Pañcavaggo

Kammavaggavaººan±

482. Kammavagge catunna½ kamm±na½ n±n±karaºa½ samathakkhandhake vuttameva. Kiñc±pi vutta½, atha kho aya½ kammavinicchayo n±ma ±dito paµµh±ya vuccam±no p±kaµo hoti, tasm± ±dito paµµh±yevettha vattabba½ vadiss±ma. Catt±r²ti kamm±na½ gaºanaparicchedavacanameta½. Kamm±n²ti paricchinnakammanidassana½. Apalokanakamma½ n±ma s²maµµhakasaªgha½ sodhetv± chand±rah±na½ chanda½ ±haritv± samaggassa saªghassa anumatiy± tikkhattu½ s±vetv± kattabba½ kamma½. Ñattikamma½ n±ma vuttanayeneva samaggassa saªghassa anumatiy± ek±ya ñattiy± kattabba½ kamma½. Ñattidutiyakamma½ n±ma vuttanayeneva samaggassa saªghassa anumatiy± ek±ya ñattiy± ek±ya ca anuss±van±y±ti eva½ ñattidutiy±ya anuss±van±ya kattabba½ kamma½. Ñatticatutthakamma½ n±ma vuttanayeneva samaggassa saªghassa anumatiy± ek±ya ñattiy± t²hi ca anuss±van±h²ti eva½ ñatticatutth±hi t²hi anuss±van±hi kattabba½ kamma½.
Tattha apalokanakamma½ apaloketv±va k±tabba½, ñattikamm±divasena na k±tabba½. Ñattikammampi eka½ ñatti½ µhapetv±va k±tabba½, apalokanakamm±divasena na k±tabba½. Ñattidutiyakamma½ pana apaloketv± k±tabbampi atthi, ak±tabbampi atthi.
Tattha s²m±sammuti, s²m±sam³hanana½, kathinad±na½, kathinuddh±ro, kuµivatthudesan±, vih±ravatthudesan±ti im±ni cha kamm±ni garuk±ni apaloketv± k±tu½ na vaµµanti, ñattidutiyakammav±ca½ s±vetv±va k±tabb±ni. Avases± terasa sammutiyo sen±sanagg±hakamatakac²varad±n±disammutiyo c±ti et±ni lahukakamm±ni apaloketv±pi k±tu½ vaµµanti, ñattikamma-ñatticatutthakammavasena pana na k±tabbameva. Ñatticatutthakammavasena kayiram±na½ da¼hatara½ hoti, tasm± k±tabbanti ekacce vadanti. Eva½ pana sati kammasaªkaro hoti, tasm± na k±tabbanti paµikkhittameva. Sace pana akkharaparih²na½ v± padaparih²na½ v± duruttapada½ v± hoti tassa sodhanattha½ punappuna½ vattu½ vaµµati. Ida½ akuppakammassa da¼h²kamma½ hoti, kuppakamme kamma½ hutv± tiµµhati.
Ñatticatutthakamma½ ñattiñca tisso ca kammav±c±yo s±vetv±va k±tabba½, apalokanakamm±divasena na k±tabba½. Pañcah±k±rehi vipajjant²ti pañcahi k±raºehi vipajjanti.
483. Sammukh±karaº²ya½ kamma½ asammukh± karoti, vatthuvipanna½ adhammakammanti ettha atthi kamma½ sammukh±karaº²ya½; atthi asammukh±karaº²ya½; tattha asammukh±karaº²ya½ n±ma d³tenupasampad±, pattanikkujjana½, pattukkujjana½, ummattakassa bhikkhuno ummattakasammuti, sekkh±na½ kul±na½ sekkhasammuti, channassa bhikkhuno brahmadaº¹o, devadattassa pak±san²yakamma½, appas±dan²ya½ dassentassa bhikkhuno bhikkhunisaªghena k±tabba½ avandan²yakammanti aµµhavidha½ hoti, ta½ sabba½ tattha tattha vuttanayeneva veditabba½. Ida½ aµµhavidhampi kamma½ asammukh± kata½ sukata½ hoti akuppa½.
Ses±ni sabbakamm±ni sammukh± eva k±tabb±ni– saªghasammukhat±, dhammasammukhat±, vinayasammukhat±, puggalasammukhat±ti ima½ catubbidha½ sammukh±vinaya½ upanetv±va k±tabb±ni. Eva½ kat±ni hi sukat±ni honti. Eva½ akat±ni panet±ni ima½ sammukh±vinayasaªkh±ta½ vatthu½ vin± katatt± vatthuvipann±ni n±ma honti. Tena vutta½– “sammukh±karaº²ya½ kamma½ asammukh± karoti, vatthuvipanna½ adhammakamman”ti.
Paµipucch±karaº²y±d²supi paµipucch±dikaraºameva vatthu, ta½ vatthu½ vin± katatt± tesampi vatthuvipannat± veditabb±. Ida½ panettha vacanatthamatta½. Paµipucch± karaº²ya½ appaµipucch± karot²ti pucchitv± codetv± s±retv± k±tabba½ apucchitv± acodetv± as±retv± karoti. Paµiññ±ya karaº²ya½ appaµiññ±ya karot²ti paµiñña½ ±ropetv± yath±dinn±ya paµiññ±ya k±tabba½ appaµiññ±ya karontassa vippalapantassa balakk±rena karoti. Sativinay±rahass±ti dabbamallaputtattherasadisassa kh²º±savassa. Am³¼havinay±rahass±ti gaggabhikkhusadisassa ummattakassa. Tassap±piyasikakamm±rahass±ti upav±¼abhikkhusadisassa ussannap±passa. Esa nayo sabbattha.
Anuposathe uposatha½ karot²ti anuposathadivase uposatha½ karoti. Uposathadivaso n±ma µhapetv± kattikam±sa½ avasesesu ek±dasasu m±sesu bhinnassa saªghassa s±maggidivaso ca yath±vuttac±tuddasapannaras± ca. Eta½ tippak±rampi uposathadivasa½ µhapetv± aññasmi½ divase uposatha½ karonto anuposathe uposatha½ karoti n±ma. Yatra hi pattac²var±d²na½ atth±ya appamattakena k±raºena vivadant± uposatha½ v± pav±raºa½ v± µhapenti, tattha tasmi½ adhikaraºe vinicchite “samagg± j±t±mh±”ti antar± s±maggi-uposatha½ k±tu½ na labhanti, karontehi anuposathe uposatho kato n±ma hoti.
Apav±raº±ya pav±ret²ti apav±raº±divase pav±reti; pav±raº±divaso n±ma ekasmi½ kattikam±se bhinnassa saªghassa s±maggidivaso ca paccukka¹¹hitv± µhapitadivaso ca dve ca puººam±siyo. Eva½ catubbidhampi pav±raº±divasa½ µhapetv± aññasmi½ divase pav±rento apav±raº±ya pav±reti n±ma. Idh±pi appamattakassa viv±dassa v³pasame s±maggipav±raºa½ k±tu½ na labhanti, karontehi apav±raº±ya pav±raº± kat± hoti. Apica ³nav²sativassa½ v± antimavatthu½ ajjh±pannapubba½ v± ek±dasasu v± abhabbapuggalesu aññatara½ upasamp±dentassapi vatthuvipanna½ adhammakamma½ hoti. Eva½ vatthuto kamm±ni vipajjanti.
484. Ñattito vipattiya½ pana vatthu½ na par±masat²ti yassa upasampad±dikamma½ karoti, ta½ na par±masati, tassa n±ma½ na gaºh±ti. “Suº±tu me bhante saªgho, aya½ dhammarakkhito ±yasmato buddharakkhitassa upasampad±pekkho”ti vattabbe “suº±tu me bhante saªgho, ±yasmato buddharakkhitassa upasampad±pekkho”ti vadati; eva½ vatthu½ na par±masati.
Saªgha½ na par±masat²ti saªghassa n±ma½ na gaºh±ti. “Suº±tu me bhante saªgho, aya½ dhammarakkhito”ti vattabbe “suº±tu me bhante, aya½ dhammarakkhito”ti vadati; eva½ saªgha½ na par±masati.
Puggala½ na par±masat²ti yo upasampad±pekkhassa upajjh±yo, ta½ na par±masati, tassa n±ma½ na gaºh±ti. “Suº±tu me bhante saªgho, aya½ dhammarakkhito ±yasmato buddharakkhitassa upasampad±pekkho”ti vattabbe “suº±tu me, bhante saªgho, aya½ dhammarakkhito upasampad±pekkho”ti vadati; eva½ puggala½ na par±masati.
Ñatti½ na par±masat²ti sabbena sabba½ ñatti½ na par±masati. Ñattidutiyakamme ñatti½ aµµhapetv± dvikkhattu½ kammav±c±ya eva anuss±vanakamma½ karoti. Ñatticatutthakammepi ñatti½ aµµhapetv± catukkhattu½ kammav±c±ya eva anuss±vanakamma½ karoti; eva½ ñatti½ na par±masati.
Pacch± v± ñatti½ µhapet²ti paµhama½ kammav±c±ya anuss±vanakamma½ katv± “es± ñatt²”ti vatv± “khamati saªghassa tasm± tuºh² evameta½ dh±ray±m²”ti vadati; eva½ pacch± ñatti½ µhapeti. Iti imehi pañcah±k±rehi ñattito kamm±ni vipajjanti.
485. Anuss±vanato vipattiya½ pana vatthu-±d²ni vuttanayeneva veditabb±ni. Eva½ pana nesa½ apar±masana½ hoti– “suº±tu me bhante saªgho”ti paµham±nuss±vane “dutiyampi etamattha½ vad±mi, tatiyampi etamattha½ vad±mi, suº±tu me bhante saªgho”ti dutiyatatiy±nuss±van±su v± “aya½ dhammarakkhito ±yasmato buddharakkhitassa upasampad±pekkho”ti vattabbe “suº±tu me bhante saªgho, ±yasmato buddharakkhitass±”ti vadanto vatthu½ na par±masati n±ma. “Suº±tu me bhante saªgho, aya½ dhammarakkhito”ti vattabbe “suº±tu me bhante, aya½ dhammarakkhito”ti vadanto saªgha½ na par±masati n±ma. “Suº±tu me bhante saªgho, aya½ dhammarakkhito ±yasmato buddharakkhitass±”ti vattabbe “suº±tu me bhante saªgho, aya½ dhammarakkhito upasampad±pekkho”ti vadanto puggala½ na par±masati n±ma.
S±vana½ h±pet²ti sabbena sabba½ kammav±c±ya anuss±vana½ na karoti, ñattidutiyakamme dvikkhattu½ ñattimeva µhapeti, ñatticatutthakamme catukkhattu½ ñattimeva µhapeti; eva½ anuss±vana½ h±peti Yopi ñattidutiyakamme eka½ ñatti½ µhapetv± eka½ kammav±ca½ anuss±vento akkhara½ v± cha¹¹eti, pada½ v± durutta½ karoti, ayampi anuss±vana½ h±petiyeva. Ñatticatutthakamme pana eka½ ñatti½ µhapetv± sakimeva v± dvikkhattu½ v± kammav±c±ya anuss±vana½ karontopi akkhara½ v± pada½ v± cha¹¹entopi durutta½ karontopi anuss±vana½ h±petiyev±ti veditabbo.
Durutta½ karot²ti ettha pana aya½ vinicchayo– yo hi aññasmi½ akkhare vattabbe añña½ vadati, aya½ durutta½ karoti n±ma. Tasm± kammav±ca½ karontena bhikkhun± yv±ya½–
“Sithila½ dhanitañca d²gharassa½, garuka½ lahukañca niggahita½;
sambandha½ vavatthita½ vimutta½, dasadh± byañjanabuddhiy± pabhedo”ti.
Vutto, aya½ suµµhu upalakkhetabbo. Ettha hi “sithila½” n±ma pañcasu vaggesu paµhamatatiya½. “Dhanita½” n±ma tesveva dutiyacatuttha½. “D²ghan”ti d²ghena k±lena vattabba½ ±k±r±di. “Rassan”ti tato upa¹¹hak±lena vattabba½ ak±r±di. “Garukan”ti d²ghameva. Ya½ v± ±yasmato buddharakkhitattherassa yassa nakkhamat²ti eva½ sa½yogapara½ katv± vuccati. “Lahukan”ti rassameva. Ya½ v± ±yasmato buddharakkhitatherassa yassa na khamat²ti eva½ asa½yogapara½ katv± vuccati. “Niggahitan”ti ya½ karaº±ni niggahetv± avissajjetv± avivaµena mukhena s±nun±sika½ katv± vattabba½. “Sambandhan”ti ya½ parapadena sambandhitv± “tuºhiss±”ti v± “tuºhass±”ti v± vuccati. “Vavatthitan”ti ya½ parapadena asambandha½ katv± vicchinditv± “tuºh² ass±”ti v± “tuºha ass±”ti v± vuccati. “Vimuttan”ti ya½ karaº±ni aniggahetv± vissajjetv± vivaµena mukhena anun±sika½ akatv± vuccati.
Tattha “suº±tu me”ti vattabbe ta-k±rassa tha-k±ra½ katv± “suº±thu me”ti vacana½ sithilassa dhanitakaraºa½ n±ma. Tath± “pattakalla½, es± ñatt²”ti vattabbe “patthakalla½, es± ñatth²”ti-±divacanañca. “Bhante saªgho”ti vattabbe bha-k±ra gha-k±r±na½ ba-k±ra ga-k±re katv± “bante saªgo”ti vacana½ dhanitassa sithilakaraºa½ n±ma. “Suº±tu me”ti vivaµena mukhena vattabbe pana “suºa½tu me”ti v± “es± ñatt²”ti vattabbe “esa½ ñatt²”ti v± avivaµena mukhena anun±sika½ katv± vacana½ vimuttassa niggahitavacana½ n±ma. “Pattakallan”ti avivaµena mukhena anun±sika½ katv± vattabbe “pattakall±”ti vivaµena mukhena anun±sika½ akatv± vacana½ niggahitassa vimuttavacana½ n±ma.
Iti sithile kattabbe dhanita½, dhanite kattabbe sithila½, vimutte kattabbe niggahita½, niggahite kattabbe vimuttanti im±ni catt±ri byañjan±ni antokammav±c±ya kamma½ d³senti. Eva½ vadanto hi aññasmi½ akkhare vattabbe añña½ vadati, durutta½ karot²ti vuccati. Itaresu pana d²gharass±d²su chasu byañjanesu d²ghaµµh±ne d²ghameva, rassaµµh±ne ca rassamev±ti eva½ yath±µh±ne ta½ tadeva akkhara½ bh±santena anukkam±gata½ paveºi½ avin±sentena kammav±c± k±tabb±. Sace pana eva½ akatv± d²ghe vattabbe rassa½, rasse v± vattabbe d²gha½ vadati; tath± garuke vattabbe lahuka½, lahuke v± vattabbe garuka½ vadati; sambandhe v± pana vattabbe vavatthita½, vavatthite v± vattabbe sambandha½ vadati; eva½ vuttepi kammav±c± na kuppati. Im±ni hi cha byañjan±ni kamma½ na kopenti.
Ya½ pana suttantikatther± “da-k±ro ta-k±ram±pajjati, ta-k±ro da-k±ram±pajjati, ca-k±ro ja-k±ram±pajjati, ja-k±ro ca-k±ram±pajjati, ya-k±ro ka-k±ram±pajjati, ka-k±ro ya-k±ram±pajjati; tasm± da-k±r±d²su vattabbesu ta-k±r±divacana½ na virujjhat²”ti vadanti, ta½ kammav±ca½ patv± na vaµµati. Tasm± vinayadharena neva da-k±ro ta-k±ro k±tabbo…pe… na ka-k±ro ya-k±ro. Yath±p±¼iy± nirutti½ sodhetv± dasavidh±ya byañjananiruttiy± vuttadose pariharantena kammav±c± k±tabb±. Itarath± hi s±vana½ h±peti n±ma.
Ak±le v± s±vet²ti s±van±ya ak±le anok±se ñatti½ aµµhapetv± paµhama½yeva anuss±vanakamma½ katv± pacch± ñatti½ µhapeti. Iti imehi pañcah±k±rehi anuss±vanato kamm±ni vipajjanti.
486. S²mato vipattiya½ pana atikhuddakas²m± n±ma y± ekav²sati bhikkh³ na gaºh±ti. Kurundiya½ pana “yattha ekav²sati bhikkh³ nis²ditu½ na sakkont²”ti vutta½. Tasm± y± evar³p± s²m±, aya½ sammat±pi asammat±, g±makhettasadis±va hoti, tattha kata½ kamma½ kuppati. Esa nayo sesas²m±supi. Ettha pana atimahat² n±ma y± kesaggamatten±pi tiyojana½ atikk±metv± sammat± hoti. Khaº¹animitt± n±ma aghaµitanimitt± vuccati. Puratthim±ya dis±ya nimitta½ kittetv± anukkameneva dakkhiº±ya pacchim±ya uttar±ya dis±ya kittetv± puna puratthim±ya dis±ya pubbakittita½ nimitta½ paµikittetv±va µhapetu½ vaµµati; eva½ akhaº¹animitt± hoti. Sace pana anukkamena ±haritv± uttar±ya dis±ya nimitta½ kittetv± tattheva µhapeti, khaº¹animitt± hoti. Apar±pi khaº¹animitt± n±ma y± animittupaga½ tacas±rarukkha½ v± kh±ºuka½ v± pa½supuñjav±lik±puñj±na½ v± aññatara½ antar± eka½ nimitta½ katv± sammat± hoti. Ch±y±nimitt± n±ma y± pabbatacch±y±d²na½ ya½kiñci ch±ya½ nimitta½ katv± sammat± hoti. Animitt± n±ma y± sabbena sabba½ nimitt±ni akittetv± sammat± hoti.
Bahis²me µhito s²ma½ sammannati n±ma nimitt±ni kittetv± nimitt±na½ bahi µhito sammannati. Nadiy± samudde j±tassare s²ma½ sammannat²ti etesu nadi-±d²su ya½ sammannati, s± eva½ sammat±pi “sabb±, bhikkhave, nad² as²m±, sabbo samuddo as²mo, sabbo j±tassaro as²mo”ti (mah±va. 147) vacanato asammat±va hoti. S²m±ya s²ma½ sambhindat²ti attano s²m±ya paresa½ s²ma½ sambhindati. Ajjhottharat²ti attano s²m±ya paresa½ s²ma½ ajjhottharati. Tattha yath± sambhedo ca ajjhottharaºañca hoti, ta½ sabba½ uposathakkhandhake vuttameva. Iti im± ek±dasapi s²m± as²m± g±makhettasadis± eva, t±su nis²ditv± kata½ kamma½ kuppati. Tena vutta½ “imehi ek±dasahi ±k±rehi s²mato kamm±ni vipajjant²”ti.
487-488. Parisato kammavipattiya½ pana kiñci anutt±na½ n±ma natthi. Yampi tattha kammappattachand±rahalakkhaºa½ vattabba½ siy±, tampi parato “catt±ro bhikkh³ pakatatt± kammappatt±”ti-±din± nayena vuttameva. Tattha pakatatt± kammappatt±ti catuvaggakaraºe kamme catt±ro pakatatt± anukkhitt± aniss±rit± parisuddhas²l± catt±ro bhikkh³ kammappatt± kammassa arah± anucchavik± s±mino. Na tehi vin± ta½ kamma½ kayirati, na tesa½ chando v± p±risuddhi v± eti. Avases± pana sacepi sahassamatt± honti, sace sam±nasa½v±sak±, sabbe chand±rah±va honti. Chandap±risuddhi½ datv± ±gacchantu v± m± v±, kamma½ pana tiµµhati. Yassa pana saªgho pariv±s±dikamma½ karoti, so neva kammappatto, n±pi chand±raho. Apica yasm± ta½ puggala½ vatthu½ katv± saªgho kamma½ karoti, tasm± “kamm±raho”ti vuccati. Sesakammesupi eseva nayo.
489. Puna catt±ri kamm±n²ti-±diko nayo paº¹ak±d²na½ avatthubh±vadassanattha½ vutto. Sesamettha utt±nameva.