11. Pañcasatikakkhandhaka½

1. Saªg²tinid±na½

437. Atha kho ±yasm± mah±kassapo bhikkh³ ±mantesi– “ekamid±ha½, ±vuso, samaya½ p±v±ya kusin±ra½ addh±namaggappaµipanno mahat± bhikkhusaªghena saddhi½ pañcamattehi bhikkhusatehi. Atha khv±ha½, ±vuso, magg± okkammaaññatarasmi½ rukkham³le nis²di½.
[D². ni. 2.231] “tena kho pana samayena aññataro ±j²vako kusin±r±ya mand±ravapuppha½ gahetv± p±va½ addh±namaggappaµipanno hoti. Addasa½ kho aha½, ±vuso, ta½ ±j²vaka½ d³ratova ±gacchanta½. Disv±na ta½ ±j²vaka½ etadavoca½– ‘ap±vuso, amh±ka½ satth±ra½ j±n±s²’ti? ‘¾m±vuso, j±n±mi. Ajja satt±haparinibbuto samaºo gotamo. Tato me ida½ mand±ravapuppha½ gahitan’ti. Tatr±vuso, ye te bhikkh³ av²tar±g± appekacce b±h± paggayha kandanti, chinnap±ta½ papatanti, ±vaµµanti, vivaµµanti– atikhippa½ bhagav± parinibbuto, atikhippa½ sugato parinibbuto, atikhippa½ cakkhu½ loke antarahitanti. Ye pana te bhikkh³ v²tar±g± te sat± sampaj±n± adhiv±senti– anicc± saªkh±r±, ta½ kutettha labbh±ti.
“Atha khv±ha½, ±vuso, te bhikkh³ etadavoca½– ‘ala½, ±vuso, m± socittha; m± paridevittha. Nanveta½, ±vuso, bhagavat± paµikacceva akkh±ta½– sabbeheva piyehi man±pehi n±n±bh±vo vin±bh±vo aññath±bh±vo. Ta½ kutettha ±vuso labbh±, ya½ ta½ j±ta½ bh³ta½ saªkhata½ palokadhamma½, ta½ vata m± palujj²ti– neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²’ti.
“Tena kho pan±vuso, samayena subhaddo n±ma vu¹¹hapabbajito tassa½ paris±ya½ nisinno hoti Atha kho, ±vuso, subhaddo vu¹¹hapabbajito te bhikkh³ etadavoca– ‘ala½, ±vuso, m± socittha; m± paridevittha. Sumutt± maya½ tena mah±samaºena upaddut± ca maya½ homa– ida½ vo kappati, ida½ vo na kappat²ti. Id±ni pana maya½ ya½ icchiss±ma ta½ kariss±ma, ya½ na icchiss±ma na ta½ kariss±m±’ti. Handa maya½, ±vuso, dhammañca vinayañca saªg±y±ma. Pure adhammo dippati [dibbati (ka.)], dhammo paµib±hiyyati; pure avinayo dippati vinayo paµib±hiyyati; pure adhammav±dino balavanto honti, dhammav±dino dubbal± honti; pure avinayav±dino balavanto honti, vinayav±dino dubbal± hont²”ti.
“Tena hi, bhante, thero bhikkh³ uccinat³”ti. Atha kho ±yasm± mah±kassapo eken³napañca-arahantasat±ni uccini. Bhikkh³ ±yasmanta½ mah±kassapa½ etadavocu½– “aya½, bhante, ±yasm± ±nando kiñc±pi sekkho, abhabbo chand± dos± moh± bhay± agati½ gantu½. Bahu ca anena bhagavato santike dhammo ca vinayo ca pariyatto. Tena hi, bhante, thero ±yasmantampi ±nanda½ uccinat³”ti Atha kho ±yasm± mah±kassapo ±yasmantampi ±nanda½ uccini.
Atha kho ther±na½ bhikkh³na½ etadahosi– “kattha nu kho maya½ dhammañca vinayañca saªg±yeyy±m±”ti? Atha kho ther±na½ bhikkh³na½ etadahosi– “r±jagaha½ kho mah±gocara½ pah³tasen±sana½, ya½n³na maya½ r±jagahe vassa½ vasant± dhammañca vinayañca saªg±yeyy±ma. Na aññe bhikkh³ r±jagahe vassa½ upagaccheyyun”ti.
Atha kho ±yasm± mah±kassapo saªgha½ ñ±pesi–
438. “Suº±tu me, ±vuso, saªgho. Yadi saªghassa pattakalla½, saªgho im±ni pañca bhikkhusat±ni sammanneyya– r±jagahe vassa½ vasant±ni dhammañca vinayañca saªg±yitu½, na aññehi bhikkh³hi r±jagahe vassa½ vasitabbanti. Es± ñatti.
“Suº±tu me, ±vuso, saªgho. Im±ni pañca bhikkhusat±ni sammannati– r±jagahe vassa½ vasant±ni dhammañca vinayañca saªg±yitu½, na aññehi bhikkh³hi r±jagahe vassa½ vasitabbanti. Yass±yasmato khamati imesa½ pañcanna½ bhikkhusat±na½ sammuti– r±jagahe vassa½ vasant±na½ dhammañca vinayañca saªg±yitu½, na aññehi bhikkh³hi r±jagahe vassa½ vasitabbanti– so tuºhassa; yassa nakkhamati, so bh±seyya.
“Sammat±ni saªghena im±ni pañca bhikkhusat±ni r±jagahe vassa½ vasant±ni dhammañca vinayañca saªg±yitu½, na aññehi bhikkh³hi r±jagahe vassa½ vasitabbanti. Khamati saªghassa, tasm± tuºh², evameta½ dh±ray±m²”ti.
Atha kho ther± bhikkh³ r±jagaha½ agama½su dhammañca vinayañca saªg±yitu½. Atha kho ther±na½ bhikkh³na½ etadahosi– “bhagavat± kho, ±vuso, khaº¹aphullappaµisaªkharaºa½ vaººita½. Handa maya½, ±vuso, paµhama½ m±sa½ khaº¹aphulla½ paµisaªkharoma; majjhima½ m±sa½ sannipatitv± dhammañca vinayañca saªg±yiss±m±”ti.
Atha kho ther± bhikkh³ paµhama½ m±sa½ khaº¹aphulla½ paµisaªkhari½su. Atha kho ±yasm± ±nando– sve sannip±to [sannip±toti (ka.)] na kho meta½ patir³pa½, yoha½ sekkho sam±no sannip±ta½ gaccheyyanti– bahudeva ratti½ k±yagat±ya satiy± v²tin±metv± rattiy± pacc³sasamaya½ ‘nipajjiss±m²’ti k±ya½ ±vajjesi. Appattañca s²sa½ bibbohana½, bh³mito ca p±d± mutt±. Etasmi½ antare anup±d±ya ±savehi citta½ vimucci.
439. Atha kho ±yasm± ±nando arah± sam±no sannip±ta½ agam±si. Atha kho ±yasm± mah±kassapo saªgha½ ñ±pesi–
“Suº±tu me, ±vuso, saªgho. Yadi saªghassa pattakalla½, aha½ up±li½ vinaya½ puccheyyan”ti.
¾yasm± up±li saªgha½ ñ±pesi–
“Suº±tu me, bhante, saªgho. Yadi saªghassa pattakalla½, aha½ ±yasmat± mah±kassapena vinaya½ puµµho vissajjeyyan”ti.
Atha kho ±yasm± mah±kassapo ±yasmanta½ up±li½ etadavoca– “paµhama½, ±vuso up±li p±r±jika½ kattha paññattan”ti? “Ves±liya½ bhante”ti. “Ka½ ±rabbh±”ti? “Sudinna½ kalandaputta½ ±rabbh±”ti. “Kismi½ vatthusmin”ti? “Methunadhamme”ti. Atha kho ±yasm± mah±kassapo ±yasmanta½ up±li½ paµhamassa p±r±jikassa vatthumpi pucchi, nid±nampi pucchi, puggalampi pucchi, paññattimpi pucchi, anupaññattimpi pucchi, ±pattimpi pucchi, an±pattimpi pucchi. “Dutiya½ pan±vuso up±li, p±r±jika½ kattha paññattan”ti? “R±jagahe bhante”ti. “Ka½ ±rabbh±”ti? “Dhaniya½ kumbhak±raputta½ ±rabbh±”ti. “Kismi½ vatthusmin”ti? “Adinn±d±ne”ti. Atha kho ±yasm± mah±kassapo ±yasmanta½ up±li½ dutiyassa p±r±jikassa vatthumpi pucchi, nid±nampi pucchi, puggalampi pucchi, paññattimpi pucchi, anupaññattimpi pucchi, ±pattimpi pucchi, an±pattimpi pucchi. “Tatiya½ pan±vuso up±li, p±r±jika½ kattha paññattan”ti? “Ves±liya½ bhante”ti. “Ka½ ±rabbh±”ti? “Sambahule bhikkh³ ±rabbh±”ti. “Kismi½ vatthusmin”ti? “Manussaviggahe”ti. Atha kho ±yasm± mah±kassapo ±yasmanta½ up±li½ tatiyassa p±r±jikassa vatthumpi pucchi, nid±nampi pucchi, puggalampi pucchi, paññattimpi pucchi, anupaññattimpi pucchi, ±pattimpi pucchi, an±pattimpi pucchi. “Catuttha½ pan±vuso up±li, p±r±jika½ kattha paññattan”ti? “Ves±liya½ bhante”ti. “Ka½ ±rabbh±”ti? “Vaggumud±t²riye bhikkh³ ±rabbh±”ti. “Kismi½ vatthusmin”ti? “Uttarimanussadhamme”ti. Atha kho ±yasm± mah±kassapo ±yasmanta½ up±li½ catutthassa p±r±jikassa vatthumpi pucchi, nid±nampi pucchi, puggalampi pucchi, paññattimpi pucchi, anupaññattimpi pucchi, ±pattimpi pucchi, an±pattimpi pucchi. Eteneva up±yena ubhatovibhaªge pucchi. Puµµho puµµho ±yasm± up±li vissajjesi.
440. Atha kho ±yasm± mah±kassapo saªgha½ ñ±pesi–
“Suº±tu me, ±vuso, saªgho. Yadi saªghassa pattakalla½, aha½ ±nanda½ dhamma½ puccheyyan”ti.
¾yasm± ±nando saªgha½ ñ±pesi–
“Suº±tu me, bhante, saªgho. Yadi saªghassa pattakalla½, aha½ ±yasmat± mah±kassapena dhamma½ puµµho vissajjeyyan”ti.
Atha kho ±yasm± mah±kassapo ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ etadavoca– “brahmaj±la½, ±vuso ±nanda, kattha bh±sitan”ti? “Antar± ca, bhante, r±jagaha½ antar± ca n±¼anda½ r±j±g±rake ambalaµµhik±y±”ti. “Ka½ ±rabbh±”ti? “Suppiyañca paribb±jaka½ brahmadattañca m±ºavan”ti. Atha kho ±yasm± mah±kassapo ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ brahmaj±lassa nid±nampi pucchi, puggalampi pucchi. “S±maññaphala½ pan±vuso ±nanda, kattha bh±sitan”ti? “R±jagahe, bhante, j²vakambavane”ti. “Kena saddhin”ti? “Aj±tasattun± vedehiputtena saddhin”ti. Atha kho ±yasm± mah±kassapo ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ s±maññaphalassa nid±nampi pucchi, puggalampi pucchi. Eteneva up±yena pañcapi nik±ye pucchi. Puµµho puµµho ±yasm± ±nando vissajjesi.

2. Khudd±nukhuddakasikkh±padakath±

441. Atha kho ±yasm± ±nando there bhikkh³ etadavoca– “bhagav± ma½, bhante, parinibb±nak±le evam±ha– ‘±kaªkham±no, ±nanda, saªgho mamaccayena khudd±nukhuddak±ni sikkh±pad±ni sam³haneyy±”’ti. “Pucchi pana tva½, ±vuso ±nanda, bhagavanta½– ‘katam±ni pana, bhante, khudd±nukhuddak±ni sikkh±pad±n²”’ti? “Na khoha½, bhante, bhagavanta½ pucchi½– ‘katam±ni pana, bhante, khudd±nukhuddak±ni sikkh±pad±n²”ti. Ekacce ther± evam±ha½su– “catt±ri p±r±jik±ni µhapetv±, avases±ni khudd±nukhuddak±ni sikkh±pad±n²”ti. Ekacce ther± evam±ha½su– “catt±ri p±r±jik±ni µhapetv± terasa saªgh±disese µhapetv±, avases±ni khudd±nukhuddak±ni sikkh±pad±n²”ti. Ekacce ther± evam±ha½su– “catt±ri p±r±jik±ni µhapetv±, terasa saªgh±disese µhapetv±, dve aniyate µhapetv±, avases±ni khudd±nukhuddak±ni sikkh±pad±n²”ti. Ekacce ther± evam±ha½su– “catt±ri p±r±jik±ni µhapetv±, terasa saªgh±disese µhapetv±, dve aniyate µhapetv±, ti½sa nissaggiye p±cittiye µhapetv±, avases±ni khudd±nukhuddak±ni sikkh±pad±n²”ti. Ekacce ther± evam±ha½su– “catt±ri p±r±jik±ni µhapetv±, terasa saªgh±disese µhapetv±, dve aniyate µhapetv±, ti½sa nissaggiye p±cittiye µhapetv±, dvenavuti p±cittiye µhapetv±, avases±ni khudd±nukhuddak±ni sikkh±pad±n²”ti. Ekacce ther± evam±ha½su– “catt±ri p±r±jik±ni µhapetv±, terasa saªgh±disese µhapetv±, dve aniyate µhapetv±, ti½sa nissaggiye p±cittiye µhapetv±, dvenavuti p±cittiye µhapetv±, catt±ro p±µidesan²ye µhapetv±, avases±ni khudd±nukhuddak±ni sikkh±pad±n²”ti.
442. Atha kho ±yasm± mah±kassapo saªgha½ ñ±pesi–
“Suº±tu me, ±vuso, saªgho. Santamh±ka½ sikkh±pad±ni gihigat±ni. Gihinopi j±nanti– ‘ida½ vo samaº±na½ sakyaputtiy±na½ kappati, ida½ vo na kappat²’ti. Sace maya½ khudd±nukhuddak±ni sikkh±pad±ni sam³haniss±ma, bhavissanti vatt±ro– ‘dh³mak±lika½ samaºena gotamena s±vak±na½ sikkh±pada½ paññatta½. Y±vimesa½ satth± aµµh±si t±vime sikkh±padesu sikkhi½su. Yato imesa½ satth± parinibbuto, na d±nime sikkh±padesu sikkhant²’ti. Yadi saªghassa pattakalla½, saªgho appaññatta½ nappaññapeyya, paññatta½ na samucchindeyya, yath±paññattesu sikkh±padesu sam±d±ya vatteyya. Es± ñatti.
“Suº±tu me, ±vuso, saªgho. Santamh±ka½ sikkh±pad±ni gihigat±ni. Gihinopi j±nanti– ‘ida½ vo samaº±na½ sakyaputtiy±na½ kappati, ida½ vo na kappat²’ti. Sace maya½ khudd±nukhuddak±ni sikkh±pad±ni sam³haniss±ma, bhavissanti vatt±ro– ‘dh³mak±lika½ samaºena gotamena s±vak±na½ sikkh±pada½ paññatta½ Y±vimesa½ satth± aµµh±si t±vime sikkh±padesu sikkhi½su. Yato imesa½ satth± parinibbuto, na d±nime sikkh±padesu sikkhant²’ti. Saªgho appaññatta½ nappaññapeti, paññatta½ na samucchindati, yath±paññattesu sikkh±padesu sam±d±ya vattati. Yass±yasmato khamati appaññattassa appaññ±pan±, paññattassa asamucchedo, yath±paññattesu sikkh±padesu sam±d±ya vattan±, so tuºhassa; yassa nakkhamati, so bh±seyya.