1. P±r±jikakaº¹a½ (bhikkhun²vibhaªgavaººan±)

1. Paµhamap±r±jikasikkh±padavaººan±

656. Bhikkhun²vibhaªge yoti yo bhikkhun²na½ vibhaªgo. Mig±ranatt±timajjhapadalopeneta½ vuttanti ±ha “mig±ram±tuy± pana natt± hot²”ti. Mig±ram±t±tivis±kh±yeta½ adhivacana½. Navakamm±dhiµµh±yikanti navakammasa½vidh±yika½. Byañjan±na½paµivijjhitabbo ±k±ro n±tigambh²ro, yath±suta½ dh±raºameva tattha karaº²yanti satiy±by±p±ro adhiko, paññ± tattha guº²bh³t±ti vutta½ “satipubbaªgam±ya paññ±y±”ti.Sati pubbaªgam± etiss±ti satipubbaªgam±. Pubbaªgamat± cettha padh±nabh±vo “manopubbaªgam±”ti-±d²suviya. Atthaggahaºe pana paññ±ya by±p±ro adhiko paµivijjhitabbassa atthassa atigambh²ratt±ti±ha “paññ±pubbaªgam±ya satiy±”ti. ¾lasiyavirahit±ti kosajjarahit±. Yath±aññ± kus²t± nisinnaµµh±ne nisinn±va honti, µhitaµµh±ne µhit±va, eva½ ahutv± vipph±rikenacittena sabbakicca½ nipph±deti.
Sabb± bhikkhuniyo satthuladdh³pasampad± saªghato laddh³pasampad±ti duvidh±. Garudhammapa-aggahaºenahi laddh³pasampad± mah±paj±patigotam² satthusantik±va laddh³pasampadatt± satthuladdh³pasampad±n±ma. Ses± sabb±pi saªghato laddh³pasampad±. T±pi ekato-upasampann± ubhato-upasampann±tiduvidh±. Tattha y± t± mah±paj±patigotamiy± saddhi½ nikkhant± pañcasat± s±kiy±niyo,t± ekato-upasampann± bhikkhusaªghato eva laddh³pasampadatt±, itar± ubhato-upasampann± ubhatosaªgheupasampannatt±. Ehibhikkhun²bh±vena upasampann± pana bhikkhuniyo na santi t±sa½ tath± pasampad±ya abh±vato. Yadi eva½ “ehi bhikkhun²”ti idha kasm± vuttanti?Desan±ya sotapatitabh±vato. Ayañhi sotapatitat± n±ma katthaci labbham±nassapi aggahaºenahoti, yath± abhidhamme manodh±tuniddese (dha. sa. 160-161) labbham±nampi jh±naªga½ pañcaviññ±ºasotepatit±ya na uddhaµa½ katthaci desan±ya asambhavato, yath± tattheva vatthuniddese (dha. sa. 984±dayo) hadayavatthu. Katthaci alabbham±nassapi gahaºavasena yath±µhitakapp²niddese.Yath±ha–
“Katamo ca puggalo µhitakapp²? Ayañca puggalo sot±pattiphalasacchikiriy±ya paµipannoassa, kappassa ca u¹¹ayhanavel± assa, neva t±va kappo u¹¹ayheyya, y±v±ya½ puggalo na sot±pattiphala½sacchikareyy±”ti (pu. pa. 17).

Evamidh±pi alabbham±nagahaºavasena veditabba½. Parikappavacanañheta½ “sace bhagav± bhikkhun²bh±vayogya½kañci m±tug±ma½ ‘ehi bhikkhun²’ti vadeyya, eva½ bhikkhun²bh±vo siy±”ti.

Kasm± pana bhagav± eva½ na kathes²ti? Tath± kat±dhik±r±na½ abh±vato. Ye pana “an±sann±sannihitabh±vato”tik±raºa½ vatv± “bhikkh³ eva hi satthu ±sannac±rino sad± sannihit± ca honti, tasm±te eva ‘ehibhikkh³’ti vattabbata½ arahanti, na bhikkhuniyo”ti vadanti, ta½ tesa½matimatta½ satthu ±sannad³rabh±vassa bhabb±bhabbabh±vasiddhatt±. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat±–
“Saªgh±µikaººe cepi me, bhikkhave, bhikkhu gahetv± piµµhito piµµhito anubandho assap±de p±da½ nikkhipanto, so ca hoti abhijjh±lu k±mesu tibbas±r±go by±pannacittopaduµµhamanasaªkappo muµµhassati asampaj±no asam±hito vibbhantacitto p±katindriyo, athakho so ±rak±va mayha½, ahañca tassa. Ta½ kissa hetu? Dhammañhi so, bhikkhave, bhikkhuna passati, dhamma½ apassanto na ma½ passati. Yojanasate cepi so, bhikkhave, bhikkhu vihareyya,so ca hoti anabhijjh±lu k±mesu na tibbas±r±go aby±pannacitto appaduµµhamanasaªkappoupaµµhitassati sampaj±no sam±hito ekaggacitto sa½vutindriyo, athakho so santikeva mayha½, ahañca tassa. Ta½ kissa hetu? Dhammañhi so, bhikkhave,bhikkhu passati, dhamma½ passanto ma½ passat²”ti (itivu. 92).

Tasm± ak±raºa½ desato satthu ±sann±n±sannat±. Akat±dhik±rat±ya pana bhikkhun²na½ehibhikkhun³pasampad±ya ayogyat± veditabb±.

Yadi eva½ ya½ ta½ ther²g±th±su bhadd±ya kuº¹alakes±ya vutta½–
“Nihacca j±ºu½ vanditv±, sammukh± añjali½ aka½;
ehi bhaddeti ma½ avaca, s± me ±s³pasampad±”ti. (Ther²g±. 109).

Tath± apad±nepi

“¾y±cito tad± ±ha, ehi bhaddeti n±yako;
tad±ha½ upasampann±, paritta½ toyamaddasan”ti. (Apa. ther² 2.3.44).

Ta½ kathanti? Nayida½ ehibhikkhun²bh±vena upasampada½ sandh±ya vutta½, upasampad±ya panahetubh±vato “y± satthu ±ºatti, s± me ±s³pasampad±”ti vutt±. Tath± hi vutta½aµµhakath±ya½ (ther²g±. aµµha. 111) “ehi bhadde bhikkhunupassaya½ gantv± bhikkhun²na½ santikepabbaja upasampajjass³ti ma½ avaca ±º±pesi, s± satthu ±º± mayha½ upasampad±ya k±raºatt±upasampad± ±si ahos²”ti. Apad±nag±th±yampi evameva attho gahetabbo. Tasm±bhikkhun²na½ ehibhikkhun³pasampad± natthiyev±ti niµµhamettha gantabba½. Yath± ceta½ sotapatitavasena“ehi bhikkhun²”ti vutta½, eva½ “t²hi saraºagamanehi upasampann±ti bhikkhun²”tiidampi sotapatitavaseneva vuttanti daµµhabba½ saraºagaman³pasampad±yapi bhikkhun²na½ asambhavato.

659. Bhikkhuvibhaªge “k±yasa½sagga½ s±diyeyy±”ti avatv± “sam±pajjeyy±”ti vuttatt±“bhikkhu ±pattiy± na k±retabbo”ti vutta½. Tabbahulanayen±ti kiriy±samuµµh±nassevabahulabh±vato. Dissati hi tabbahulanayena tabboh±ro yath± “br±hmaºag±mo”ti. Br±hmaºag±mepi hi antamaso rajak±d²ni pañca kul±ni santi. ti kiriy±samuµµh±nat±.
662. Tathev±ti k±yasa½saggar±gena avassutoyev±ti attho. Sesamettha utt±nameva.

Paµhamap±r±jikasikkh±padavaººan± niµµhit±.