15. Upajjh±yavattakath±

64. Tena kho pana samayena bhikkh³ anupajjh±yak± an±cariyak± [ida½ pada½ s². sy±. potthakesu natthi] anovadiyam±n± ananus±siyam±n± dunnivatth± dupp±rut± an±kappasampann± piŗ¹±ya caranti; manuss±na½ [te manuss±na½ (ka.)] bhuńjam±n±na½ uparibhojanepi uttiµµhapatta½ upan±menti, uparikh±dan²yepi uttiµµhapatta½ upan±menti, uparis±yan²yepi uttiµµhapatta½ upan±menti, uparip±n²yepi uttiµµhapatta½ upan±menti; s±ma½ s³pampi odanampi vińń±petv± bhuńjanti; bhattaggepi ucc±sadd± mah±sadd± viharanti. Manuss± ujjh±yanti khiyyanti vip±centi– “kathańhi n±ma samaŗ± sakyaputtiy± dunnivatth± dupp±rut± an±kappasampann± piŗ¹±ya carissanti; manuss±na½ bhuńjam±n±na½, uparibhojanepi uttiµµhapatta½ upan±messanti, uparikh±dan²yepi uttiµµhapatta½ upan±messanti, uparis±yan²yepi uttiµµhapatta½ upan±messanti, uparip±n²yepi uttiµµhapatta½ upan±messanti; s±ma½ s³pampi odanampi vińń±petv± bhuńjissanti; bhattaggepi ucc±sadd± mah±sadd± viharissanti seyyath±pi br±hmaŗ± br±hmaŗabhojane”ti.
Assosu½ kho bhikkh³ tesa½ manuss±na½ ujjh±yant±na½ khiyyant±na½ vip±cent±na½. Ye te bhikkh³ appicch± santuµµh± lajjino kukkuccak± sikkh±k±m±, te ujjh±yanti khiyyanti vip±centi– “kathańhi n±ma bhikkh³ dunnivatth± dupp±rut± an±kappasampann± piŗ¹±ya carissanti; manuss±na½ bhuńjam±n±na½, uparibhojanepi uttiµµhapatta½ upan±messanti, uparikh±dan²yepi uttiµµhapatta½ upan±messanti, uparis±yan²yepi uttiµµhapatta½ upan±messanti, uparip±n²yepi uttiµµhapatta½ upan±messanti; s±ma½ s³pampi odanampi vińń±petv± bhuńjissanti; bhattaggepi ucc±sadd± mah±sadd± viharissant²”ti. Atha kho te bhikkh³…pe… bhagavato etamattha½ ±rocesu½.
Atha kho bhagav± etasmi½ nid±ne etasmi½ pakaraŗe bhikkhusaŖgha½ sannip±t±petv± bhikkh³ paµipucchi– “sacca½ kira, bhikkhave, bhikkh³ dunnivatth± dupp±rut± an±kappasampann± piŗ¹±ya caranti, manuss±na½ bhuńjam±n±na½ upari bhojanepi uttiµµhapatta½ upan±menti, uparikh±dan²yepi uttiµµhapatta½ upan±menti, uparis±yan²yepi uttiµµhapatta½ upan±menti, uparip±n²yepi uttiµµhapatta½ upan±menti, s±ma½ s³pampi odanampi vińń±petv± bhuńjanti, bhattaggepi ucc±sadd± mah±sadd± viharant²”ti? “Sacca½ bhagav±”ti. Vigarahi buddho bhagav±– “ananucchavika½, bhikkhave, tesa½ moghapuris±na½ ananulomika½ appatir³pa½ ass±maŗaka½ akappiya½ akaraŗ²ya½. Kathańhi n±ma te, bhikkhave, moghapuris± dunnivatth± dupp±rut± an±kappasampann± piŗ¹±ya carissanti, manuss±na½ bhuńjam±n±na½ uparibhojanepi uttiµµhapatta½ upan±messanti, uparikh±dan²yepi uttiµµhapatta½ upan±messanti, uparis±yan²yepi uttiµµhapatta½ upan±messanti, uparip±n²yepi uttiµµhapatta½ upan±messanti, s±ma½ s³pampi odanampi vińń±petv± bhuńjissanti, bhattaggepi ucc±sadd± mah±sadd± viharissanti. Neta½, bhikkhave, appasann±na½ v± pas±d±ya, pasann±na½ v± bhiyyobh±v±ya. Atha khveta½, bhikkhave, appasann±nańceva appas±d±ya, pasann±nańca ekacc±na½ ańńathatt±y±”ti. Atha kho bhagav± te bhikkh³ anekapariy±yena vigarahitv± dubbharat±ya dupposat±ya mahicchat±ya asantuµµhit±ya [asantuµµhiy± (s².), asantuµµhat±ya (sy±)] saŖgaŗik±ya kosajjassa avaŗŗa½ bh±sitv± anekapariy±yena subharat±ya suposat±ya appicchassa santuµµhassa sallekhassa dhutassa p±s±dikassa apacayassa v²riy±rambhassa [viriy±rambhassa (s². sy±.)] vaŗŗa½ bh±sitv± bhikkh³na½ tadanucchavika½ tadanulomika½ dhammi½ katha½ katv± bhikkh³ ±mantesi–
65. “Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, upajjh±ya½. Upajjh±yo, bhikkhave, saddhivih±rikamhi puttacitta½ upaµµhapessati saddhivih±riko upajjh±yamhi pitucitta½ upaµµhapessati. Eva½ te ańńamańńa½ sag±rav± sappatiss± sabh±gavuttino viharant± imasmi½ dhammavinaye vu¹¹hi½ viru¼hi½ vepulla½ ±pajjissanti. Evańca pana, bhikkhave, upajjh±yo gahetabbo– eka½sa½ uttar±saŖga½ karitv± p±de vanditv± ukkuµika½ nis²ditv± ańjali½ paggahetv± evamassa vacan²yo– ‘upajjh±yo me, bhante, hohi; upajjh±yo me, bhante, hohi; upajjh±yo me, bhante, hoh²’ti. S±h³ti v± lah³ti v± op±yikanti v± patir³panti v± p±s±dikena samp±deh²ti v± k±yena vińń±peti, v±c±ya vińń±peti, k±yena v±c±ya [na v±c±ya (ka.)] vińń±peti, gahito hoti upajjh±yo; na k±yena vińń±peti, na v±c±ya vińń±peti na k±yena v±c±ya vińń±peti, na gahito hoti upajjh±yo.
66. [C³¼ava. 376 ±dayo]“saddhivih±rikena, bhikkhave, upajjh±yamhi samm± vattitabba½. Tatr±ya½ samm±vattan±–
“K±lasseva vuµµh±ya up±han± omuńcitv± eka½sa½ uttar±saŖga½ karitv± dantakaµµha½ d±tabba½, mukhodaka½ d±tabba½, ±sana½ pańńapetabba½. Sace y±gu hoti, bh±jana½ dhovitv± y±gu upan±metabb±. Y±gu½ p²tassa udaka½ datv± bh±jana½ paµiggahetv± n²ca½ katv± s±dhuka½ appaµigha½santena dhovitv± paµis±metabba½. Upajjh±yamhi vuµµhite ±sana½ uddharitabba½. Sace so deso ukl±po hoti, so deso sammajjitabbo.
“Sace upajjh±yo g±ma½ pavisituk±mo hoti, niv±sana½ d±tabba½, paµiniv±sana½ paµiggahetabba½, k±yabandhana½ d±tabba½, saguŗa½ katv± saŖgh±µiyo d±tabb±, dhovitv± patto sodako [sa-udako (ka.)] d±tabbo. Sace upajjh±yo pacch±samaŗa½ ±kaŖkhati, timaŗ¹ala½ paµicch±dentena parimaŗ¹ala½ niv±setv± k±yabandhana½ bandhitv± saguŗa½ katv± saŖgh±µiyo p±rupitv± gaŗµhika½ paµimuńcitv± dhovitv± patta½ gahetv± upajjh±yassa pacch±samaŗena hotabba½. N±tid³re gantabba½, n±cc±sanne gantabba½, pattapariy±panna½ paµiggahetabba½. Na upajjh±yassa bhaŗam±nassa antarantar± kath± op±tetabb±. Upajjh±yo ±pattis±mant± bhaŗam±no niv±retabbo.
“Nivattantena paµhamatara½ ±gantv± ±sana½ pańńapetabba½, p±dodaka½ p±dap²µha½ p±dakathalika½ upanikkhipitabba½, paccuggantv± pattac²vara½ paµiggahetabba½, paµiniv±sana½ d±tabba½, niv±sana½ paµiggahetabba½. Sace c²vara½ sinna½ hoti, muhutta½ uŗhe ot±petabba½, na ca uŗhe c²vara½ nidahitabba½; c²vara½ saŖgharitabba½, c²vara½ saŖgharantena caturaŖgula½ kaŗŗa½ uss±retv± c²vara½ saŖgharitabba½– m± majjhe bhaŖgo ahos²ti. Obhoge k±yabandhana½ k±tabba½.
“Sace piŗ¹ap±to hoti, upajjh±yo ca bhuńjituk±mo hoti, udaka½ datv± piŗ¹ap±to upan±metabbo. Upajjh±yo p±n²yena pucchitabbo Bhutt±vissa udaka½ datv± patta½ paµiggahetv± n²ca½ katv± s±dhuka½ appaµigha½santena dhovitv± vodaka½ katv± muhutta½ uŗhe ot±petabbo, na ca uŗhe patto nidahitabbo. Pattac²vara½ nikkhipitabba½. Patta½ nikkhipantena ekena hatthena patta½ gahetv± ekena hatthena heµµh±mańca½ v± heµµh±p²µha½ v± par±masitv± patto nikkhipitabbo. Na ca anantarahit±ya bh³miy± patto nikkhipitabbo. C²vara½ nikkhipantena ekena hatthena c²vara½ gahetv± ekena hatthena c²varava½sa½ v± c²vararajju½ v± pamajjitv± p±rato anta½ orato bhoga½ katv± c²vara½ nikkhipitabba½. Upajjh±yamhi vuµµhite ±sana½ uddharitabba½, p±dodaka½ p±dap²µha½ p±dakathalika½ paµis±metabba½. Sace so deso ukl±po hoti, so deso sammajjitabbo.
“Sace upajjh±yo nah±yituk±mo hoti, nah±na½ paµiy±detabba½. Sace s²tena attho hoti, s²ta½ paµiy±detabba½. Sace uŗhena attho hoti, uŗha½ paµiy±detabba½.
“Sace upajjh±yo jant±ghara½ pavisituk±mo hoti, cuŗŗa½ sannetabba½, mattik± temetabb±, jant±gharap²µha½ ±d±ya upajjh±yassa piµµhito piµµhito gantv± jant±gharap²µha½ datv± c²vara½ paµiggahetv± ekamanta½ nikkhipitabba½, cuŗŗa½ d±tabba½, mattik± d±tabb±. Sace ussahati, jant±ghara½ pavisitabba½. Jant±ghara½ pavisantena mattik±ya mukha½ makkhetv± purato ca pacchato ca paµicch±detv± jant±ghara½ pavisitabba½. Na there bhikkh³ anupakhajja nis²ditabba½. Na nav± bhikkh³ ±sanena paµib±hitabb±. Jant±ghare upajjh±yassa parikamma½ k±tabba½. Jant±ghar± nikkhamantena jant±gharap²µha½ ±d±ya purato ca pacchato ca paµicch±detv± jant±ghar± nikkhamitabba½.
“Udakepi upajjh±yassa parikamma½ k±tabba½. Nah±tena paµhamatara½ uttaritv± attano gatta½ vodaka½ katv± niv±setv± upajjh±yassa gattato udaka½ pamajjitabba½, niv±sana½ d±tabba½, saŖgh±µi d±tabb±, jant±gharap²µha½ ±d±ya paµhamatara½ ±gantv± ±sana½ pańńapetabba½, p±dodaka½ p±dap²µha½ p±dakathalika½ upanikkhipitabba½, upajjh±yo p±n²yena pucchitabbo. Sace uddis±petuk±mo hoti, uddisitabbo. Sace paripucchituk±mo hoti, paripucchitabbo.
“Yasmi½ vih±re upajjh±yo viharati, sace so vih±ro ukl±po hoti, sace ussahati, sodhetabbo. Vih±ra½ sodhentena paµhama½ pattac²vara½ n²haritv± ekamanta½ nikkhipitabba½. Nis²danapaccattharaŗa½ n²haritv± ekamanta½ nikkhipitabba½. Bhisibibbohana½ [bhisibimbohana½ (s². sy±.)] n²haritv± ekamanta½ nikkhipitabba½. Mańco n²ca½ katv± s±dhuka½ appaµigha½santena, asaŖghaµµentena kav±µapiµµha½, n²haritv± ekamanta½ nikkhipitabbo. P²µha½ n²ca½ katv± s±dhuka½ appaµigha½santena asaŖghaµµentena kav±µapiµµha½, n²haritv± ekamanta½ nikkhipitabba½. Mańcapaµip±dak± n²haritv± ekamanta½ nikkhipitabb±. Khe¼amallako n²haritv± ekamanta½ nikkhipitabbo. Apassenaphalaka½ n²haritv± ekamanta½ nikkhipitabba½. Bh³mattharaŗa½ yath±pańńatta½ sallakkhetv± n²haritv± ekamanta½ nikkhipitabba½. Sace vih±re sant±naka½ hoti, ullok± paµhama½ oh±retabba½, ±lokasandhikaŗŗabh±g± pamajjitabb±. Sace gerukaparikammakat± bhitti kaŗŗakit± hoti, co¼aka½ temetv± p²¼etv± pamajjitabb±. Sace k±¼avaŗŗakat± bh³mi kaŗŗakit± hoti, co¼aka½ temetv± p²¼etv± pamajjitabb±. Sace akat± hoti bh³mi, udakena paripphositv± sammajjitabb±– m± vih±ro rajena uhańń²ti. SaŖk±ra½ vicinitv± ekamanta½ cha¹¹etabba½.
“Bh³mattharaŗa½ ot±petv± sodhetv± papphoµetv± atiharitv± yath±pańńatta½ pańńapetabba½. Mańcapaµip±dak± ot±petv± pamajjitv± atiharitv± yath±µh±ne µhapetabb±. Mańco ot±petv± sodhetv± papphoµetv± n²ca½ katv± s±dhuka½ appaµigha½santena, asaŖghaµµentena kav±µapiµµha½, atiharitv± yath±pańńatta½ pańńapetabbo. P²µha½ ot±petv± sodhetv± papphoµetv± n²ca½ katv± s±dhuka½ appaµigha½santena, asaŖghaµµentena kav±µapiµµha½, atiharitv± yath±pańńatta½ pańńapetabba½. Bhisibibbohana½ ot±petv± sodhetv± papphoµetv± atiharitv± yath±pańńatta½ pańńapetabba½. Nis²danapaccattharaŗa½ ot±petv± sodhetv± papphoµetv± atiharitv± yath±pańńatta½ pańńapetabba½. Khe¼amallako ot±petv± pamajjitv± atiharitv± yath±µh±ne µhapetabbo. Apassenaphalaka½ ot±petv± pamajjitv± atiharitv± yath±µh±ne µhapetabba½. Pattac²vara½ nikkhipitabba½. Patta½ nikkhipantena ekena hatthena patta½ gahetv± ekena hatthena heµµh±mańca½ v± heµµh±p²µha½ v± par±masitv± patto nikkhipitabbo. Na ca anantarahit±ya bh³miy± patto nikkhipitabbo. C²vara½ nikkhipantena ekena hatthena c²vara½ gahetv± ekena hatthena c²varava½sa½ v± c²vararajju½ v± pamajjitv± p±rato anta½ orato bhoga½ katv± c²vara½ nikkhipitabba½.
“Sace puratthim± saraj± v±t± v±yanti, puratthim± v±tap±n± thaketabb±. Sace pacchim± saraj± v±t± v±yanti, pacchim± v±tap±n± thaketabb±. Sace uttar± saraj± v±t± v±yanti, uttar± v±tap±n± thaketabb±. Sace dakkhiŗ± saraj± v±t± v±yanti, dakkhiŗ± v±tap±n± thaketabb±. Sace s²tak±lo hoti, div± v±tap±n± vivaritabb±, ratti½ thaketabb±. Sace uŗhak±lo hoti, div± v±tap±n± thaketabb±, ratti½ vivaritabb±.
“Sace pariveŗa½ ukl±pa½ hoti, pariveŗa½ sammajjitabba½. Sace koµµhako ukl±po hoti, koµµhako sammajjitabbo. Sace upaµµh±nas±l± ukl±p± hoti, upaµµh±nas±l± sammajjitabb±. Sace aggis±l± ukl±p± hoti, aggis±l± sammajjitabb±. Sace vaccakuµi ukl±p± hoti, vaccakuµi sammajjitabb±. Sace p±n²ya½ na hoti, p±n²ya½ upaµµh±petabba½. Sace paribhojan²ya½ na hoti, paribhojan²ya½ upaµµh±petabba½. Sace ±camanakumbhiy± udaka½ na hoti, ±camanakumbhiy± udaka½ ±sińcitabba½.
“Sace upajjh±yassa anabhirati uppann± hoti, saddhivih±rikena v³pak±setabbo, v³pak±s±petabbo, dhammakath± v±ssa k±tabb±. Sace upajjh±yassa kukkucca½ uppanna½ hoti, saddhivih±rikena vinodetabba½, vinod±petabba½, dhammakath± v±ssa k±tabb±. Sace upajjh±yassa diµµhigata½ uppanna½ hoti, saddhivih±rikena vivecetabba½, vivec±petabba½, dhammakath± v±ssa k±tabb± Sace upajjh±yo garudhamma½ ajjh±panno hoti pariv±s±raho, saddhivih±rikena ussukka½ k±tabba½– kinti nu kho saŖgho upajjh±yassa pariv±sa½ dadeyy±ti. Sace upajjh±yo m³l±ya paµikassan±raho hoti, saddhivih±rikena ussukka½ k±tabba½– kinti nu kho saŖgho upajjh±ya½ m³l±ya paµikasseyy±ti. Sace upajjh±yo m±natt±raho hoti, saddhivih±rikena ussukka½ k±tabba½– kinti nu kho saŖgho upajjh±yassa m±natta½ dadeyy±ti. Sace upajjh±yo abbh±n±raho hoti, saddhivih±rikena ussukka½ k±tabba½– kinti nu kho saŖgho upajjh±ya½ abbheyy±ti. Sace saŖgho upajjh±yassa kamma½ kattuk±mo hoti tajjan²ya½ v± niyassa½ [niyasa½ (ka.)] v± pabb±jan²ya½ v± paµis±raŗ²ya½ v± ukkhepan²ya½ v±, saddhivih±rikena ussukka½ k±tabba½– kinti nu kho saŖgho upajjh±yassa kamma½ na kareyya lahuk±ya v± pariŗ±meyy±ti. Kata½ v± panassa hoti saŖghena kamma½ tajjan²ya½ v± niyassa½ v± pabb±jan²ya½ v± paµis±raŗ²ya½ v± ukkhepan²ya½ v±, saddhivih±rikena ussukka½ k±tabba½– kinti nu kho upajjh±yo samm± vatteyya, loma½ p±teyya, netth±ra½ vatteyya, saŖgho ta½ kamma½ paµippassambheyy±ti.
“Sace upajjh±yassa c²vara½ dhovitabba½ hoti, saddhivih±rikena dhovitabba½, ussukka½ v± k±tabba½ kinti nu kho upajjh±yassa c²vara½ dhoviyeth±ti. Sace upajjh±yassa c²vara½ k±tabba½ hoti, saddhivih±rikena k±tabba½, ussukka½ v± k±tabba½– kinti nu kho upajjh±yassa c²vara½ kariyeth±ti. Sace upajjh±yassa rajana½ pacitabba½ hoti, saddhivih±rikena pacitabba½, ussukka½ v± k±tabba½– kinti nu kho upajjh±yassa rajana½ paciyeth±ti. Sace upajjh±yassa c²vara½ rajitabba½ [rajetabba½ (s². sy±.)] hoti, saddhivih±rikena rajitabba½, ussukka½ v± k±tabba½– kinti nu kho upajjh±yassa c²vara½ rajiyeth±ti. C²vara½ rajantena [rajentena (s². sy±.)] s±dhuka½ samparivattaka½ samparivattaka½ rajitabba½, na ca acchinne theve pakkamitabba½.
“Na upajjh±ya½ an±pucch± ekaccassa patto d±tabbo, na ekaccassa patto paµiggahetabbo; na ekaccassa c²vara½ d±tabba½, na ekaccassa c²vara½ paµiggahetabba½; na ekaccassa parikkh±ro d±tabbo, na ekaccassa parikkh±ro paµiggahetabbo; na ekaccassa kes± chedetabb± [chettabb± (s².), cheditabb± (ka.)], na ekaccena kes± ched±petabb±; na ekaccassa parikamma½ k±tabba½, na ekaccena parikamma½ k±r±petabba½; na ekaccassa veyy±vacco [veyy±vacca½ (katthaci)] k±tabbo na ekaccena veyy±vacco k±r±petabbo; na ekaccassa pacch±samaŗena hotabba½, na ekacco pacch±samaŗo ±d±tabbo; na ekaccassa piŗ¹ap±to n²haritabbo, na ekaccena piŗ¹ap±to n²har±petabbo; na upajjh±ya½ an±pucch± g±mo pavisitabbo; na sus±na½ gantabba½; na dis± pakkamitabb±. Sace upajjh±yo gil±no hoti, y±vaj²va½ upaµµh±tabbo; vuµµh±namassa ±gametabban”ti.

Upajjh±yavatta½ niµµhita½.