Sunidhavassak±ravatthukath±vaººan±

286. Sunidhavassak±r±ti (d². ni. 2.153; ud±. aµµha. 76) sunidho ca vassak±ro ca dve br±hmaº±. Magadhamah±matt±ti magadharañño mah±-amacc±, magadharaµµhe v± mah±matt±, mahatiy± issariyamatt±ya samann±gat±ti magadhamah±matt±. P±µalig±me nagara½ m±pent²ti p±µalig±mantasaªkh±te bh³mippadese nagara½ m±penti, pubbe “p±µalig±mo”ti laddhan±ma½ µh±na½ id±ni nagara½ katv± m±pent²ti attho. Vajj²na½ paµib±h±y±ti licchavir±j³na½ ±yamukhapacchindanattha½. Vatth³n²ti gharavatth³ni gharapatiµµh±panaµµh±n±ni. Citt±ni namanti nivesan±ni m±petunti rañño r±jamah±matt±nañca nivesan±ni m±petu½ vatthuvijj±p±µhak±na½ citt±ni namanti. Te kira attano sipp±nubh±vena heµµh±pathaviya½ ti½sahatthamatte µh±ne “idha n±g±na½ niv±sapariggaho, idha yakkh±na½, idha bh³t±na½ niv±sapariggaho, idha p±s±ºo v± kh±ºuko v± atth²”ti j±nanti, te tad± sippa½ jappitv± t±disa½ s±rambhaµµh±na½ pariharitv± an±rambhe µh±ne t±hi vatthuparigg±hik±hi devat±hi saddhi½ mantayam±n± viya ta½ta½geh±ni m±penti.
Atha v± nesa½ sar²re devat± adhimuccitv± tattha tattha nivesan±ni m±petu½ citta½ n±menti. T± cat³su koºesu kh±ºuke koµµetv± vatthumhi gahitamatte paµivigacchanti. Saddh±na½ kul±na½ saddh± devat± tath± karonti, assaddh±na½ kul±na½ assaddh± devat± ca. Ki½ k±raº±? Saddh±nañhi eva½ hoti “idha manuss± nivesana½ m±pent± paµhama½ bhikkhusaªgha½ nis²d±petv± maªgala½ vad±pessanti, atha maya½ s²lavant±na½ dassana½ dhammakatha½ pañhavissajjana½ anumodanañca sotu½ labhiss±ma, manuss±d±na½ datv± amh±ka½ patti½ dassant²”ti. Assaddh± devat±pi “attano icch±nur³pa½ tesa½ paµipatti½ passitu½ kathañca sotu½ labhiss±m±”ti tath± karonti.
T±vati½seh²ti yath± hi ekasmi½ kule eka½ paº¹ita½ manussa½, ekasmiñca vih±re eka½ bahussuta½ bhikkhu½ up±d±ya “asukakule manuss± paº¹it±, asukavih±re bhikkh³ bahussut±”ti saddo abbhuggacchati, evameva½ sakka½ devar±j±na½ vissakammañca devaputta½ up±d±ya “t±vati½s± paº¹it±”ti saddo abbhuggato. Ten±ha “t±vati½seh²”ti. Seyyath±p²ti-±din± devehi t±vati½sehi saddhi½ mantetv± viya sunidhavassak±r± nagara½ m±pent²ti dasseti.
Y±vat± ariya½ ±yatananti yattaka½ ariyamanuss±na½ osaraºaµµh±na½ n±ma atthi. Y±vat± vaºippathoti yattaka½ v±ºij±na½ ±haµabhaº¹assa r±sivaseneva kayavikkayaµµh±na½ n±ma, v±ºij±na½ vasanaµµh±na½ v± atthi. Ida½ agganagaranti tesa½ ariy±yatanavaºippath±na½ ida½ nagara½ agga½ bhavissati jeµµhaka½ p±mokkha½. Puµabhedananti bhaº¹apuµabhedanaµµh±na½, bhaº¹aganthik±na½ mocanaµµh±nanti vutta½ hoti. Sakalajambud²pe aladdhabhaº¹ampi hi idheva labhissati, aññattha vikkaya½ agacchantampi idha vikkaya½ gacchissati, tasm± idheva puµa½ bhindissat²ti attho. ¾yanti y±ni cat³su dv±resu catt±ri, sabh±ya½ ekanti eva½ divase divase pañcasatasahass±ni tattha uµµhahissanti, t±nissa bh±v²ni ±y±ni dasseti. Aggito v±ti-±d²su ca-k±rattho -saddo, aggin± ca udakena ca mithubhedena ca nassissat²ti attho. Tassa hi eko koµµh±so aggin± nassissati, nibb±petumpi na½ na sakkhissati, eka½ koµµh±sa½ gaªg± gahetv± gamissati, eko imin± akathita½ amussa, amun± akathita½ imassa vadant±na½ pisuºav±c±na½ vasena bhinn±na½ manuss±na½ aññamaññabhedena vinassissati.
Eva½ vatv± bhagav± pacc³sak±le gaªg±t²ra½ gantv± katamukhadhovano bhikkh±c±rak±la½ ±gamayam±no nis²di. Sunidhavassak±r±pi “amh±ka½ r±j± samaºassa gotamassa upaµµh±ko, so amhe upagate pucchissati ‘satth± kira p±µalig±ma½ agam±si, ki½ tassa santika½ upasaªkamittha, na upasaªkamitth±’ti, ‘upasaªkamimh±’ti ca vutte ‘nimantayittha, na nimantayitth±’ti pucchissati, ‘na nimantayimh±’ti ca vutte amh±ka½ dosa½ ±ropetv± niggaºhissati, idañc±pi maya½ akataµµh±ne nagara½ m±pema, samaºassa kho pana gotamassa gatagataµµh±ne k±¼akaººisatt± paµikkamanti, ta½ maya½ nagaramaªgala½ v±c±pess±m±”ti cintetv± satth±ra½ upasaªkamitv± nimantayi½su. Tena vutta½ “atha kho sunidhavassak±r±”ti-±di. Pubbaºhasamayanti pubbaºhak±le. Niv±setv±ti g±mappavesanan²h±rena niv±sana½ niv±setv± k±yabandhana½ bandhitv±. Pattac²varam±d±y±ti pattañca c²varañca ±diyitv± k±yapaµibaddha½ katv±, c²vara½ p±rupitv± patta½ hatthena gahetv±ti attho.
S²lavantetth±ti s²lavante ettha attano vasanaµµh±ne. Saññateti k±yav±c±cittehi saññate. T±sa½ dakkhiºam±diseti saªghassa dinne catt±ro paccaye t±sa½ gharadevat±na½ ±diseyyapatti½ dadeyya. P³jit± p³jayant²ti “ime manuss± amh±ka½ ñ±tak±pi na honti, tath±pi no patti½ dent²ti ±rakkha½ susa½vihita½ karoth±”ti suµµhu ±rakkha½ karonti. M±nit± m±nayant²ti k±l±nuk±la½ balikammakaraºena m±nit± “ete manuss± amh±ka½ ñ±tak±pi na honti, tath±pi catum±sacham±santare no balikamma½ karont²”ti m±nenti uppannaparissaya½ haranti. Tato nanti tato na½ paº¹itaj±tika½ manussa½. Orasanti ure µhapetv± sa½va¹¹hita½, yath± m±t± orasa½ putta½ anukampati, uppannaparissayaharaºatthamevassa v±yamati, eva½ anukampant²ti attho. Bhadr±ni passat²ti sundar±ni passati.
Anumoditv±ti tehi tad± pasutapuññassa anumodanavasena tesa½ dhammakatha½ katv±. Sunidhavassak±r±pi “y± tattha devat± ±su½, t±sa½ dakkhiºam±dise”ti bhagavato vacana½ sutv± devat±na½ patti½ ada½su. Ta½ gotamadv±ra½ n±ma ahos²ti tassa nagarassa yena dv±rena bhagav± nikkhami, ta½ gotamadv±ra½ n±ma ahosi. Gaªg±ya pana uttaraºattha½ anotiººatt± gotamatittha½ n±ma n±hosi. P³r±ti puºº±. Samatittik±ti t²rasama½ udakassa titt± bharit±. K±kapeyy±ti t²re µhitak±kehi p±tu½ sakkuºeyya-udak±. T²hipi padehi ubhatok³lasama½ paripuººabh±vameva vadati. U¼umpanti p±ragamanatth±ya lahuke d±rudaº¹e gahetv± kav±µaphalake viya aññamaññasambandhe k±tu½ ±ºiyo koµµetv± n±v±saªkhepena kata½. Kullanti ve¼una¼±dike saªgharitv± valli-±d²hi kal±pavasena bandhitv± kata½.
Etamattha½ viditv±ti eta½ mah±janassa gaªgudakamattassapi kevala½ taritu½ asamatthata½, attano pana bhikkhusaªghassa ca atigambh²ravitthata½ sa½s±ramahaººava½ taritv± µhitabh±vañca sabb±k±rato viditv± tadatthaparid²pana½ ima½ ud±na½ ud±nesi. Ud±nag±th±ya attho pana aµµhakath±ya½ dassitoyeva. Tattha udakaµµh±nasseta½ adhivacananti yath±vuttassa yassa kassaci udakaµµh±nassa eta½ aººavanti adhivacana½, na samuddassev±ti adhipp±yo. Saranti idha nad² adhippet± sarati sandat²ti katv±. Gambh²ra½ vitthatanti ag±dhaµµhena gambh²ra½, sakalalokattayaby±pit±ya vitthata½. Visajj±ti an±sajja appatv± eva pallal±ni tesa½ ataraºato. Kullañhi jano bandhat²ti kulla½ bandhitu½ ±y±sa½ ±pajjati. Vin± eva kullen±ti ²disa½ udaka½ kullena ²disena vin± eva. Tiºº± medh±vino jan±ti ariyamaggañ±ºasaªkh±t±ya medh±ya samann±gatatt± medh±vino buddh± ca buddhas±vak± ca tiºº± parat²re patiµµhit±.

Sunidhavassak±ravatthukath±vaººan± niµµhit±.