3. Ov±davaggo

1. Ov±dasikkh±padavaŗŗan±

144. Bhikkhunivaggassa paµhamasikkh±pade kath±nus±ren±ti “so thero ki½s²lo ki½sam±c±rokatarakul± pabbajito”ti-±din± pucchant±na½ pucch±kath±nus±rena. Kathetu½ vaµµant²tinir±miseneva cittena kathetu½ vaµµanti. Aniyy±nikatt± saggamokkhamagg±na½ tiracch±nabh³t±kath± tiracch±nakath±ti ±ha “saggamaggagamanep²”ti-±di. Api-saddena pagevamokkhamaggagamaneti d²peti. Tiracch±nabh³tanti tirokaraŗabh³ta½, b±dhikanti vutta½hoti. Laddh±sevan± hi tiracch±nakath± saggamokkh±na½ b±dhik±va hoti. Samiddhotiparipuŗŗo. Sahitatthoti yuttattho. Atthagambh²rat±diyogato gambh²ro. Bahurasotiattharas±dibahuraso. Lakkhaŗapaµivedhasa½yuttoti anicc±dilakkhaŗapaµivedharasa-±vahanatolakkhaŗapaµivedhasa½yutto.
145-147. Paratoti parattha, uttarinti attho. Karontov±ti parib±hire karontoyeva.P±timokkhoti c±rittav±rittappabheda½ sikkh±padas²la½ Tańhi yona½ p±ti rakkhati, ta½ mokkheti moceti ±p±yik±d²hi dukkhehi, tasm± “p±timokkhan”tivuccati. Sa½varaŗa½ sa½varo, k±yavac²dv±r±na½ pidahana½. Yena hi te sa½vut± pihit±honti, so sa½varo, k±yikav±casikassa av²tikkamasseta½ n±ma½. P±timokkhasa½varenasa½vutoti p±timokkhasa½varena pihitak±yavac²dv±ro. Tath±bh³to ca yasm± tena samaŖg²n±ma hoti, tasm± vutta½ “samann±gato”ti Vattat²ti attabh±va½ pavatteti.Viharat²ti imin± p±timokkhasa½varas²le µhitassa bhikkhuno iriy±pathavih±ro dassito.
SaŖkhepato vuttamattha½ vitth±rato p±¼iy± vibh±vetu½ “vuttańhetan”ti-±di ±raddha½.Tattha vibhaŖgeti jh±navibhaŖge. S²la½ patiµµh±ti-±d²ni p±timokkhasseva vevacan±ni.Tattha (vibha. aµµha. 511) s²lanti k±mańceta½ saha kammav±c±pariyos±nena ijjhanakassa p±timokkhassevavevacana½, eva½ santepi dhammato eta½ s²la½ n±ma p±ŗ±tip±t±d²hi v± viramantassa vattapaµipatti½v± p³rentassa cetan±dayo dhamm± veditabb±. Yasm± pana p±timokkhas²lena bhikkhu s±sanepatiµµh±ti n±ma, tasm± ta½ “patiµµh±”ti vutta½. Patiµµhahati v± ettha bhikkhu, kusaladhamm±eva v± ettha patiµµhahant²ti patiµµh±. Ayamattho “s²le patiµµh±ya naro sapańńo”ti(sa½. ni. 1.23, 192) ca “patiµµh±, mah±r±ja, s²la½ sabbesa½ kusal±na½ dhamm±nan”ti(mi. pa. 2.1.9) ca “s²le patiµµhitassa kho, mah±r±ja, sabbe kusal± dhamm± na parih±yant²”tica ±disuttavasena veditabbo.
Tadeta½ pubbuppatti-atthena ±di. Vuttampi ceta½–
“Tasm±tiha tva½, uttiya, ±dimeva visodhehi kusalesu dhammesu. Ko c±di kusal±na½dhamm±na½? S²lańca suvisuddha½ diµµhi ca ujuk±”ti (sa½. ni. 5.382).
Yath± hi nagarava¹¹hak² nagara½ m±petuk±mo paµhama½ nagaraµµh±na½ sodheti, tato aparabh±ge v²thicatukkasiŖgh±µak±diparicchedenavibhajitv± nagara½ m±peti, evameva yog±vacaro ±dimhi s²la½ sodheti, tato aparabh±gesam±dhivipassan±maggaphalanibb±n±ni sacchikaroti. Yath± v± pana rajakopaµhama½ t²hi kh±rehi vattha½ dhovitv± parisuddhe vatthe yadicchaka½ raŖgaj±ta½ upaneti,yath± v± pana cheko cittak±ro r³pa½ likhituk±mo ±dito bhittiparikamma½ karoti,tato aparabh±ge r³pa½ samuµµh±peti, evameva yog±vacaro ±ditova s²la½ visodhetv± aparabh±gesamathavipassan±dayo dhamme sacchikaroti. Tasm± s²la½ “±d²”ti vutta½.
Tadeta½ caraŗasarikkhat±ya caraŗa½. “Caraŗ±”ti p±d± vuccanti. Yath± hi chinnacaraŗassapurisassa disa½gaman±bhisaŖkh±ro na j±yati, paripuŗŗap±dasseva j±yati, evameva yassa s²la½bhinna½ hoti khaŗ¹a½ aparipuŗŗa½, tassa nibb±nagaman±ya ń±ŗagamana½ na sampajjati. Yassa panata½ abhinna½ hoti akhaŗ¹a½ paripuŗŗa½, tassa nibb±nagaman±ya ń±ŗagamana½ sampajjati. Tasm±s²la½ “caraŗan”ti vutta½.
Tadeta½ sa½yamanavasena sa½yamo, sa½varaŗavasena sa½varoti ubhayenapi s²lasa½yamo cevas²lasa½varo ca kathito. Vacanattho panettha sa½yameti v²tikkamavipphandana½, puggala½v± sa½yameti v²tikkamavasena tassa vipphanditu½ na det²ti sa½yamo, v²tikkamassapavesanadv±ra½ sa½varati pidahat²ti sa½varo. Mokkhanti uttama½ mukhabh³ta½ v±.Yath± hi satt±na½ catubbidho ±h±ro mukhena pavisitv± aŖgamaŖg±ni pharati, eva½ yoginopicatubh³makakusala½ s²lamukhena pavisitv± atthasiddhi½ samp±deti. Tena vutta½ “mokkhan”ti.Pamukhe s±dh³ti pamokkha½, pubbaŖgama½ seµµha½ padh±nanti attho. Kusal±na½ dhamm±na½sam±pattiy±ti catubh³makakusal±na½ paµil±bhatth±ya pamokkha½ pubbaŖgama½ seµµha½padh±nanti veditabba½.
K±yiko av²tikkamoti tividha½ k±yasucarita½. V±casikoti catubbidha½vac²sucarita½. K±yikav±casikoti tadubhaya½. Imin± ±j²vaµµhamakas²la½ pariy±d±yadasseti. Sa½vutoti pihito, sa½vutindriyo pihitindriyoti attho. Yath±hi sa½vutadv±ra½ geha½ “sa½vutageha½ pihitagehan”ti vuccati, evamidha sa½vutindriyo“sa½vuto”ti vutto. P±timokkhasa½varen±ti p±timokkhasaŖkh±tena sa½varena.Upetoti-±d²ni sabb±ni ańńamańńavevacan±ni.
Iriyat²ti-±d²hi sattahipi padehi p±timokkhasa½varas²le µhitassa bhikkhunoiriy±pathavih±ro kathito. Tattha iriyat²ti catunna½ iriy±path±na½ ańńatarasamaŖgibh±vatoiriyati. Tehi iriy±pathacatukkehi k±yasakaµavattanena vattati. Eka½ iriy±pathadukkha½aparena iriy±pathena vicchinditv± ciraµµhitibh±vena sar²rarakkhaŗato p±leti. Ekasmi½iriy±pathe asaŗµhahitv± sabba-iriy±pathe vattanato yapeti. Tena tena iriy±pathena tath±tath± k±yassa y±panato y±peti. Cirak±lavatt±panato carati. Iriy±pathena iriy±patha½vicchinditv± j²vitaharaŗato viharati.
Micch±j²vapaµisedhaken±ti–
“Idhekacco ve¼ud±nena v± pattad±nena v± puppha phala sin±nadantakaµµhad±nena v± c±µukamyat±ya v± muggas³pyat±ya v± p±ribhaµayat±ya v± jaŖghapesanikena v± ańńatarańńatarena v± buddhapaµikuµµhenamicch±-±j²vena j²vika½ kappeti, aya½ vuccati an±c±ro”ti (vibha. 513)–

Eva½ vutta-an±c±rasaŖkh±tamicch±j²vapaµipakkhena.

Na ve¼ud±n±din± ±c±ren±ti–
“Idhekacco na ve¼ud±nena na patta na puppha na phala na sin±na na dantakaµµha na c±µukamyat±yana muggas³pyat±ya na p±ribhaµayat±ya na jaŖghapesanikena na ańńatarańńatarena buddhapaµikuµµhenamicch±-±j²vena j²vika½ kappeti, aya½ vuccati ±c±ro”ti (vibha. 513)–

Eva½ vuttena na ve¼ud±n±din± ±c±rena.

Vesiy±di-agocara½ pah±y±ti–
“Idhekacco vesiyagocaro v± hoti vidhava thullakum±ri paŗ¹aka bhikkhuni p±n±g±ragocarov±, sa½saµµho viharati r±j³hi r±jamah±mattehi titthiyehi titthiyas±vakehi ananulomikenasa½saggena, y±ni pana t±ni kul±ni assaddh±ni appasann±ni anop±nabh³t±niakkosakaparibh±sak±ni anatthak±m±ni ahitak±m±ni aph±sukak±m±ni ayogakkhemak±m±nibhikkh³na½ bhikkhun²na½ up±sak±na½ up±sik±na½, tath±r³p±ni kul±ni sevati bhajatipayirup±sati, aya½ vuccati agocaro”ti (vibha. 514)–

Evam±gata½ vesiy±di-agocara½ pah±ya.

Saddh±sampannakul±din±ti ettha ±di-saddena upanissayagocar±di½ saŖgaŗh±ti. Tividhohi gocaro upanissayagocaro ±rakkhagocaro upanibandhagocaroti. Katamo upanissayagocaro?Dasakath±vatthuguŗasamann±gato kaly±ŗamitto, ya½ niss±ya asuta½ suŗ±ti, suta½ pariyodapeti,kaŖkha½ vitarati, diµµhi½ uju½ karoti, citta½ pas±deti. Yassa v± pana anusikkham±nosaddh±ya va¹¹hati, s²lena sutena c±gena pańń±ya va¹¹hati, aya½ upanissayagocaro. Katamo±rakkhagocaro? Idha bhikkhu antaraghara½ paviµµho v²thi½ paµipanno okkhittacakkhu yugamattadass±v²sa½vuto gacchati, na hatthi½ olokento, na assa½, na ratha½, na patti½, na itthi½, napurisa½ olokento, na uddha½ olokento, na adho olokento, na dis±vidisa½vipekkham±no gacchati, aya½ ±rakkhagocaro. Katamo upanibandhagocaro? Catt±ro satipaµµh±n±,yattha citta½ upanibandhati. Vuttańheta½ bhagavat± “ko ca, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno gocarosako pettiko visayo? Yadida½ catt±ro satipaµµh±n±”ti (sa½. ni. 5.372),aya½ upanibandhagocaro. Iti aya½ tividho gocaro idha ±di-saddena saŖgahitoti daµµhabbo.
Appamattakesu vajjes³ti asańcicca ±pannasekhiya-akusalacittupp±d±dibhedesu vajjesu.Bhayato dassanas²loti param±ŗumatta½ vajja½ aµµhasaµµhiyojanasatasahassubbedhasinerupabbatasadisa½katv± dassanasabh±vo, sabbalahuka½ v± dubbh±sitamatta½ p±r±jikasadisa½ katv± dassanasabh±vo.Samm± ±d±y±ti sammadeva sakkacca½ sabbaso v± ±diyitv±.
Vaµµadukkhanissaraŗatthikehi sotabbato suta½, pariyattidhammo. Ta½ dh±ret²tisutadharo, sutassa ±dh±rabh³to. Yassa hi ito gahita½ etto pal±yati, chiddaghaµe udaka½viya na tiµµhati, parisamajjhe eka½ sutta½ v± j±taka½ v± kathetu½ v± v±cetu½ v±na sakkoti, aya½ na sutadharo n±ma. Yassa pana uggahita½ buddhavacana½ uggahitak±lasadisamevahoti, dasapi v²satipi vass±ni sajjh±ya½ akarontassa na nassati, aya½ sutadharo n±ma.Tenev±ha “yadassa tan”ti-±di. Ekapadampi ekakkharampi avinaµµha½ hutv± sanniciyat²tisannicayo, suta½ sannicayo etasminti sutasannicayoti ±ha “suta½ sannicita½asminti sutasannicayo”ti. Yassa hi suta½ hadayamańjus±ya½ sannicita½ sil±ya lekh±viya suvaŗŗaghaµe pakkhitt± s²havas± viya ca s±dhu tiµµhati, aya½ sutasannicayo n±ma.Ten±ha “etena…pe… avin±sa½ dasset²”ti.
Dh±t±ti paguŗ± v±cuggat±. Ekassa hi uggahitabuddhavacana½ niccak±lika½ na hoti,“asukasutta½ v± j±taka½ v± katheh²”ti vutte “sajjh±yitv± ańńehi sa½sanditv±paripucch±vasena attha½ og±hitv± j±niss±m²”ti vadati. Ekassa paguŗa½ pabandhavicched±bh±vatogaŖg±sotasadisa½ bhavaŖgasotasadisańca akittima½ sukhappavatti hoti, “asukasutta½ v±j±taka½ v± katheh²”ti vutte uddharitv± tameva katheti. Ta½ sandh±ya vutta½ “dh±t±”ti.V±c±ya paguŗ± kat±ti suttadasakavaggadasakapaŗŗ±sadasakavasena v±c±ya sajjh±yit±, dasasutt±ni gat±ni, dasa vagg±ni gat±n²ti-±din± sallakkhetv± v±c±ya sajjh±yit±ti attho.Suttekadesassa hi suttamattassa ca vacas± paricayo idha n±dhippeto, atha kho vagg±divaseneva.Manas± anupekkhit±ti manas± anu anu pekkhit±, bh±gaso nijjh±yit± cintit±tiattho. ¾vajjantass±ti v±c±ya sajjh±yitu½ buddhavacana½ manas± cintentassa. Suµµhupaµividdh±ti nijjaµa½ niggumba½ katv± suµµhu y±th±vato paµividdh±.
Dve m±tik±ti bhikkhum±tik± bhikkhun²m±tik± ca. V±cuggat±ti purimassevavevacana½. Tisso anumodan±ti saŖghabhatte d±n±nisa½sapaµisa½yutta-anumodan±, vih±r±dimaŖgalemaŖgalasutt±di-anumodan±, matakabhatt±di-avamaŖgale tirokuµµ±di-anumodan±ti im± tissoanumodan± Kamm±kammavinicchayoti pariv±r±vas±ne kammavagge vuttavinicchayo.“Vipassan±vasena uggaŗhantena catudh±tuvavatth±namukhena uggahetabban”ti t²supi gaŗµhipadesuvutta½. Cat³su dis±su appaµihatatt± catasso dis± etass±ti catuddiso, catuddisoyevac±tuddiso, catasso v± dis± arahati, cat³su v± dis±su s±dh³ti c±tuddiso.