19. Antev±sikavattakath±

79. [C³¼ava. 381-382] “±cariyena bhikkhave, antev±sikamhi samm± vattitabba½. Tatr±ya½ samm±vattan±–
“¾cariyena bhikkhave, antev±siko saŖgahetabbo anuggahetabbo uddesena paripucch±ya ov±dena anus±saniy±. Sace ±cariyassa patto hoti, antev±sikassa patto na hoti, ±cariyena antev±sikassa patto d±tabbo, ussukka½ v± k±tabba½– kinti nu kho antev±sikassa patto uppajjiyeth±ti. Sace ±cariyassa c²vara½ hoti, antev±sikassa c²vara½ na hoti, ±cariyena antev±sikassa c²vara½ d±tabba½, ussukka½ v± k±tabba½– kinti nu kho antev±sikassa c²vara½ uppajjiyeth±ti. Sace ±cariyassa parikkh±ro hoti, antev±sikassa parikkh±ro na hoti, ±cariyena antev±sikassa parikkh±ro d±tabbo, ussukka½ v± k±tabba½– kinti nu kho antev±sikassa parikkh±ro uppajjiyeth±ti.
“Sace antev±siko gil±no hoti, k±lasseva uµµh±ya dantakaµµha½ d±tabba½, mukhodaka½ d±tabba½, ±sana½ pańńapetabba½. Sace y±gu hoti, bh±jana½ dhovitv± y±gu upan±metabb±. Y±gu½ p²tassa udaka½ datv± bh±jana½ paµiggahetv± n²ca½ katv± s±dhuka½ appaµigha½santena dhovitv± paµis±metabba½. Antev±sikamhi vuµµhite ±sana½ uddharitabba½. Sace so deso ukl±po hoti, so deso sammajjitabbo.
“Sace antev±siko g±ma½ pavisituk±mo hoti, niv±sana½ d±tabba½, paµiniv±sana½ paµiggahetabba½, k±yabandhana½ d±tabba½, saguŗa½ katv± saŖgh±µiyo d±tabb±, dhovitv± patto sodako d±tabbo.
“Ett±vat± nivattissat²ti ±sana½ pańńapetabba½, p±dodaka½ p±dap²µha½ p±dakathalika½ upanikkhipitabba½, paccuggantv± pattac²vara½ paµiggahetabba½, paµiniv±sana½ d±tabba½, niv±sana½ paµiggahetabba½. Sace c²vara½ sinna½ hoti, muhutta½ uŗhe ot±petabba½, na ca uŗhe c²vara½ nidahitabba½. C²vara½ saŖgharitabba½. C²vara½ saŖgharantena caturaŖgula½ kaŗŗa½ uss±retv± c²vara½ saŖgharitabba½– m± majjhe bhaŖgo ahos²ti. Obhoge k±yabandhana½ k±tabba½.
“Sace piŗ¹ap±to hoti, antev±siko ca bhuńjituk±mo hoti, udaka½ datv± piŗ¹ap±to upan±metabbo. Antev±siko p±n²yena pucchitabbo. Bhutt±vissa udaka½ datv± patta½ paµiggahetv± n²ca½ katv± s±dhuka½ appaµigha½santena dhovitv± vodaka½ katv± muhutta½ uŗhe ot±petabbo, na ca uŗhe patto nidahitabbo. Pattac²vara½ nikkhipitabba½. Patta½ nikkhipantena ekena hatthena patta½ gahetv± ekena hatthena heµµh±mańca½ v± heµµh±p²µha½ v± par±masitv± patto nikkhipitabbo. Na ca anantarahit±ya bh³miy± patto nikkhipitabbo. C²vara½ nikkhipantena ekena hatthena c²vara½ gahetv± ekena hatthena c²varava½sa½ v± c²vararajju½ v± pamajjitv± p±rato anta½ orato bhoga½ katv± c²vara½ nikkhipitabba½. Antev±sikamhi vuµµhite ±sana½ uddharitabba½, p±dodaka½ p±dap²µha½ p±dakathalika½ paµis±metabba½. Sace so deso ukl±po hoti, so deso sammajjitabbo.
“Sace antev±siko nah±yituk±mo hoti, nah±na½ paµiy±detabba½. Sace s²tena attho hoti, s²ta½ paµiy±detabba½. Sace uŗhena attho hoti, uŗha½ paµiy±detabba½.
“Sace antev±siko jant±ghara½ pavisituk±mo hoti, cuŗŗa½ sannetabba½, mattik± temetabb±, jant±gharap²µha½ ±d±ya gantv± jant±gharap²µha½ datv± c²vara½ paµiggahetv± ekamanta½ nikkhipitabba½, cuŗŗa½ d±tabba½, mattik± d±tabb±. Sace ussahati, jant±ghara½ pavisitabba½. Jant±ghara½ pavisantena mattik±ya mukha½ makkhetv± purato ca pacchato ca paµicch±detv± jant±ghara½ pavisitabba½. Na ca there bhikkh³ anupakhajja nis²ditabba½, na nav± bhikkh³ ±sanena paµib±hitabb±. Jant±ghare antev±sikassa parikamma½ k±tabba½. Jant±ghar± nikkhamantena jant±gharap²µha½ ±d±ya purato ca pacchato ca paµicch±detv± jant±ghar± nikkhamitabba½.
“Udakepi antev±sikassa parikamma½ k±tabba½. Nah±tena paµhamatara½ uttaritv± attano gatta½ vodaka½ katv± niv±setv± antev±sikassa gattato udaka½ pamajjitabba½, niv±sana½ d±tabba½, saŖgh±µi d±tabb±, jant±gharap²µha½ ±d±ya paµhamatara½ ±gantv± ±sana½ pańńapetabba½, p±dodaka½ p±dap²µha½ p±dakathalika½ upanikkhipitabba½. Antev±siko p±n²yena pucchitabbo.
“Yasmi½ vih±re antev±siko viharati, sace so vih±ro ukl±po hoti, sace ussahati, sodhetabbo. Vih±ra½ sodhentena paµhama½ pattac²vara½ n²haritv± ekamanta½ nikkhipitabba½; nis²danapaccattharaŗa½ n²haritv± ekamanta½ nikkhipitabba½; bhisibibbohana½ n²haritv± ekamanta½ nikkhipitabba½ mańco n²ca½ katv± s±dhuka½ appaµigha½santena, asaŖghaµµentena kav±µapiµµha½, n²haritv± ekamanta½ nikkhipitabbo; p²µha½ n²ca½ katv± s±dhuka½ appaµigha½santena, asaŖghaµµentena kav±µapiµµha½, n²haritv± ekamanta½ nikkhipitabba½; mańcapaµip±dak± n²haritv± ekamanta½ nikkhipitabb±; khe¼amallako n²haritv± ekamanta½ nikkhipitabbo; apassenaphalaka½ n²haritv± ekamanta½ nikkhipitabba½; bh³mattharaŗa½ yath±pańńatta½ sallakkhetv± n²haritv± ekamanta½ nikkhipitabba½. Sace vih±re sant±naka½ hoti, ullok± paµhama½ ot±retabba½, ±lokasandhikaŗŗabh±g± pamajjitabb±. Sace gerukaparikammakat± bhitti kaŗŗakit± hoti, co¼aka½ temetv± p²¼etv± pamajjitabb±. Sace k±¼avaŗŗakat± bh³mi kaŗŗakit± hoti, co¼aka½ temetv± p²¼etv± pamajjitabb±. Sace akat± hoti bh³mi, udakena paripphositv± sammajjitabb±– m± vih±ro rajena uhańń²ti. SaŖk±ra½ vicinitv± ekamanta½ cha¹¹etabba½.
“Bh³mattharaŗa½ ot±petv± sodhetv± papphoµetv± atiharitv± yath±pańńatta½ pańńapetabba½. Mańcapaµip±dak± ot±petv± pamajjitv± atiharitv± yath±µh±ne µhapetabb±. Mańco ot±petv± sodhetv± papphoµetv± n²ca½ katv± s±dhuka½ appaµigha½santena, asaŖghaµµentena kav±µapiµµha½, atiharitv± yath±pańńatta½ pańńapetabbo. P²µha½ ot±petv± sodhetv± papphoµetv± n²ca½ katv± s±dhuka½ appaµigha½santena, asaŖghaµµentena kav±µapiµµha½, atiharitv± yath±pańńatta½ pańńapetabba½. Bhisibibbohana½ ot±petv± sodhetv± papphoµetv± atiharitv± yath±pańńatta½ pańńapetabba½. Nis²danapaccattharaŗa½ ot±petv± sodhetv± papphoµetv± atiharitv± yath±pańńatta½ pańńapetabba½. Khe¼amallako ot±petv± pamajjitv± atiharitv± yath±µh±ne µhapetabbo. Apassenaphalaka½ ot±petv± pamajjitv± atiharitv± yath±µh±ne µhapetabba½. Pattac²vara½ nikkhipitabba½. Patta½ nikkhipantena ekena hatthena patta½ gahetv± ekena hatthena heµµh±mańca½ v± heµµh±p²µha½ v± par±masitv± patto nikkhipitabbo. Na ca anantarahit±ya bh³miy± patto nikkhipitabbo. C²vara½ nikkhipantena ekena hatthena c²vara½ gahetv± ekena hatthena c²varava½sa½ v± c²vararajju½ v± pamajjitv± p±rato anta½ orato bhoga½ katv± c²vara½ nikkhipitabba½.
“Sace puratthim± saraj± v±t± v±yanti, puratthim± v±tap±n± thaketabb±. Sace pacchim± saraj± v±t± v±yanti, pacchim± v±tap±n± thaketabb±. Sace uttar± saraj± v±t± v±yanti, uttar± v±tap±n± thaketabb±. Sace dakkhiŗ± saraj± v±t± v±yanti, dakkhiŗ± v±tap±n± thaketabb±. Sace s²tak±lo hoti, div± v±tap±n± vivaritabb±, ratti½ thaketabb±. Sace uŗhak±lo hoti, div± v±tap±n± thaketabb±, ratti½ vivaritabb±.
“Sace pariveŗa½ ukl±pa½ hoti, pariveŗa½ sammajjitabba½. Sace koµµhako ukl±po hoti, koµµhako sammajjitabbo. Sace upaµµh±nas±l± ukl±p± hoti, upaµµh±nas±l± sammajjitabb±. Sace aggis±l± ukl±p± hoti, aggis±l± sammajjitabb±. Sace vaccakuµi ukl±p± hoti, vaccakuµi sammajjitabb±. Sace p±n²ya½ na hoti, p±n²ya½ upaµµh±petabba½. Sace paribhojan²ya½ na hoti, paribhojan²ya½ upaµµh±petabba½. Sace ±camanakumbhiy± udaka½ na hoti, ±camanakumbhiy± udaka½ ±sińcitabba½.
“Sace antev±sikassa anabhirati uppann± hoti, ±cariyena v³pak±setabbo, v³pak±s±petabbo, dhammakath± v±ssa k±tabb±. Sace antev±sikassa kukkucca½ uppanna½ hoti, ±cariyena vinodetabba½, vinod±petabba½, dhammakath± v±ssa k±tabb±. Sace antev±sikassa diµµhigata½ uppanna½ hoti, ±cariyena vivecetabba½, vivec±petabba½, dhammakath± v±ssa k±tabb±. Sace antev±siko garudhamma½ ajjh±panno hoti pariv±s±raho, ±cariyena ussukka½ k±tabba½– kinti nu kho saŖgho, antev±sikassa pariv±sa½ dadeyy±ti. Sace antev±siko m³l±ya paµikassan±raho hoti, ±cariyena ussukka½ k±tabba½– kinti nu kho saŖgho antev±sika½ m³l±ya paµikasseyy±ti. Sace antev±siko m±natt±raho hoti, ±cariyena ussukka½ k±tabba½– kinti nu kho saŖgho antev±sikassa m±natta½ dadeyy±ti. Sace antev±siko abbh±n±raho hoti, ±cariyena ussukka½ k±tabba½– kinti nu kho saŖgho antev±sika½ abbheyy±ti. Sace saŖgho antev±sikassa kamma½ kattuk±mo hoti, tajjan²ya½ v± niyassa½ v± pabb±jan²ya½ v± paµis±raŗ²ya½ v± ukkhepan²ya½ v±, ±cariyena ussukka½ k±tabba½– kinti nu kho saŖgho antev±sikassa kamma½ na kareyya, lahuk±ya v± pariŗ±meyy±ti. Kata½ v± panassa hoti saŖghena kamma½, tajjan²ya½ v± niyassa½ v± pabb±jan²ya½ v± paµis±raŗ²ya½ v± ukkhepan²ya½ v±, ±cariyena ussukka½ k±tabba½– kinti nu kho antev±siko samm± vatteyya, loma½ p±teyya, netth±ra½ vatteyya, saŖgho ta½ kamma½ paµippassambheyy±ti.
“Sace antev±sikassa c²vara½ dhovitabba½ hoti, ±cariyena ±cikkhitabba½– ‘eva½ dhoveyy±s²’ti, ussukka½ v± k±tabba½– kinti nu kho antev±sikassa c²vara½ dhoviyeth±ti. Sace antev±sikassa c²vara½ k±tabba½ hoti, ±cariyena ±cikkhitabba½– ‘eva½ kareyy±s²’ti, ussukka½ v± k±tabba½– kinti nu kho antev±sikassa c²vara½ kariyeth±ti. Sace antev±sikassa rajana½ pacitabba½ hoti, ±cariyena ±cikkhitabba½– ‘eva½ paceyy±s²’ti, ussukka½ v± k±tabba½– kinti nu kho antev±sikassa rajana½ paciyeth±ti. Sace antev±sikassa c²vara½ rajitabba½ hoti, ±cariyena ±cikkhitabba½– ‘eva½ rajeyy±s²’ti, ussukka½ v± k±tabba½– kinti nu kho antev±sikassa c²vara½ rajiyeth±ti. C²vara½ rajantena s±dhuka½ samparivattaka½ samparivattaka½ rajitabba½, na ca acchinne theve pakkamitabba½. Sace antev±siko gil±no hoti, y±vaj²va½ upaµµh±tabbo, vuµµh±namassa ±gametabban”ti.

Antev±sikavatta½ niµµhita½.

Chaµµhabh±ŗav±ro.