7. Saªghabhedakakkhandhaka½

Chasakyapabbajj±kath±vaººan±

330. Saªghabhedakakkhandhake anupiy±yanti-±d²su “anupiy± n±m±”tivattabbe ±k±rassa rassatta½ anun±sikassa ca ±gama½ katv± “anupiya½ n±m±”tivutta½. Mall±nanti mallar±j³na½. Na heµµh± p±s±d± orohat²ti uparip±s±datoheµµhimatala½ na orohati, “heµµh±p±s±dan”tipi paµhanti. Anuruddho v± pabb±jeyy±tiyojetabba½. Ghar±v±satthanti ghar±v±sassa anucchavika½ kamma½. Udaka½ abhinetabbantiudaka½ ±haritabba½. Ninnetabbanti ±bhatamudaka½ puna n²haritabba½. Niddh±petabbantiantarantar± uµµhitatiº±ni uddharitv± apanetabba½. Lav±petabbanti paripakkak±le lav±petabba½.Ubb±h±petabbanti khalamaº¹ala½ har±petabba½. Uju½ k±r±petabbanti puñja½ k±r±petabba½.Pal±l±ni uddhar±petabb±n²ti pal±l±ni apanetabb±ni. Bhusik± uddhar±petabb±tigunna½ khuraggehi sañchinn± bhusasaªkh±t± n±¼adaº¹± apanetabb±. Opun±petabbanti v±tamukheopun±petv± pal±la½ apanetabba½. Atihar±petabbanti antokoµµh±g±ra½ upanetabba½.Na kamm±ti na kamm±ni. Ghar±v±satthen±ti upayogatthe karaºavacana½. Upaj±n±h²tica upasaggamatto upa-saddo. Ten±ha “ghar±v±sattha½ j±n±h²”ti. J±n±h²ticettha paµipajj±ti attho veditabbo. Ak±mak±ti aniccham±n±.
331-332. Ya½ na nivattoti yasm± na nivatto. Suññ±g±ragatoti (ud±. aµµha. 20)“µhapetv± g±mañca g±m³pac±rañca avasesa½ araññan”ti (p±r±.92) vutta½ arañña½ rukkham³lañcaµhapetv± añña½ pabbatakandar±di pabbajitas±ruppa½ niv±saµµh±na½ janasamb±dh±bh±vato idha “suññ±g±ran”tiadhippeta½. Atha v± jh±nakaºµak±na½ sadd±na½ abh±vato vivitta½ ya½ kiñci ag±rampi“suññ±g±ran”ti veditabba½. Ta½ suññ±g±ra½ upagato. Abhikkhaºanti bahula½.Ud±na½ ud±nes²ti so hi ±yasm± araññe div±vih±ra½ upagatopi rattiv±s³pagatopiyebhuyyena phalasam±pattisukhena nirodhasam±pattisukhena ca v²tin±mesi, tasm± a½ sukha½ sandh±ya pubbe attan± anubh³ta½ sabhaya½ sapari¼±ha½ rajjasukha½ jigucchitv±“aho sukha½ aho sukhan”ti somanassasahitañ±ºasamuµµh±na½ p²tisamugg±ra½ samuggirati.Te bhikkh³ bhagavanta½ etadavocunti te sambahul± bhikkh³ ullumpanasabh±vasaºµhit± tassaanuggaºhan±dhipp±yena bhagavanta½ etadavocu½, na ujjh±navasena. Nissa½sayanti asandehena,ekanten±ti attho. Te kira bhikkh³ puthujjan± tassa ±yasmato vivekasukha½ sandh±yaud±na½ aj±nant± evam±ha½su. Samanussarantoti ukkaºµhanavasena anussaranto.
Aññataranti n±magottena ap±kaµa½ eka½ bhikkhu½. ¾mantes²ti ±º±pesi te bhikkh³saññ±petuk±mo. Evanti vacanasampaµiggahe, s±dh³ti attho. Eva½ bhanteti etthapana eva½-saddo paµiññ±ya½. “Abhikkhaºa½ ‘aho sukha½ aho sukhan’ti ima½ ud±na½ ud±nes²”tiyath± te bhikkh³ vadanti, ta½ eva½ tathev±ti attano ud±na½ paµij±n±ti. “Ki½ panatva½ bhaddiy±”ti kasm± bhagav± pucchati, ki½ tassa citta½ na j±n±t²ti? No na j±n±ti,teneva pana tamattha½ vad±petv± te bhikkh³ saññ±petu½ pucchati. Vuttañheta½ “j±nant±pitath±gat± pucchanti, j±nant±pi na pucchant²”ti-±di (p±r±. 16, 194). Atthavasantik±raºa½.
Antopi antepureti itth±g±rassa sañcaraºaµµh±nabh³te r±jagehassa abbhantare, yattha r±j±nah±nabhojanasayan±di½ kappeti. Rakkh± susa½vihit±ti ±rakkh±dikatapurisehi guttisuµµhu samantato vihit±. Bahipi antepureti aµµakaraºaµµh±n±dike antepurato bahibh³ter±jagehe. Eva½ rakkhito gopito santoti eva½ r±jagehar±jadh±n²rajjadesesu antobahi ca anekesu µh±nesu anekasatehi susa½vihitarakkh±varaºaguttiy± mameva nibbhayattha½ph±suvih±rattha½ rakkhito gopito sam±no. Bh²toti-±d²ni pad±ni aññamaññavevacan±ni.Atha v± bh²toti parar±j³hi bh±yam±no. Ubbiggoti sakarajjepi pakatikkhobhatouppajjanakabhayubbegena ubbiggo calito. Ussaªk²ti “raññ± n±ma sabbak±la½ avissatthenabhavitabban”ti vacanato sabbattha aviss±sanavasena tesa½ tesa½ kiccakaraº²y±na½ accayatouppajjanakaparisaªk±ya ca uddhamuddha½ saªkam±no. Utr±s²ti “santik±vacarehipi aj±nantassevame kad±ci anattho bhaveyy±”ti uppannena sar²rakampampi upp±danasamatthenat±sena utr±si. “Utrasto”tipi paµhanti. Vihar±m²ti eva½bh³to hutv± vihar±mi.
Etarah²ti id±ni pabbajitak±lato paµµh±ya. Ekoti asah±yo. Tena vivekaµµhak±yata½dasseti. Abh²toti-±d²na½ pad±na½ vuttavipariy±yena attho veditabbo. Bhay±dinimittassapariggahassa ta½nimittassa ca kilesagahanassa abh±venevassa abh²t±dit±ti etena cittaviveka½dasseti. Appossukkoti sar²raguttiya½ nirussukko. Pannalomoti lomaha½supp±dakassachambhitattassa abh±vena anuggatalomo. Padadvayenapi serivih±ra½ dasseti. Paradattavuttotiparehi dinnena c²var±din± vattam±no. Etena sabbaso saªg±bh±vad²panamukhena anavasesabhayahetuviraha½dasseti. Migabh³tena cetas±ti vissatthavih±rit±ya migassa viya j±tena cittena.Migo hi amanussapathe araññe vasam±no vissattho tiµµhati nis²dati nipajjati yenak±mañcapakkamati appaµihatac±ro, eva½ ahampi vihar±m²ti dasseti. Vuttañheta½ paccekasambuddhena–
“Migo araññamhi yath± abaddho;
yenicchaka½ gacchati gocar±ya;
viññ³ naro serita pekkham±no;
eko care khaggavis±ºakappo”ti. (Su. ni. 39; apa. thera 1.1.95).
Ima½ kho aha½, bhante, atthavasanti bhagav± yadida½ mama etarahi parama½ vivekasukha½ phalasam±pattisukha½,idameva k±raºa½ sampassam±no “aho sukha½, aho sukhan”ti ud±nemi. Etamatthantieta½ bhaddiyattherassa puthujjanavisay±t²ta½ vivekasukhasaªkh±ta½ attha½ sabb±k±rato viditv±.Ima½ ud±nanti ima½ sahetukabhayasokavigam±nubh±vad²paka½ ud±na½ ud±nesi.
Yassantarato na santi kop±ti yassa ariyapuggalassa antarato abbhantare attano citte cittak±lussiyakaraºatocittappakop± r±g±dayo ±gh±tavatthu-±dik±raºabhedato anekabhed±dosakop± eva v± na santi, maggena pah²natt± na vijjanti. Ayañhi antara-saddo kiñc±pi“mañca tvañca kimantaran”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 1.228) k±raºe dissati, “antaraµµhakehimap±tasamaye”ti-±d²su (mah±va. 346) vemajjhe, “antar± ca jetavana½ antar± ca s±vatthin”ti-±d²su(ud±. 13, 44) vivare, “bhayamantarato j±tan”ti-±d²su (itivu. 88; mah±ni. 5)citte, idh±pi citte eva daµµhabbo. Tenev±ha “yassa citte kop± na sant²”ti.
Abhava-saddassa vibhava-saddena atthuddh±re k±raºam±ha “vibhavoti ca abhavoti ca atthatoekan”ti. Iti-saddo pak±ravacanoti ±ha “iti anekappak±r± bhav±bhavat±”ti. V²tivattoti atikkanto Ettha ca “yass±”ti ida½ yo v²tivattoti vibhattivipariº±mavasenayojetabba½. Ta½ vigatabhayanti ta½ evar³pa½ yath±vuttaguºasamann±gata½ kh²º±sava½ cittakop±bh±vatoitibhav±bhavasamatikkamanato ca bhayahetuvigamena vigatabhaya½. Vivekasukhena aggaphalasukhenaca sukhi½, vigatabhayatt± eva asoka½. Dev± n±nubhavanti dassan±y±ti adhigatamaggeµhapetv± sabbepi upapattidev± v±yamant±pi cittac±radassanavasena dassan±ya daµµhu½ n±nubhavantina abhisambhuºanti na sakkonti, pageva manuss±. Sekkh±pi hi puthujjan± viya arahatocittappavatti½ na j±nanti. Tassa dassana½ dev±nampi dullabhanti etth±pi cittac±radassanavasenatassa dassana½ dev±nampi dullabha½ alabbhan²ya½, devehipi ta½ dassana½ na sakk± p±puºituntievamattho gahetabbo. Abh±vattho hettha du-saddo “duppañño”ti-±d²su viya.
333. Bhatt±bhih±roti abhiharitabbabhatta½. Tassa pana pam±ºa½ dassetu½ “pañca ca th±lip±kasat±n²”tivutta½. Tattha eko th±lip±ko dasanna½ puris±na½ bhatta½ gaºh±ti. L±bhasakk±rasiloken±tiettha l±bho n±ma catupaccayal±bho. Sakk±roti tesa½yeva sukat±na½ susaªkhat±na½l±bho. Silokoti vaººaghoso. Manomaya½ k±yanti jh±namanena nibbatta½ brahmak±ya½.Upapannoti upagato. Attabh±vappaµil±bhoti sar²rapaµil±bho. Dve v± t²ºi v± m±gadhak±nig±makhett±n²ti ettha m±gadhaka½ g±makhetta½ atthi khuddaka½, atthimajjhima½, atthi mahanta½. Khuddaka½ g±makhetta½ ito catt±l²sa usabh±ni, etto catt±l²sausabh±n²ti g±vuta½ hoti. Majjhima½ ito g±vuta½, etto g±vutanti a¹¹hayojana½ hoti.Mahanta½ ito diya¹¹hag±vuta½, etto diya¹¹hag±vutanti tig±vuta½ hoti. Tesu khuddakenag±makhettena t²ºi, khuddakena ca majjhimena ca dve g±makhett±ni tassa attabh±vo. Tig±vutañhissasar²ra½. Parihariss±m²ti paµijaggiss±mi gopayiss±mi. Rakkhassetanti rakkhassueta½.