“Eva½ sabbaªgasampanno, kampayanto vasundhara½;
aheµhayanto p±º±ni, y±ti lokavin±yako.
“Dakkhiºa½ paµhama½ p±da½, uddharanto nar±sabho;
gacchanto sirisampanno, sobhate dvipaduttamo.
“Gacchato buddhaseµµhassa, heµµh±p±datala½ mudu;
sama½ samphusate bh³mi½, rajas±nupalimpati.
“Ninna½ µh±na½ unnamati, gacchante lokan±yake;
unnatañca sama½ hoti, pathav² ca acetan±.
“P±s±º± sakkhar± ceva, kathal± kh±ºukaºµak±;
sabbe magg± vivajjanti, gacchante lokan±yake.
“N±tid³re uddharati, n±cc±sanne ca nikkhipa½;
aghaµµayanto niyy±ti, ubho j±º³ ca gopphake.
“N±tis²gha½ pakkamati, sampannacaraºo muni;
na c±tisaºika½ y±ti, gaccham±no sam±hito.
“Uddha½ adho tiriyañca, disañca vidisa½ tath±;
na pekkham±no so y±ti, yugamattañhi pekkhati.
“N±gavikkantac±ro so, gamane sobhate jino;
c±ru gacchati lokaggo, h±sayanto sadevake.
“Usabhar±j±va sobhanto, c±tuc±r²va kesar²;
tosayanto bah³ satte, g±maseµµha½ up±gam²”ti. (Ma. ni. aµµha. 2.22; ud±. aµµha. 76).
Vaººak±lo n±ma kiresa. Eva½vidhesu k±lesu bhagavato sar²ravaººe v± guºavaººe v± dhammakathikassa th±moyeva pam±ºa½. Cuººiyapadehi g±th±bandhehi v± yattaka½ sakkoti, tattaka½ vattabba½, “dukkathitan”ti v± “atitthena pakkhando”ti v± na vattabbo. Aparim±ºavaºº± hi buddh± bhagavanto, tesa½ buddh±pi anavasesato vaººa½ vattu½ asamatth±. Sakalampi hi kappa½ vadant± pariyos±petu½ na sakkonti, pageva itar± paj±ti. Imin± sirivil±sena alaªkatapaµiyatta½ p±µalig±ma½ pavisitv± bhagav± pasannacittena janena pupphagandhadh³mav±sacuºº±d²hi p³jiyam±no ±vasath±g±ra½ p±visi. Tena vutta½ “atha kho bhagav± niv±setv± pattac²varam±d±ya saddhi½ bhikkhusaªghena yena ±vasath±g±ra½ tenupasaªkam²”ti.
P±de pakkh±letv±ti yadipi bhagavato p±de rajojalla½ na upalimpati, tesa½ pana up±sak±na½ kusal±bhivuddhi½ ±kaªkhanto paresa½ diµµh±nugati½ ±pajjanattha½ bhagav± p±de pakkh±lesi. Apica up±dinnakasar²ra½ n±ma s²tik±tabbampi hot²ti tadatthampi bhagav± nah±nap±dadhovan±ni karotiyeva. Bhagavanta½yeva purakkhatv±ti bhagavanta½ purato katv±. Tattha bhagav± bhikkh³nañceva up±sak±nañca majjhe nisinno gandhodakena nah±petv± duk³lacumbaµena vodaka½ katv± j±tihiªgulakena majjitv± rattakambalapaliveµhite p²µhe µhapit± rattasuvaººaghanapaµim± viya ativiya virocittha. Aya½ panettha por±º±na½ vaººabhaºanamaggo–
“Gantv±na maº¹alam±¼a½, n±gavikkantac±raºo;
obh±sayanto lokaggo, nis²di varam±sane.
“Tahi½ nisinno naradammas±rathi,
dev±tidevo satapuññalakkhaºo;
buddh±sane majjhagato virocati,
suvaººanekkha½ viya paº¹ukambale.
“Nekkha½ jambonadasseva, nikkhitta½ paº¹ukambale;
virocati v²tamalo, maºi verocano yath±.
“Mah±s±lova samphullo, merur±j±valaªkato;
suvaººath³pasaªk±so, padumo kosako yath±.
“Jalanto d²parukkhova, pabbatagge yath± sikh²;
dev±na½ p±ricchattova, sabbaphullo virocath±”ti. (Ma. ni. aµµha. 2.22; ud±. aµµha. 76).
P±µalig±mike up±sake ±mantes²ti yasm± tesu up±sakesu bah³ jan± s²le patiµµhit±, tasm± paµhama½ t±va s²lavipattiy± ±d²nava½ pak±setv± pacch± s²lasampad±ya ±nisa½sa½ dassetu½ “pañcime gahapatayo”ti-±din± dhammadesanattha½ ±mantesi. Tattha duss²loti niss²lo (d². ni. aµµha. 2.149; a. ni. aµµha. 3.5.213; ud±. aµµha. 76). Abh±vattho hettha du-saddo “duppañño”ti-±d²su viya. S²lavipannoti vipannas²lo bhinnasa½varo. Ettha ca “duss²lo”ti padena puggalassa s²l±bh±vo vutto. So panassa s²l±bh±vo duvidho asam±d±nena v± sam±dinnassa bhedena v±ti. Tesu purimo na tath± s±vajjo, yath± dutiyo s±vajjataro. Yath±dhippet±d²navanimitta½ s²l±bh±va½ puggal±dhiµµh±n±ya desan±ya dassetu½ “s²lavipanno”ti vutta½, tena “duss²lo”ti padassa attha½ dasseti. Pam±d±dhikaraºanti pam±dak±raº±. Idañca sutta½ gahaµµh±na½ vasena ±gata½, pabbajit±nampi pana labbhateva. Gahaµµho hi yena yena sippaµµh±nena j²vika½ kappeti yadi kasiy± yadi vaºijj±ya yadi gorakkhena. P±º±tip±t±divasena pamatto ta½ ta½ yath±k±la½ samp±detu½ na sakkoti, athassa kamma½ vinassati. M±gh±tak±le p±º±tip±ta½ pana adinn±d±n±d²ni ca karonto daº¹avasena mahati½ bhogaj±ni½ nigacchati. Pabbajito duss²lo pam±dak±raº± s²lato buddhavacanato jh±nato satta-ariyadhanato ca j±ni½ nigacchati.
P±pako kittisaddoti gahaµµhassa “asuko asukakule j±to duss²lo p±padhammo pariccatta-idhalokaparaloko sal±kabhattamattampi na det²”ti catuparisamajjhe p±pako kittisaddo abbhuggacchati. Pabbajitassa “asuko n±ma satthus±sane pabbajitv± n±sakkhi s²l±ni rakkhitu½, na buddhavacana½ uggahetu½, vejjakamm±d²hi j²vati, chahi ag±ravehi samann±gato”ti eva½ p±pako kittisaddo abbhuggacchati.
Avis±radoti gahaµµho t±va “avassa½ bah³na½ sannip±taµµh±ne koci mama kamma½ j±nissati, atha ma½ niggaºhissant²”ti v±, “r±jakulassa v± dassant²”ti sabhayo upasaªkamati, maªkubh³to pattakkhandho adhomukho nis²dati, vis±rado hutv± kathetu½ na sakkoti. Pabbajitopi “bah³ bhikkh³ sannipatit±, avassa½ koci mama kamma½ j±nissati, atha me uposathampi pav±raºampi µhapetv± s±maññato c±vetv± nikka¹¹hissant²”ti sabhayo upasaªkamati, vis±rado hutv± kathetu½ na sakkoti. Ekacco pana duss²lopi sam±no dappito viya vadati, sopi ajjh±sayena maªku hotiyeva vippaµis±r²bh±vato.
Samm³¼ho k±la½ karot²ti duss²lassa hi maraºamañce nipannassa duss²lyakamm±na½ sam±d±ya vattitaµµh±n±ni ±p±tham±gacchanti. So umm²letv± attano puttad±r±didassanavasena idhaloka½ passati, nim²letv± gatinimittupaµµh±navasena paraloka½ passati, tassa catt±ro ap±y± kamm±nur³pa½ upaµµhahanti. Sattisatena pahariyam±no viya aggij±l±ya ±liªgiyam±no viya ca hoti. So “v±retha v±reth±”ti viravantova marati. Tena vutta½ “samm³¼ho k±la½ karot²”ti.
K±yassa bhed±ti up±dinnakakkhandhaparicc±g±. Para½ maraº±ti tadanantara½ abhinibbattakkhandhaggahaºe. Atha v± k±yassa bhed±ti j²vitindriyassa upacched±. Para½ maraº±ti cutito uddha½. Ap±yanti-±di sabba½ nirayavevacana½. Nirayo hi saggamokkhahetubh³t± puññasaªkh±t± ay± apetatt±, sukh±na½ v± ±yassa ±gamanassa abh±v± ap±yo. Dukkhassa gati paµisaraºanti duggati, dosabahulat±ya v± duµµhena kammun± nibbatt± gat²ti duggati. Vivas± nipatanti ettha dukkaµak±rinoti vinip±to, vinassant± v± ettha nipatanti sa½bhijjam±naªgapaccaªg±ti vinip±to. Natthi ettha ass±dasaññito ayoti nirayo.
Atha v± ap±yaggahaºena tiracch±nayoni½ d²peti. Tiracch±nayoni hi ap±yo sugatito apetatt±, na duggati mahesakkh±na½ n±gar±j±d²na½ sambhavato. Duggatiggahaºena pettivisaya½ d²peti. So hi ap±yo ceva duggati ca sugatito apetatt± dukkhassa ca gatibh³tatt±, na tu vinip±to asurasadisa½ avinipatitatt±. Petamahiddhik±na½ vim±n±nipi nibbattanti. Vinip±taggahaºena asurak±ya½ d²peti. So hi yath±vuttenatthena ap±yo ceva duggati ca sabbasampattisamussayehi vinip±tatt± vinip±toti ca vuccati. Nirayaggahaºena pana av²ci-±dika½ anekappak±ra½ nirayameva d²peti. Upapajjat²ti nibbattati.
¾nisa½sakath± vuttavipariy±yena veditabb±. Aya½ pana viseso– s²lav±ti sam±d±navasena s²lav±. S²lasampannoti parisuddha½ paripuººañca katv± s²lassa samp±danena s²lasampanno. Bhogakkhandhanti bhogar±si½. Sugati½ sagga½ lokanti ettha sugatiggahaºena manussagatipi saªgayhati, saggaggahaºena devagati eva. Tattha sundar± gat²ti sugati, r³p±d²hi visayehi suµµhu aggoti saggo, so sabbopi lujjanapalujjanaµµhena lokoti.
P±µalig±mike up±sake bahudeva ratti½ dhammiy± kath±y±ti aññ±yapi p±¼imutt±ya dhammakath±ya ceva ±vasath±numodanakath±ya ca. Tad± hi bhagav± yasm± aj±tasattun± tattha p±µaliputtanagara½ m±pentena aññ±su g±manigamar±jadh±n²su ye s²l±c±rasampann± kuµumbik±, te ±netv± dhanadhaññ±ni gharavatthukhettavatth±d²ni ceva parih±rañca d±petv± nivesiyanti, tasm± p±µalig±mik± up±sak± ±nisa½sadass±vit±ya visesato s²lagaruk±ti sabbaguº±nañca s²lassa adhiµµh±nabh±vato tesa½ paµhama½ s²l±nisa½se pak±setv± tato para½ ±k±sagaªga½ ot±rento viya pathavoja½ ±ka¹¹hanto viya mah±jambu½ matthake gahetv± c±lento viya yojanappam±ºa½ mah±madhu½ cakkayantena p²¼etv± sumadhurarasa½ p±yam±no viya ca p±µalig±mik±na½ up±sak±na½ hitasukh±vaha½ pakiººakakatha½ kathentopi “±v±sad±na½ n±meta½ gahapatayo mahanta½ puñña½, tumh±ka½ ±v±so may± paribhutto, bhikkhusaªghena paribhutto, may± ca bhikkhusaªghena ca paribhutte dhammaratanenapi paribhuttoyeva hoti, eva½ t²hi ratanehi paribhutte aparimeyyova vip±ko, apica ±v±sad±nasmi½ dinne sabbad±na½ dinnameva hoti, bh³maµµhakapaººas±l±ya v± s±kh±maº¹apassa v± saªgha½ uddissa katassa ±nisa½so paricchinditu½ na sakk±. ¾v±sad±n±nubh±vena hi bhave nibbattam±nassapi samp²¼itagabbhav±so n±ma na hoti, dv±dasahattho ovarako viyassa m±tukucchi asamb±dhova hot²”ti eva½ n±n±nayavicitta½ bahu½ dhammakatha½ kathetv±–
“S²ta½ uºha½ paµihanti, tato v±¼amig±ni ca;
sar²sape ca makase, sisire c±pi vuµµhiyo.
“Tato v±t±tapo ghoro, sañj±to paµihaññati;
leºatthañca sukhatthañca, jh±yituñca vipassitu½.
“Vih±rad±na½ saªghassa, agga½ buddhena vaººita½;
tasm± hi paº¹ito poso, sampassa½ atthamattano.
“Vih±re k±raye ramme, v±sayettha bahussute;
tesa½ annañca p±nañca, vatthasen±san±ni ca.
“Dadeyya ujubh³tesu, vippasannena cetas±;
te tassa dhamma½ desenti, sabbadukkh±pan³dana½;
ya½ so dhamma½ idhaññ±ya, parinibb±ti an±savo”ti. (C³¼ava. 295, 315)–

Eva½ ayampi ±v±sad±ne ±nisa½so ayampi ±v±sad±ne ±nisa½soti bahudeva ratti½ atirekadiya¹¹hay±ma½ ±v±sad±n±nisa½sa½ kathesi. Tattha im± g±th±va saªgaha½ ±ru¼h±, pakiººakadhammadesan± pana saªgaha½ na ±rohati. Sandassetv±ti-±d²ni vuttatth±neva.

Abhikkant±ti atikkant± dve y±m± gat±. Yassad±ni tumhe k±la½ maññath±ti yassa gamanassa tumhe k±la½ maññatha, gamanak±lo tumh±ka½, gacchath±ti vutta½ hoti. Kasm± pana bhagav± te uyyojes²ti? Anukamp±ya. Tiy±marattiñhi nis²ditv± v²tin±ment±na½ tesa½ sar²re ±b±dho uppajjeyya, bhikkhusaªghopi ca mah±, tassa sayananisajj±na½ ok±sa½ laddhu½ vaµµati, iti ubhay±nukamp±ya uyyojesi.
Suññ±g±ranti p±µiyekka½ suññ±g±ra½ n±ma tattha natthi. Te kira gahapatayo tasseva ±vasath±g±rassa ekapasse paµas±ºi½ parikkhip±petv± kappiyamañca½ paññapetv± tattha kappiyapaccattharaº±ni attharitv± upari suvaººarajatat±rakagandham±l±did±mapaµimaº¹ita½ vit±na½ bandhitv± gandhatelapad²pa½ ±ropayi½su “appeva n±ma satth± dhamm±sanato vuµµh±ya thoka½ vissametuk±mo idha nipajjeyya, eva½ no ida½ ±vasath±g±ra½ bhagavat± cat³hi iriy±pathehi paribhutta½ d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±ya bhavissat²”ti. Satth±pi tadeva sandh±ya tattha saªgh±µi½ paññapetv± s²haseyya½ kappesi. Ta½ sandh±ya vutta½ “suññ±g±ra½ p±vis²”ti. Tattha p±dadhovanaµµh±nato paµµh±ya y±va dhamm±san± agam±si, ettake µh±ne gamana½ nipphanna½. Dhamm±sana½ patv± thoka½ aµµh±si, ida½ tattha µh±na½. Dve y±me dhamm±sane nis²di, ettake µh±ne nisajj± nipphann±. Up±sake uyyojetv± dhamm±sanato oruyha yath±vutte µh±ne s²haseyya½ kappesi Eta½ µh±na½ bhagavat± cat³hi iriy±pathehi paribhutta½ ahos²ti.

P±µalig±mavatthukath±vaººan± niµµhit±.