Khudd±nukhuddakasikkh±padakath±vaººan±

441. Sam³haneyy±ti ±kaªkham±no sam³hanatu, yadi icchati, sam³haneyy±ti attho.Kasm± pana “sam³hanath±”ti eka½seneva avatv± “±kaªkham±no sam³haneyy±”ti vikappavacanenevabhagav± µhapes²ti? Mah±kassapassa ñ±ºabalassa diµµhatt±. Passati hi bhagav± “sam³hanath±tivuttepi saªg²tik±le kassapo na sam³hanissat²”ti, tasm± vikappeneva µhapesi.Yadi asam³hanana½ diµµha½, tadeva ca icchita½, atha kasm± bhagav± “±kaªkham±no sam³hanat³”tiavoc±ti? Tath±r³papuggalajjh±sayavasena. Santi hi keci khudd±nukhuddak±ni sikkh±pad±nisam±d±ya vattitu½ anicchant±, tesa½ tath± avuccam±ne bhagavati vigh±to uppajjeyya,ta½ tesa½ bhavissati d²gharatta½ ahit±ya dukkh±ya. Tath± pana vutte tesa½ vigh±to nauppajjeyya, amh±kamev±ya½ doso, yato amhesuyeva keci sam³hanana½ na icchant²ti Keci “sakalassa pana s±sanassa saªgh±yattabh±vakaraºattha½ tath± vuttan”ti vadanti.Ya½ kiñci satth±r± sikkh±pada½ paññatta½, ta½ samaº± sakyaputtiy± siras± sampaµicchitv±j²vita½ viya rakkhanti. Tath± hi te “khudd±nukhuddak±ni sikkh±pad±ni ±kaªkham±no saªghosam³hanat³”ti vuttepi na sam³hani½su. Aññadatthu purato viya tassa accayepi rakkhi½suyev±tisatthu s±sanassa saªghassa ca mahantabh±vadassanatthampi tath± vuttanti daµµhabba½. Tath± hi ±yasm±±nando aññepi v± bhikkh³ “katama½ pana, bhante, khuddaka½, katama½ anukhuddakan”tina pucchi½su sam³hanajjh±sayasseva abh±vato, teneva ekasikkh±padampi apariccajitv± sabbesa½anuggahetabbabh±vadassanattha½ “catt±ri p±r±jik±ni µhapetv± avases±ni khudd±nukhuddak±n²”ti-±dim±ha½su.Evañhi vadantehi “khudd±nukhuddak± ime n±m±”ti avinicchitatt± sabbesa½ anuggahetabbabh±vodassito hoti.
442. Atha kho ±yasm± mah±kassapo saªgha½ ñ±pes²ti ettha pana keci vadanti “bhanten±gasena, katama½ khuddaka½, katama½ anukhuddakanti milindaraññ± pucchite ‘dukkaµa½mah±r±ja, khuddaka½, dubbh±sita½ anukhuddakan’ti (mi. pa. 4.2.1) vuttatt± n±gasenattherokhudd±nukhuddaka½ j±ni, mah±kassapatthero pana ta½ aj±nanto ‘suº±tu me ±vuso’ti-±din±kammav±ca½ s±ves²”ti, na ta½ eva½ gahetabba½. N±gasenatthero hi paresa½ v±dapathopacchedanattha½saªg²tik±le dhammasaªg±hakamah±therehi gahitakoµµh±sesu antimakoµµh±sameva gahetv± milindar±j±na½saññ±pesi, mah±kassapatthero pana ekasikkh±padampi asam³hanituk±mat±ya tath± kammav±ca½s±vesi.
Tattha gihigat±n²ti gihipaµisa½yutt±n²ti vadanti. Gih²su gat±ni, tehi ñ±t±nigihigat±n²ti eva½ panettha attho daµµhabbo. Dh³mak±lo etass±ti dh³mak±lika½ citakadh³mav³pasamatopara½ appavattanato. Appaññattanti-±d²su (d². ni. aµµha. 2.136; a. ni. aµµha. 3.7.23)nava½ adhammika½ katikavatta½ v± sikkh±pada½ v± bandhant± appaññatta½ paññapenti n±mapur±ºasanthatavatthusmi½ s±vatthiya½ bhikkh³ viya. Uddhamma½ ubbinaya½ s±sana½ d²pent± paññatta½samucchindanti n±ma vassasataparinibbute bhagavati ves±lik± vajjiputtak±viya. Khudd±nukhuddak± pana ±pattiyo sañcicca v²tikkamant± yath±paññattesu sikkh±padesusam±d±ya na vattanti n±ma assajipunabbasuk± viya. Nava½ pana katikavatta½ v± sikkh±pada½v± abandhant±, dhammato vinayato s±sana½ d²pent±, khudd±nukhuddakampi ca sikkh±pada½ asam³hanant±appaññatta½ na paññapenti, paññatta½ na samucchindanti, yath±paññattesu sikkh±padesu sam±d±yavattanti n±ma ±yasm± upaseno viya ±yasm± yaso k±kaº¹akaputto viya ca.
443. Bhagavat± o¼±rike nimitte kayiram±neti ves±li½ niss±ya c±p±le cetiyeviharantena bhagavat±–
“Ramaº²y±, ±nanda, ves±l², ramaº²ya½ udenacetiya½, ramaº²ya½ gotamakacetiya½,ramaº²ya½ sattambacetiya½, ramaº²ya½ bahuputtacetiya½, ramaº²ya½ s±randadacetiya½, ramaº²ya½c±p±lacetiya½. Yassa kassaci, ±nanda, catt±ro iddhip±d± bh±vit± bahul²kat± y±n²kat±vatthukat± anuµµhit± paricit± susam±raddh±, so ±kaªkham±no kappa½ v± tiµµheyya kapp±vasesa½v±. Tath±gatassa kho pana, ±nanda, catt±ro iddhip±d± bh±vit± bahul²kat± y±n²kat±vatthukat± anuµµhit± paricit± susam±raddh±, so ±kaªkham±no, ±nanda, tath±gato kappa½v± tiµµheyya kapp±vasesa½ v±”ti (d². ni. 2.166)–

Eva½ o¼±rike nimitte kayiram±ne.

M±rena pariyuµµhitacittoti m±rena ajjhotthaµacitto. M±ro hi yassa sabbena sabba½dv±dasa vipall±s± appah²n±, tassa citta½ pariyuµµh±ti. Therassa ca catt±ro vipall±s±appah²n±, tenassa m±ro citta½ pariyuµµh±si. So pana cittapariyuµµh±na½ karontoki½ karot²ti? Bherava½ r³p±rammaºa½ v± dasseti, sadd±rammaºa½ v± s±veti, tato satt±ta½ disv± v± sutv± v± sati½ vissajjetv± vivaµamukh± honti, tesa½ mukhena hattha½pavesetv± hadaya½ maddati, tato visaññ±va hutv± tiµµhanti Therassa panesamukhena hattha½ pavesetu½ ki½ sakkhissati, bherav±rammaºa½ pana dassesi, ta½ disv± theronimittobh±sa½ na paµivijjhi.

Khudd±nukhuddakasikkh±padakath±vaººan± niµµhit±.