Gihivikat±nuññ±t±dikath±vaººan±

256. Abhiniss±ya nis²ditunti apass±ya nis²ditu½.

Soºakuµikaººavatthukath±vaººan±

257. Papatake pabbateti ettha “pavatte pabbate”tipi paµhanti, pavattan±make pabbateti attho. Soºo up±sakoti-±d²su (ud±. aµµha. 46) n±mena soºo n±ma, t²hi saraºagamanehi up±sakattapaµivedanena up±sako, koµi-agghanakassa kaººapi¼andhanassa dh±raºena “koµikaººo”ti ca vattabbe “kuµikaººo”ti eva½ abhiññ±to, na sukum±rasoºoti adhipp±yo. Ayañhi ±yasmato mah±kacc±nassa santike dhamma½ sutv± s±sane abhippasanno saraºesu ca s²lesu ca patiµµhito papatake pabbate ch±y³dakasampanne µh±ne vih±ra½ k±retv± thera½ tattha vas±petv± cat³hi paccayehi upaµµh±ti. Tena vutta½ “±yasmato mah±kacc±nassa upaµµh±ko hot²”ti.
So k±lena k±la½ therassa upaµµh±na½ gacchati, thero cassa dhamma½ deseti, tena sa½vegabahulo dhammacariy±ya½ uss±haj±to viharati. So ekad± satthena saddhi½ v±ºijjatth±ya ujjeni½ gacchanto antar±magge aµaviya½ satthe niviµµhe rattiya½ janasamb±dhabhayena ekamanta½ apakkamma nidda½ upagañchi. Sattho pacc³savel±ya½ uµµh±ya gato, na ekopi soºa½ pabodhesi, sabbe vissaritv± agami½su. So pabh±t±ya rattiy± pabujjhitv± uµµh±ya kañci apassanto satthena gatamagga½ gahetv± s²gha½ s²gha½ gacchanto eka½ vaµarukkha½ upagañchi. Tattha addasa eka½ mah±k±ya½ vir³padassana½ b²bhaccha½ purisa½ aµµhito mutt±ni attano ma½s±ni sayameva kh±danta½, disv±na “kosi tvan”ti pucchi. Petosmi, bhanteti. Kasm± eva½ karos²ti? Attano pubbakammen±ti. Ki½ pana ta½ kammanti? Aha½ pubbe bh±rukacchanagarav±s² k³µav±ºijo hutv± paresa½ santaka½ vañcetv± kh±di½, samaºe ca bhikkh±ya upagate “tumh±ka½ ma½sa½ kh±dath±”ti akkosi½, tena kammena etarahi ima½ dukkha½ anubhav±m²ti. Ta½ sutv± soºo ativiya sa½vega½ paµilabhi.
Tato para½ gacchanto mukhato paggharitak±¼alohite dve petad±rake passitv± tatheva pucchi, tepissa attano kamma½ kathesu½. Te kira bh±rukacchanagare d±rakak±le gandhav±ºijj±ya j²vika½ kappent± attano m±tari kh²º±save nimantetv± bhojentiy± geha½ gantv± “amh±ka½ santaka½ kasm± samaº±na½ desi, tay± dinna½ bhojana½ bhuñjanakasamaº±na½ mukhato k±¼alohita½ paggharat³”ti akkosi½su. Te tena kammena niraye paccitv± tassa vip±k±vasesena petayoniya½ nibbattitv± tad± ima½ dukkha½ anubhavanti. Tampi sutv± soºo ativiya sa½vegaj±to ahosi.
So ujjeni½ gantv± ta½ karaº²ya½ t²retv± kuraraghara½ pacc±gato thera½ upasaªkamitv± katapaµisanth±ro tamattha½ ±rocesi. Theropissa pavattinivatt²su ±d²nav±nisa½se vibh±vento dhamma½ desesi. So thera½ vanditv± geha½ gato s±yam±sa½ bhuñjitv± sayana½ upagato thoka½yeva nidd±yitv± pabujjhitv± sayanatale nisajja yath±suta½ dhamma½ paccavekkhitu½ ±raddho. Tassa ta½ dhamma½ paccavekkhato te ca petattabh±ve anussarato sa½s±radukkha½ ativiya bhay±naka½ hutv± upaµµh±si, pabbajj±ya citta½ nami. So vibh±t±ya rattiy± sar²rapaµijaggana½ katv± thera½ upagantv± attano ajjh±saya½ ±rocetv± pabbajja½ y±ci. Tena vutta½ “atha kho soºo up±sako…pe… pabb±jetu ma½, bhante, ayyo mah±kacc±no”ti.
Tattha yath± yath±ti-±dipad±na½ aya½ saªkhepattho– yena yena ±k±rena ayyo mah±kacc±no dhamma½ deseti ±cikkhati paññapeti paµµhapeti vivarati vibhajati utt±ni½ karoti pak±seti, tena tena me upaparikkhato eva½ hoti “yadeta½ sikkhattayabrahmacariya½ ekampi divasa½ akhaº¹a½ katv± carimakacitta½ p±petabbat±ya ekantaparipuººa½, ekadivasampi kilesamalena amal²na½ katv± carimakacitta½ p±petabbat±ya ekantaparisuddha½, saªkhalikhita½ likhitasaªkhasadisa½ dhotasaªkhasappaµibh±ga½ caritabba½, ida½ na sukara½ ag±ra½ ajjh±vasat± ag±ramajjhe vasantena ekantaparipuººa½…pe… caritun”ti.
Eva½ attano parivitakkita½ soºo up±sako therassa ±rocetv± ta½ paµipajjituk±mo “icch±maha½ bhante”ti-±dim±ha. Thero pana “na t±vassa ñ±ºa½ parip±ka½ gatan”ti upadh±retv± ñ±ºaparip±ka½ ±gamayam±no “dukkara½ kho”ti-±din± pabbajj±chanda½ niv±resi. Tattha ekaseyyanti adutiyaseyya½. Ettha ca seyy±s²sena “eko tiµµhati, eko gacchati, eko nis²dat²”ti-±din± nayena vutta½ cat³su iriy±pathesu k±yaviveka½ d²peti, na ekik± hutv± sayanamatta½. Ekabhattanti “ekabhattiko hoti ratt³parato virato vik±labhojan±”ti (d². ni. 1.10, 194; ma. ni. 1.293 a. ni. 3.71) eva½ vutta½ vik±labhojan± virati½ sandh±ya vadati. Brahmacariyanti methunaviratibrahmacariya½, sikkhattay±nuyogasaªkh±ta½ s±sanabrahmacariya½ v±. Iªgh±ti codanatthe nip±to. Tatthev±ti geheyeva. Buddh±na½ s±sana½ anuyuñj±ti niccas²la-uposathas²laniyam±dibheda½ pañcaªga½ aµµhaªga½ dasaªgañca s²la½ tadanur³pañca sam±dhipaññ±bh±vana½ anuyuñja. Etañhi up±sakena pubbabh±ge anuyuñjitabba½ buddhas±sana½ n±ma. Ten±ha “k±layutta½ ekaseyya½ ekabhatta½ brahmacariyan”ti.
Tattha k±layuttanti c±tuddas²pañcaddas²-aµµham²p±µih±rikapakkhasaªkh±tena k±lena yutta½, yath±vuttak±le v± tuyha½ anuyuñjantassa yutta½ patir³pa½ sakkuºeyya½, na sabbak±la½ sabbanti adhipp±yo Sabbameta½ ñ±ºassa aparipakkatt± tassa k±m±na½ duppah±nat±ya samm± paµipattiya½ yogya½ k±r±petu½ vadati, na pabbajj±chanda½ niv±retu½. Pabbajj±bhisaªkh±roti pabbajitu½ ±rambho uss±ho. Paµippassambh²ti indriy±na½ aparipakkatt± sa½vegassa ca n±titikkhabh±vato v³pasami. Kiñc±pi paµippassambhi, therena vuttavidhi½ pana anutiµµhanto k±lena k±la½ thera½ upasaªkamitv± payirup±santo dhamma½ suº±ti. Tassa vuttanayeneva dutiyampi pabbajj±ya citta½ uppajji, therassa ca ±rocesi, dutiyampi thero paµikkhipi. Tatiyav±re pana ñ±ºassa paripakkabh±va½ ñatv± “id±ni na½ pabb±jetu½ k±lo”ti thero pabb±jesi, pabbajitañca ta½ t²ºi sa½vacchar±ni atikkamitv± gaºa½ pariyesitv± upasamp±desi. Ta½ sandh±ya vutta½ “dutiyampi kho soºo…pe… upasamp±des²”ti.
Tattha appabhikkhukoti katipayabhikkhuko. Tad± kira bhikkh³ yebhuyyena majjhimadeseyeva vasi½su, tasm± tattha katipay± eva ahesu½ Te ca ekasmi½ g±me eko, ekasmi½ nigame dveti eva½ visu½ visu½ vasi½su. Kicchen±ti dukkhena. Kasiren±ti ±y±sena. Tato tatoti tasm± tasm± g±manigam±dito. Therena hi katipaye bhikkh³ ±netv± aññesu ±n²yam±nesu pubbe ±n²t± kenacideva karaº²yena pakkami½su, kañci k±la½ ±gametv± puna tesu ±n²yam±nesu itare pakkami½su. Eva½ punappuna½ ±nayanena sannip±to cireneva ahosi. Theropi tad± ekavih±r² ahosi. Tena vutta½ “tiººa½ vass±na½…pe… sannip±t±petv±”ti.
Vassa½vutthass±ti vassa½ upagantv± vusitavato. Ediso ca ediso c±ti evar³po ca evar³po ca. “Evar³p±ya n±ma r³pak±yasampattiy± samann±gato, evar³p±ya dhammak±yasampattiy± samann±gato”ti sutoyeva me so bhagav±. Na ca may± sammukh± diµµhoti ettha pana puthujjanasaddh±ya eva ±yasm± soºo bhagavanta½ daµµhuk±mo ahosi. Aparabh±ge pana satth±r± saddhi½ ekagandhakuµiya½ vasitv± pacc³sasamaya½ ajjhiµµho so¼asa aµµhakavaggiy±ni satthu sammukh± aµµhi½ katv± manasi katv± sabba½ cetas± samann±haritv± atthadhammapaµisa½ved² hutv± bhaºanto dhammupasañhitap±mojj±dimukhena sam±hito sarabhaññapariyos±ne vipassana½ paµµhapetv± saªkh±re sammasanto anupubbena arahatta½ p±puºi. Etadatthameva hissa bhagavat± attan± saddhi½ ekagandhakuµiya½ v±so ±ºattoti vadanti.
Keci pan±hu “na ca may± sammukh± diµµhoti ida½ r³pak±yadassanameva sandh±ya vutta½. ¾yasm± hi soºo pabbajitv± therassa santike kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± ghaµento v±yamanto anupasampannova sot±panno hutv± upasampajjitv± ‘up±sak±pi sot±pann± honti, ahampi sot±panno, kimettha cittan’ti uparimaggatth±ya vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± antovasseyeva cha¼abhiñño hutv± visuddhipav±raº±ya pav±resi. Ariyasaccadassanena bhagavato dhammak±yo diµµho n±ma hoti. Vuttañheta½ ‘yo kho, vakkali, dhamma½ passati, so ma½ passat²’ti (sa½. ni. 3.87). Tasm±ssa dhammak±yadassana½ pageva siddha½, pav±retv± pana r³pak±ya½ daµµhuk±mo ahos²”ti.
P±s±dikanti-±dipad±na½ attho aµµhakath±yameva vutto. Tattha vis³k±yikavipphandit±nanti paµipakkhabh³t±na½ diµµhicittavipphandit±nanti attho. P±s±dikanti (ud±. aµµha. 10) v± dvatti½samah±purisalakkhaºa-as²ti-anubyañjanaby±mappabh±ketum±l±laªkat±ya samantap±s±dik±ya attano sar²rappabh±ya sampattiy± r³pak±yadassanaby±vaµassa janassa sabbabh±gato pas±d±vaha½. Pas±dan²yanti dasabalacatuves±rajjacha-as±dh±raºañ±ºa-aµµh±rasa-±veºikabuddhadhammappabhuti-aparim±ºaguºagaºasamann±gat±ya dhammak±yasampattiy± parikkhakajanassa pas±dan²ya½ pas²ditabbayutta½ pas±daka½ v±. Santindriyanti cakkh±dipañcindriyalolat±vigamena v³pasantapañcindriya½. Santam±nasanti chaµµhassa manindriyassa nibbisevanabh±v³pagamanena v³pasantam±nasa½. Uttamadamathasamatha½ anuppattanti lokuttarapaññ±vimutticetovimuttisaªkh±ta½ uttama½ damatha½ samathañca anuppatv± adhigantv± µhita½. Dantanti suparisuddhak±yasam±c±rat±ya hatthap±dakukkucc±bh±vato dav±di-abh±vato ca k±yena danta½. Guttanti suparisuddhavac²sam±c±rat±ya niratthakav±c±bh±vato rav±di-abh±vato ca v±c±ya gutta½. Yatindriyanti suparisuddhamanosam±c±rat±ya ariyiddhiyogena aby±vaµa-appaµisaªkhupekkh±bh±vato ca manindriyavasena yatindriya½. N±ganti chand±divasena agamanato, pah²n±na½ r±g±dikiles±na½ apun±gamanato apacc±gamanato kassacipi ±gussa sabbath±pi akaraºato, punabbhavassa ca agamanatoti imehi k±raºehi n±ga½. Ettha ca “p±s±dikan”ti imin± r³pak±yena bhagavato pam±ºabh³tata½ d²peti, “pas±dan²yan”ti imin± dhammak±yena. “Santindriyan”ti-±din± sesehi pam±ºabh³tata½ d²peti, tena catuppam±ºike lokasanniv±se anavasesato satt±na½ bhagavato pam±ºabh±vo pak±sitoti veditabbo. Ekavih±reti ekagandhakuµiya½. Gandhakuµi hi idha “vih±ro”ti adhippeto. Vatthunti vasitu½.
258. Ajjhok±se v²tin±metv±ti (ud±. aµµha. 46) ajjhok±se nisajj±ya v²tin±metv±. “Yasm± bhagav± ±yasmato soºassa sam±pattisam±pajjanena paµisanth±ra½ karonto s±vakas±dh±raº± sabb± sam±pattiyo anulomapaµiloma½ sam±pajjanto bahudeva ratti½ ajjhok±se nisajj±ya v²tin±metv± p±de pakkh±letv± vih±ra½ p±visi, tasm± ±yasm±pi soºo bhagavato adhipp±ya½ ñatv± tadanur³pa½ sabb± t± sam±pattiyo sam±pajjanto bahudeva ratti½ ajjhok±se nisajj±ya v²tin±metv± p±de pakkh±letv± vih±ra½ p±vis²”ti keci vadanti. Pavisitv± ca bhagavat± anuññ±to c²vara½ tirokaraº²ya½ katv±pi bhagavato p±dapasse nisajj±ya v²tin±mesi. Ajjhes²ti ±º±pesi. Paµibh±tu ta½ bhikkhu dhammo bh±situnti bhikkhu tuyha½ dhammo bh±situ½ upaµµh±tu ñ±ºamukha½ ±gacchatu, yath±suta½ yath±pariyatta½ dhamma½ bhaº±h²ti attho.
Sabb±neva aµµhakavaggik±n²ti aµµhakavaggabh³t±ni k±masutt±d²ni (mah±ni. 1) so¼asa sutt±ni. Sarena abh±s²ti suttuss±raºasarena abh±si, sarabhaññavasena kathes²ti attho. Sarabhaññapariyos±neti uss±raº±vas±ne. Suggahit±n²ti samm± uggahit±ni. Sumanasikat±n²ti suµµhu manasi kat±ni. Ekacco uggahaºak±le samm± uggahetv±pi pacch± sajjh±y±divasena manasikaraºak±le byañjan±ni v± micch± ropeti, padapacc±bhaµµha½ v± karoti, na evamaya½. Imin± pana sammadeva yathuggahita½ manasi kat±ni. Tena vutta½ “sumanasikat±n²ti suµµhu manasi kat±n²”ti. S³padh±rit±n²ti atthatopi suµµhu upadh±rit±ni. Atthe hi suµµhu upadh±rite sakk± p±¼i samm± uss±retu½. Kaly±ºiy±pi v±c±ya samann±gatoti sithiladhanit±d²na½ yath±vidh±na½ vacanena parimaº¹alapadabyañjan±ya poriy± v±c±ya samann±gato. Vissaµµh±y±ti vimutt±ya. Etenassa vimuttav±dita½ dasseti. Anelagal±y±ti ela½ vuccati doso, ta½ na paggharat²ti anelagal±, t±ya niddos±y±ti attho. Atha v± anelagal±y±ti anel±ya ca agal±ya ca, niddos±ya agalitapadabyañjan±ya aparih²napadabyañjan±y±ti attho. Tath± hi na½ bhagav± “etadagga½, bhikkhave, mama s±vak±na½ bhikkh³na½ kaly±ºav±kkaraº±na½ yadida½ soºo kuµikaººo”ti (a. ni. 1.198, 206) etadagge µhapesi. Atthassa viññ±paniy±ti yath±dhippeta½ attha½ ñ±petu½ samatth±ya.
Kativassoti so kira majjhimavayassa tatiye koµµh±se µhito ±kappasampanno ca paresa½ ciratarapabbajito viya kh±yati. Ta½ sandh±ya bhagav± pucch²ti keci, ta½ ak±raºa½. Eva½ santa½ sam±dhisukha½ anubhavitu½ yutto, ettaka½ k±la½ kasm± pam±da½ ±pannos²ti pana anuyuñjitu½ satth± “kativassos²”ti ta½ pucchi. Tenev±ha “kissa pana tva½ bhikkhu eva½ cira½ ak±s²”ti. Tattha kiss±ti ki½k±raº±. Eva½ cira½ ak±s²ti eva½ cir±yi, kena k±raºena eva½ cirak±la½ pabbajja½ anupagantv± ag±ramajjhe vas²ti attho. Cira½ diµµho meti cirena cirak±lena may± diµµho. K±mes³ti vatthuk±mesu kilesak±mesu ca. ¾d²navoti doso. Apic±ti k±mesu ±d²nave kenaci pak±rena diµµhepi na t±v±ha½ ghar±v±sato nikkhamitu½ asakkhi½. Kasm±? Samb±dho ghar±v±so, ucc±vacehi kiccakaraº²yehi samupaby³¼ho ag±riyabh±vo. Tenev±ha “bahukicco bahukaraº²yo”ti.
Etamattha½ viditv±ti k±mesu yath±bh³ta½ ±d²navadassino citta½ cir±yitv±pi ghar±v±se na pakkhandati, aññadatthu padumapal±se udakabindu viya vinivattatiyev±ti etamattha½ sabb±k±rato viditv±. Ima½ ud±nanti pavatti½ nivattiñca sammadeva j±nanto pavattiya½ ta½nimitte ca na kad±cipi ramat²ti idamatthad²paka½ ima½ ud±na½ ud±nesi.
Tattha disv± ±d²nava½ loketi sabbasmimpi saªkh±raloke “anicco dukkho vipariº±madhammo”ti-±d²nava½ dosa½ paññ±cakkhun± passitv±. Etena vipassan±c±ro kathito. Ñatv± dhamma½ nir³padhinti sabb³padhipaµinissaggatt± nirupadhi½ nibb±nadhamma½ yath±bh³ta½ ñatv±, nissaraºavivek±saªkhat±matasabh±vato maggañ±ºena paµivijjhitv±. “Disv± ñatv±”ti imesa½ pad±na½ “ghata½ pivitv± bala½ hoti, s²ha½ disv± bhaya½ hoti, paññ±ya cassa disv± ±sav± parikkh²º± hont²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.271) viya hetu-atthat± daµµhabb±. Ariyo na ramat² p±peti kilesehi ±rakatt± ariyo sappuriso aºumattepi p±pe na ramati. Kasm±? P±pe na ramat² suc²ti suvisuddhak±yasam±c±r±dit±ya suci suddhapuggalo r±jaha½so viya ucc±raµµh±ne p±pe sa½kiliµµhadhamme na ramati n±bhinandati. “P±po na ramat² sucin”tipi p±µho, tassattho– p±po puggalo suci½ anavajja½ vod±nadhamma½ na ramati, aññadatthu g±mas³kar±dayo viya ucc±raµµh±na½ asuci½ sa½kilesadhamma½yeva ramat²ti paµipakkhato desana½ parivatteti.

Soºakuµikaººavatthukath±vaººan± niµµhit±.

259. K±¼as²hoti k±¼amukhav±naraj±ti. Sesamettha p±¼ito aµµhakath±to ca suviññeyyamev±ti.

Cammakkhandhakavaººan± niµµhit±.