Sekhiyakaº¹o

1. Parimaº¹alasikkh±padavaººan±

Sekhiyesu paµhame parimaº¹alanti samantato maº¹ala½. Sikkh± karaº²y±ti“eva½ niv±sess±m²”ti ±r±mepi antaragharepi sabbattha sikkh± ±tabb±, ettha ca yasm± vattakkhandhake vuttavatt±nipi sikkhitabbatt± sekhiy±neva honti,tasm± p±r±jik±d²su viya paricchedo na kato. C±rittavinayadassanatthañca “yo panabhikkhu olambento niv±seyya, dukkaµan”ti eva½ ±pattin±mena avatv± “sikkh±karaº²y±”ti eva½ sabbasikkh±padesu p±¼i ±ropit±, padabh±jane (p±ci. 576) pana“±patti dukkaµass±”ti vuttatt± sabbattha an±dariyakaraºe dukkaµa½ veditabba½.
Id±ni parimaº¹alanti ettha n±bhimaº¹ala½ paµicch±detv± j±ºumaº¹alassa heµµh± jaªghaµµhikatopaµµh±ya aµµhaªgulamatta½ niv±sana½ ot±retv± niv±sentena parimaº¹ala½ nivattha½ n±ma hoti,eva½ aniv±setv± an±dariyena purato v± pacchato v± olambetv± niv±sentassa dukkaµa½.Na kevalañca tasseva, ye caññe “tena kho pana samayena chabbaggiy± gihinivattha½niv±senti, hatthisoº¹aka½ macchav±laka½ catukkaººaka½ t±lavaºµaka½ satavalika½ niv±senti,sa½valliya½ niv±sent²”ti khandhake (c³¼ava. 280) niv±sanados± vutt±, tath± niv±sentassapidukkaµameva.
Tattha hatthisoº¹aka½ n±ma n±bhim³lato hatthisoº¹asaºµh±na½ olambaka½ katv± nivattha½co¼ika-itth²na½ niv±sana½ viya. Macchav±laka½ n±ma ekatodasanta½ ekato p±santa½olambetv± nivattha½. Catukkaººaka½ n±ma upari dve, heµµhato dveti eva½ catt±rokaººe dassetv± nivattha½. T±lavaºµaka½ n±ma t±lavaºµ±k±rena s±µaka½ olambetv±nivattha½. Satavalika½ n±ma d²ghas±µaka½ anekakkhattu½ obhujitv± ovaµµika½ karontenanivattha½, v±madakkhiºapassesu v± nirantara½ valiyo dassetv± nivattha½. Sace pana j±ºutopaµµh±ya ek± v± dve v± valiyo paññ±yanti, vaµµati. Sa½valliyanti mallakammak±r±d²hiviya kaccha½ bandhitv± nivattha½. Eva½ niv±setu½ gil±nass±pi maggappaµipannass±pina vaµµati. Yampi magga½ gacchant± eka½ v± dve v± kaººe ukkhipitv± antarav±sakassaupari lagganti, anto v± eka½ k±s±va½ tath± niv±setv± bahi apara½ niv±senti,sabba½ na vaµµati.
Gil±no pana antok±s±vassa ovaµµika½ dassetv± apara½ upari niv±setu½ labhati, agil±nenadve niv±sentena saguºa½ katv± niv±setabb±ni. Iti ima½ khandhake paµikkhittañcaolambakañca sabba½ vivajjetv± vuttalakkhaºasampanna½ nibbik±ra½ parimaº¹ala½ niv±setabba½,tath± aniv±setv± ya½kiñci vik±ra½ karontassa dukkaµa½.
“Nid±na½ puggala½ vatthun”ti-±dike (kaªkh±. aµµha. paµhamap±r±jikavaººan± ) pana vinicchayesurusuruk±raka½ kosambiya½ paññatta½, s±misena hatthena p±n²yath±lakasasitthakapattadhovanapaµisa½yuttadvaya½bhaggesu sambahule bhikkh³ ±rabbha, ses±ni sabb±neva s±vatthiya½ chabbaggiye ±rabbhaolambetv± niv±san±divatthusmi½ paññatt±ni. S³podanaviññattiya½ dhammadesan±d²su cagil±navasena ek± anupaññatti, sabb±ni s±dh±raºapaññattiyo, an±ºattik±ni, sabbesudukkaµameva, añño ±pattibhedo natthi, vipattivic±raº± vutt±yeva,samuµµh±n±d²ni sabbesa½ avas±ne dassayiss±ma. An±pattimatta½ pana aªgañca sabbattha vattabba½,tayida½ vuccati. Imasmi½ t±va sikkh±pade asañcicca, assatiy±, aj±nantassa, gil±nassa,±pad±su, ummattak±d²nañca an±patti.
Tattha asañcicc±ti “aparimaº¹ala½ niv±sess±m²”ti eva½ asañcicca, atha kho“parimaº¹ala½yeva niv±sess±m²”ti virajjhitv± aparimaº¹ala½ niv±sentassa an±patti.Assatiy±ti aññ±vihitass±pi tath± niv±sentassa an±patti. Aj±nantass±tiparimaº¹ala½ niv±setu½ aj±nantassa an±patti, apica niv±sanavatta½ uggahetabba½. Yopana sukkhajaªgho v± hoti mah±piº¹ikama½so v±, tassa s±ruppatth±ya aµµhaªgul±dhikampi ot±retv±niv±setu½ vaµµati. Gil±nass±ti yassa jaªgh±ya v± p±de v± vaºo hoti, tassa ukkhipitv±v± ot±retv± v± niv±setu½ vaµµati. ¾pad±s³ti v±¼± v± cor± v± anubandhanti,evar³p±su ±pad±su an±patti Ummattak±dayo vuttanay± eva. An±dariya½,an±pattik±raº±bh±vo, aparimaº¹alaniv±sananti im±nettha t²ºi aªg±ni. Yath± cettha,eva½ sabbattha purim±ni dve tattha tattha vuttappaµipakkhakaraºañc±ti t²ºiyeva honti,tasm± ito para½ t±nipi avatv± an±pattimattameva vakkh±m±ti.