3. Paramparabhojanasikkh±pada½

221. Tena samayena buddho bhagav± ves±liya½ viharati mah±vane k³µ±g±ras±l±ya½. Tena kho pana samayena ves±liya½ paº²t±na½ bhatt±na½ bhattapaµip±µi adhiµµhit± hoti. Atha kho aññatarassa daliddassa kammak±rassa [kammakarassa (s².)] etadahosi– “na kho ida½ oraka½ bhavissati yathayime manuss± sakkacca½ bhatta½ karonti; ya½n³n±hampi bhatta½ kareyyan”ti. Atha kho so daliddo kammak±ro yena kirapatiko tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± ta½ kirapatika½ etadavoca– “icch±maha½, ayyaputta, buddhappamukhassa bhikkhusaªghassa bhatta½ k±tu½. Dehi me vetanan”ti. Sopi kho kirapatiko saddho hoti pasanno. Atha kho so kirapatiko tassa daliddassa kammak±rassa abbh±tireka½ [atireka½ (sy±.)] vetana½ ad±si. Atha kho so daliddo kammak±ro yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinno kho so daliddo kammak±ro bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “adhiv±setu me, bhante, bhagav± sv±tan±ya bhatta½ saddhi½ bhikkhusaªghen±”ti. “Mah± kho, ±vuso, bhikkhusaªgho. J±n±h²”ti. “Hotu [hotu me (ka.)] bhante, mah± bhikkhusaªgho. Bah³ me badar± paµiyatt± badaramissena peyy± parip³rissant²”ti. Adhiv±sesi bhagav± tuºh²bh±vena.
Atha kho so daliddo kammak±ro bhagavato adhiv±sana½ viditv± uµµh±y±san± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± padakkhiºa½ katv± pakk±mi. Assosu½ kho bhikkh³– “daliddena kira kammak±rena sv±tan±ya buddhappamukho bhikkhusaªgho nimantito, badaramissena peyy± parip³rissant²”ti. Te k±lasseva piº¹±ya caritv± bhuñji½su. Assosu½ kho manuss±– “daliddena kira kammak±rena buddhappamukho bhikkhusaªgho nimantito”ti. Te daliddassa kammak±rassa pah³ta½ kh±dan²ya½ bhojan²ya½ abhihari½su. Atha kho so daliddo kammak±ro tass± rattiy± accayena paº²ta½ kh±dan²ya½ bhojan²ya½ paµiy±d±petv± bhagavato k±la½ ±roc±pesi– “k±lo, bhante, niµµhita½ bhattan”ti.
Atha kho bhagav± pubbaºhasamaya½ niv±setv± pattac²varam±d±ya yena tassa daliddassa kammak±rassa nivesana½ tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± paññatte ±sane nis²di saddhi½ bhikkhusaªghena. Atha kho so daliddo kammak±ro bhattagge bhikkh³ parivisati. Bhikkh³ evam±ha½su– “thoka½, ±vuso, dehi. Thoka½, ±vuso, deh²”ti. “M± kho tumhe, bhante, ‘aya½ daliddo kammak±ro’ti thoka½ thoka½ paµiggaºhittha. Pah³ta½ me kh±dan²ya½ bhojan²ya½ paµiyatta½.
Paµiggaºhatha, bhante, y±vadatthan”ti. “Na kho maya½, ±vuso, eta½k±raº± thoka½ thoka½ paµiggaºh±ma. Apica, maya½ k±lasseva piº¹±ya caritv± bhuñjimh±; tena maya½ thoka½ thoka½ paµiggaºh±m±”ti.
Atha kho so daliddo kammak±ro ujjh±yati khiyyati vip±ceti– “kathañhi n±ma bhadant± may± nimantit± aññatra bhuñjissanti! Na c±ha½ paµibalo y±vadattha½ d±tun”ti? Assosu½ kho bhikkh³ tassa daliddassa kammak±rassa ujjh±yantassa khiyyantassa vip±centassa. Ye te bhikkh³ appicch±…pe… te ujjh±yanti khiyyanti vip±centi– “kathañhi n±ma bhikkh³ aññatra nimantit± aññatra bhuñjissant²”ti…pe… sacca½ kira, bhikkhave, bhikkh³ aññatra nimantit± aññatra bhuñjant²ti? “Sacca½, bhagav±”ti. Vigarahi buddho bhagav±…pe… kathañhi n±ma te, bhikkhave, moghapuris± aññatra nimantit± aññatra bhuñjissanti! Neta½, bhikkhave, appasann±na½ v± pas±d±ya…pe… evañca pana, bhikkhave, ima½ sikkh±pada½ uddiseyy±tha–
“Paramparabhojane p±cittiyan”ti.
Evañcida½ bhagavat± bhikkh³na½ sikkh±pada½ paññatta½ hoti.
222. Tena kho pana samayena aññataro bhikkhu gil±no hoti. Aññataro bhikkhu piº¹ap±ta½ ±d±ya yena so bhikkhu tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± ta½ bhikkhu½ etadavoca– “bhuñj±hi, ±vuso”ti. “Ala½, ±vuso, atthi me bhattapacc±s±”ti. Tassa bhikkhuno piº¹ap±to uss³re [uss³rena (ka.)] ±har²yittha. So bhikkhu na cittar³pa½ bhuñji. Bhagavato etamattha½ ±rocesu½. Atha kho bhagav± etasmi½ nid±ne etasmi½ pakaraºe dhammi½ katha½ katv± bhikkh³ ±mantesi– “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, gil±nena bhikkhun± paramparabhojana½ bhuñjitu½. Evañca pana bhikkhave, ima½ sikkh±pada½ uddiseyy±tha–
“Paramparabhojane, aññatra samay±, p±cittiya½. Tatth±ya½ samayo. Gil±nasamayo– aya½ tattha samayo”ti.
Evañcida½ bhagavat± bhikkh³na½ sikkh±pada½ paññatta½ hoti.
223. Tena kho pana samayena manuss± c²varad±nasamaye sac²varabhatta½ paµiy±detv± [paµiy±d±petv± (itipi)] bhikkh³ nimantenti– “bhojetv± c²varena acch±dess±m±”ti. Bhikkh³ kukkucc±yant± n±dhiv±senti– “paµikkhitta½ bhagavat± paramparabhojanan”ti. C²vara½ paritta½ uppajjati. Bhagavato etamattha½ ±rocesu½…pe… anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, c²varad±nasamaye paramparabhojana½ bhuñjitu½. Evañca pana, bhikkhave, ima½ sikkh±pada½ uddiseyy±tha–
“Paramparabhojane, aññatra samay±, p±cittiya½. Tatth±ya½ samayo. Gil±nasamayo, c²varad±nasamayo– aya½ tattha samayo”ti.
Evañcida½ bhagavat± bhikkh³na½ sikkh±pada½ paññatta½ hoti.
224. Tena kho pana samayena manuss± c²varak±rake bhikkh³ bhattena nimantenti. Bhikkh³ kukkucc±yant± n±dhiv±senti– “paµikkhitta½ bhagavat± paramparabhojanan”ti. Bhagavato etamattha½ ±rocesu½…pe… anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, c²varak±rasamaye paramparabhojana½ bhuñjitu½. Evañca pana, bhikkhave, ima½ sikkh±pada½ uddiseyy±tha–
225. “Paramparabhojane, aññatra samay±, p±cittiya½. Tatth±ya½ samayo. Gil±nasamayo, c²varad±nasamayo, c²varak±rasamayo– aya½ tattha samayo”ti.
Evañcida½ bhagavat± bhikkh³na½ sikkh±pada½ paññatta½ hoti.
226. Atha kho bhagav± pubbaºhasamaya½ niv±setv± pattac²varam±d±ya ±yasmat± ±nandena pacch±samaºena yena aññatara½ kula½ tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± paññatte ±sane nis²di. Atha kho te manuss± bhagavato ca ±yasmato ca ±nandassa bhojana½ ada½su. ¾yasm± ±nando kukkucc±yanto na paµiggaºh±ti. “Gaºh±hi [patigaºh±hi (s².)], ±nand±”ti. “Ala½, bhagav± atthi me bhattapacc±s±”ti. “Tenah±nanda, vikappetv± gaºh±h²”ti. Atha kho bhagav± etasmi½ nid±ne etasmi½ pakaraºe dhammi½ katha½ katv± bhikkh³ ±mantesi– “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, vikappetv± [bhattapacc±sa½ vikappetv± (sy±.)] paramparabhojana½ bhuñjitu½. Evañca pana, bhikkhave, vikappetabba½– ‘mayha½ bhattapacc±sa½ itthann±massa damm²”’ti.
227. Paramparabhojana½ n±ma pañcanna½ bhojan±na½ aññatarena bhojanena nimantito, ta½ µhapetv± añña½ pañcanna½ bhojan±na½ aññatara½ bhojana½ bhuñjati, eta½ paramparabhojana½ n±ma.
Aññatra samay±ti µhapetv± samaya½.
Gil±nasamayo n±ma na sakkoti ek±sane nisinno y±vadattha½ bhuñjitu½. “Gil±nasamayo”ti bhuñjitabba½.
C²varad±nasamayo n±ma anatthate kathine vass±nassa pacchimo m±so, atthate kathine pañca m±s±. “C²varad±nasamayo”ti bhuñjitabba½.
C²varak±rasamayo n±ma c²vare kayiram±ne. “C²varak±rasamayo”ti bhuñjitabba½.
“Aññatra samay± bhuñjiss±m²”ti paµiggaºh±ti, ±patti dukkaµassa. Ajjhoh±re ajjhoh±re ±patti p±cittiyassa.
228. Paramparabhojane paramparabhojanasaññ², aññatra samay±, bhuñjati, ±patti p±cittiyassa. Paramparabhojane vematiko, aññatra samay±, bhuñjati, ±patti p±cittiyassa. Paramparabhojane naparamparabhojanasaññ², aññatra samay±, bhuñjati, ±patti p±cittiyassa.
Naparamparabhojane paramparabhojanasaññ², ±patti dukkaµassa. Naparamparabhojane vematiko, ±patti dukkaµassa. Naparamparabhojane naparamparabhojanasaññ², an±patti.
229. An±patti samaye, vikappetv± bhuñjati, dve tayo nimantane ekato bhuñjati, nimantanapaµip±µiy± bhuñjati, sakalena g±mena nimantito tasmi½ g±me yattha katthaci bhuñjati sakalena p³gena nimantito tasmi½ p³ge yattha katthaci bhuñjati, nimantiyam±no bhikkha½ gahess±m²ti bhaºati, niccabhatte, sal±kabhatte, pakkhike, uposathike, p±µipadike, pañca bhojan±ni µhapetv± sabbattha an±patti, ummattakassa, ±dikammikass±ti.

Paramparabhojanasikkh±pada½ niµµhita½ tatiya½.