Adhikaraºakath±vaººan±

216. Viv±d±dhikaraºassa ki½ m³lanti-±d²su viv±dam³l±n²ti viv±dassa m³l±ni.Kodhanoti kujjhanalakkhaºena kodhena samann±gato. Upan±h²ti vera-appaµinissaggalakkhaºenaupan±hena samann±gato. Ag±ravoti (d². ni. aµµha. 3.323; ma. ni. aµµha. 3.44)g±ravavirahito. Appatissoti appatissayo an²cavutti. Ettha pana yo bhikkhu sattharidharam±ne t²su k±lesu upaµµh±na½ na y±ti, satthari anup±hane caªkamante sa-up±hano caªkamati,n²ce caªkame caªkamante ucce caªkamati, heµµh± vasante upari vasati, satthu dassanaµµh±ne ubhoa½se p±rupati, chatta½ dh±reti, up±hana½ dh±reti, nah±yati, ucc±ra½ v± pass±va½ v±karoti, parinibbute v± pana cetiya½ vanditu½ na gacchati, cetiyassa paññ±yanaµµh±ne satthudassanaµµh±nevutta½ sabba½ karoti, aññehi ca bhikkh³hi “kasm± eva½ karosi, na ida½ vaµµati,samm±sambuddhassa n±ma lajjitu½ vaµµat²”ti vutte “tuºh² hohi, buddho buddhoti vadasi,ki½ buddho n±m±”ti bhaºati, aya½ satthari ag±ravo n±ma.
Yo pana dhammasavane saªghuµµhe sakkacca½ na gacchati, sakkacca½ dhamma½ na suº±ti,nidd±yati v± sallapanto v± nis²dati, sakkacca½ na gaºh±ti na v±ceti, “ki½ dhammeag±rava½ karos²”ti vutte “tuºh² hohi, dhammo dhammoti vadasi, ki½ dhammo n±m±”tivadati, aya½ dhamme ag±ravo n±ma. Yo pana therena bhikkhun± anajjhiµµho dhamma½ desetiuddisati pañha½ katheti, vu¹¹he bhikkh³ ghaµµento gacchati tiµµhati nis²dati, dussapallatthika½v± hatthapallatthika½ v± karoti, saªghamajjhe ubho a½se p±rupati, chattup±hana½ dh±reti,“bhikkhusaªghassa lajjitu½ vaµµat²”ti vuttepi “tuºh² hohi, saªgho saªghoti vadasi,ki½ saªgho, migasaªgho ajasaªgho”ti-±d²ni vadati, aya½ saªghe ag±ravo n±ma. Ekabhikkhusmimpihi ag±rave kate saªghe katoyeva hoti. Tisso sikkh± pana ap³rayam±no sikkh±yana parip³rak±r² n±ma.
Ahit±ya dukkh±ya devamanuss±nanti (d². ni. aµµha. 3.325; ma. ni. aµµha. 3.42; a.ni. aµµha. 3.6.36) ekasmi½ vih±re dvinna½ bhikkh³na½ uppannaviv±do katha½ devamanuss±na½ahit±ya dukkh±ya sa½vattati? Kosambakakkhandhake viya hi dv²su bhikkh³su viv±da½±pannesu tasmi½ vih±re tesa½ antev±sik± vivadanti, tesa½ ov±da½ gaºhanto bhikkhunisaªghovivadati, tato tesa½ upaµµh±k± vivadanti, atha manuss±na½ ±rakkhadevat± dve koµµh±s±honti. Tattha dhammav±d²na½ ±rakkhadevat± dhammav±diniyo honti, adhammav±d²na½ adhammav±diniyo.Tato ±rakkhadevat±na½ mitt± bhummadevat± bhijjanti. Eva½ parampar±ya y±va brahmalok±µhapetv± ariyas±vake sabbe devamanuss± dve koµµh±s± honti. Dhammav±d²hi pana adhammav±dinovabahutar± honti. Tato “ya½ bahukehi gahita½, ta½ tacchan”ti dhamma½ vissajjetv± bahutar±adhamma½ gaºhanti. Te adhamma½ purakkhatv± viharant± ap±yesu nibbattanti. Eva½ ekasmi½vih±re dvinna½ bhikkh³na½ uppanno viv±do bah³na½ ahit±ya dukkh±ya hoti. Ajjhatta½v±ti attani v± attano paris±ya v±. Bahiddh± v±ti parasmi½ v± parassa paris±yav±. ¾yati½ anavassav±y±ti ±yati½ anupp±d±ya.
Makkh²ti paresa½ guºamakkhanalakkhaºena makkhena samann±gato. Pa¼±s²ti yugagg±halakkhaºenapa¼±sena samann±gato. Issuk²ti parasakk±r±d²na½ iss±yanalakkhaº±ya ss±ya samann±gato. Macchar²ti ±v±samacchariy±d²hi samann±gato. Saµhoti ker±µiko.M±y±v²ti katap±papaµicch±dako. P±picchoti asantasambh±vanicchako duss²lo.Micch±diµµh²ti natthikav±d² ahetukav±d² akiriyav±d². Sandiµµhipar±m±s²tisaya½ diµµhameva par±masati gaºh±ti. ¾dh±nagg±h²ti da¼hagg±h². Duppaµinissagg²tina sakk± hoti gahita½ nissajj±petu½. Ettha ca kodhano hoti upan±h²ti-±din±puggal±dhiµµh±nanayena kodh³pan±h±dayo akusaladhamm± viv±dam³l±n²ti dassit±ni, tath±duµµhacitt± vivadant²ti-±din± lobhadosamoh±. Aduµµhacitt± vivadant²ti-±din± caalobh±dayo viv±dam³l±n²ti dassit±ni.
217. Dubbaººoti pa½supis±cako viya jh±makh±ºuvaººo. Duddassikoti vij±tam±tuy±piaman±padassano. Okoµimakoti lakuº¹ako. K±ºoti ekakkhik±ºo v± ubhayakkhik±ºov±. Kuº²ti ekahatthakuº² v± ubhayahatthakuº² v±. Khañjoti ekap±dakhañjo v±ubhayap±dakhañjo v±. Pakkhahatoti hatapakkho p²µhasapp².
220. Viv±d±dhikaraºa½ kusala½ akusala½ aby±katanti viv±d±dhikaraºa½ ki½kusala½ akusala½ ud±hu aby±katanti pucchati. Viv±d±dhikaraºa½ siy± kusalanti-±divissajjana½. Esa nayo sesesupi. Vivadanti eten±ti viv±doti ±ha “yenavivadanti, so cittupp±do viv±do”ti. Katha½ pana so cittupp±do adhikaraºa½n±m±ti ±ha “samathehi ca adhikaraº²yat±ya adhikaraºan”ti, samathehi sametabbat±yaadhikaraºanti attho. Viv±dahetubh³tassa hi cittupp±dassa v³pasamena tappabhavassa saddassapiv³pasamo hot²ti cittupp±dassa samathehi adhikaraº²yat± pariy±yo sambhavati.
222. ¾patt±dhikaraºa½ siy± akusala½ siy± aby±katanti aya½ vikappo paññattivajja½yevasandh±ya vutto, na lokavajjanti dassetu½ “sandh±yabh±sitavasen±”ti-±dim±ha.Kasm± panettha sandh±yabh±sitavasena attho veditabboti ±ha “yasmi½ h²”ti-±di.Pathav²khaºan±diketi ettha ±di-saddena bh³tag±map±tabyat±dipaññattivajja½ sikkh±pada½ saªgaºh±ti. Yo vinaye apakataññut±ya vattas²sena sammuñjani-±din± pathav²khaºan±d²nikaroti, tad± tassuppannacitta½ sandh±ya vutta½ “kusalacitta½ aªga½ hot²”ti.Aªga½ hot²ti ca vattas²sena karontassapi “ima½ pathavi½ khaº±m²”ti-±din± v²tikkamaj±nanavasena pavattatt± ta½ kusalacitta½ ±patt±dhikaraºa½, kusalacitta½ ±pattiy± k±raºa½ hot²tiattho. Na hi v²tikkama½ aj±nantassa pathav²khaºan±d²su ±patti sambhavati. Tasmi½ sat²titasmi½ kusalacitte ±pattibh±vena gahite sat²ti adhipp±yo. Tasm±ti yasm±kusalacitte ±pattibh±vena gahite sati “natthi ±patt±dhikaraºa½ kusalan”ti na sakk±vattu½, tasm±. Nayida½ aªgappahonakacitta½ sandh±ya vuttanti “±patt±dhikaraºa½ siy±akusala½ siy± aby±kata½, natthi ±patt±dhikaraºa½ kusalan”ti ida½ ±pattisamuµµh±pakabh±venaaªgappahonaka½ ±pattiy± k±raºabh³ta½ citta½ sandh±ya na vutta½. Ki½ pana sandh±ya vuttanti±ha “ida½ pan±”ti-±di. Bhikkhumhi kammaµµh±nagatacittena nipanne nidd±yante v±m±tug±mo ce seyya½ kappeti, tasmi½ khaºe seyy±k±rena vattam±nar³pameva ±patti,na kusal±divasappavatta½ cittanti ±ha “asañcicca…pe… sahaseyy±divasena ±pajjato(pari. 323 atthato sam±na½) aby±kata½ hot²”ti. Tasmiñhi khaºe uµµh±tabbe j±teanuµµh±nato tad±k±rapavatto r³pakkhandhova ±patti.
“¾patti½ ±pajjanto kusalacitto v± ±pajjati akusal±by±katacitto v±”ti vacanatokusalampi ±patt±dhikaraºa½ siy±ti ce? Na. Yo hi ±patti½ ±pajjat²ti vuccati,so t²su cittesu aññataracittasamaªg² hutv± ±pajjati, na aññath±ti dassanattha½ “kusalacittov±”ti-±di vutta½. Ayañhettha attho– pathav²khaºan±d²su kusalacittakkhaºe v²tikkam±divasenapavattar³pasambhavato kusalacitto v± tath±pavattar³pasaªkh±ta½ aby±kat±patti½ ±pajjati, tath±aby±katacitto v± aby±katar³pasaªkh±ta½ aby±kat±patti½ ±pajjati. P±º±tip±t±di½ akusalacittov± akusal±patti½ ±pajjati, r³pa½ panettha abboh±rika½. Supinante ca p±º±tip±t±di½karonto sahaseyy±divasena ±pajjitabb±patti½ ±pajjanto akusalacitto aby±kat±patti½±pajjat²ti.
Kusalacitta½ ±pajjeyy±ti e¼akaloma½ gahetv± kammaµµh±namanasik±renatiyojana½ atikkamantassa paññatti½ aj±nitv± padaso dhamma½ v±centassa ca ±pajjitabb±pattiy±kusalacitta½ ±pajjeyya. Na ca tattha vijjam±nampi kusalacitta½ ±pattiy± aªgantitasmi½ vijjam±nampi kusalacitta½ ±pattiy± aªga½ na hoti, saya½ ±patti na hot²tiattho. Calitappavatt±nanti calit±na½ pavatt±nañca. Calito k±yo, pavatt± v±c±.Aññatarameva aªganti k±yav±c±na½ aññatarameva ±patt²ti attho. Tañca r³pakkhandhapariy±pannatt±aby±katanti imin± aby±katam±patt±dhikaraºa½, n±ññanti dasseti.
Yadi eva½ “s±pattikassa, bhikkhave, niraya½ v± vad±mi tiracch±nayoni½ v±”ti vacanatoaby±katassapi vip±kadhammat± ±pajjeyy±ti? N±pajjeyya. Asañcicca ±pann± hi±pattiyo y±va so na j±n±ti, t±va anantar±yakar±, j±nitv± ch±dento pana ch±danappaccay±añña½ dukkaµasaªkh±ta½ akusalam±patt±dhikaraºam±pajjati, tañca akusalasabh±vatt± saggamokkh±na½antar±yakaraºanti s±pattikassa ap±yag±mit± vutt±. Aby±kata½ pana ±patt±dhikaraºa½avip±kadhammamev±ti niµµhamettha gantabba½. Teneva por±ºagaºµhipadesupi “puthujjanokaly±ºaputhujjano sekkho arah±ti catt±ro puggale dassetv± tesu arahato ±patt±dhikaraºa½aby±katameva, tath± sekkh±na½, tath± kaly±ºaputhujjanassa asañcicca v²tikkamak±leaby±katameva. Itarassa akusalampi hoti aby±katampi. Yasm± cassa sañcicca v²tikkamak±leakusalameva hoti, tasm± vutta½ ‘natthi ±patt±dhikaraºa½ kusalan’ti. Sabbattha eva½aby±katanti vip±k±bh±vamatta½ sandh±ya vuttan”ti likhita½. Yañca ±patt±dhikaraºa½akusala½, tampi desita½ vuµµhita½ v± anantar±yakara½. Yath± hi ariy³pav±dakamma½akusalampi sam±na½ accaya½ desetv± kham±panena payogasampattipaµib±hitatt± avip±kadhammata½±panna½ ahosikamma½ hoti, evamidampi desita½ vuµµhita½ v± payogasampattipaµib±hitatt±avip±kadhammat±ya ahosikammabh±vena anantar±yakara½ j±ta½. Teneva “s±pattikassa,bhikkhave, niraya½ v± vad±mi tiracch±nayoni½ v±”ti s±pattikasseva ap±yag±mit± vutt±.