Antarapeyy±la½

Katipucch±v±ravaººan±

271. Vera½ maºat²ti r±g±divera½ maºati vin±seti. Et±y±tiviratiy±. Niyy±nanti magga½. K±yap±gabbiyanti k±yap±gabbiyavasena pavatta½k±yaduccarita½.
274. S±raº²y±ti saritabbayutt± anussaraº±rah± addh±ne atikkantepi na sammussitabb±.Mijjati siniyhati et±y±ti mett±, mittabh±vo. Mett± etassa atth²ti metta½k±yakamma½, ta½ pana yasm± mett±sahagatacittasamuµµh±na½, tasm± vutta½ “mettacittenakata½ k±yakamman”ti. ¾v²ti pak±sa½. Pak±sabh±vo cettha ya½ uddissa ta½k±yakamma½ kar²yati, tassa sammukhabh±vatoti ±ha “sammukh±”ti. Rahoti apak±sa½.Apak±sat± ca ya½ uddissa ta½ kamma½ kar²yati, tassa apaccakkhabh±vatoti ±ha “parammukh±”ti.Ubhayeh²ti navakehi therehi ca. Piya½ piy±yitabba½ karot²ti piyakaraºo.Garu½ garuµµh±niya½ karot²ti garukaraºo. Saªgah±y±ti saªgahavatthuvisesabh±vato sabrahmac±r²na½saªgahaºatth±ya. Aviv±d±y±ti saªgahavatthubh±vato eva na viv±d±ya. Sati ca aviv±dahetubh³tasaªgahakattetesa½ vasena sabrahmac±r²na½ samaggabh±vo bhed±bh±vo siddhoyev±ti ±ha “samaggabh±v±y±”ti-±di.
Paggayha vacananti kevala½ “devo”ti avatv± “devatthero”ti guºehi thirabh±vajotana½paggaºhitv± ucca½ katv± vacana½. Mamattabodhanavacana½ mam±yanavacana½. Ekantatirokkhassamanokammassa sammukhat± n±ma viññattisamuµµh±panavaseneva hoti, tañca kho loke k±yakammantip±kaµa½ paññ±ta½ hatthavik±r±di½ an±masitv±yeva dassento “nayan±ni umm²letv±”ti-±dim±ha.K±mañcettha mett±sinehasiniddh±na½ nayan±na½ umm²lan± pasannena mukhena olokanañca metta½k±yakammameva, yassa pana cittassa vasena nayan±na½ mett±sinehasiniddhat± mukhassa ca pasannat±,ta½ sandh±ya vutta½ “metta½ manokamma½ n±m±”ti.
Im±ni (d². ni. aµµha. 2.141; ma. ni. aµµha. 1.492; a. ni. aµµha. 3.6.11)ca mettak±yakamm±d²ni p±¼iya½ bhikkh³na½ vasena ±gat±ni gih²supi labbhantiyeva.Bhikkh³nañhi mettacittena ±cariyupajjh±yavatt±di-±bhisam±c±rikadhammap³raºa½ metta½k±yakamma½ n±ma. Sabbañca anavajjak±yakamma½ ±bhisam±c±rikakammantogadhamev±ti veditabba½.Gih²na½ cetiyavandanatth±ya bodhivandanatth±ya saªghanimantanatth±ya gamana½, g±ma½ v± piº¹±ya paviµµhebhikkh³ disv± paccuggamana½, pattapaµiggahaºa½, ±sanapaññ±pana½, anugamananti evam±dika½metta½ k±yakamma½ n±ma. Bhikkh³na½ mettacittena ±c±rapaññattisikkh±pana kammaµµh±nakathanadhammadesan± paripucchana aµµhakath±kathanavasena pavattiyam±na½ tepiµakampi buddhavacana½ metta½vac²kamma½ n±ma. Gih²na½ “cetiyavandanatth±ya gacch±ma, bodhivandanatth±ya gacch±ma, dhammassavana½kariss±ma, d²pam±l±pupphap³ja½ kariss±ma, t²ºi sucarit±ni sam±d±ya vattiss±ma, sal±kabhatt±d²nidass±ma, vass±v±sika½ dass±ma, ajja saªghassa catt±ro paccaye dass±ma, saªgha½ nimantetv±kh±dan²y±d²ni sa½vidahatha, ±san±ni paññapetha, p±n²ya½ upaµµh±petha, saªgha½ paccuggantv±±netha, paññatt±sane nis²d±petha, chandaj±t± uss±haj±t± veyy±vacca½ karoth±”ti-±dikathanak±lemetta½ vac²kamma½ n±ma. Bhikkh³na½ p±tova uµµh±ya sar²rapaµijaggana½ cetiyaªgaºavatt±d²nica katv± vivitt±sane nis²ditv± “imasmi½ vih±re bhikkh³ sukh² hontu aver±aby±pajj±”ti cintana½ metta½ manokamma½ n±ma. Gih²na½ “ayy± sukh² hontu aver±aby±pajj±”ti cintana½ metta½ manokamma½ n±ma.
L±bh±ti c²var±dayo laddhapaccay±. Dhammik±ti kuhan±dibheda½ micch±j²va½ vajjetv±dhammena samena bhikkh±cariyavattena uppann±. Antamaso pattapariy±pannamattamp²ti pacchimakoµiy±patte pariy±panna½ pattassa antogata½ dvattikaµacchubhikkh±mattampi. Deyya½ dakkhiºeyyañcaappaµivibhatta½ katv± bhuñjat²ti appaµivibhattabhog². Ettha hi dve paµivibhatt±ni n±ma±misapaµivibhatta½ puggalapaµivibhattañca. Tattha “ettaka½ dass±mi, ettaka½ na dass±m²”tieva½ cittena vibhajana½ ±misapaµivibhatta½ n±ma. “Asukassa dass±mi, asukassa nadass±m²”ti eva½ cittena vibhajana½ pana puggalapaµivibhatta½ n±ma. Tadubhayampi akatv±yo appaµivibhatta½ bhuñjati, aya½ appaµivibhattabhog² n±ma. Ten±ha “neva ±misa½paµivibhajitv± bhuñjat²”ti-±di. Ad±tump²ti pi-saddena d±tumpivaµµat²ti dasseti. D±nañhi n±ma na kassaci niv±rita½, tena duss²lassapi atthikassasati sambhave d±tabba½, tañca kho karuº±yanavasena, na vattap³raºavasena. S±raº²yadhammap³rakassaappaµivibhattabhogit±ya “sabbesa½ d±tabbamev±”ti vutta½. Gil±n±d²na½ pana odissaka½katv± d±na½ appaµivibh±gapakkhika½ “asukassa na dass±m²”ti paµikkhepassa abh±vato.Byatirekappadh±no hi paµivibh±go. Ten±ha “gil±nagil±nupaµµh±ka…pe… viceyyad±tumpi vaµµat²”ti.
S±dh±raºabhog²ti ettha s±dh±raºabhogino ida½ lakkhaºa½– ya½ ya½ paº²ta½ labhati, ta½ ta½neva l±bhena l±bha½ nijig²sanamukhena gih²na½ deti attano ±j²vasuddhi½ rakkham±no,na attan±va paribhuñjati “mayha½ as±dh±raºabhogit± m± hot³”ti. Ta½ paµiggaºhantoca “saªghena s±dh±raºa½ hot³”ti gahetv± ghaºµi½ paharitv± paribhuñjitabba½ saªghasantaka½viya passati. Imin± ca tassa l±bhassa t²supi k±lesu s±dh±raºato µhapana½ dassita½.“Ta½ paµiggaºhanto ca saªghena s±dh±raºa½ hot³”ti imin± paµiggahaºak±lo dassito,“gahetv±…pe… passat²”ti imin± paµiggahitak±lo. Tadubhaya½ pana t±disena pubbabh±genavin± na hot²ti atthasiddho purimak±lo. Tayidampi paµiggahaºato pubbevassa hoti“saªghena s±dh±raºa½ hot³ti paµiggahess±m²”ti, paµiggaºhantassa hoti “saªghena s±dh±raºa½hot³ti paµiggaºh±m²”ti, paµiggahetv± hoti “saªghena s±dh±raºa½ hot³ti paµiggahita½may±”ti eva½ tilakkhaºasampanna½ katv± laddhal±bha½ os±nalakkhaºa½ avikopetv± paribhuñjantos±dh±raºabhog² appaµivibhattabhog² ca hoti.
Ima½ (d². ni. aµµha. 2.141; ma. ni. aµµha. 1.492; a. ni. aµµha. 3.6.11) pana s±raº²yadhamma½ko p³reti, ko na p³reti? Duss²lo t±va na p³reti. Na hi tassa santaka½ s²lavantogaºhanti. Parisuddhas²lo pana vatta½ akhaº¹ento p³reti. Tatrida½ vatta½– yo odissaka½katv± m±tu v± pitu v± ±cariyupajjh±y±d²na½ v± deti, so d±tabba½ detu, s±raº²yadhammopanassa na hoti, palibodhajaggana½ n±ma hoti. S±raº²yadhammo hi muttapalibodhasseva vaµµati.Tena pana odissaka½ dentena gil±nagil±nupaµµh±ka-±gantukagamik±nañcevanavapabbajitassa ca saªgh±µipattaggahaºa½ aj±nantassa d±tabba½. Etesa½ datv± avasesa½ ther±sanatopaµµh±ya thoka½ thoka½ adatv± yo yattaka½ gaºh±ti, tassa tattaka½ d±tabba½. Avasiµµheasati puna piº¹±ya caritv± ther±sanato paµµh±ya ya½ ya½ paº²ta½, ta½ ta½ datv± sesa½ bhuñjitabba½.
Aya½ pana s±raº²yadhammo s±raº²yadhammap³raºavidhimhi susikkhit±ya paris±ya sup³ro hoti.Susikkhit±ya hi paris±ya yo aññato labhati, so na gaºh±ti. Aññato alabhantopi pam±ºayuttamevagaºh±ti, na atireka½. Ayañca pana s±raº²yadhammo eva½ punappuna½ piº¹±ya caritv±laddha½ laddha½ dentassapi dv±dasahi vassehi p³rati, na tato ora½. Sace hi dv±dasamepi vasses±raº²yadhammap³rako piº¹ap±tap³ra½ patta½ ±sanas±l±ya½ µhapetv± nah±yitu½ gacchati, saªghattheroca “kasseso patto”ti vatv± “s±raº²yadhammap³rakass±”ti vutte “±haratha nan”tisabba½ piº¹ap±ta½ vic±retv± bhuñjitv±va rittapatta½ µhapeti. Atha so bhikkhu rittapatta½disv± “mayha½ anavasesetv±va paribhuñji½s³”ti domanassa½ upp±deti, s±raº²yadhammobhijjati, puna dv±dasa vass±ni p³retabbo hoti. Titthiyapariv±sasadiso hesa, saki½khaº¹e j±te puna p³retabbova. Yo pana “l±bh± vata me, suladdha½ vata me, yassa me pattagata½an±pucch±va sabrahmac±rino paribhuñjant²”ti somanassa½ janeti, tassa puººo n±ma hoti.
Eva½ p³ritas±raº²yadhammassa pana neva iss±, na macchariya½ hoti, manuss±na½ piyo hotisulabhapaccayo, pattagatamassa diyyam±nampi na kh²yati, bh±jan²yabhaº¹aµµh±ne aggabhaº¹a½ labhati,bhaye v± ch±take v± sampatte devat± ussukka½ ±pajjanti.
Tatrim±ni vatth³ni– leºagiriv±s² tissatthero kira mah±kh²rag±ma½ upaniss±ya vasati.Paññ±samatt± ther± n±gad²pa½ cetiyavandanatth±ya gacchant± kh²rag±me piº¹±ya caritv±kiñci aladdh± nikkhami½su. Thero pavisanto te disv± pucchi “laddha½, bhante”ti.Vicarimha, ±vusoti. So aladdhabh±va½ ñatv± ±ha “bhante, y±v±ha½ ±gacch±mi, t±vaidheva hoth±”ti Maya½, ±vuso, paññ±sa jan± pattatemanamattampi nalabhimh±ti. Bhante, nev±sik± n±ma paµibal± honti, alabhant±pi bhikkh±c±ramaggasabh±ga½j±nant²ti. Ther± ±gami½su. Thero g±ma½ p±visi. Dhurageheyeva mah±-up±sik±kh²rabhatta½ sajjetv± thera½ olokayam±n± µhit± therassa dv±ra½ sampattasseva patta½ p³retv±ad±si. So ta½ ±d±ya ther±na½ santika½ gantv± “gaºhatha, bhante”ti saªghatthera½ ±ha.Thero “amhehi ettakehi kiñci na laddha½, aya½ s²ghameva gahetv± ±gato, ki½ nukho”ti ses±na½ mukha½ olokesi. Thero olokan±k±reneva ñatv± “bhante, dhammenasamena laddho piº¹ap±to, nikkukkucc± gaºhath±”ti-±dito paµµh±ya sabbesa½ y±vadattha½datv± attan±pi y±vadattha½ bhuñji. Atha na½ bhattakicc±vas±ne ther± pucchi½su “kad±,±vuso, lokuttaradhamma½ paµivijjh²”ti? Natthi me, bhante, lokuttaradhammoti.Jh±nal±bh²si ±vusoti? Etampi me, bhante, natth²ti. Nanu, ±vuso, p±µih±riyanti?S±raº²yadhammo me, bhante, p³rito, tassa me p³ritak±lato paµµh±ya sacepi bhikkhusatasahassa½hoti, pattagata½ na kh²yat²ti. S±dhu s±dhu sappurisa anucchavikamida½ tuyhanti. Ida½t±va pattagata½ na kh²yat²ti ettha vatthu.
Ayameva pana thero cetiyapabbate giribhaº¹amah±p³j±ya d±naµµh±na½ gantv± “imasmi½ d±neki½ varabhaº¹an”ti pucchi. Dve s±µak±, bhanteti. Ete mayha½ p±puºissant²ti.Ta½ sutv± amacco rañño ±rocesi “eko daharo eva½ vadat²”ti. “Daharassa eva½citta½, mah±ther±na½ pana sukhum± s±µak± vaµµant²”ti vatv± “mah±ther±na½ dass±m²”tiµhapesi. Tassa bhikkhusaªghe paµip±µiy± µhite dentassa matthake µhapit±pi te s±µak±hattha½ n±rohanti, aññeva ±rohanti. Daharassa d±nak±le pana hattha½ ±ru¼h±. So tassahatthe µhapetv± amaccassa mukha½ oloketv± dahara½ nis²d±petv± d±na½ datv± saªgha½vissajjetv± daharassa santike nis²ditv± “bhante, ima½ dhamma½ kad± paµivijjhitth±”ti±ha. So pariy±yenapi asanta½ avadanto “natthi mayha½, mah±r±ja, lokuttaradhammo”ti±ha. Nanu, bhante, pubbeva avacutth±ti. ¾ma mah±r±ja, s±raº²yadhammap³rako aha½,tassa me dhammassa p³ritak±lato paµµh±ya bh±jan²yaµµh±ne aggabhaº¹a½ p±puº±t²ti. “S±dhus±dhu bhante, anucchavikamida½ tumh±kan”ti vanditv± pakk±mi.Ida½ bh±jan²yaµµh±ne aggabhaº¹a½ p±puº±t²ti ettha vatthu.
Caº¹±latissabhayena pana bh±tarag±mav±sino n±gattheriy± an±rocetv±va pal±yi½su. Ther²pacc³sasamaye “ati viya appanigghoso g±mo, upadh±retha t±v±”ti daharabhikkhuniyo±ha. T± gantv± sabbesa½ gatabh±va½ ñatv± ±gamma theriy± ±rocesu½. S± sutv± “m±tumhe tesa½ gatabh±va½ cintayittha, attano uddesaparipucch±yonisomanasik±resuyeva yoga½karoth±”ti vatv± bhikkh±c±ravel±ya½ p±rupitv± attadv±dasam± g±madv±re nigrodham³leaµµh±si. Rukkhe adhivatth± devat± dv±dasannampi bhikkhun²na½ piº¹ap±ta½ datv± “ayyeaññattha m± gacchatha, nicca½ idheva eth±”ti ±ha. Theriy± pana kaniµµhabh±t± n±gattheron±ma atthi, so “mahanta½ bhaya½, na sakk± y±petu½, parat²ra½ gamiss±m²”ti attadv±dasamoattano vasanaµµh±n± nikkhanto “theri½ disv± gamiss±m²”ti bh±tarag±ma½ ±gato. Ther²“ther± ±gat±”ti sutv± tesa½ santika½ gantv± “ki½ ayy±”ti pucchi. Sota½ pavatti½ ±cikkhi. S± “ajja ekadivasa½ vih±re vasitv± sveva gamissath±”ti±ha. Ther± vih±ra½ ±gama½su.
Ther² punadivase rukkham³le piº¹±ya caritv± thera½ upasaªkamitv± “ima½ piº¹ap±ta½ paribhuñjath±”ti±ha. Thero “vaµµissati ther²”ti vatv± tuºh² aµµh±si. Dhammiko t±ta piº¹ap±to,kukkucca½ akatv± paribhuñjath±ti. Vaµµissati ther²ti. S± patta½ gahetv± ±k±sekhipi. Patto ±k±se aµµh±si. Thero “sattat±lamatte µhitampi bhikkhun²bhattameva ther²”ti vatv± “bhaya½ n±ma sabbak±la½ na hoti, bhaye v³pasante ariyava½sa½ kathayam±no ‘bho piº¹ap±tika bhikkhun²bhatta½ bhuñjitv± v²tin±mayitth±’ti cittena anuvadiyam±no santhambhitu½ na sakkhiss±mi,appamatt± hotha theriyo”ti magga½ ±ruhi. Rukkhadevat±pi “sace thero theriy±hatthato piº¹ap±ta½ paribhuñjissati, na na½ nivattess±mi, sace na paribhuñjissati, nivattess±m²”ticintayam±n± µhatv± therassa gamana½ disv± rukkh± oruyha “patta½, bhante, deth±”tipatta½ gahetv± thera½ rukkham³la½yeva ±netv± ±sana½ paññapetv± piº¹ap±ta½ datv± katabhattakicca½paµiñña½ k±retv± dv±dasa bhikkhuniyo dv±dasa ca bhikkh³ satta vass±ni upaµµhahi Ida½ devat± ussukka½ ±pajjant²ti ettha vatthu. Tatra hi ther² s±raº²yadhammap³rik±ahosi.
Natthi etesa½ khaº¹anti akhaº¹±ni, ta½ pana nesa½ khaº¹a½ dassetu½ “yass±”ti-±divutta½. Tattha upasampannas²l±na½ uddesakkamena ±di-ant± veditabb±. Ten±ha “sattas³”ti-±di.Anupasampannas²l±na½ pana sam±d±nakkamenapi ±di-ant± labbhanti. Pariyante chinnas±µakoviy±ti vatthante dasante v± chinnavattha½ viya. Visadisud±haraºañceta½ “akhaº¹±n²”tiimassa adhikatatt±. Eva½ ses±nipi ud±haraº±ni. Khaº¹anti khaº¹avanta½, khaº¹ita½v±. Chiddanti-±d²supi eseva nayo. Visabh±gavaººena g±v² viy±ti sambandho. Visabh±gavaººenaupa¹¹ha½ tatiyabh±ga½ v± sambhinnavaººa½ sabala½, visabh±gavaººeheva pana bind³hi antarantar±vimissa½ kamm±sa½. Aya½ imesa½ viseso.
Bhujissabh±vakaraºatoti taºh±d±sabyato mocetv± bhujissabh±vakaraºato. S²lassa ca taºh±d±sabyatomocana½ vivaµµ³panissayabh±v±p±dana½, tenassa vivaµµ³panissayat± dassit±. “Bhujissabh±vakaraºato”tica imin± bhujissakar±ni bhujiss±n²ti uttarapadalopen±ya½ niddesoti dasseti.Yasm± ca ta½samaªg²puggalo ser² saya½vas² bhujisso n±ma hoti, tasm±pi bhujiss±ni.Suparisuddhabh±vena p±sa½satt± viññupasatth±ni. Aviññ³na½ pasa½s±ya appam±ºabh±vatoviññ³gahaºa½ kata½. Taºh±diµµh²hi apar±maµµhatt±ti “imin±ha½ s²lena devo v± bhaviss±midevaññataro v±”ti taºh±par±m±sena “imin±ha½ s²lena devo hutv± tattha nicco dhuvosassato bhaviss±m²”ti diµµhipar±m±sena ca apar±maµµhatt±. Atha v± “aya½ te s²lesud±so”ti cat³su vipatt²su ya½ v± ta½ v± vipatti½ dassetv± “ima½ n±ma tva½ ±pannapubbo”tikenaci par±maµµhu½ anuddha½setu½ asakkuºeyyatt± apar±maµµh±n²ti evamettha attho daµµhabbo.S²la½ n±ma avippaµis±r±dip±rampariyena y±vadeva sam±dhisamp±danatthanti ±ha “sam±dhisa½vattanik±n²”ti.Sam±dhisa½vattanappayojan±ni sam±dhisa½vattanik±ni.
Sam±nabh±vo s±mañña½, paripuººacatup±risuddhibh±vena majjhe bhinnasuvaººassaviya bhed±bh±vato s²lena s±mañña½ s²las±mañña½, ta½ gato upagatoti s²las±maññagato.Ten±ha “sam±nabh±v³pagatas²lo”ti, s²lasampattiy± sam±nabh±va½ upagatas²lo sabh±gavuttikotiattho. Sot±pann±d²nañhi s²la½ samuddantarepi devalokepi vasant±na½ aññesa½ sot±pann±d²na½s²lena sam±nameva hoti, natthi maggas²le n±natta½. K±mañhi puthujjan±nampi catup±risuddhis²len±natta½ na siy±, ta½ pana na ekantikanti idha n±dhippeta½, maggas²la½ pana ekantika½niyatabh±vatoti tameva sandh±ya “y±ni t±ni s²l±n²”ti-±di vutta½.
Y±yanti y± aya½ mayhañceva tumh±kañca paccakkhabh³t±. Diµµh²ti maggasamm±diµµhi.Niddos±ti niddhutados±, samucchinnar±g±dip±padhamm±ti attho. Niyy±t²ti vaµµadukkhatonissarati nigacchati. Saya½ niyant²yeva hi ta½maggasamaªg²puggala½ vaµµadukkhato niyy±pet²tivuccati. Y± satthu anusiµµhi, ta½ karot²ti takkaro, tassa, yath±nusiµµha½ paµipajjanakass±tiattho. Diµµhis±maññagatoti saccasampaµivedhena sam±nadiµµhibh±va½ upagato.

Katipucch±v±ravaººan± niµµhit±.