Uddesabhattakath±

Uddesabhatt±d²su pana aya½ nayo– raññ± v± r±jamah±mattena v± saªghato uddisitv± “ettake bhikkh³ ±neth±”ti pahite k±la½ ghosetv± µhitik± pucchitabb±. Sace atthi, tato paµµh±ya g±hetabba½; no ce, ther±sanato paµµh±ya g±hetabba½. Uddesakena piº¹ap±tik±nampi na atikk±metabba½. Te pana dhutaªga½ rakkhant± sayameva atikkamissanti; eva½ g±hiyam±ne alasaj±tik± mah±ther± pacch± ±gacchanti, “bhante, v²sativass±na½ g±hiyati, tumh±ka½ µhitik± atikkant±”ti na vattabb±, µhitika½ µhapetv± tesa½ g±hetv± pacch± µhitik±ya g±hetabba½. “Asukavih±re bahu½ uddesabhatta½ uppannan”ti sutv± yojanantarikavih±ratopi bhikkh³ ±gacchanti, sampattasampatt±na½ µhitaµµh±nato paµµh±ya g±hetabba½. Asampatt±nampi upac±ras²ma½ paviµµh±na½ antev±sik±d²su gaºhantesu g±hetabbameva. Bahi-upac±ras²m±ya µhit±na½ g±heth±ti vadanti, na g±hetabba½. Sace pana upac±ras²ma½ okkantehi ek±baddh± hutv± attano vih±radv±re v± antovih±reyeva v± honti, paris±vasena va¹¹hit± n±ma s²m± hoti, tasm± g±hetabba½. Saªghanavakassa dinnepi pacch± ±gat±na½ g±hetabbameva Dutiyabh±ge pana ther±sana½ ±ru¼he puna ±gat±na½ paµhamabh±go na p±puº±ti, dutiyabh±gato vassaggena g±hetabba½.
Ekasmi½ vih±re eka½ bhattuddesaµµh±na½ paricchinditv± g±vutappam±º±yapi upac±ras²m±ya yattha katthaci ±rocita½ uddesabhatta½, tasmi½yeva bhattuddesaµµh±ne g±hetabba½. Eko ekassa bhikkhuno pahiº±ti “svepi saªghato uddisitv± dasa bhikkh³ pahiºath±”ti, tena so attho bhattuddesakassa ±rocetabbo. Sace ta½ divasa½ pamussati, dutiyadivase p±tova ±rocetabbo. Atha pamussitv±va piº¹±ya pavisanto sarati, y±va upac±ras²ma½ n±tikkamati, t±va y± bhojanas±l±ya pakatiµµhitik±, tass±yeva vasena g±hetabba½. Sacepi upac±ras²ma½ atikkant± bhikkh³ ca upac±ras²maµµhakehi ek±baddh± honti, aññamañña½ dv±dasahatthantara½ avijahitv± gacchanti, pakatiµµhitik±ya vasena g±hetabba½. Bhikkh³na½ pana t±dise ek±baddhe asati bahi-upac±ras²m±ya yasmi½ µh±ne sarati, tattha nava½ µhitika½ katv± g±hetabba½. Antog±me ±sanas±l±ya sarantena ±sanas±l±ya µhitik±ya g±hetabba½. Yattha katthaci saritv± g±hetabbameva, ag±hetu½ na vaµµati. Na hi eta½ dutiyadivase labbhat²ti.
Sace sakavih±rato añña½ vih±ra½ gacchante bhikkh³ disv± koci uddesabhatta½ uddis±peti, y±va anto-upac±re v± upac±ras²maµµhakehi saddhi½ vuttanayena ek±baddh± v± honti, t±va sakavih±re µhitik±vaseneva g±hetabba½. Bahi-upac±re µhit±na½ dinna½ pana “saªghato bhante ettake n±ma bhikkh³ uddisath±”ti vutte sampatt±na½ g±hetabba½. Tattha dv±dasahatthantara½ avijahitv± ek±baddhanayena d³re µhit±pi sampatt±yev±ti veditabba½. Sace ya½ vih±ra½ gacchanti, tattha paviµµh±na½ ±rocenti, tassa vih±rassa µhitik±vasena g±hetabba½. Sacepi g±madv±re v± v²thiya½ v± catukke v± antaraghare v± bhikkh³ disv± koci saªghuddesa½ ±roceti, tasmi½ tasmi½ µh±ne anto-upac±ragat±na½ g±hetabba½.
Ghar³pac±ro cettha “eka½ ghara½ ek³pac±ra½, eka½ ghara½ n±n³pac±ra½, n±n±ghara½ ek³pac±ra½, n±n±ghara½ n±n³pac±ran”ti imesa½ vasena veditabbo. Tattha ya½ ekakulassa ghara½ ekava¼añja½ hoti, ta½ suppap±taparicchedassa anto ek³pac±ra½ n±ma. Tatthuppanno uddesal±bho tasmi½ upac±re bhikkh±c±ravattenapi µhit±na½ sabbesa½ p±puº±ti, eta½ “eka½ ghara½ ek³pac±ra½” n±ma.
Ya½ pana eka½ ghara½ dvinna½ bhariy±na½ sukhavih±ratth±ya majjhe bhitti½ uµµh±petv± n±n±dv±rava¼añja½ kata½, tatthuppanno uddesal±bho bhitti-antarikassa na p±puº±ti, tasmi½ tasmi½ µh±ne nisinnasseva p±puº±ti, eta½ “eka½ ghara½ n±n³pac±ra½” n±ma.
Yasmi½ pana ghare bah³ bhikkh³ nimantetv± antogehato paµµh±ya ek±baddhe katv± paµivissakaghar±nipi p³retv± nis²d±penti, tatthuppanno uddesal±bho sabbesa½ p±puº±ti. Yampi n±n±kulassa nivesana½ majjhe bhitti½ akatv± ekadv±reneva va¼añjanti, tatr±pi eseva nayo. Eta½ “n±n±ghara½ ek³pac±ra½” n±ma.
Yo pana n±n±nivesanesu nisinn±na½ bhikkh³na½ uddesal±bho uppajjati, kiñc±pi bhitticchiddena bhikkh³ dissanti, tasmi½ tasmi½ nivesane nisinn±na½yeva p±puº±ti, eta½ “n±n±ghara½ n±n³pac±ra½” n±ma.
Yo pana g±madv±rav²thicatukkesu aññatarasmi½ µh±ne uddesabhatta½ labhitv± aññasmi½ bhikkhusmi½ asati attanova p±puº±petv± dutiyadivasepi tasmi½yeva µh±ne añña½ labhati, tena ya½ añña½ navaka½ v± vu¹¹ha½ v± bhikkhu½ passati, tassa g±hetabba½. Sace koci natthi, attanova p±petv± bhuñjitabba½.
Sace ±sanas±l±ya nis²ditv± k±la½ paµim±nentesu bhikkh³su koci ±gantv± “saªghuddesapatta½ detha, uddesapatta½ detha, saªghato uddisitv± patta½ detha, saªghika½ patta½ deth±”ti v± vadati, uddesapatta½ µhitik±ya g±hetv± d±tabba½. “Saªghuddesabhikkhu½ detha, saªghato uddisitv± bhikkhu½ detha, saªghika½ bhikkhu½ deth±”ti vuttepi eseva nayo.
Uddesako panettha pesalo lajj² medh±v² icchitabbo, tena tikkhattu½ µhitika½ pucchitv± sace koci µhitika½ j±nanto natthi, ther±sanato g±hetabba½. Sace pana “aha½ j±n±mi, dasavassena laddhan”ti koci bhaºati, “atth±vuso, dasavass± bhikkh³”ti pucchitabba½. Sace tassa sutv± “dasavassamha dasavassamh±”ti bah³ ±gacchanti, “tuyha½ p±puº±ti, tuyha½ p±puº±t²”ti avatv± “sabbe appasadd± hoth±”ti vatv± paµip±µiy± µhapetabb±. Ýhapetv± “kati icchath±”ti up±sako pucchitabbo. “Ettake n±ma, bhante, bhikkh³”ti vutte “tuyha½ p±puº±ti, tuyha½ p±puº±t²”ti avatv± sabbanavakassa vassaggañca utu ca divasabh±go ca ch±y± ca pucchitabb±. Sace ch±y±yapi pucchiyam±n±ya añño vu¹¹hataro ±gacchati, tassa d±tabba½. Atha ch±ya½ pucchitv± “tuyha½ p±puº±t²”ti vutte vu¹¹hataro ±gacchati, na labhati. Kath±papañcena hi nisinnass±pi nidd±yantass±pi g±hita½ sugg±hita½, atikkanta½ su-atikkanta½, bh±jan²yabhaº¹añhi n±meta½ sampattasseva p±puº±ti, tattha sampattabh±vo upac±rena paricchinditabbo. ¾sanas±l±ya ca antoparikkhepo upac±ro, tasmi½ µhitassa l±bho p±puº±t²ti.
Koci ±sanas±lato aµµha uddesapatte ±har±petv± satta patte paº²tabhojan±na½ eka½ udakassa p³retv± ±sanas±l±ya½ pahiº±ti, gahetv± ±gat± kiñci avatv± bhikkh³na½ hatthesu patiµµh±petv± pakkamanti. Yena ya½ laddha½, tasseva ta½ hoti. Yena pana udaka½ laddha½, tassa atikkantampi µhitika½ µhapetv± añña½ uddesabhatta½ g±hetabba½. Tañca l³kha½ v± labhatu paº²ta½ v± tic²varapariv±ra½ v±, tasseveta½. ¿diso hissa puññaviseso. Udaka½ pana yasm± ±misa½ na hoti, tasm± añña½ uddesabhatta½ labbhati.
Sace pana te gahetv± ±gat± “ida½ kira bhante sabba½ bh±jetv± bhuñjath±”ti vatv± gacchanti, sabbehi bh±jetv± bhuñjitv± udaka½ p±tabba½. Saªghato uddisitv± “aµµha mah±there detha, majjhime detha, navake detha, paripuººavassas±maºere detha, majjhimabh±ºak±dayo detha, mayha½ ñ±tibhikkh³ deth±”ti vadantassa pana “up±saka, tva½ eva½ vadasi, µhitik±ya pana tesa½ na p±puº±t²”ti vatv± µhitik±vaseneva d±tabb±. Daharas±maºerehi pana uddesabhattesu laddhesu sace d±yak±na½ ghare maªgala½ hoti, “tumh±ka½ ±cariyupajjh±ye peseth±”ti vattabba½.
Yasmi½ pana uddesabhatte paµhamabh±go s±maºer±na½ p±puº±ti, anubh±go mah±ther±na½, na tattha s±maºer± “maya½ paµhamabh±ga½ labhimh±”ti purato gantu½ labhanti, yath±paµip±µiy± eva gantabba½. “Saªghato uddisitv± ‘tumhe eth±’ti vutte ‘mayha½ aññad±pi j±nissasi, µhitik± pana eva½ gacchat²”’ti µhitik±vaseneva g±hetabba½. Atha “saªghuddesapatta½ deth±”ti vatv± ag±hiteyeva patte yassa kassaci patta½ gahetv± p³retv± ±harati, ±haµampi µhitik±ya eva g±hetabba½.
Eko “saªghuddesapatta½ ±har±”ti pesito “bhante, eka½ patta½ detha, nimantanabhatta½ ±hariss±m²”ti vadati, so ce uddesabhattagharato aya½ ±gatoti ñatv± bhikkh³hi “nanu tva½ asukagharato ±gato”ti vutto “±ma, bhante, na nimantanabhatta½, uddesabhattan”ti bhaºati, µhitik±ya gahetabba½. Yo pana “eka½ patta½ ±har±”ti vutto “‘kin’ti vatv± ±har±m²”ti vatv± “yath± te ruccat²”ti vutto ±gacchati, aya½ vissaµµhad³to n±ma. Uddesapatta½ v± paµip±µipatta½ v± puggalikapatta½ v± ya½ icchati, ta½ tassa d±tabba½. Eko b±lo abyatto “uddesapatta½ ±har±”ti pesito vattu½ na j±n±ti, tuºh²bh³to tiµµhati, so “kassa santika½ ±gatos²”ti v± “kassa patta½ harissas²”ti v± na vattabbo. Evañhi vutto pucch±sabh±gena “tumh±ka½ santika½ ±gatomh²”ti “tumh±ka½ patta½ hariss±m²”ti v± vadeyya, tato ta½ bhikkhu½ aññe bhikkh³ jigucchant± na olokeyyu½. “Kuhi½ gacchasi, ki½ karonto ±hiº¹as²”ti pana vattabbo. Tassa “uddesapattatth±ya ±gatomh²”ti vadantassa g±hetv± patto d±tabbo.
Ek± k³µaµµhitik± n±ma hoti. Rañño v± hi r±jamah±mattassa v± gehe atipaº²t±ni aµµha uddesabhatt±ni nicca½ diyyanti, t±ni ekac±rikabhatt±ni katv± bhikkh³ visu½ µhitik±ya paribhuñjanti. Ekacce bhikkh³ “sve d±ni amh±ka½ p±puºissant²”ti attano µhitika½ sallakkhetv± gat±, tesu an±gatesuyeva aññe ±gantuk± bhikkh³ ±gantv± ±sanas±l±ya nis²danti; taªkhaºaññeva r±japuris± ±gantv± “paº²tabhattapatte deth±”ti vadanti. ¾gantuk± µhitika½ aj±nant± g±henti. Taªkhaºaññeva ca µhitika½ j±nanakabhikkh³ ±gantv± “ki½ g±heth±”ti vadanti. “R±jagehe paº²tabhattan”ti. “Kativassato paµµh±y±”ti? “Ettakavassato n±m±”ti. “M± g±heth±”ti niv±retv± µhitik±ya g±hetabba½. G±hite ±gatehipi pattad±nak±le ±gatehipi dinnak±le ±gatehipi r±jagehato patte p³retv± ±haµak±le ±gatehipi r±j± “ajja bhikkh³yeva ±gacchant³”ti pesetv± bhikkh³na½yeva hatthe piº¹ap±ta½ deti; eva½ dinnapiº¹ap±ta½ gahetv± ±gatak±le ±gatehipi µhitika½ j±nanakabhikkh³hi “m± bhuñjitth±”ti v±retv± µhitik±yameva g±hetabba½.
Atha ne r±j± bhojetv± pattepi nesa½ p³retv± deti, ya½ ±haµa½ ta½ µhitik±ya g±hetabba½. Sace pana “m± tucchahatth± gacchant³”ti thokameva pattesu pakkhitta½ hoti, ta½ na g±hetabba½. Atha bhuñjitv± tucchapatt±va ±gacchanti, ya½ tehi bhutta½, ta½ nesa½ g²v± hot²ti mah±sumatthero ±ha. Mah±padumatthero pan±ha “g²v±kicca½ ettha natthi, µhitika½ pana aj±nantehi y±va j±nanak± ±gacchanti, t±va nis²ditabba½ siy±; eva½ santepi bhutta½ subhutta½, id±ni pattaµµh±nena g±hetabban”ti.
Eko tic²varapariv±ro satagghanako piº¹ap±to avassikassa bhikkhuno patto, vih±re ca “evar³po piº¹ap±to avassikassa patto”ti likhitv± µhapesu½. Atha saµµhivassaccayena añño tath±r³po piº¹ap±to uppanno, aya½ ki½ avassikaµµhitik±ya g±hetabbo, ud±hu saµµhivassikaµµhitik±y±ti. Saµµhivassikaµµhitik±y±ti vutta½, ayañhi bhikkhu µhitika½ gahetv±yeva va¹¹hitoti.
Eko uddesabhatta½ bhuñjitv± s±maºero j±to, puna ta½ bhatta½ s±maºeraµµhitik±ya patta½ gaºhitu½ labhati. Aya½ kira antar±bhaµµhako n±ma. Yo pana paripuººavasso s±maºero “sve uddesabhatta½ labhissat²”ti ajjeva upasampajjati, atikkant± tassa µhitik±. Ekassa bhikkhuno uddesabhatta½ patta½, patto cassa na tuccho hoti, so aññassa sam²pe nisinnassa patta½ d±peti, tañce theyy±ya haranti, g²v± hoti Sace pana so bhikkhu “mayha½ patta½ damm²”ti sayameva deti, assa g²v± na hoti. Ath±pi tena bhattena anatthiko hutv± “ala½ mayha½, taveta½ bhatta½ dammi, patta½ pesetv± ±har±peh²”ti añña½ vadati, ya½ tato ±har²yati sabba½ pattas±mikassa hoti. Pattañce theyy±ya haranti, suhaµo; bhattassa dinnatt± g²v± na hoti.
Vih±re dasa bhikkh³ honti, tesu nava piº¹ap±tik±, eko s±diyanako. “Dasa uddesapatte deth±”ti vutte piº¹ap±tik± gahetu½ na icchanti. Itaro bhikkhu “sabb±ni mayha½ p±puºant²”ti gaºh±ti, µhitik± na hoti. Ekeka½ ce p±petv± gaºh±ti, µhitik± tiµµhati. Eva½ g±hetv± dasahipi pattehi ±har±petv± “bhante, mayha½ saªgaha½ karoth±”ti nava patte piº¹ap±tik±na½ deti, bhikkhudattiya½ n±meta½, gaºhitu½ vaµµati.
Sace so up±sako “bhante, ghara½ ±gantabban”ti vadati, so ca bhikkhu te bhikkh³ “etha, bhante, mayha½ sah±y± hoth±”ti tassa ghara½ gacchati. Ya½ tattha labhati, sabba½ tasseva hoti. Itare tena dinna½ labhanti. Atha nesa½ ghareyeva nis²d±petv± dakkhiºodaka½ datv± y±gukhajjak±d²ni denti, “bhante, ya½ manuss± denti, ta½ gaºhath±”ti tassa bhikkhuno vacaneneva itaresa½ vaµµati. Bhutt±v²na½ patte p³retv± gaºhitv± gamanatth±ya denti, sabba½ tasseva bhikkhuno hoti, tena dinna½ itaresa½ vaµµati.
Yadi pana te vih±reyeva tena bhikkhun± “bhante, mayha½ bhikkha½ gaºhatha, manuss±nañca vacana½ k±tu½ vaµµat²”ti vutt± gacchanti, ya½ tattha bhuñjanti ceva n²haranti ca, sabba½ ta½ tasseva santaka½. Ath±pi “mayha½ bhikkha½ gaºhath±”ti avutt± “manuss±na½ vacana½ k±tu½ vaµµat²”ti gacchanti, tatra ce ekassa madhurena sarena anumodana½ karontassa sutv± ther±nañca upasame pas²ditv± bahu½ samaºaparikkh±ra½ denti, aya½ theresu pas±dena uppanno “akatabh±go” n±ma, tasm± sabbesa½ p±puº±ti.
Eko saªghato uddis±petv± µhitik±ya g±hita½ patta½ haritv± paº²tassa kh±dan²yabhojan²yassa p³retv± ±haritv± “ima½, bhante, sabbo saªgho paribhuñjat³”ti deti, sabbehi bh±jetv± paribhuñjitabba½. Pattas±mikassa pana atikkantampi µhitika½ µhapetv± añña½ uddesabhatta½ d±tabba½. Atha “paµhama½yeva sabba½ saªghika½ patta½ deth±”ti vadati, ekassa lajjibhikkhuno santako patto d±tabbo. ¾haritv± ca “sabbo saªgho paribhuñjat³”ti vutte bh±jetv± paribhuñjitabba½.
Eko p±tiy± bhatta½ ±haritv± “saªghuddesa½ damm²”ti vadati, ekeka½ ±lopa½ adatv± µhitik±ya ekassa y±panamatta½ katv± d±tabba½. Atha so bhatta½ ±haritv± kiñci vattu½ aj±nanto tuºh²bh³to acchati, “kassa te ±n²ta½, kassa d±tuk±mos²”ti na vattabba½. Pucch±sabh±gena hi “tumh±ka½ ±n²ta½, tumh±ka½ d±tuk±momh²”ti vadeyya, tato ta½ bhikkhu½ aññe bhikkh³ jigucchant± g²va½ parivattetv± oloketabbampi na maññeyyu½. Sace pana “kuhi½ y±si, ki½ karonto ±hiº¹as²”ti vutte “uddesabhatta½ gahetv± ±gatomh²”ti vadati, ekena lajjibhikkhun± µhitik±ya g±hetabba½. Sace ±bhata½ bahu hoti, sabbesa½ pahoti, µhitik±kicca½ natthi, ther±sanato paµµh±ya patta½ p³retv± d±tabba½.
“Saªghuddesapatta½ deth±”ti vutte “ki½ ±harissas²”ti avatv± pakatiµµhitik±ya eva g±hetabba½. Yo pana p±y±so v± rasapiº¹ap±to v± nicca½ labbhati; evar³p±na½ paº²tabhojan±na½ ±veºik± µhitik± k±tabb±, tath± sapariv±r±ya y±guy± mahaggh±na½ phal±na½ paº²t±nañca khajjak±na½. Pakatibhattay±guphalakhajjak±na½ pana ek±va µhitik± k±tabb±. “Sappi½ ±hariss±m²”ti vutte sabbasapp²na½ ek±va µhitik± vaµµati, tath± sabbatel±na½. “Madhu½ ±hariss±m²”ti vutte pana madhuno ek±va µhitik± vaµµati, tath± ph±ºitassa laµµhimadhuk±d²nañca bhesajj±na½. Sace pana gandham±la½ saªghuddesa½ denti, piº¹ap±tikassa vaµµati, na vaµµat²ti. ¾misasseva paµikkhittatt± vaµµati, saªgha½ uddissa dinnatt± pana na gahetabbanti vadanti.

Uddesabhattakath± niµµhit±.