S²hasen±pativatthukath±vaººan±

290. Abhiññ±t±ti (a. ni. aµµha. 3.8.12) ñ±t± paññ±t± p±kaµ±. Santh±g±reti mah±janassa santhambhan±g±re vissamanatth±ya kate ag±re. S± kira santh±g±ras±l± nagaramajjhe ahosi, cat³su dv±resu µhit±na½ paññ±yati, cat³hi dis±hi ±gatamanuss± paµhama½ tattha vissamitv± pacch± attano attano ph±sukaµµh±na½ gacchanti. R±jakul±na½ rajjakiccasantharaºattha½ kata½ ag±rantipi vadantiyeva. Tattha hi nis²ditv± licchav²r±j±no rajjakicca½ santharanti karonti vic±renti. Sannisinn±ti tesa½ nis²danattha½yeva paññattesu mah±rahapaccattharaºesu samussitasetacchattesu ±sanesu sannisinn±. Anekapariy±yena buddhassa vaººa½ bh±sant²ti r±jakulakiccañceva lokatthakiriyañca vic±retv± anekehi k±raºehi buddhassa vaººa½ bh±santi. Paº¹it± hi te r±j±no saddh±sampann± sot±pann±pi sakad±g±minopi an±g±minopi ariyas±vak±, te sabbepi lokiyajaµa½ bhinditv± buddh±d²na½ tiººa½ ratan±na½ vaººa½ bh±santi.
Tattha tividho buddhavaººo n±ma cariyavaººo sar²ravaººo guºavaººoti. Tatrime r±j±no cariy±ya vaººa½ ±rabhi½su– “dukkara½ vata kata½ samm±sambuddhena kappasatasahass±dhik±ni catt±ri asaªkhyeyy±ni dasa p±ramiyo dasa upap±ramiyo dasa paramatthap±ramiyoti samati½sa p±ramiyo p³rentena ñ±tatthacariya½ lokatthacariya½ buddhatthacariya½ matthaka½ p±petv± pañca mah±paricc±ge pariccajanten±”ti a¹¹hacchakkehi j±takasatehi buddhavaººa½ kathent± tusitabhavana½ p±petv± µhapayi½su. Dhammassa vaººa½ bh±sant± panete “bhagavat± dhammo desito, nik±yato pañca nik±y± honti, piµakato t²ºi piµak±ni, aªgato nava aªg±ni, khandhato catur±s²tidhammakkhandhasahass±n²”ti koµµh±savasena dhammaguºa½ kathayi½su. Saªghassa vaººa½ bh±sant± “satthu dhammadesana½ sutv± paµiladdhasaddh± kulaputt± bhogakkhandhañceva ñ±tiparivaµµañca pah±ya setacchatta-uparajjasen±patiseµµhibhaº¹±g±rikaµµh±nantar±d²ni agaºayitv± nikkhamma satthu varas±sane pabbajanti, setacchatta½ pah±ya pabbajit±na½ bhaddiyamah±r±jamah±kappinapukkus±ti-±dir±japabbajit±na½yeva buddhak±le as²ti sahass±ni ahesu½, anekakoµidhana½ pah±ya pabbajit±na½ pana yasakulaputtasoºaseµµhiputtaraµµhap±laputt±d²na½ paricchedo natthi, evar³p± ca evar³p± ca kulaputt± satthu s±sane pabbajant²”ti pabbajj±saªkhepavasena saªghaguºa½ kathayi½su.
S²ho sen±pat²ti eva½n±mako sen±ya adhipati. Ves±liyañhi satta sahass±ni satta sat±ni satta ca r±j±no, te sabbepi sannipatitv± sabbesa½ mana½ gahetv± “raµµha½ vic±retu½ samattha½ eka½ vicinath±”ti vicinant± s²har±jakum±ra½ disv± “aya½ sakkhissat²”ti sanniµµh±na½ katv± tassa rattamaºivaººakambalapariyonaddha½ sen±paticchatta½ ada½su. Ta½ sandh±ya vutta½ “s²ho sen±pat²”ti. Nigaºµhas±vakoti nigaºµhassa n±µaputtassa paccayad±yako upaµµh±ko. Jambud²patalasmiñhi tayo jan± nigaºµh±na½ aggupaµµh±k±– n±¼and±ya½ up±li gahapati, kapilapure vappo sakko, ves±liya½ aya½ s²ho sen±pat²ti. Nisinno hot²ti sesar±j³nampi paris±ya antare ±san±ni paññ±payi½su, s²hassa pana majjhe µh±neti tasmi½ paññatte mah±rahe r±j±sane nisinno hoti. Nissa½sayanti nibbicikiccha½ addh± eka½sena. Na hete yassa v± tassa v± appesakkhassa eva½ anekasatehi k±raºehi vaººa½ bh±santi.
Yena nigaºµho n±µaputto tenupasaªkam²ti nigaºµho kira n±µaputto “sac±ya½ s²ho kassacideva samaºassa gotamassa vaººa½ kathentassa sutv± samaºa½ gotama½ dassan±ya upasaªkamissati, mayha½ parih±ni bhavissat²”ti cintetv± paµhamatara½yeva s²ha½ sen±pati½ etadavoca “sen±pati imasmi½ loke ‘aha½ buddho aha½ buddho’ti bah³ vadanti, sace tva½ kañci dassan±ya upasaªkamituk±mo ahosi, ma½ puccheyy±si, aha½ te yuttaµµh±naññeva pesess±mi, ayuttaµµh±nato niv±ress±m²”ti. So ta½ katha½ anussaritv± “sace ma½ pesessati, gamiss±mi. No ce, na gamiss±m²”ti cintetv± yena nigaºµho n±µaputto tenupasaªkami.
Athassa vacana½ sutv± nigaºµho mah±pabbatena viya balavasokena otthaµo “yattha d±niss±ha½ gamana½ na icch±mi, tattheva gantuk±mo j±to, hatohamasm²”ti anattamano hutv± “paµib±hanup±yamassa kariss±m²”ti cintetv± “ki½ pana tvan”ti-±dim±ha. Eva½ vadanto caranta½ goºa½ tuº¹e paharanto viya jalam±na½ pad²pa½ nibb±pento viya bhattabharita½ patta½ nikujjanto viya ca s²hassa uppanna½ p²ti½ vin±sesi. Gamik±bhisaªkh±roti hatthiy±n±d²na½ yoj±panagandham±l±diggahaºavasena pavatto payogo. So paµippassambh²ti so v³pasanto.
Dutiyampi khoti dutiyav±rampi. Imasmiñca v±re buddhassa vaººa½ bh±sant± tusitabhavanato paµµh±ya y±va mah±bodhipallaªk± dasabalassa heµµh± p±datalehi upari kesaggehi paricchinditv± dvatti½samah±purisalakkhaºa-as²ti-anubyañjanaby±mappabh±vasena sar²ravaººa½ kathayi½su. Dhammassa vaººa½ bh±sant± “ekapadepi ekabyañjanepi avakkhalita½ n±ma natth²”ti sukathitavaseneva dhammaguºa½ kathayi½su. Saªghassa vaººa½ bh±sant± “evar³pa½ yasasirivibhava½ pah±ya satthu s±sane pabbajit± na kosajjapakatik± honti, terasasu pana dhutaguºesu parip³rak±rino hutv± sattasu anupassan±su kamma½ karonti, aµµhati½sa ±rammaºavibhattiyo va¼añjent²”ti paµipad±vasena saªghaguºe kathayi½su.
Tatiyav±re pana buddhassa vaººa½ bh±sam±n± “itipi so bhagav±”ti suttantapariy±yeneva buddhaguºe kathayi½su, “sv±kkh±to bhagavat± dhammo”ti-±din± suttantapariy±yeneva dhammaguºe, “suppaµipanno bhagavato s±vakasaªgho”ti-±din± suttantapariy±yeneva saªghaguºe ca kathayi½su. Tato s²ho cintesi “imesa½ licchav²r±jakul±na½ tatiyadivasato paµµh±ya buddhadhammasaªghaguºe kathent±na½ mukha½ nappahoti, addh± anomaguºasamann±gato so bhagav±, ima½ d±ni uppanna½ p²ti½ avijahitv±va aha½ ajja samm±sambuddha½ passiss±m²”ti. Athassa “kiñhi me karissanti nigaºµh±”ti vitakko udap±di. Tattha kiñhi me karissant²ti ki½ n±ma mayha½ nigaºµh± karissanti. Apalokit± v± anapalokit± v±ti ±pucchit± v± an±pucchit± v±. Na hi me te ±pucchit± y±nav±hanasampatti-issariyayasavisesa½ dassanti, n±pi an±pucchit± m±ressanti, aphala½ etesa½ ±pucchananti adhipp±yo.
Div± divass±ti divassa div± majjhanhike atikkantamatte. Ves±liy± niyy±s²ti yath± hi gimhak±le deve vuµµhe udaka½ sandam±na½ nadi½ otaritv± thokameva gantv± tiµµhati nappavattati, eva½ s²hassa paµhamadivase “dasabala½ passiss±m²”ti uppann±ya p²tiy± nigaºµhena paµib±hitak±lo, yath± dutiyadivase deve vuµµhe udaka½ sandam±na½ nadi½ otaritv± thoka½ gantv± v±lik±puñja½ paharitv± appavatta½ hoti, eva½ s²hassa dutiyadivase “dasabala½ passiss±m²”ti uppann±ya p²tiy± nigaºµhena paµib±hitak±lo, yath± tatiyadivase deve vuµµhe udaka½ sandam±na½ nadi½ otaritv± pur±ºapaººasukkhadaº¹akana¼akacavar±d²ni parika¹¹hanta½ v±lik±puñja½ bhinditv± samuddaninnameva hoti, eva½ s²ho tatiyadivase tiººa½ vatth³na½ guºakatha½ sutv± uppanne p²tip±mojje “aphal± nigaºµh±, nipphal± nigaºµh±, ki½ me ime karissanti, gamiss±maha½ satthu santikan”ti gamana½ abhin²haritv± ves±liy± niyy±si. Niyyanto ca “cirass±ha½ dasabalassa santika½ gantuk±mo j±to, na kho pana me yutta½ aññ±takavesena gantun”ti “ye keci dasabalassa santika½ gantuk±mo, sabbe nikkhamant³”ti ghosana½ k±retv± pañca rathasat±ni yoj±petv± uttamarathe µhito tehi ceva pañcahi rathasatehi mahatiy± ca paris±ya parivuto gandhapupphacuººav±s±d²ni g±h±petv± niyy±si.
Yena bhagav± tenupasaªkam²ti ±r±ma½ pavisanto d³ratova as²ti-anubyañjanaby±mappabh±dvatti½samah±purisalakkhaº±ni chabbaºº± ghanabuddharasmiyo disv± “evar³pa½ n±ma purisa½ eva½ ±sanne vasanta½ ettaka½ k±la½ n±ddasa½, vañcito vatamhi, al±bh± vata me”ti cintetv± mah±nidhi½ disv± daliddapuriso viya sañj±tap²tip±mojjo yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami. Dhammassa c±nudhamma½ by±karont²ti bhot± gotamena vuttak±raºassa anuk±raºa½ kathenti. K±raºavacano hettha dhamma-saddo “hetumhi ñ±ºa½ dhammapaµisambhid±”ti-±d²su (vibha. 720) viya. K±raºanti cettha tath±pavattassa saddassa attho adhippeto tassa pavattihetubh±vato. Atthappayutto hi saddappayogo. Anuk±raºanti ca so eva½ parehi tath± vuccam±no. Sahadhammiko v±d±nuv±doti parehi vuttak±raºena sak±raºo hutv± tumh±ka½ v±do v± tato para½ tassa anuv±do v± koci appamattakopi viññ³hi garahitabba½ µh±na½ k±raºa½ na ±gacchati. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– ki½ sabb±k±renapi tava v±de g±rayhak±raºa½ natth²ti. Anabbhakkh±tuk±m±ti na abh³tena vattuk±m±.
291-292. Atthi s²ha pariy±yoti-±d²na½ attho verañjakaº¹e ±gatanayeneva veditabbo. Paramena ass±sen±ti catumaggacatuphalasaªkh±tena uttama-ass±sena. Ass±s±ya dhamma½ deset²ti ass±sanatth±ya santhambhanatth±ya dhamma½ deseti. Iti bhagav± aµµhahaªgehi s²hasen±patissa dhamma½ deseti.
293. Anuviccak±ranti anuviditv± cintetv± tulayitv± k±tabba½ karoh²ti vutta hoti. S±dhu hot²ti sundaro hoti. Tumh±disasmiñhi ma½ disv± ma½ saraºa½ gacchante nigaºµha½ disv± nigaºµha½ saraºa½ gacchante “ki½ aya½ s²ho diµµhadiµµhameva saraºa½ gacchat²”ti garah± uppajjati, tasm± anuviccak±ro tumh±dis±na½ s±dh³ti dasseti. Paµ±ka½ parihareyyunti te kira evar³pa½ s±vaka½ labhitv± “asuko n±ma r±j± v± r±jamah±matto v± seµµhi v± amh±ka½ saraºa½ gato s±vako j±to”ti paµ±ka½ ukkhipitv± nagare ghosent± ±hiº¹anti. Kasm±? “Eva½ no mahantabh±vo ±vi bhavissat²”ti ca, sace panassa “kimaha½ ete saraºa½ gato”ti vippaµis±ro uppajjeyya, tampi so “etesa½ me saraºagatabh±va½ bah³ j±nanti, dukkara½ d±ni paµinivattitun”ti vinodetv± na paµikkamissat²ti ca. Ten±ha “paµ±ka½ parihareyyun”ti. Op±nabh³tanti paµiyatta-udap±no viya µhita½. Kulanti tava nivesana½. D±tabba½ maññeyy±s²ti pubbepi dasapi v²satipi saµµhipi jane ±gate disv± natth²ti avatv± desi, id±ni ma½ saraºa½ gatak±raºamatteneva m± imesa½ deyyadhamma½ upacchindittha, sampatt±nañhi d±tabbamev±ti ovadati. Suta½ me ta½ bhanteti kuto suta½? Nigaºµh±na½ santik±. Te kira kulagharesu eva½ pak±senti “maya½ yassa kassaci sampattassa d±tabbanti vad±ma, samaºo pana gotamo ‘mayhameva d±na½ d±tabba½…pe… na aññesa½ s±vak±na½ dinna½ mahapphalan’ti eva½ vadat²”ti. Ta½ sandh±ya aya½ “suta½ me tan”ti-±dim±ha.
294. Pavattama½santi pakatiy± pavatta½ kappiyama½sa½, m³la½ gahetv± antar±paºe pariyes±h²ti adhipp±yo. Sambahul± nigaºµh±ti pañcasatamatt± nigaºµh±. Th³la½ pasunti th³la½ mah±sar²ra½ gokaººamahi½sas³karasaªkh±ta½ pasu½. Uddissakatanti att±na½ uddisitv± kata½, m±ritanti attho. Paµiccakammanti ettha kamma-saddo kammas±dhano at²tak±likoti ±ha “att±na½ paµicca katan”ti. Nimittakammasseta½ adhivacana½ “paµicca kamma½ phusat²”ti-±d²su (j±. 1.4.75) viya. Nimittakammass±ti nimittabh±vena laddhabbakammassa, na karaºak±r±panavasena. Paµiccakamma½ ettha atth²ti ma½sa½ paµiccakamma½ yath± “buddha½ etassa atth²ti buddho”ti. Atha v± paµicca kamma½ phusat²ti p±µhaseso daµµhabbo, sv±ya½ eta½ ma½sa½ paµicca ta½ p±ºavadhakakamma½ phusat²ti attho. Tañhi akusala½ upa¹¹ha½ d±yakassa, upa¹¹ha½ paµigg±hakassa hot²ti nesa½ laddhi. Upakaººaketi kaººam³le. Alanti paµikkhepavacana½, hotu ki½ imin±ti attho. Na ca pana teti ete ±yasmant± d²gharatta½ avaººak±m± hutv± avaººa½ bh±sant±pi abbh±cikkhant± na jiridanti, abbhakkh±nassa anta½ na gacchant²ti attho. Atha v± lajjanatthe ida½ jiridant²ti pada½ daµµhabba½, na lajjant²ti attho.

S²hasen±pativatthukath±vaººan± niµµhit±.