Pañcakav±ravaººan±

325. Pañcakesu pañca puggal± niyat±ti ±nantariy±nameveta½ gahaºa½. Pañca chedanak± ±pattiyo n±ma pam±º±tikkante mañcap²µhe nis²danakaº¹uppaµicch±divassikas±µik±su sugatac²vare ca veditabb±. Pañcah±k±reh²ti alajjit±, aññ±ºat±, kukkuccappakatat±, akappiye kappiyasaññit±, kappiye akappiyasaññit±ti imehi pañcahi. Pañca ±pattiyo mus±v±dapaccay±ti p±r±jikathullaccayadukkaµasaªgh±disesap±cittiy±. An±mantac±roti “santa½ bhikkhu½ an±pucch± purebhatta½ pacch±bhatta½ kulesu c±ritta½ ±pajjeyy±”ti imassa ±pucchitv± c±rassa abh±vo. Anadhiµµh±nanti “gaºabhojane aññatra samay±”ti vutta½ samaya½ adhiµµhahitv± bhojana½ adhiµµh±na½ n±ma; tath± akaraºa½ anadhiµµh±na½. Avikappan± n±ma y± paramparabhojane vikappan± vutt±, tass± akaraºa½. Im±ni hi pañca piº¹ap±tikassa dhutaªgeneva paµikkhitt±ni. Ussaªkitaparisaªkitoti ye passanti, ye suºanti, tehi ussaªkito ceva parisaªkito ca. Api akuppadhammo kh²º±savopi sam±no, tasm± agocar± pariharitabb±. Na hi etesu sandissam±no ayasato v± garahato v± muccati. Sos±nikanti sus±ne patitaka½. P±paºikanti ±paºadv±re patitaka½. Th³pac²varanti vammika½ parikkhipitv± balikammakata½. ¾bhisekikanti nah±naµµh±ne v± rañño abhisekaµµh±ne v± cha¹¹itac²vara½. Bhatapaµiy±bhatanti sus±na½ netv± puna ±n²taka½. Pañca mah±cor± uttarimanussadhamme vutt±.
Pañc±pattiyo k±yato samuµµhant²ti paµhamena ±pattisamuµµh±nena pañca ±pattiyo ±pajjati, “bhikkhu kappiyasaññ² saññ±cik±ya kuµi½ karot²”ti eva½ antarapeyy±le vutt±pattiyo. Pañca ±pattiyo k±yato ca v±cato c±ti tatiyena ±pattisamuµµh±nena pañca ±pattiyo ±pajjati, “bhikkhu kappiyasaññ² sa½vidahitv± kuµi½ karot²”ti eva½ tattheva vutt± ±pattiyo. Desan±g±miniyoti µhapetv± p±r±jikañca saªgh±disesañca avases±.
Pañca kamm±n²ti tajjan²yaniyassapabb±jan²yapaµis±raº²y±ni catt±ri ukkhepan²yañca tividhampi ekanti pañca. Y±vatatiyake pañc±ti ukkhitt±nuvattik±ya bhikkhuniy± y±vatatiya½ samanubh±san±ya appaµinissajjantiy± p±r±jika½ thullaccaya½ dukkaµanti tisso bhedak±nuvattak±disamanubh±san±su saªgh±diseso, p±pik±ya diµµhiy± appaµinissagge p±cittiya½. Adinnanti aññena adinna½. Aviditanti paµiggaºh±m²ti cetan±ya abh±vena avidita½. Akappiyanti pañcahi samaºakappehi akappiyakata½; ya½ v± panaññampi akappiyama½sa½ akappiyabhojana½. Akat±tirittanti pav±retv± atiritta½ akata½. Samajjad±nanti naµasamajj±did±na½. Usabhad±nanti gogaºassa antare usabhavissajjana½. Cittakammad±nanti ±v±sa½ k±retv± tattha cittakamma½ k±retu½ vaµµati. Ida½ pana paµibh±nacittakammad±na½ sandh±ya vutta½. Im±ni hi pañca kiñc±pi lokassa puññasammat±ni, atha kho apuññ±ni akusal±niyeva Uppanna½ paµibh±nanti ettha paµibh±nanti kathetukamyat± vuccati. Ime pañca duppaµivinoday±ti na supaµivinoday±; up±yena pana k±raºena anur³p±hi paccavekkhan±-anus±san±d²hi sakk± paµivinodetunti attho.
Sakacitta½ pas²dat²ti ettha im±ni vatth³ni– kaµa-andhak±rav±s² phussadevattherokira cetiyaªgaºa½ sammajjitv± eka½sa½ uttar±saªga½ karitv± sinduv±rakusumasanthatamiva samavippakiººav±lika½ cetiyaªgaºa½ olokento buddh±rammaºa½ p²tip±mojja½ upp±detv± aµµh±si. Tasmi½ khaºe m±ro pabbatap±de nibbattak±¼amakkaµo viya hutv± cetiyaªgaºe gomaya½ vippakiranto gato. Thero n±sakkhi arahatta½ p±puºitu½, sammajjitv± agam±si. Dutiyadivasepi jaraggavo hutv± t±disameva vippak±ra½ ak±si. Tatiyadivase vaªkap±da½ manussattabh±va½ nimminitv± p±dena parikasanto agam±si. Thero “evar³po b²bhacchapuriso samant± yojanappam±ºesu gocarag±mesu natthi, siy± nu kho m±ro”ti cintetv± “m±rosi tvan”ti ±ha. “¾ma, bhante, m±romhi, na d±ni te vañcetu½ asakkhin”ti. “Diµµhapubbo tay± tath±gato”ti? “¾ma, diµµhapubbo”ti. “M±ro n±ma mah±nubh±vo hoti, iªgha t±va buddhassa bhagavato attabh±vasadisa½ attabh±va½ nimmin±h²”ti? “Na sakk±, bhante, t±disa½ r³pa½ nimminitu½; apica kho pana ta½sarikkhaka½ patir³paka½ nimminiss±m²”ti sakabh±va½ vijahitv± buddhar³pasadisena attabh±vena aµµh±si Thero m±ra½ oloketv± “aya½ t±va sar±gadosamoho eva½ sobhati, katha½ nu kho bhagav± na sobhati sabbaso v²tar±gadosamoho”ti buddh±rammaºa½ p²ti½ paµilabhitv± vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± arahatta½ p±puºi. M±ro “vañcitomhi tay±, bhante”ti ±ha. Theropi “ki½ atthi jaram±ra, t±disa½ vañcetun”ti ±ha. Lokantaravih±repi datto n±ma daharabhikkhu cetiyaªgaºa½ sammajjitv± olokento od±takasiºa½ paµilabhi. Aµµha sam±pattiyo nibbattesi. Tato vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± phalattaya½ sacch±k±si.
Paracitta½ pas²dat²ti ettha im±ni vatth³ni– tisso n±ma daharabhikkhu jambukolacetiyaªgaºa½ sammajjitv± saªk±racha¹¹ani½ hatthena gahetv±va aµµh±si Tasmi½ khaºe tissadattatthero n±ma n±v±to oruyha cetiyaªgaºa½ olokento bh±vitacittena sammaµµhaµµh±nanti ñatv± pañh±sahassa½ pucchi, itaro sabba½ vissajjesi. Aññatarasmimpi vih±re thero cetiyaªgaºa½ sammajjitv± vatta½ paricchindi. Yonakavisayato cetiyavandak± catt±ro ther± ±gantv± cetiyaªgaºa½ disv± anto appavisitv± dv±reyeva µhatv± eko thero aµµha kappe anussari, eko so¼asa, eko v²sati, eko ti½sa kappe anussari.
Devat± attaman± hont²ti ettha ida½ vatthu– ekasmi½ kira vih±re eko bhikkhu cetiyaªgaºañca bodhiyaªgaºañca sammajjitv± nah±yitu½ gato. Devat± “imassa vih±rassa katak±lato paµµh±ya eva½ vatta½ p³retv± sammaµµhapubbo bhikkhu natth²”ti pasannacitt± pupphahatth± aµµha½su. Thero ±gantv± “katarag±mav±sik±tth±”ti ±ha. “Bhante, idheva vas±ma, imassa vih±rassa katak±lato paµµh±ya eva½ vatta½ p³retv± sammaµµhapubbo bhikkhu natth²ti tumh±ka½, bhante, vatte pas²ditv± pupphahatth± µhit±mh±”ti devat± ±ha½su.
P±s±dikasa½vattanikanti ettha ida½ vatthu– eka½ kira amaccaputta½ abhayattherañca ±rabbha aya½ kath± udap±di “ki½ nu kho amaccaputto p±s±diko, abhayattheroti ubhopi ne ekasmi½ µh±ne olokess±m±”ti. ѱtak± amaccaputta½ alaªkaritv± mah±cetiya½ vand±pess±m±ti agama½su. Theram±t±pi p±s±dika½ c²vara½ k±retv± puttassa pahiºi, “putto me kese chind±petv± ima½ c²vara½ p±rupitv± bhikkhusaªghaparivuto mah±cetiya½ vandat³”ti. Amaccaputto ñ±tiparivuto p±c²nadv±rena cetiyaªgaºa½ ±ru¼ho, abhayatthero bhikkhusaªghaparivuto dakkhiºadv±rena cetiyaªgaºa½ ±ruhitv± cetiyaªgaºe tena saddhi½ sam±gantv± ±ha– “ki½ tva½, ±vuso, mahallakattherassa sammaµµhaµµh±ne kacavara½ cha¹¹etv± may± saddhi½ yugagg±ha½ gaºh±s²”ti. At²tattabh±ve kira abhayatthero mahallakatthero n±ma hutv± gocarag±me cetiyaªgaºa½ sammajji, amaccaputto mah±-up±sako hutv± sammaµµhaµµh±ne kacavara½ gahetv± cha¹¹esi.
Satthus±sana½ kata½ hot²ti ida½ sammajjanavatta½ n±ma buddhehi vaººita½, tasm± ta½ karontena satthus±sana½ kata½ hoti. Tatrida½ vatthu– ±yasm± kira s±riputto himavanta½ gantv± ekasmi½ pabbh±re asammajjitv±va nirodha½ sam±pajjitv± nis²di. Bhagav± ±vajjanto therassa asammajjitv± nisinnabh±va½ ñatv± ±k±sena gantv± therassa purato asammaµµhaµµh±ne p±d±ni dassetv± pacc±gañchi. Thero sam±pattito vuµµhito bhagavato p±d±ni disv± balavahirottappa½ paccupaµµh±petv± jaººukehi patiµµh±ya “asammajjitv± nisinnabh±va½ vata me satth± aññ±si, saªghamajjhe d±ni codana½ k±ress±m²”ti dasabalassa santika½ gantv± vanditv± nis²di. Bhagav± “kuhi½ gatosi, s±riputt±”ti vatv± “na patir³pa½ d±ni te mayha½ anantare µh±ne µhatv± vicarantassa asammajjitv± nis²ditun”ti ±ha. Tato paµµh±ya thero gaºµhikapaµimuñcanaµµh±nepi tiµµhanto p±dena kacavara½ viy³hitv±va tiµµhati.
Attano bh±sapariyanta½ na uggaºh±t²ti “imasmi½ vatthusmi½ ettaka½ sutta½ upalabbhati, ettako vinicchayo, ettaka½ suttañca vinicchayañca vakkh±m²”ti eva½ attano bh±sapariyanta½ na uggaºh±ti. “Aya½ codakassa purimakath±, aya½ pacchimakath±, aya½ cuditakassa purimakath±, aya½ pacchimakath±, ettaka½ gayh³paga½, ettaka½ na gayh³pagan”ti eva½ anuggaºhanto pana parassa bh±sapariyanta½ na uggaºh±ti n±ma. ¾patti½ na j±n±t²ti p±r±jika½ v± saªgh±disesa½ v±ti sattanna½ ±pattikkhandh±na½ n±n±karaºa½ na j±n±ti. M³lanti dve ±pattiy± m³l±ni k±yo ca v±c± ca, t±ni na j±n±ti. Samudayanti cha ±pattisamuµµh±n±ni ±pattisamudayo n±ma, t±ni na j±n±ti. P±r±jik±d²na½ vatthu½ na j±n±t²tipi vutta½ hoti. Nirodhanti aya½ ±patti desan±ya nirujjhati, v³pasammati, aya½ vuµµh±nen±ti eva½ ±pattinirodha½ na j±n±ti. Satta samathe aj±nanto pana ±pattinirodhag±minipaµipada½ na j±n±ti.
Adhikaraºapañcake adhikaraºa½ n±ma catt±ri adhikaraº±ni. Adhikaraºassa m³la½ n±ma tetti½sa m³l±ni– viv±d±dhikaraºassa dv±dasa m³l±ni, anuv±d±dhikaraºassa cuddasa, ±patt±dhikaraºassa cha, kicc±dhikaraºassa eka½; t±ni parato ±vi bhavissanti. Adhikaraºasamudayo n±ma adhikaraºasamuµµh±na½. Viv±d±dhikaraºa½ aµµh±rasa bhedakaravatth³ni niss±ya uppajjati; anuv±d±dhikaraºa½ catasso vipattiyo; ±patt±dhikaraºa½ satt±pattikkhandhe; kicc±dhikaraºa½ catt±ri saªghakicc±n²ti ima½ vibh±ga½ na j±n±t²ti attho Adhikaraºanirodha½ na j±n±t²ti dhammena vinayena satthus±sanena m³l±m³la½ gantv± vinicchayasamatha½ p±petu½ na sakkoti “ida½ adhikaraºa½ dv²hi, ida½ cat³hi, ida½ t²hi ida½ ekena samathena sammat²”ti eva½ satta samathe aj±nanto pana adhikaraºanirodhag±minipaµipada½ na j±n±ti n±ma. Vatthu½ na j±n±t²ti “ida½ p±r±jikassa vatthu, ida½ saªgh±disesass±”ti eva½ sattanna½ ±pattikkhandh±na½ vatthu½ na j±n±ti. Nid±nanti “sattanna½ nid±n±na½ ida½ sikkh±pada½ ettha paññatta½, ida½ etth±”ti na j±n±ti. Paññatti½ na j±n±t²ti tasmi½ tasmi½ sikkh±pade paµhamapaññatti½ na j±n±ti. Anupaññattinti punappuna½ paññatti½ na j±n±ti. Anusandhivacanapathanti kath±nusandhi-vinicchay±nusandhivasena vatthu½ na j±n±ti. Ñatti½ na j±n±t²ti sabbena sabba½ ñatti½ na j±n±ti. Ñattiy± karaºa½ na j±n±t²ti ñattikicca½ na j±n±ti, os±raº±d²su navasu µh±nesu ñattikamma½ n±ma hoti, ñattidutiyañatticatutthakammesu ñattiy± kammappatto hutv± tiµµhat²ti na j±n±ti. Na pubbakusalo hoti na aparakusaloti pubbe kathetabbañca pacch± kathetabbañca na j±n±ti, ñatti n±ma pubbe µhapetabb±, pacch± na µhapetabb±tipi na j±n±ti. Ak±laññ³ ca hot²ti k±la½ na j±n±ti, anajjhiµµho ay±cito bh±sati, ñattik±lampi ñattikhettampi ñatti-ok±sampi na j±n±ti.
Mandatt± mom³hatt±ti kevala½ aññ±ºena mom³habh±vena dhutaªge ±nisa½sa½ aj±nitv±. P±picchoti tena araññav±sena paccayal±bha½ patthayam±no. Pavivekanti k±yacitta-upadhiviveka½. Idamatthitanti im±ya kaly±º±ya paµipattiy± attho etass±ti idamatthi, idamatthino bh±vo idamatthit±; ta½ idamatthita½yeva niss±ya na añña½ kiñci lok±misanti attho.
Uposatha½ na j±n±t²ti navavidha½ uposatha½ na j±n±ti. Uposathakammanti adhammenavagg±dibheda½ catubbidha½ uposathakamma½ na j±n±ti. P±timokkhanti dve m±tik± na j±n±ti. P±timokkhuddesanti sabbampi navavidha½ p±timokkhuddesa½ na j±n±ti. Pav±raºanti navavidha½ pav±raºa½ na j±n±ti. Pav±raº±kamma½ uposathakammasadisameva.
Ap±s±dikapañcake ap±s±dikanti k±yaduccarit±di akusalakamma½ vuccati. P±s±dikanti k±yasucarit±di kusalakamma½ vuccati. Ativelanti vela½ atikkamma bahutara½ k±la½ kulesu appa½ vih±reti attho. Ot±roti kiles±na½ anto otaraºa½. Sa½kiliµµhanti duµµhull±pattik±yasa½sagg±dibheda½ Visuddhipañcakepav±raº±ggahaºena navavidh±pi pav±raº± veditabb±. Sesa½ sabbattha utt±namev±ti.

Pañcakav±ravaººan± niµµhit±.