9. Ratanavaggo

1. Antepurasikkh±pada½

494. Tena samayena buddho bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±me. Tena kho pana samayena r±j± pasenadi kosalo uyy±nap±la½ ±º±pesi– “gaccha, bhaºe, uyy±na½ sodhehi. Uyy±na½ gamiss±m±”ti. “Eva½, dev±”ti kho so uyy±nap±lo rañño pasenadissa kosalassa paµissutv± uyy±na½ sodhento addasa bhagavanta½ aññatarasmi½ rukkham³le nisinna½. Disv±na yena r±j± pasenadi kosalo tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± r±j±na½ pasenadi½ kosala½ etadavoca– “suddha½, deva, uyy±na½. Apica, bhagav± tattha nisinno”ti. “Hotu, bhaºe! Maya½ bhagavanta½ payirup±siss±m±”ti. Atha kho r±j± pasenadi kosalo uyy±na½ gantv± yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami. Tena kho pana samayena aññataro up±sako bhagavanta½ payirup±santo nisinno hoti. Addas± kho r±j± pasenadi kosalo ta½ up±saka½ bhagavanta½ payirup±santa½ nisinna½. Disv±na bh²to aµµh±si. Atha kho rañño pasenadissa kosalassa etadahosi– “n±rahat±ya½ puriso p±po hotu½ yath± bhagavanta½ payirup±sat²”ti. Yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Atha kho so up±sako bhagavato g±ravena r±j±na½ pasenadi½ kosala½ neva abhiv±desi na paccuµµh±si. Atha kho r±j± pasenadi kosalo anattamano ahosi– “kathañhi n±m±ya½ puriso mayi ±gate neva abhiv±dessati na paccuµµhessat²”ti! Atha kho bhagav± r±j±na½ pasenadi½ kosala½ anattamana½ viditv± r±j±na½ pasenadi½ kosala½ etadavoca– “eso kho, mah±r±ja, up±sako bahussuto ±gat±gamo k±mesu v²tar±go”ti. Atha kho rañño pasenadissa kosalassa etadahosi– “n±rahat±ya½ up±sako orako hotu½, bhagav±pi imassa vaººa½ bh±sat²”ti. Ta½ up±saka½ etadavoca– “vadeyy±si, up±saka, yena attho”ti. “Suµµhu, dev±”ti. Atha kho bhagav± r±j±na½ pasenadi½ kosala½ dhammiy± kath±ya sandassesi sam±dapesi samuttejesi sampaha½sesi. Atha kho r±j± pasenadi kosalo bhagavat± dhammiy± kath±ya sandassito sam±dapito samuttejito sampaha½sito uµµh±y±san± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± padakkhiºa½ katv± pakk±mi.
495. Tena kho pana samayena r±j± pasenadi kosalo uparip±s±davaragato hoti. Addas± kho r±j± pasenadi kosalo ta½ up±saka½ rathik±ya [rathiy±ya (itipi)] chattap±ºi½ gacchanta½. Disv±na pakkos±petv± etadavoca– “tva½ kira, up±saka, bahussuto ±gat±gamo. S±dhu, up±saka, amh±ka½ itth±g±ra½ dhamma½ v±ceh²”ti. “Yamaha½ [yamp±ha½ (s².)], deva, j±n±mi ayy±na½ v±has±, ayy±va devassa itth±g±ra½ dhamma½ v±cessant²”ti. Atha kho r±j± pasenadi kosalo– “sacca½ kho up±sako ±h±”ti yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinno kho r±j± pasenadi kosalo bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “s±dhu, bhante, bhagav± eka½ bhikkhu½ ±º±petu yo amh±ka½ itth±g±ra½ dhamma½ v±cessat²”ti. Atha kho bhagav± r±j±na½ pasenadi½ kosala½ dhammiy± kath±ya sandassesi…pe… padakkhiºa½ katv± pakk±mi. Atha kho bhagav± ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ ±mantesi– “tenah±nanda, rañño itth±g±ra½ dhamma½ v±ceh²”ti. “Eva½, bhante”ti kho ±yasm± ±nando bhagavato paµissutv± k±lena k±la½ pavisitv± rañño itth±g±ra½ dhamma½ v±ceti. Atha kho ±yasm± ±nando pubbaºhasamaya½ niv±setv± pattac²varam±d±ya yena rañño pasenadissa kosalassa nivesana½ tenupasaªkami.
496. Tena kho pana samayena r±j± pasenadi kosalo mallik±ya deviy± saddhi½ sayanagato hoti. Addas± kho mallik± dev² ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ d³ratova ±gacchanta½. Disv±na sahas± vuµµh±si; p²takamaµµha½ dussa½ pabhassittha. Atha kho ±yasm± ±nando tatova paµinivattitv± ±r±ma½ gantv± bhikkh³na½ etamattha½ ±rocesi. Ye te bhikkh³ appicch±…pe… te ujjh±yanti khiyyanti vip±centi– “kathañhi n±ma ±yasm± ±nando pubbe appaµisa½vidito rañño antepura½ pavisissat²”ti…pe… sacca½ kira tva½, ±nanda, pubbe appaµisa½vidito rañño antepura½ pavisas²ti? “Sacca½, bhagav±”ti. Vigarahi buddho bhagav±…pe… kathañhi n±ma tva½, ±nanda, pubbe appaµisa½vidito rañño antepura½ pavisissasi! Neta½, ±nanda, appasann±na½ v± pas±d±ya…pe… vigarahitv±…pe… dhammi½ katha½ katv± bhikkh³ ±mantesi–
497. [A. ni. 10.45] “dasayime, bhikkhave, ±d²nav± r±jantepurappavesane. Katame dasa? Idha, bhikkhave, r±j± mahesiy± saddhi½ nisinno hoti, tattha bhikkhu pavisati. Mahes² v± bhikkhu½ disv± sita½ p±tukaroti. Bhikkhu v± mahesi½ disv± sita½ p±tukaroti. Tattha rañño eva½ hoti– “addh± imesa½ kata½ v± karissanti v±”ti. Aya½, bhikkhave, paµhamo ±d²navo r±jantepurappavesane.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, r±j± bahukicco bahukaraº²yo. Aññatara½ itthi½ gantv± nassarati. S± tena gabbha½ gaºhi. Tattha rañño eva½ hoti– “na kho idha añño koci pavisati aññatra pabbajitena. Siy± nu kho pabbajitassa kamman”ti. Aya½, bhikkhave, dutiyo ±d²navo r±jantepurappavesane.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, rañño antepure aññatara½ ratana½ nassati. Tattha rañño eva½ hoti– “na kho idha añño koci pavisati aññatra pabbajitena. Siy± nu kho pabbajitassa kamman”ti. Aya½, bhikkhave, tatiyo ±d²navo r±jantepurappavesane.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, rañño antepure abbhantar± guyhamant± bahiddh± sambheda½ gacchanti. Tattha rañño eva½ hoti– “na kho idha añño koci pavisati aññatra pabbajitena. Siy± nu kho pabbajitassa kamman”ti. Aya½, bhikkhave, catuttho ±d²navo r±jantepurappavesane.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, rañño antepure putto v± pitara½ pattheti pit± v± putta½ pattheti. Tesa½ eva½ hoti– “na kho idha añño koci pavisati aññatra pabbajitena. Siy± nu kho pabbajitassa kamman”ti. Aya½, bhikkhave, pañcamo ±d²navo r±jantepurappavesane.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, r±j± n²caµµh±niya½ ucce µh±ne µhapeti. Yesa½ ta½ aman±pa½ tesa½ eva½ hoti– “r±j± kho pabbajitena sa½saµµho. Siy± nu kho pabbajitassa kamman”ti. Aya½, bhikkhave, chaµµho ±d²navo, r±jantepurappavesane.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, r±j± uccaµµh±niya½ n²ce µh±ne µhapeti. Yesa½ ta½ aman±pa½ tesa½ eva½ hoti– “r±j± kho pabbajitena sa½saµµho. Siy± nu kho pabbajitassa kamman”ti. Aya½ bhikkhave, sattamo ±d²navo r±jantepurappavesane.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, r±j± ak±le sena½ uyyojeti. Yesa½ ta½ aman±pa½ tesa½ eva½ hoti– “r±j± kho pabbajitena sa½saµµho. Siy± nu kho pabbajitassa kamman”ti. Aya½, bhikkhave, aµµhamo ±d²navo r±jantepurappavesane.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, r±j± k±le sena½ uyyojetv± antar±maggato nivatt±peti. Yesa½ ta½ aman±pa½ tesa½ eva½ hoti– “‘r±j± kho pabbajitena sa½saµµho. Siy± nu kho pabbajitassa kamman”ti. Aya½, bhikkhave, navamo ±d²navo r±jantepurappavesane.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, rañño r±jantepura½ hatthisammadda½ assasammadda½ rathasammadda½ rajjan²y±ni [rajjan²y±ni (ka.)] r³pasaddagandharasaphoµµhabb±ni, y±ni na pabbajitassa s±rupp±ni. Aya½, bhikkhave, dasamo ±d²navo r±jantepurappavesane. Ime kho, bhikkhave, dasa ±d²nav± r±jantepurappavesane”ti. Atha kho bhagav± ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ anekapariy±yena vigarahitv± dubbharat±ya…pe… evañca pana, bhikkhave, ima½ sikkh±pada½ uddiseyy±tha–
498. “Yo pana bhikkhu rañño khattiyassa muddh±vasittassa [muddh±bhisittassa (sy±.)] anikkhantar±jake aniggataratanake pubbe appaµisa½vidito indakh²la½ atikk±meyya, p±cittiyan”ti.
499. Yo pan±ti yo y±diso…pe… bhikkh³ti…pe… aya½ imasmi½ atthe adhippeto bhikkh³ti.
Khattiyo n±ma ubhato suj±to hoti, m±tito ca pitito ca sa½suddhagahaºiko, y±va sattam± pit±mahayug± akkhitto anupakuµµho j±tiv±dena.
Muddh±vasitto n±ma khattiy±bhisekena abhisitto hoti.
Anikkhantar±jaketi r±j± sayanighar± anikkhanto hoti.
Aniggataratanaketi mahes² sayanighar± anikkhant± hoti, ubho v± anikkhant± honti.
Pubbe appaµisa½viditoti pubbe an±mantetv±.
Indakh²lo n±ma sayanigharassa umm±ro vuccati.
Sayanighara½ n±ma yattha katthaci rañño sayana½ paññatta½ hoti, antamaso s±ºip±k±raparikkhittampi.
Indakh²la½ atikk±meyy±ti paµhama½ p±da½ umm±ra½ atikk±meti, ±patti dukkaµassa. Dutiya½ p±da½ atikk±meti, ±patti p±cittiyassa.
500. Appaµisa½vidite appaµisa½viditasaññ² indakh²la½ atikk±meti, ±patti p±cittiyassa. Appaµisa½vidite vematiko indakh²la½ atikk±meti, ±patti p±cittiyassa. Appaµisa½vidite paµisa½viditasaññ² indakh²la½ atikk±meti, ±patti p±cittiyassa.
Paµisa½vidite appaµisa½viditasaññ², ±patti dukkaµassa. Paµisa½vidite vematiko, ±patti dukkaµassa. Paµisa½vidite paµisa½viditasaññ², an±patti.
501. An±patti paµisa½vidite, na khattiyo hoti, na khattiy±bhisekena abhisitto hoti, r±j± sayanighar± nikkhanto hoti, mahes² sayanighar± nikkhant± hoti, ubho v± nikkhant± honti, na sayanighare, ummattakassa, ±dikammikass±ti.

Antepurasikkh±pada½ niµµhita½ paµhama½.