Pakkhikabhatt±dikath±

Pakkhik±d²su pana ya½ abhilakkhitesu c±tuddas² pańcadas² pańcam² aµµham²ti imesu pakkhesu kammappasutehi uposatha½ k±tu½ satikaraŗatth±ya diyyati, ta½ pakkhika½ n±ma. Ta½ sal±kabhattagatikameva hoti, g±hetv± bhuńjitabba½. Sace sal±kabhattampi pakkhikabhattampi bahu sabbesa½ vinivijjhitv± gacchati, dvepi bhatt±ni visu½ visu½ g±hetabb±ni. Sace bhikkhusaŖgho mah±, pakkhika½ g±hetv± tassa µhitik±ya sal±kabhatta½ g±hetabba½ sal±kabhatta½ v± g±h±petv± tassa µhitik±ya pakkhika½ g±hetabba½. Yesa½ na p±puŗ±ti, te piŗ¹±ya carissanti. Sace dvepi bhatt±ni bah³ni, bhikkh³ mand±; sal±kabhatta½ n±ma devasika½ labbhati, tasm± ta½ µhapetv± “pakkhika½ ±vuso bhuńjath±”ti pakkhikameva g±hetabba½. Pakkhika½ paŗ²ta½ denti, visu½ µhitik± k±tabb±. “Sve pakkho”ti ajja pakkhika½ na g±hetabba½. Sace pana d±yak± vadanti “sve amh±ka½ ghare l³khabhatta½ bhavissati, ajjeva pakkhikabhatta½ uddisath±”ti, eva½ vaµµati.
Uposathika½ n±ma anva¹¹ham±se uposathaŖg±ni sam±diyitv± ya½ attan± bhuńjati, tadeva diyyati. P±µipadika½ n±ma “uposathe bah³ saddh± pasann± bhikkh³na½ sakk±ra½ karonti, p±µipade pana bhikkh³ kilamanti, p±µipade dinna½ dubbhikkhad±nasadisa½ mahapphala½ hoti, uposathakammena v± parisuddhas²l±na½ dutiyadivase dinna½ mahapphala½ hot²”ti sallakkhetv± p±µipade diyyanakad±na½, tampi ubhaya½ sal±kabhattagatikameva. Iti im±ni sattapi bhatt±ni piŗ¹ap±tik±na½ na vaµµanti, dhutaŖgabheda½ karontiyeva.
Apar±nipi c²varakkhandhake vis±kh±ya vara½ y±citv± dinn±ni ±gantukabhatta½ gamiyabhatta½ gil±nabhatta½ gil±nupaµµh±kabhattanti catt±ri bhatt±ni p±¼iya½ ±gat±neva, tattha ±gantuk±na½ dinna½ bhatta½ “±gantukabhatta½”. Esa nayo sesesu. Sace panettha ±gantukabhatt±nipi ±gantuk±pi bah³ honti, sabbesa½ ekeka½ g±hetabba½, bhattesu appahontesu µhitik±ya g±hetabba½. Eko ±gantuko paµhamameva ±gantv± sabba½ ±gantukabhatta½ attano g±hetv± nis²dati, sabba½ tasseva hoti, pacch± ±gatehi ±gantukehi tena dinn±ni paribhuńjitabb±ni. Tenapi eka½ attano gahetv± ses±ni d±tabb±ni. Aya½ u¼±ro.
Sace pana yo paµhama½ ±gantv±pi attano aggahetv± tuŗh²bh³to nis²dati, pacch± ±gatehi saddhi½ paµip±µiy± gaŗhitabba½. Sace nicca½ ±gantuk± ±gacchanti, ±gatadivaseyeva bhuńjitabba½, antarantar± ce ±gacchanti, dve t²ŗi divas±ni bhuńjitabba½. Mah±paccariya½ pana “satta divas±ni bhuńjitu½ vaµµat²”ti vutta½.
¾v±siko katthaci gantv± ±gato, ten±pi ±gantukabhatta½ paribhuńjitabba½. Sace pana ta½ vih±re nibandh±pita½ hoti, vih±re g±hetabba½. Atha vih±ro d³re hoti, ±sanas±l±ya nibandh±pita½ ±sanas±l±ya g±hetabba½. Sace pana d±yak± “±gantukesu asati ±v±sik±pi paribhuńjant³”ti vadanti, vaµµati.
Gamiyabhattepi ayameva kath±maggo. Aya½ pana viseso– ±gantuko ±gantukabhattameva labhati, gamiko ±gantukabhattampi gamiyabhattampi. ¾v±sikopi pakkamituk±mo gamiko hoti; gamiyabhatta½ labhati. Yath± pana ±gantukabhatta½; evamida½ dve v± t²ŗi v± satta v± divas±ni na labbhati. “Gamiss±m²”ti bhutto ta½divasa½ kenacideva k±raŗena na gato, punadivasepi bhuńjitu½ vaµµati, sa-uss±hatt±. “Gamiss±m²”ti bhuttassa cor± v± pantha½ rundhanti udaka½ v±, devo v± vassati, sattho v± na gacchati, sa-uss±hena bhuńjitabba½. Ete upaddave olokentena “dve tayo divase bhuńjitu½ vaµµat²”ti mah±paccariya½ vutta½. “Gamiss±m²”ti pana lesa½ o¹¹etv± bhuńjitu½ na labhati.
Gil±nabhattampi sace sabbesa½ gil±n±na½ pahoti, sabbesa½ d±tabba½; no ce, µhitika½ katv± g±hetabba½. Eko gil±no arogar³po sakkoti antog±ma½ gantu½, eko na sakkoti, aya½ “mah±gil±no” n±ma. Etassa gil±nabhatta½ d±tabba½. Dve mah±gil±n±– eko l±bh² abhińń±to bahu½ kh±dan²ya½ bhojan²ya½ labhati, eko an±tho appal±bhat±ya antog±ma½ pavisati– etassa gil±nabhatta½ d±tabba½. Gil±nabhatte pana divasaparicchedo natthi. Y±va rogo na v³pasammati, sapp±yabhojana½ abhuńjanto na y±peti, t±va bhuńjitabba½. Yad± pana missakay±gu½ v± missakabhatta½ v± bhuttass±pi rogo na kuppati, tato paµµh±ya na bhuńjitabba½.
Gil±nupaµµh±kabhattampi ya½ sabbesa½ pahoti, ta½ sabbesa½ d±tabba½; no ce pahoti, µhitika½ katv± g±hetabba½. Idampi dv²su gil±nesu mah±gil±nupaµµh±kassa g±hetabba½, dv²su mah±gil±nesu an±thagil±nupaµµh±kassa. Ya½ kula½ gil±nabhattampi deti gil±nupaµµh±kabhattampi, tattha yassa gil±nassa bhatta½ p±puŗ±ti tadupaµµh±kass±pi tattheva g±hetabba½. Gil±nupaµµh±kabhattepi divasaparicchedo natthi, y±va gil±no labhati, t±vassa upaµµh±kopi labhat²ti. Im±ni catt±ri bhatt±ni sace eva½ dinn±ni honti “±gantukagamikagil±nupaµµh±k± mama bhikkha½ gaŗhant³”ti, piŗ¹ap±tik±nampi vaµµati. Sace pana ±gantuk±d²na½ bhatta½ nibandh±pemi, “mama bhatta½ gaŗhant³”ti eva½ dinn±ni honti, piŗ¹ap±tik±na½ na vaµµati.
Apar±nipi “dhurabhatta½, kuµibhatta½, v±rabhattan”ti t²ŗi bhatt±ni. Tattha dhurabhattanti niccabhatta½ vuccati, ta½ duvidha½– saŖghika½ puggalikańca. Tattha ya½ “saŖghassa dhurabhatta½ dem±”ti nibandh±pita½, ta½ sal±kabhattagatika½. “Mama nibaddha½ bhikkha½ gaŗhant³”ti vatv± dinna½ pana piŗ¹ap±tik±nampi vaµµati. Puggalikepi “tumh±ka½ dhurabhatta½ damm²”ti vutte piŗ¹ap±tiko ce, na vaµµati. “Mama nibaddha½ bhikkha½ gaŗhath±”ti vutte pana vaµµati, s±ditabba½. Sacepi pacch± katip±he v²tivatte “dhurabhatta½ gaŗhath±”ti vadati, m³le suµµhu sampaµicchitatt± vaµµati.
Kuµibhatta½ n±ma ya½ saŖghassa ±v±sa½ k±retv± “amh±ka½ sen±sanav±sino amh±ka½yeva bhatta½ gaŗhant³”ti eva½ nibandh±pita½, ta½ sal±kabhattagatikameva hoti, gahetv± bhuńjitabba½. “Amh±ka½ sen±sanav±sino amh±ka½yeva bhikkha½ gaŗhant³”ti vutte pana piŗ¹ap±tik±nampi vaµµati Ya½ pana puggale pas²ditv± tassa v± ±v±sa½ katv± “tumh±ka½ dem±”ti dinna½, ta½ tasseva hoti, tasmi½ katthaci gate nissitakehi bhuńjitabba½.
V±rabhatta½ n±ma dubbhikkhasamaye “v±rena bhikkh³ jaggiss±m±”ti dhuragehato paµµh±ya dinna½, tampi bhikkh±vacanena dinna½ piŗ¹ap±tik±na½ vaµµati. “V±rabhattan”ti vutte pana sal±kabhattagatika½ hoti. Sace taŗ¹ul±d²ni pesenti, “s±maŗer± pacitv± dent³”ti, piŗ¹ap±tik±na½ vaµµati. Iti im±ni ca t²ŗi ±gantukabhatt±d²ni ca catt±r²ti satta, t±ni saŖghabhatt±d²hi saha cuddasa bhatt±ni honti.
Aµµhakath±ya½ pana vih±rabhatta½, aµµhakabhatta½, catukkabhatta½, gu¼hakabhattanti ańń±nipi catt±ri bhatt±ni vutt±ni. Tattha vih±rabhatta½ n±ma vih±re tatrupp±dabhatta½, ta½ saŖghabhattena gahita½. Ta½ pana tissamah±vih±racittalapabbat±d²su paµisambhid±pattehi kh²ŗ±savehi yath± piŗ¹ap±tik±nampi sakk± hoti paribhuńjitu½, tath± paµiggahitatt± t±disesu µh±nesu piŗ¹ap±tik±nampi vaµµati. “Aµµhanna½ bhikkh³na½ dema, catunna½ dem±”ti eva½ dinna½ pana aµµhakabhattańceva catukkabhattańca; tampi bhikkh±vacanena dinna½ piŗ¹ap±tik±na½ vaµµati. Mah±bhisaŖkh±rikena atirasakap³vena patta½ p³retv± thaketv± dinna½ gu¼hakabhatta½ n±ma. Im±ni t²ŗi sal±kabhattagatik±neva.
Aparampi gu¼akabhatta½ n±ma atthi, idhekacce manuss± mah±dhammasavanańca vih±rap³jańca k±retv± sakalasaŖghassa d±tu½ na sakkom±ti, “dve t²ŗi bhikkhusat±ni amh±ka½ bhikkha½ gaŗhant³”ti bhikkhuparicchedaj±nanattha½ gu¼ake denti, ida½ piŗ¹ap±tik±nampi vaµµati. Iti c²varakkhandhake c²varabh±jan²ya½, imasmi½ pana sen±sanakkhandhake sen±sanabh±jan²yańceva piŗ¹ap±tabh±jan²yańca vutta½.
Gil±napaccayabh±jan²ya½ pana eva½ veditabba½– sappi-±d²su bhesajjesu r±jar±jamah±matt± sappissa t±va kumbhasatampi kumbhasahassampi vih±ra½ pesenti, ghaŗµi½ paharitv± ther±sanato paµµh±ya gahitabh±jana½ p³retv± d±tabba½ piŗ¹ap±tik±nampi vaµµati. Sace alasaj±tik± mah±ther± pacch± ±gacchanti, “bhante, v²sativass±na½ diyyati, tumh±ka½ µhitik± atikkant±”ti na vattabb±, µhitika½ µhapetv± tesa½ datv± pacch± µhitik±ya d±tabba½.
“Asukavih±re bahu sappi uppannan”ti sutv± yojanantaravih±ratopi bhikkh³ ±gacchanti, sampattasampatt±na½ µhitaµµh±nato paµµh±ya d±tabba½. Asampatt±nampi upac±ras²ma½ paviµµh±na½ antev±sik±d²su gaŗhantesu d±tabbameva. “Bahi-upac±ras²m±ya µhit±na½ deth±”ti vadanti, na d±tabba½. Sace pana upac±ras²ma½ okkantehi ek±baddh± hutv± attano vih±radv±re v± antovih±reyeva v± honti, paris±vasena va¹¹hit± n±ma s²m± hoti, tasm± d±tabba½. SaŖghanavakassa dinnepi pacch± ±gat±na½ d±tabbameva. Dutiyabh±ge pana ther±sana½ ±ru¼he pacch± ±gat±na½ paµhamabh±go na p±puŗ±ti, dutiyabh±gato vassaggena d±tabba½. Upac±ras²ma½ pavisitv± yattha katthaci dinna½ hoti, sabbasannip±taµµh±neyeva bh±jetabba½.
Yasmi½ vih±re dasa bhikkh³, daseva ca sappikumbh± diyyanti, ekekakumbhavaseneva bh±jetabba½. Eko sappikumbho hoti, dasa bhikkh³hi bh±jetv± gahetabba½. Sace yath±µhita½yeva “amh±ka½ p±puŗ±t²”ti gaŗhanti, duggahita½; gatagataµµh±ne saŖghikameva hoti. Kumbha½ pana ±vajjetv± th±lake thoka½ sappi½ katv± “ida½ mah±therassa p±puŗ±ti, avasesa½ amh±ka½ p±puŗ±t²”ti vatv± tampi kumbheyeva ±kiritv± yathicchita½ gahetv± gantu½ vaµµati. Sace thina½ sappi hoti, lekha½ katv± “lekhato parabh±go mah±therassa p±puŗ±ti, avasesa½ amh±kan”ti gahitampi suggahita½, vuttaparicchedato ³n±dhikesupi bhikkh³su ca sappikumbhesu ca etenevup±yena bh±jetabba½.
Sace paneko bhikkhu, ekopi kumbho hoti, ghaŗµi½ paharitv± “aya½ mayha½ p±puŗ±t²”tipi gahetu½ vaµµati. “Aya½ paµhamabh±go mayha½ p±puŗ±ti, aya½ dutiyabh±go”ti eva½ thoka½ thokampi p±petu½ vaµµati. Esa nayo navan²t±d²supi. Yasmi½ pana vippasanne tilatel±dimhi lekh± na santiµµhati, ta½ uddharitv± bh±jetabba½. SiŖgiveramaric±dibhesajjampi avasesapattath±lak±disamaŗaparikkh±ropi sabbo vutt±nur³peneva nayena suµµhu sallakkhetv± bh±jetabboti.
P±¼i½ aµµhakathańceva, oloketv± vicakkhaŗo;
saŖghike paccaye eva½, appamattova bh±jayeti.

Iti sabb±k±rena paccayabh±jan²yakath± niµµhit±.

Sammannitv± µhapitay±gubh±jak±d²hi bh±jan²yaµµh±na½ ±gatamanuss±na½ an±pucchitv±va upa¹¹habh±go d±tabbo, asammatehi pana apaloketv± d±tabbo. Sammatena appamattakavissajjanakena bhikkhun± c²varakamma½ karontassa “s³ci½ deh²”ti vadato ek± d²gh±, ek± rass±ti dve s³ciyo d±tabb±. “Avibhatta½ saŖghika½ bhaŗ¹an”ti pucchitabbakicca½ natthi. Pipphalakatthikassa eko pipphalako, addh±nakant±ra½ paµipajjituk±massa up±hanayuga¼a½, k±yabandhanatthikassa k±yabandhana½, “a½sabaddhako me jiŗŗo”ti ±gatassa a½sabaddhako, pariss±vanatthikassa pariss±vana½ d±tabba½. Dhammakaraŗatthikassa dhammakaraŗo. Sace paµako na hoti, dhammakaraŗo paµakena saddhi½ d±tabbo. “¾gantukapaµµa½ ±ropess±m²”ti y±cantassa kusiy± ca a¹¹hakusiy± ca pahonaka½ d±tabba½. “Maŗ¹ala½ nappahot²”ti ±gatassa maŗ¹ala½ eka½ d±tabba½, a¹¹hamaŗ¹al±ni dve d±tabb±ni. Dve maŗ¹al±ni y±cantassa na d±tabb±ni. Anuv±taparibhaŗ¹atthikassa ekassa c²varassa pahonaka½ d±tabba½. Sappinavan²t±di-atthikassa gil±nassa eka½ bhesajja½ n±¼imatta½ katv± tato tatiyakoµµh±so d±tabbo. Eva½ t²ŗi divas±ni datv± n±¼iy± paripuŗŗ±ya catutthadivasato paµµh±ya saŖgha½ pucchitv± d±tabba½. Gu¼apiŗ¹epi ekadivasa½ tatiyabh±go d±tabbo. Eva½ t²hi divasehi niµµhite piŗ¹e tato para½ saŖgha½ pucchitv± d±tabba½. Sesa½ sabbattha utt±namev±ti.

Pakkhikabhatt±dikath± niµµhit±.

Sen±sanakkhandhakavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.