C³¼asaªg±mo

Anuvijjakassa paµipattivaººan±

365. C³¼asaªg±me saªg±m±vacarena bhikkhun±ti saªg±mo vuccati adhikaraºavinicchayatth±ya saªghasannip±to. Tatra hi attapaccatthik± ceva s±sanapaccatthik± ca uddhamma½ ubbinaya½ satthu s±sana½ d²pent± samosaranti ves±lik± vajjiputtak± viya. Yo bhikkhu tesa½ paccatthik±na½ laddhi½ madditv± sakav±dad²panatth±ya tattha avacarati, ajjhog±hetv± vinicchaya½ pavatteti, so saªg±m±vacaro n±ma yasatthero viya. Tena saªg±m±vacarena bhikkhun± saªgha½ upasaªkamantena n²cacittena saªgho upasaªkamitabbo. N²cacitten±ti m±naddhaja½ nip±tetv± nihatam±nacittena. Rajoharaºasamen±ti p±dapuñchanasamena; yath± rajoharaºassa sa½kiliµµhe v± asa½kiliµµhe v± p±de puñchiyam±ne neva r±go na doso; eva½ iµµh±niµµhesu arajjantena adussanten±ti attho. Yath±patir³pe ±saneti yath±patir³pa½ ±sana½ ñatv± attano p±puºanaµµh±ne ther±na½ bhikkh³na½ piµµhi½ adassetv± nis²ditabba½. An±n±kathiken±ti n±n±vidha½ ta½ ta½ anatthakatha½ akathentena. Atiracch±nakathiken±ti diµµhasutamutampi r±jakath±dika½ tiracch±nakatha½ akathentena. S±ma½ v± dhammo bh±sitabboti saªghasannip±taµµh±ne kappiy±kappiyanissit± v± r³p±r³paparicchedasamath±c±ravipassan±c±raµµh±nanisajjavatt±dinissit± v± kath± dhammo n±ma. Evar³po dhammo saya½ v± bh±sitabbo, paro v± ajjhesitabbo. Yo bhikkhu tath±r³pi½ katha½ kathetu½ pahoti, so vattabbo– “±vuso saªghamajjhamhi pañhe uppanne tva½ katheyy±s²”ti. Ariyo v± tuºh²bh±vo n±timaññitabboti ariy± tuºh² nis²dant± na b±laputhujjan± viya nis²danti. Aññatara½ kammaµµh±na½ gahetv±va nis²danti. Iti kammaµµh±namanasik±ravasena tuºh²bh±vo ariyo tuºh²bh±vo n±ma, so n±timaññitabbo, ki½ kammaµµh±n±nuyogen±ti n±vaj±nitabbo; attano patir³pa½ kammaµµh±na½ gahetv±va nis²ditabbanti attho.
Na upajjh±yo pucchitabboti “ko n±mo tuyha½ upajjh±yo”ti na pucchitabbo. Esa nayo sabbattha. Na j±t²ti “khattiyaj±tiyo tva½ br±hmaºaj±tiyo”ti eva½ j±ti na pucchitabb±. Na ±gamoti “d²ghabh±ºakosi tva½ majjhimabh±ºako”ti eva½ ±gamo na pucchitabbo. Kulapadesoti khattiyakul±divaseneva veditabbo. Atrassa pema½ v± doso v±ti atra puggale etesa½ k±raº±na½ aññataravasena pema½ v± bhaveyya doso v±.
No parisakappiken±ti parisakappakena paris±nuvidh±yakena na bhavitabba½; ya½ paris±ya ruccati, tadeva cetetv± kappetv± na kathetabbanti attho. Na hatthamudd± dassetabb±ti kathetabbe ca akathetabbe ca saññ±jananattha½ hatthavik±ro na k±tabbo.
Attha½ anuvidhiyanten±ti vinicchayapaµivedhameva sallakkhentena “ida½ sutta½ upalabbhati, imasmi½ vinicchaye ida½ vakkh±m²”ti eva½ paritulayantena nis²ditabbanti attho. Na ca ±san± vuµµh±tabbanti na ±san± vuµµh±ya sannip±tamaº¹ale vicaritabba½, vinayadhare uµµhite sabb± paris± uµµhahati. Na v²tih±tabbanti na vinicchayo h±petabbo. Na kummaggo sevitabboti na ±patti d²petabb±. As±hasikena bhavitabbanti na sahas±k±rin± bhavitabba½; sahas± duruttavacana½ na kathetabbanti attho. Vacanakkhamen±ti duruttav±ca½ khamanas²lena. Hitaparisakkin±ti hitesin± hitagavesin± karuº± ca karuº±pubbabh±go ca upaµµh±petabboti aya½ padadvayepi adhipp±yo. Anasurutten±ti na asuruttena. Asurutta½ vuccati vigg±hikakath±saªkh±ta½ asundaravacana½; ta½ na kathetabbanti attho. Att± pariggahetabboti “vinicchinitu½ v³pasametu½ sakkhiss±mi nu kho no”ti eva½ att± pariggahetabbo; attano pam±ºa½ j±nitabbanti attho. Paro pariggahetabboti “lajjiy± nu kho aya½ paris±, sakk± saññ±petu½ ud±hu no”ti eva½ paro pariggahetabbo.
Codako pariggahetabboti “dhammacodako nu kho no”ti eva½ pariggahetabbo. Cuditako pariggahetabboti “dhammacuditako nu kho no”ti eva½ pariggahetabbo. Adhammacodako pariggahetabboti tassa pam±ºa½ j±nitabba½. Sesesupi eseva nayo. Vutta½ ah±penten±ti codakacuditakehi vuttavacana½ ah±pentena. Avutta½ apak±senten±ti anosaµa½ vatthu½ appak±sentena. Mando h±setabboti mando mom³ho paggaºhitabbo, “nanu tva½ kulaputto”ti uttejetv± anuyogavatta½ kath±petv± tassa anuyogo gaºhitabbo. Bh²r³ ass±setabboti yassa saªghamajjha½ v± gaºamajjha½ v± anosaµapubbatt± s±rajja½ uppajjati, t±diso “m± bh±yi, vissaµµho kathehi, maya½ te upatthambh± bhaviss±m±”ti vatv±pi anuyogavatta½ kath±petabbo. Caº¹o nisedhetabboti apas±detabbo tajjetabbo. Asuci vibh±vetabboti alajji½ pak±setv± ±patti½ des±petabbo. Ujumaddaven±ti yo bhikkhu uju s²lav± k±yavaªk±dirahito, so maddaveneva upacaritabbo. Dhammesu ca puggalesu c±ti ettha yo dhammagaruko hoti na puggalagaruko, ayameva dhammesu ca puggalesu ca majjhattoti veditabbo.
366. Sutta½ sa½sandanatth±y±ti-±d²su tena ca pana eva½ sabrahmac±r²na½ piyaman±pagarubh±van²yena anuvijjakena samud±haµesu sutt±d²su sutta½ sa½sandanatth±ya; ±patt±n±patt²na½ sa½sandanatthanti veditabba½. Opamma½ nidassanatth±y±ti opamma½ atthadassanatth±ya. Attho viññ±panatth±y±ti attho j±n±panatth±ya. Paµipucch± µhapanatth±y±ti pucch± puggalassa µhapanatth±ya. Ok±sakamma½ codanatth±y±ti vatthun± v± ±pattiy± v± codanatth±ya. Codan± s±raºatth±y±ti dos±dosa½ sar±panatth±ya. S±raº± savacan²yatth±y±ti dos±dosas±raº± savacan²yakaraºatth±ya. Savacan²ya½ palibodhatth±y±ti savacan²ya½ “imamh± ±v±s± para½ m± pakkam²”ti eva½ palibodhatth±ya. Palibodho vinicchayatth±y±ti vinicchaya½ p±panatth±ya. Vinicchayo sant²raºatth±y±ti dos±dosa½ sant²raºatth±ya tulanatth±ya. Sant²raºa½ µh±n±µµh±nagamanatth±y±ti ±patti-an±pattigarukalahuk±pattij±nanatth±ya Saªgho sampariggahasampaµicchanatth±y±ti vinicchayasampaµiggahaºatth±ya ca; suvinicchitadubbinicchitabh±vaj±nanatth±ya c±ti attho. Paccekaµµh±yino avisa½v±dakaµµh±yinoti issariy±dhipaccajeµµhakaµµh±ne ca avisa½v±dakaµµh±ne ca µhit±; na te apas±detabb±ti attho.
Id±ni ye mand± mandabuddhino eva½ vadeyyu½ “vinayo n±ma kimatth±y±”ti tesa½ vacanok±sapidahanatthamatta½ dassetu½ vinayo sa½varatth±y±ti-±dim±ha. Tattha vinayo sa½varatth±y±ti sakal±pi vinayapaññatti k±yavac²dv±rasa½varatth±ya. ¾j²vavisuddhipariyos±nassa s²lassa upanissayo hoti; paccayo hot²ti attho. Esa nayo sabbattha. Apicettha avippaµis±roti p±papuññ±na½ kat±katavasena cittavippaµis±r±bh±vo. P±mujjanti dubbal± taruºap²ti. P²t²ti balav± bahalap²ti. Passaddh²ti k±yacittadarathapaµippassaddhi. Sukhanti k±yikacetasikasukha½. Tañhi duvidhampi sam±dhissa upanissayapaccayo hoti. Sam±dh²ti cittekaggat±. Yath±bh³tañ±ºadassananti taruºavipassan±; udayabbayañ±ºasseta½ adhivacana½. Cittekaggat± hi taruºavipassan±ya upanissayapaccayo hoti. Nibbid±ti sikh±patt± vuµµh±nag±minibalavavipassan±. Vir±goti ariyamaggo. Vimutt²ti arahattaphala½. Catubbidhopi hi ariyamaggo arahattaphalassa upanissayapaccayo hoti. Vimuttiñ±ºadassananti paccavekkhaº±ñ±ºa½. Vimuttiñ±ºadassana½ anup±d±parinibb±natth±y±ti apaccayaparinibb±natth±ya. Apaccayaparinibb±nassa hi ta½ paccayo hoti, tasmi½ anuppatte avassa½ parinibb±yitabbatoti. Etadatth± kath±ti aya½ vinayakath± n±ma etadatth±. Mantan±ti vinayamantan± eva. Upanis±ti aya½ “vinayo sa½varatth±y±”ti-±dik± paramparapaccayat±pi etadatth±ya. Sot±vadh±nanti imiss± paramparapaccayakath±ya sot±vadh±na½. Ima½ katha½ sutv± ya½ uppajjati ñ±ºa½, tampi etadatth±ya. Yadida½ anup±d± cittassa vimokkhoti yo aya½ cat³hi up±d±nehi anup±diyitv± cittassa arahattaphalasaªkh±to vimokkho, sopi etadatth±ya; apaccayaparinibb±natth±ya ev±ti attho.
367. Anuyogavattag±th±su paµhamag±th± vuttatth± eva.
Vatthu½ vipatti½ ±patti½, nid±na½ ±k±ra-akovido pubb±para½ na j±n±t²ti “vatthun”ti-±d²ni “na j±n±t²”ti padena sambandho. “Akovido”ti padassa “sa ve t±disako”ti imin± sambandho. Tasm± ayamettha yojan±– yo bhikkhu p±r±jik±d²na½ vatthu½ na j±n±ti, catubbidha½ vipatti½ na j±n±ti, sattavidha½ ±patti½ na j±n±ti, “ida½ sikkh±pada½ asukasmi½ n±ma nagare paññattan”ti eva½ nid±na½ na j±n±ti, “ida½ purimavacana½ ida½ pacchimavacanan”ti pubb±para½ na j±n±ti, “ida½ kata½ ida½ akatan”ti kat±kata½ na j±n±ti. Samena c±ti teneva pubb±para½ aj±nanassa samena aññ±ºena, “kat±kata½ na j±n±t²”ti vutta½ hoti; eva½ t±va naj±n±ti-padena saddhi½ sambandho veditabbo. Ya½ paneta½ “±k±ra-akovido”ti vutta½, tattha ±k±ra-akovidoti k±raº±k±raºe akovido. Iti yv±ya½ vatthu-±d²nipi na j±n±ti, ±k±rassa ca akovido, sa ve t±disako bhikkhu apaµikkhoti vuccati.
Kammañca adhikaraºañc±ti imesampi pad±na½ “na j±n±t²”ti padeneva sambandho. Aya½ panettha yojan±– tatheva iti yv±ya½ kammañca na j±n±ti, adhikaraºañca na j±n±ti, sattappak±re samathe c±pi akovido, r±g±d²hi pana ratto duµµho ca m³¼ho ca, bhayena bhay± gacchati, sammohena moh± gacchati, rattatt± pana duµµhatt± ca chand± dos± ca gacchati, para½ saññ±petu½ asamatthat±ya na ca saññattikusalo, k±raº±k±raºadassane asamatthat±ya nijjhattiy± ca akovido attano sadis±ya paris±ya laddhatt± laddhapakkho, hiriy± parib±hiratt± ahiriko, k±¼akehi kammehi samann±gatatt± kaºhakammo, dhamm±dariyapuggal±dariy±na½ abh±vato an±daro, sa ve t±disako bhikkhu apaµikkhoti vuccati, na paµikkhitabbo na oloketabbo, na sammannitv± issariy±dhipaccajeµµhakaµµh±ne µhapetabboti attho. Sukkapakkhag±th±nampi yojan±nayo vuttanayeneva veditabboti.

C³¼asaªg±mavaººan± niµµhit±.