2. Gaºabhojanasikkh±pada½

209. Tena samayena buddho bhagav± r±jagahe viharati ve¼uvane kalandakaniv±pe. Tena kho pana samayena devadatto parih²nal±bhasakk±ro sapariso kulesu viññ±petv± viññ±petv± bhuñjati. Manuss± ujjh±yanti khiyyanti vip±centi– “kathañhi n±ma samaº± sakyaputtiy± kulesu viññ±petv± viññ±petv± bhuñjissanti! Kassa sampanna½ na man±pa½, kassa s±du½ na ruccat²”ti! Assosu½ kho bhikkh³ tesa½ manuss±na½ ujjh±yant±na½ khiyyant±na½ vip±cent±na½. Ye te bhikkh³ appicch±…pe… te ujjh±yanti khiyyanti vip±centi– “kathañhi n±ma devadatto sapariso kulesu viññ±petv± viññ±petv± bhuñjissat²”ti…pe… sacca½ kira tva½, devadatta, sapariso kulesu viññ±petv± viññ±petv± bhuñjas²ti? “Sacca½, bhagav±”ti. Vigarahi buddho bhagav±…pe… kathañhi n±ma tva½, moghapurisa, sapariso kulesu viññ±petv± viññ±petv± bhuñjissasi! Neta½, moghapurisa, appasann±na½ v± pas±d±ya…pe… evañca pana, bhikkhave, ima½ sikkh±pada½ uddiseyy±tha–
“Gaºabhojane p±cittiyan”ti.
Evañcida½ bhagavat± bhikkh³na½ sikkh±pada½ paññatta½ hoti.
210. Tena kho pana samayena manuss± gil±ne bhikkh³ bhattena nimantenti. Bhikkh³ kukkucc±yant± n±dhiv±senti– “paµikkhitta½ bhagavat± gaºabhojanan”ti. Bhagavato etamattha½ ±rocesu½. Atha kho bhagav± etasmi½ nid±ne etasmi½ pakaraºe dhammi½ katha½ katv± bhikkh³ ±mantesi “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, gil±nena bhikkhun± gaºabhojana½ bhuñjitu½. Evañca pana, bhikkhave, ima½ sikkh±pada½ uddiseyy±tha–
“Gaºabhojane, aññatra samay±, p±cittiya½. Tatth±ya½ samayo. Gil±nasamayo– aya½ tattha samayo”ti.
Evañcida½ bhagavat± bhikkh³na½ sikkh±pada½ paññatta½ hoti.
211. Tena kho pana samayena manuss± c²varad±nasamaye sac²varabhatta½ paµiy±detv± bhikkh³ nimantenti– “bhojetv± c²varena acch±dess±m±”ti. Bhikkh³ kukkucc±yant± n±dhiv±senti– “paµikkhitta½ bhagavat± gaºabhojanan”ti. C²vara½ paritta½ uppajjati. Bhikkh³ bhagavato etamattha½ ±rocesu½…pe… anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, c²varad±nasamaye gaºabhojana½ bhuñjitu½. Evañca pana, bhikkhave, ima½ sikkh±pada½ uddiseyy±tha–
“Gaºabhojane, aññatra samay±, p±cittiya½. Tatth±ya½ samayo. Gil±nasamayo, c²varad±nasamayo– aya½ tattha samayo”ti.
Evañcida½ bhagavat± bhikkh³na½ sikkh±pada½ paññatta½ hoti.
212. Tena kho pana samayena manuss± c²varak±rake bhikkh³ bhattena nimantenti. Bhikkh³ kukkucc±yant± n±dhiv±senti– “paµikkhitta½ bhagavat± gaºabhojanan”ti Bhagavato etamattha½ ±rocesu½…pe… anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, c²varak±rasamaye gaºabhojana½ bhuñjitu½. Evañca pana, bhikkhave, ima½ sikkh±pada½ uddiseyy±tha–
“Gaºabhojane, aññatra samay±, p±cittiya½. Tatth±ya½ samayo. Gil±nasamayo, c²varad±nasamayo, c²varak±rasamayo– aya½ tattha samayo”ti.
Evañcida½ bhagavat± bhikkh³na½ sikkh±pada½ paññatta½ hoti.
213. Tena kho pana samayena bhikkh³ manussehi saddhi½ addh±na½ gacchanti. Atha kho te bhikkh³ te manusse etadavocu½– “muhutta½, ±vuso, ±gametha; piº¹±ya cariss±m±”ti. Te evam±ha½su– “idheva, bhante, bhuñjath±”ti. Bhikkh³ kukkucc±yant± na paµiggaºhanti– “paµikkhitta½ bhagavat± gaºabhojanan”ti. Bhagavato etamattha½ ±rocesu½…pe… anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, addh±nagamanasamaye gaºabhojana½ bhuñjitu½. Evañca pana, bhikkhave, ima½ sikkh±pada½ uddiseyy±tha–
“Gaºabhojane, aññatra samay±, p±cittiya½. Tatth±ya½ samayo. Gil±nasamayo, c²varad±nasamayo, c²varak±rasamayo, addh±nagamanasamayo– aya½ tattha samayo”ti.
Evañcida½ bhagavat± bhikkh³na½ sikkh±pada½ paññatta½ hoti.
214. Tena kho pana samayena bhikkh³ manussehi saddhi½ n±v±ya gacchanti. Atha kho te bhikkh³ te manusse etadavocu½– “muhutta½, ±vuso, t²ra½ upanetha; piº¹±ya cariss±m±”ti. Te evam±ha½su “idheva, bhante, bhuñjath±”ti. Bhikkh³ kukkucc±yant± na paµiggaºhanti– “paµikkhitta½ bhagavat± gaºabhojanan”ti. Bhagavato etamattha½ ±rocesu½…pe… anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, n±v±bhiruhanasamaye gaºabhojana½ bhuñjitu½. Evañca pana, bhikkhave, ima½ sikkh±pada½ uddiseyy±tha–
“Gaºabhojane, aññatra samay±, p±cittiya½. Tatth±ya½ samayo. Gil±nasamayo, c²varad±nasamayo, c²varak±rasamayo, addh±nagamanasamayo, n±v±bhiruhanasamayo– aya½ tattha samayo”ti.
Evañcida½ bhagavat± bhikkh³na½ sikkh±pada½ paññatta½ hoti.
215. Tena kho pana samayena dis±su vassa½vuµµh± bhikkh³ r±jagaha½ ±gacchanti bhagavanta½ dassan±ya. Manuss± n±n±verajjake bhikkh³ passitv± bhattena nimantenti. Bhikkh³ kukkucc±yant± n±dhiv±senti– “paµikkhitta½ bhagavat± gaºabhojanan”ti. Bhagavato etamattha½ ±rocesu½…pe… anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, mah±samaye gaºabhojana½ bhuñjitu½. Evañca pana, bhikkhave, ima½ sikkh±pada½ uddiseyy±tha–
“Gaºabhojane aññatra samay±, p±cittiya½. Tatth±ya½ samayo. Gil±nasamayo, c²varad±nasamayo, c²varak±rasamayo, addh±nagamanasamayo, n±v±bhiruhanasamayo, mah±samayo– aya½ tattha samayo”ti.
Evañcida½ bhagavat± bhikkh³na½ sikkh±pada½ paññatta½ hoti.
216. Tena kho pana samayena rañño m±gadhassa seniyassa bimbis±rassa ñ±tis±lohito ±j²vakesu pabbajito hoti. Atha kho so ±j²vako yena r±j± m±gadho seniyo bimbis±ro tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± r±j±na½ m±gadha½ seniya½ bimbis±ra½ etadavoca– “icch±maha½, mah±r±ja, sabbap±saº¹ikabhatta½ k±tun”ti. “Sace tva½, bhante, buddhappamukha½ bhikkhusaªgha½ paµhama½ bhojeyy±si”. “Eva½ kareyy±m²”ti. Atha kho so ±j²vako bhikkh³na½ santike d³ta½ p±hesi– “adhiv±sentu me bhikkh³ sv±tan±ya bhattan”ti. Bhikkh³ kukkucc±yant± n±dhiv±senti– “paµikkhitta½ bhagavat± gaºabhojanan”ti. Atha kho so ±j²vako yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± bhagavat± saddhi½ sammodi, sammodan²ya½ katha½ s±raº²ya½ v²tis±retv± ekamanta½ aµµh±si. Ekamanta½ µhito kho so ±j²vako bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “bhavampi gotamo pabbajito, ahampi pabbajito; arahati pabbajito pabbajitassa piº¹a½ paµiggahetu½. Adhiv±setu me bhava½ gotamo sv±tan±ya bhatta½ saddhi½ bhikkhusaªghen±”ti. Adhiv±sesi bhagav± tuºh²bh±vena. Atha kho so ±j²vako bhagavato adhiv±sana½ viditv± pakk±mi. Atha kho bhagav± etasmi½ nid±ne etasmi½ pakaraºe dhammi½ katha½ katv± bhikkh³ ±mantesi– “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, samaºabhattasamaye gaºabhojana½ bhuñjitu½. Evañca pana, bhikkhave, ima½ sikkh±pada½ uddiseyy±tha–
217. Gaºabhojane , aññatra samay±, p±cittiya½. Tatth±ya½ samayo. Gil±nasamayo, c²varad±nasamayo, c²varak±rasamayo, addh±nagamanasamayo, n±v±bhiruhanasamayo, mah±samayo, samaºabhattasamayo– aya½ tattha samayo”ti.
218. Gaºabhojana½ n±ma yattha catt±ro bhikkh³ pañcanna½ bhojan±na½ aññatarena bhojanena nimantit± bhuñjanti. Eta½ gaºabhojana½ n±ma.
Aññatra samay±ti µhapetv± samaya½.
Gil±nasamayo n±ma antamaso p±d±pi phalit± [ph±lit± (sy±. ka.)] honti. “Gil±nasamayo”ti bhuñjitabba½.
C²varad±nasamayo n±ma anatthate kathine vass±nassa pacchimo m±so, atthate kathine pañcam±s±. “C²varad±nasamayo”ti bhuñjitabba½.
C²varak±rasamayo n±ma c²vare kayiram±ne. “C²varak±rasamayo”ti bhuñjitabba½.
Addh±nagamanasamayo n±ma “addhayojana½ gacchiss±m²”ti bhuñjitabba½, gacchantena bhuñjitabba½, gatena bhuñjitabba½.
N±v±bhiruhanasamayo n±ma “n±va½ abhiruhiss±m²”ti bhuñjitabba½, ±ru¼hena bhuñjitabba½, oru¼hena bhuñjitabba½.
Mah±samayo n±ma yattha dve tayo bhikkh³ piº¹±ya caritv± y±penti, catutthe ±gate na y±penti. “Mah±samayo”ti bhuñjitabba½.
Samaºabhattasamayo n±ma yo koci paribb±jakasam±panno bhatta½ karoti. “Samaºabhattasamayo”ti bhuñjitabba½.
“Aññatra samay± bhuñjiss±m²”ti paµiggaºh±ti, ±patti dukkaµassa. Ajjhoh±re ajjhoh±re ±patti p±cittiyassa.
219. Gaºabhojane gaºabhojanasaññ², aññatra samay±, bhuñjati, ±patti p±cittiyassa. Gaºabhojane vematiko, aññatra samay±, bhuñjati, ±patti p±cittiyassa. Gaºabhojane nagaºabhojanasaññ², aññatra samay±, bhuñjati, ±patti p±cittiyassa.
Nagaºabhojane gaºabhojanasaññ² ±patti dukkaµassa. Nagaºabhojane vematiko, ±patti dukkaµassa. Nagaºabhojane nagaºabhojanasaññ², an±patti.
220. An±patti samaye, dve tayo ekato bhuñjanti, piº¹±ya caritv± ekato sannipatitv± bhuñjanti, niccabhatta½, sal±kabhatta½, pakkhika½, uposathika½, p±µipadika½, pañca bhojan±ni µhapetv± sabbattha an±patti, ummattakassa, ±dikammikass±ti.

Gaºabhojanasikkh±pada½ niµµhita½ dutiya½.