±r±jikena v± p±r±jikas±mantena v± codiyam±nassa aññenañña½ paµicarato p±pussannat±yap±piyassa puggalassa “sac±ya½ acchinnam³lo bhavissati, samm± vattitv± os±raºa½labhissati, sace chinnam³lo, sayamevassa n±san± bhavissat²”ti maññam±no saªgho ñatticatutthenakammena tassap±piyasika½ kamma½ karoti, tad± sammukh±vinayena ca tassap±piyasik±yaca v³pasanta½ hoti, eva½ anuv±d±dhikaraºa½ cat³hi samathehi sammati.
¾patt±dhikaraºa½ (c³¼ava. 239) t²hi samathehi sammati sammukh±vinayena ca paµiññ±takaraºenaca tiºavatth±rakena ca. Tassa sammukh±vinayeneva v³pasamo natthi, yad± pana ekassa v±bhikkhuno, nissaggiyavaººan±ya½ vuttanayena saªghagaºamajjhesu v± bhikkhu lahuka½ ±patti½deseti, tad± ±patt±dhikaraºa½ sammukh±vinayena ca paµiññ±takaraºena ca v³pasammati.Tattha sammukh±vinaye t±va yo ca deseti, yassa ca deseti, tesa½ sammukh²bh±vo puggalasammukhat±,sesa½ vuttanayameva. Puggalassa ca gaºassa ca desan±k±le saªghasammukhat± parih±yati.
Y± panettha “aha½, bhante, itthann±ma½ ±patti½ ±panno”ti ca, “passas²”ti, “±mapass±m²”ti ca paµiññ±, t±ya “±yati½ sa½vareyy±s²”ti karaºa½ paµiññ±takaraºa½n±ma. Saªgh±disese pariv±s±diy±can± paµiññ±, pariv±s±d²na½ d±na½ paµiññ±takaraºa½n±ma. Dvepakkhaj±t± pana bhaº¹anak±rak± bhikkh³ bahu½ ass±maºaka½ ajjh±c±ra½ caritv±puna lajjidhamme uppanne “sace maya½ im±hi ±patt²hi aññamañña½ kariss±ma, siy±pita½ adhikaraºa½ kakkha¼atth±ya v±¼atth±ya sa½vatteyy±”ti aññamañña½ ±pattiy± k±r±panedosa½ disv± yad± tiºavatth±rakakamma½ karonti, tad± ±patt±dhikaraºa½ sammukh±vinayenaca tiºavatth±rakena ca sammati. Tatra hi yattak± hatthap±s³pagat± “na meta½ khamat²”tieva½ diµµh±vikamma½ akatv± niddampi okkamant± honti, sabbesa½ µhapetv± thullavajjañcagihippaµisa½yuttañca sabb±pattiyo vuµµhahanti, eva½ ±patt±dhikaraºa½ t²hi samathehisammati.
Kicc±dhikaraºa½ (c³¼ava. 242) ekena samathena sammati sammukh±vinayeneva. Iti im±nicatt±ri adhikaraº±ni yath±nur³pa½ imehi sattahi samathehi sammanti, tena vutta½ “uppannuppann±na½adhikaraº±na½ samath±ya v³pasam±ya sammukh±vinayo d±tabbo…pe…tiºavatth±rako”ti. Ayamettha vinicchayanayo, vitth±ro pana samathakkhandhake ±gatoyeva,vinicchayopissa samantap±s±dik±ya½ vutto.
Tatth±yasmante pucch±mi, kaccittha parisuddh±ti tesu sattasu adhikaraºasamathesukaccittha parisuddh±, natthi vo kiñci samathehi v³pasametabbanti pucch±mi, etenasabb±patt²hi parisuddhabh±vo pucchito hoti.
Uddiµµha½ kho ±yasmanto nid±nanti-±di nigamanavacana½. Tattha ettakanti ettaka½sikkh±pada½. Sutt±gatanti sutte p±timokkhe ±gata½. Suttapariy±pannantitattheva antogadha½. Anvaddham±sa½ uddesa½ ±gacchat²ti addham±se addham±se uposathavasenauddisitabbata½ ±gacchati. Samaggeh²ti k±yas±maggivasena samaggehi. Sammodam±neh²ticittas±maggivasena ekajjh±sayat±ya suµµhu modam±nehi. Avivadam±neh²ti aµµh±rasasuviv±davatth³su aññataravasen±pi avivadam±nehi. Sikkhitabbanti ta½ ta½ sikkh±pada½av²tikkamantehi adhis²lasikkh± samp±detabb±. Antarantar± pana ya½ na vutta½, ta½ sabba½purime purime sikkh±pade vuttatt± ceva utt±natthatt± c±ti.

Adhikaraºasamathavaººan± niµµhit±.

Kaªkh±vitaraºiy± p±timokkhavaººan±ya

Bhikkhup±timokkhavaººan± niµµhit±.

Namo tassa bhagavato arahato sammasambuddhassa.