Chandad±nakath±vaººan±

165. “Santi saªghassa karaº²y±n²”ti vattabbe vacanavipall±sena “karaº²yan”ti vutta½. Tassa sammutid±nakicca½ natthi. “Hatthap±sa½ ±netabboyev±”ti gaºµhipadesu vutta½.

Saªghuposath±dikath±vaººan±

168. Saªghasannip±tato paµhama½ k±tabba½ pubbakaraºanti vutta½, pubbakaraºato pacch± k±tabbampi uposathakammato paµhama½ k±tabbatt± pubbakiccanti vutta½. Ubhayampi ceta½ uposathakammato paµhama½ kattabbatt± katthaci pubbakiccamicceva vohar²yati “ki½ saªghassa pubbakiccan”ti-±d²su viya.
Uposathoti t²su uposathadivasesu aññataradivaso. Tasmiñhi sati ida½ saªghassa uposathakamma½ pattakalla½ n±ma hoti, n±sati. Yath±ha “na ca, bhikkhave, anuposathe uposatho k±tabbo”ti (mah±va. 183). Y±vatik± ca bhikkh³ kammappatt±ti yattak± bhikkh³ tassa uposathakammassa patt± yutt± anur³p± sabbantimena paricchedena catt±ro bhikkh³ pakatatt±, te ca kho hatthap±sa½ avijahitv± ekas²m±ya½ µhit±. Sabh±g±pattiyo ca na vijjant²ti ettha ya½ sabbo saªgho vik±labhojan±din± sabh±gavatthun± lahuk±patti½ ±pajjati, evar³p± “vatthusabh±g±”ti vuccanti. Et±su hi avijjam±n±su visabh±g±su vijjam±n±supi pattakalla½ hotiyeva.
Vajjan²y± ca puggal± tasmi½ na hont²ti “na, bhikkhave, sagahaµµh±ya paris±y±”ti (mah±va. 154) vacanato gahaµµho, “na, bhikkhave, bhikkhuniy± nisinnaparis±ya p±timokkha½ uddisitabban”ti-±din± (mah±va. 183) nayena vutt± bhikkhun² sikkham±n± s±maºero s±maºer² sikkh±paccakkh±tako antimavatthu-ajjh±pannako ±pattiy± adassane ukkhittako ±pattiy± appaµikamme ukkhittako p±pik±ya diµµhiy± appaµinissagge ukkhittako paº¹ako theyyasa½v±sako titthiyapakkantako tiracch±nagato m±tugh±tako pitugh±tako arahantagh±tako bhikkhun²d³sako saªghabhedako lohitupp±dako ubhatobyañjanakoti ime v²sati c±ti ekav²sati puggal± vajjan²y± n±ma, te hatthap±sato bahikaraºavasena vajjetabb±. Etesu hi tividhe ukkhittake sati uposatha½ karonto saªgho p±cittiya½ ±pajjati, sesesu dukkaµa½. Ettha ca tiracch±nagatoti yassa upasampad± paµikkhitt±, sova adhippeto, titthiy± gahaµµheneva saªgahit±. Etepi hi vajjan²y±. Eva½ pattakalla½ imehi cat³hi aªgehi saªgahitanti veditabba½.
Ajja me uposatho pannarasotip²ti pi-saddena p±¼iya½ ±gatanayeneva “ajja me uposatho”tipi vattu½ vaµµat²ti d²peti. M±tik±µµhakath±ya½ (kaªkh±. aµµha. nid±navaººan±) pana “ajja me uposatho c±tuddasoti v± pannarasoti v± vatv± adhiµµh±m²ti vattabban”ti vutta½.

Saªghuposath±dikath±vaººan± niµµhit±.