9. P±timokkhaµµhapanakkhandhaka½

1. P±timokkhuddesay±can±

383. [Ud±. 45; a. ni. 8.20] tena samayena buddho bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati pubb±r±me mig±ram±tu p±s±de. Tena kho pana samayena bhagav± tadahuposathe bhikkhusaªghaparivuto nisinno hoti. Atha kho ±yasm± ±nando abhikkant±ya rattiy± nikkhante paµhame y±me uµµh±y±san± eka½sa½ uttar±saªga½ karitv± yena bhagav± tenañjali½ paº±metv± bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “abhikkant±, bhante, ratti, nikkhanto paµhamo y±mo, ciranisinno bhikkhusaªgho. Uddisatu, bhante, bhagav± bhikkh³na½ p±timokkhan”ti. Eva½ vutte bhagav± tuºh² ahosi. Dutiyampi kho ±yasm± ±nando abhikkant±ya rattiy± nikkhante majjhime y±me uµµh±y±san± eka½sa½ uttar±saªga½ karitv± yena bhagav± tenañjali½ paº±metv± bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “abhikkant±, bhante, ratti, nikkhanto majjhimo y±mo, ciranisinno bhikkhusaªgho. Uddisatu, bhante, bhagav± bhikkh³na½ p±timokkhan”ti. Dutiyampi kho bhagav± tuºh² ahosi. Tatiyampi kho ±yasm± ±nando abhikkant±ya rattiy± nikkhante pacchime y±me uddhaste aruºe nandimukhiy± rattiy± uµµh±y±san± eka½sa½ uttar±saªga½ karitv± yena bhagav± tenañjali½ paº±metv± bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “abhikkant± bhante, ratti, nikkhanto pacchimo y±mo, uddhasta½ aruºa½ nandimukhi ratti, ciranisinno bhikkhusaªgho. Uddisatu, bhante, bhagav± bhikkh³na½ p±timokkhan”ti. “Aparisuddh±, ±nanda, paris±”ti.
Atha kho ±yasmato mah±moggall±nassa etadahosi– “ka½ nu kho bhagav± puggala½ sandh±ya evam±ha– ‘aparisuddh±, ±nanda, paris±”’ti? Atha kho ±yasm± mah±moggall±no sabb±vanta½ bhikkhusaªgha½ cetas± ceto paricca manas±k±si. Addas± kho ±yasm± mah±moggall±no ta½ puggala½ duss²la½ p±padhamma½ asucisaªkassarasam±c±ra½ paµicchannakammanta½ assamaºa½ samaºapaµiñña½ abrahmac±ri½ brahmac±ripaµiñña½ antop³ti½ avassuta½ kasambuj±ta½ [kasambukaj±ta½ (ka.)] majjhe bhikkhusaªghassa nisinna½. Disv±na yena so puggalo tenupasaªkami upasaªkamitv± ta½ puggala½ etadavoca– “uµµhehi, ±vuso, diµµhosi bhagavat±; natthi te bhikkh³hi saddhi½ sa½v±so”ti. Eva½ vutte so puggalo tuºh² ahosi. Dutiyampi kho ±yasm± mah±moggall±no ta½ puggala½ etadavoca– “uµµhehi, ±vuso, diµµhosi bhagavat±; natthi te bhikkh³hi saddhi½ sa½v±so”ti. Dutiyampi kho so puggalo tuºh² ahosi. Tatiyampi kho ±yasm± mah±moggall±no ta½ puggala½ etadavoca– “uµµhehi, ±vuso, diµµhosi bhagavat±; natthi te bhikkh³hi saddhi½ sa½v±so”ti. Tatiyampi kho so puggalo tuºh² ahosi. Atha kho ±yasm± mah±moggall±no ta½ puggala½ b±h±ya½ gahetv± bahidv±rakoµµhak± nikkh±metv± s³cighaµika½ datv± yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami, upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “nikkh±mito so, bhante, puggalo may±; suddh± paris±; uddisatu, bhante, bhagav± bhikkh³na½ p±timokkhan”ti.
“Acchariya½, moggall±na, abbhuta½, moggall±na, y±va b±h±gahaº±pi n±ma so moghapuriso ±gamessat²”ti! Atha kho bhagav± bhikkh³ ±mantesi–

2. Mah±samudde-aµµhacchariya½

384. [Ud±. 45; a. ni. 8.19] “aµµhime, bhikkhave, mah±samudde acchariy± abbhut± dhamm±, ye disv± disv± asur± mah±samudde abhiramanti. Katame aµµha?
“Mah±samuddo, bhikkhave, anupubbaninno anupubbapoºo anupubbapabbh±ro na ±yatakeneva pap±to. Yampi, bhikkhave, mah±samuddo anupubbaninno anupubbapoºo anupubbapabbh±ro na ±yatakeneva pap±to– aya½, bhikkhave, mah±samudde paµhamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, ya½ disv± disv± asur± mah±samudde abhiramanti.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, mah±samuddo µhitadhammo vela½ n±tivattati. Yampi, bhikkhave, mah±samuddo µhitadhammo vela½ n±tivattati– aya½ [ayampi (sy±.)], bhikkhave, mah±samudde dutiyo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, ya½ disv± disv± asur± mah±samudde abhiramanti.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, mah±samuddo na matena kuºapena sa½vasati Ya½ hoti mah±samudde mata½ kuºapa½, ta½ khippaññeva t²ra½ v±heti, thala½ uss±reti. Yampi, bhikkhave, mah±samuddo na matena kuºapena sa½vasati, ya½ hoti mah±samudde mata½ kuºapa½, ta½ khippaññeva t²ra½ v±heti, thala½ uss±reti– aya½, bhikkhave, mah±samudde tatiyo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, ya½ disv± disv± asur± mah±samudde abhiramanti.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, y± k±ci mah±nadiyo, seyyathida½– gaªg±, yamun±, aciravat², sarabh³, mah², t± mah±samudda½ patt± jahanti purim±ni n±magott±ni, mah±samuddo tveva saªkha½ gacchanti. Yampi, bhikkhave, y±k±ci mah±nadiyo, seyyathida½– gaªg±, yamun±, aciravat², sarabh³, mah², t± mah±samudda½ patt± jahanti purim±ni n±magott±ni, mah±samuddo tveva saªkha½ gacchanti– aya½, bhikkhave, mah±samudde catuttho acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, ya½ disv± disv± asur± mah±samudde abhiramanti.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, y± ca [y±k±ci (sy±.)] loke savantiyo mah±samudda½ appenti, y± ca antalikkh± dh±r± papatanti, na tena mah±samuddassa ³natta½ v± p³ratta½ v± paññ±yati. Yampi, bhikkhave, y± ca loke savantiyo mah±samudda½ appenti, y± ca antalikkh± dh±r± papatanti, na tena mah±samuddassa ³natta½ v± p³ratta½ v± paññ±yati– aya½, bhikkhave, mah±samudde pañcamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, ya½ disv± disv± asur± mah±samudde abhiramanti.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, mah±samuddo ekaraso loºaraso. Yampi, bhikkhave, mah±samuddo ekaraso loºaraso– aya½, bhikkhave, mah±samudde chaµµho acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, ya½ disv± disv± asur± mah±samudde abhiramanti.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, mah±samuddo bahuratano [bah³taratano (ka.)] anekaratano. Tatrim±ni ratan±ni, seyyathida½– mutt±, maºi, ve¼uriyo, saªkho, sil±, pav±¼a½, rajata½, j±tar³pa½, lohitako, mas±ragalla½. Yampi, bhikkhave, mah±samuddo bahuratano anekaratano, tatrim±ni ratan±ni, seyyathida½– mutt±, maºi, ve¼uriyo, saªkho, sil±, pav±¼a½, rajata½, j±tar³pa½, lohitako mas±ragalla½– aya½, bhikkhave, mah±samudde sattamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, ya½ disv± disv± asur± mah±samudde abhiramanti.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, mah±samuddo mahata½ bh³t±na½ ±v±so. Tatrime bh³t±– timi, timiªgalo, timitimiªgalo [timirapiªgalo (s².), timitimiªgalo mah±timiªgalo (sy±. ka½.)], asur±, n±g±, gandhabb±. Santi mah±samudde yojanasatik±pi attabh±v±, dviyojanasatik±pi attabh±v±, tiyojanasatik±pi attabh±v±, catuyojanasatik±pi attabh±v±, pañcayojanasatik±pi attabh±v±. Yampi, bhikkhave, mah±samuddo mahata½ bh³t±na½ ±v±so, tatrime bh³t±– timi, timiªgalo, timitimiªgalo, asur±, n±g±, gandhabb±; santi mah±samudde, yojanasatik±pi attabh±v±…pe… pañcayojanasatik±pi attabh±v±– aya½, bhikkhave, mah±samudde aµµhamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, ya½ disv± disv± asur± mah±samudde abhiramanti. Ime kho, bhikkhave, mah±samudde aµµha acchariy± abbhut± dhamm±, ye disv± disv± asur± mah±samudde abhiraman”ti.

3. Imasmi½dhammavinaye-aµµhacchariya½

385. “Evameva kho, bhikkhave, imasmi½ dhammavinaye aµµha acchariy± abbhut± dhamm±, ye disv± disv± bhikkh³ imasmi½ dhammavinaye abhiramanti. Katame aµµha?
“Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, mah±samuddo anupubbaninno anupubbapoºo anupubbapabbh±ro na ±yatakeneva pap±to; evameva kho, bhikkhave, imasmi½ dhammavinaye anupubbasikkh± anupubbakiriy± anupubbapaµipad± na ±yatakeneva aññ±paµivedho. Yampi, bhikkhave, imasmi½ dhammavinaye anupubbasikkh± anupubbakiriy± anupubbapaµipad± na ±yatakeneva aññ±paµivedho– aya½, bhikkhave, imasmi½ dhammavinaye paµhamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, ya½ disv± disv± bhikkh³ imasmi½ dhammavinaye abhiramanti.
“Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, mah±samuddo µhitadhammo vela½ n±tivattati evameva kho, bhikkhave, ya½ may± s±vak±na½ sikkh±pada½ paññatta½, ta½ mama s±vak± j²vitahetupi n±tikkamanti. Yampi, bhikkhave, may± mama s±vak±na½ sikkh±pada½ paññatta½, ta½ mama s±vak± j²vitahetupi n±tikkamanti– aya½, bhikkhave, imasmi½ dhammavinaye dutiyo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, ya½ disv± disv± bhikkh³ imasmi½ dhammavinaye abhiramanti.
“Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, mah±samuddo na matena kuºapena sa½vasati, ya½ hoti mah±samudde mata½ kuºapa½ ta½ khippameva t²ra½ v±heti, thala½ uss±reti; evameva kho, bhikkhave, yo so puggalo duss²lo p±padhammo asucisaªkassarasam±c±ro paµicchannakammanto assamaºo samaºapaµiñño abrahmac±r² brahmac±ripaµiñño antop³ti avassuto kasambuj±to, na tena saªgho sa½vasati, khippameva na½ sannipatitv± ukkhipati, kiñc±pi kho so hoti majjhe bhikkhusaªghassa nisinno. Atha kho so ±rak±va saªghamh±, saªgho ca tena. Yampi, bhikkhave, yo so puggalo duss²lo p±padhammo asucisaªkassarasam±c±ro paµicchannakammanto assamaºo samaºapaµiñño abrahmac±r² brahmac±ripaµiñño antop³ti avassuto kasambuj±to, na tena saªgho sa½vasati, khippameva na½ sannip³titv± ukkhipati, kiñc±pi kho so hoti majjhe bhikkhusaªghassa nisinno, atha kho so ±rak±va saªghamh±, saªgho ca tena– aya½ bhikkhave, imasmi½ dhammavinaye tatiyo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, ya½ disv± disv± bhikkh³ imasmi½ dhammavinaye abhiramanti.
“Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, y± k±ci mah±nadiyo, seyyathida½– gaªg±, yamun±, aciravat², sarabh³, mah², t± mah±samudda½ patt± jahanti purim±ni n±magott±ni, mah±samuddo tveva saªkha½ gacchanti; evameva kho, bhikkhave, catt±rome vaºº±– khattiy±, br±hmaº±, vess±, sudd±. Te tath±gatappavedite dhammavinaye ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajitv± [pabbajit± (s².)] jahanti purim±ni n±magott±ni, samaº± sakyaputtiy± tveva saªkha½ gacchanti. Yampi, bhikkhave, catt±rome vaºº± khattiy± br±hmaº± vess± sudd±, te tath±gatappavedite dhammavinaye ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajitv± jahanti purim±ni n±magott±ni, samaº± sakyaputtiy± tveva saªkha½ gacchanti– aya½, bhikkhave, imasmi½ dhammavinaye catuttho acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, ya½ disv± disv± bhikkh³ imasmi½ dhammavinaye abhiramanti.
“Seyyath±pi bhikkhave, y± ca loke savantiyo mah±samudda½ appenti, y± ca antalikkh± dh±r± papatanti, na tena mah±samuddassa ³natta½ v± p³ratta½ v± paññ±yati; evameva kho, bhikkhave, bah³ cepi bhikkh³ anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yanti, na tena nibb±nadh±tuy± ³natta½ v± p³ratta½ v± paññ±yati. Yampi, bhikkhave, bah³ cepi bhikkh³ anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yanti na tena nibb±nadh±tuy± ³natta½ v± p³ratta½ v± paññ±yati– aya½, bhikkhave, imasmi½ dhammavinaye pañcamo acchariyo abbhuto dhammo ya½ disv± disv± bhikkh³ imasmi½ dhammavinaye abhiramanti.
“Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, mah±samuddo ekaraso loºaraso, evameva kho, bhikkhave, aya½ dhammavinayo ekaraso vimuttiraso. Yampi, bhikkhave, aya½ dhammavinayo ekaraso vimuttiraso– aya½, bhikkhave, imasmi½ dhammavinaye chaµµho acchariyo abbhuto dhammo, ya½ disv± disv± bhikkh³ imasmi½ dhammavinaye abhiramanti.