2. Gaºabhojanasikkh±padavaººan±

209. Dutiye abhim±reti abhigantv± bhagavato m±raºatth±ya niyojite dhanuddhare. Gu¼hapaµicchannotiap±kaµo. Pavijjh²ti vissajjesi. Nanu r±j±nampi m±r±pes²ti vacanatoida½ sikkh±pada½ aj±tasattuno k±le paññattanti siddha½, evañca sati parato anupaññattiya½–
“Tena kho pana samayena rañño m±gadhassa seniyassa bimbis±rassa ñ±tis±lohito±j²vakesu pabbajito hoti. Atha kho so ±j²vako yena r±j± m±gadho seniyobimbis±ro tenupasaªkami, upasaªkamitv± r±j±na½ m±gadha½ seniya½ bimbis±ra½ etadavoca…pe…kukkucc±yant± n±dhiv±sent²”ti–

Ida½ kasm± vuttanti? So kira ±j²vako ta½ d±na½ dento bimbis±rak±latopaµµh±ya ad±si, pacch± aj±tasattuk±le sikkh±padapaññattito paµµh±ya bhikkh³ kukkucc±yant±ta½ d±na½ na paµiggaºhi½su, tasm± ±dito paµµh±ya ta½ vatthu dassitanti veditabba½.“Atha kho so ±j²vako bhikkh³na½ santike d³ta½ p±hes²”ti idañca tato pabhutiso ±j²vako antarantar± bhikkh³ nimantetv± d±na½ dento aj±tasattuk±le sikkh±padepaññatte ya½ bhikkh³na½ santike d³ta½ p±hesi, ta½ sandh±ya vutta½.

215. Aññamaññavisiµµhatt± visadisa½ rajja½ virajja½, tato ±gat±, tattha v± j±t±, bhav±tiv± verajj±, te eva verajjak±. Te pana yasm± gottacaraº±divibh±gena n±nappak±r±,tasm± vutta½ “n±n±verajjake”ti. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana n±n±vidhehi aññarajjehi±gateti rajj±na½yeva vasena n±nappak±rat± vutt±.
217-218. Imassa sikkh±padassa viññatti½ katv± bhuñjanavatthusmi½ paññattatt± viññattitogaºabhojana½ vatthuvaseneva p±kaµanti ta½ avatv± “gaºabhojana½ n±ma yattha…pe…nimantit± bhuñjant²”ti nimantanavaseneva padabh±jane gaºabhojana½ vutta½. “Kiñci panasikkh±pada½ vatthu-ananur³pampi siy±ti padabh±jane vuttanayena nimantanavaseneva gaºabhojana½hot²ti kesañci ±saªk± bhaveyy±”ti ta½nivattanattha½ “ta½ paneta½ gaºabhojana½dv²h±k±rehi pasavat²”ti vutta½. Pañcanna½ bhojan±na½ n±ma½ gahetv±ti ettha “bhojana½gaºhath±ti vuttepi gaºabhojana½ hotiyev±”ti vadanti. “Heµµh± addh±nagamanavatthusmi½n±v±bhiruhanavatthusmiñca ‘idheva, bhante, bhuñjath±’ti vutte yasm± kukkucc±yant±na paµiggaºhi½su, tasm± ‘bhuñjath±’ti vuttepi gaºabhojana½ na hotiyev±”tit²supi gaºµhipadesu vutta½. “Pañcanna½ bhojan±na½ n±ma½ gahetv± nimantet²”tivuttatt± pana “odana½ bhuñjath±”ti v± “bhatta½ bhuñjath±”ti v± bhojanan±ma½ gahetv±vavutte gaºabhojana½ hoti, na aññath±. “Idheva, bhante, bhuñjath±”ti etth±pi “odanan”tiv± “bhattan”ti v± vatv±va te eva½ nimantesunti gahetabba½. Gaºavasena v± nimantitatt±te bhikkh³ apakataññut±ya kukkucc±yant± na paµiggaºhi½s³ti aya½ amh±ka½ khanti,v²ma½sitv± yuttatara½ gahetabba½.
Ekato gaºhant²ti ettha aññamaññassa dv±dasahattha½ amuñcitv± µhit± ekato gaºhanti n±m±tigahetabba½. “Amh±ka½ catunnampi bhatta½ deh²ti v± viññ±peyyun”ti vacanato heµµh±“tva½ ekassa bhikkhuno bhatta½ dehi, tva½ dvinnanti eva½ viññ±petv±”ti vacanatoca attano atth±ya aññehi viññattampi s±diyantassa gaºabhojana½ hotiyev±ti daµµhabba½.Eva½ viññattito pasavat²ti ettha viññattiy± sati gaºhantassa ekato hutv± gahaºe imin±sikkh±padena ±patti, visu½ gahaºe paº²tabhojanas³podanaviññatt²hi ±patti veditabb±.
Vic±ret²ti pañcakhaº¹±divasena sa½vidahati. Ghaµµet²ti anuv±ta½ chinditv± hatthenadaº¹akena v± ghaµµeti. Sutta½ karot²ti sutta½ vaµµeti. Valet²ti daº¹ake v±hatthe v± ±vaµµeti. “Abhinavasseva c²varassa karaºa½ idha c²varakamma½ n±ma, pur±ºac²vares³cikamma½ n±ma na hot²”ti vadanti. “Catutthe ±gate na y±pent²ti vacanatosace añño koci ±gacchanto natthi, catt±royeva ca tattha nisinn± y±petu½ na sakkonti,na vaµµat²”ti vadanti.
220. Gaºabhojan±pattijanakanimantanabh±vato “akappiyanimantanan”ti vutta½. Sampavesetv±tinis²d±petv±. Gaºo bhijjat²ti gaºo ±patti½ na ±pajjat²ti adhipp±yo.“Yattha catt±ro bhikkh³…pe… bhuñjant²”ti im±ya p±¼iy± sa½sandanato “itaresa½pana gaºap³rako hot²”ti vutta½. Avisesen±ti “gil±no v± c²varak±rakov±”ti avisesetv± sabbas±dh±raºavacanena. Tasm±ti avisesitatt±. Bhutv± gates³tiettha agatesupi bhojanakicce niµµhite gaºhitu½ vaµµati T±ni ca tehiekato na gahit±n²ti yehi bhojanehi visaªketo natthi, t±ni bhojan±ni tehi bhikkh³hiekato na gahit±ni ekena pacch± gahitatt±. Mah±thereti bhikkh³ sandh±ya vutta½.D³tassa puna paµipatha½ ±gantv± “bhatta½ gaºhath±”ti vacanabhayena “g±madv±re aµµhatv±v±”tivutta½. Tattha tattha gantv±ti antarav²thi-±d²su tattha tattha µhit±na½ santika½ gantv±.Bhikkh³na½ atth±ya gharadv±re µhapetv± diyyam±nepi eseva nayo. Nivattath±ti vuttapadenivattitu½ vaµµat²ti “nivattath±”ti vicchinditv± pacch± “bhatta½ gaºhath±”ti vuttatt±vaµµati. Sesamettha utt±nameva. Gaºabhojanat±, samay±bh±vo, ajjhoharaºanti im±ni panetthat²ºi aªg±ni.

Gaºabhojanasikkh±padavaººan± niµµhit±.