Avissajjiyavatthukath±

321. Pañcim±n²ti r±sivasena pañca, sar³pavasena panet±ni bah³ni honti. Tattha ±r±mo n±ma pupph±r±mo v± phal±r±mo v±. ¾r±mavatthu n±ma tesa½yeva ±r±m±na½ atth±ya paricchinditv± µhapitok±so; tesu v± ±r±mesu vinaµµhesu tesa½ por±ºakabh³mibh±go. Vih±ro n±ma ya½kiñci p±s±d±disen±sana½. Vih±ravatthu n±ma tassa patiµµh±nok±so. Mañco n±ma– mas±rako, bundik±baddho, ku¼²rap±dako ±haccap±dakoti imesa½ pubbe vutt±na½ catunna½ mañc±na½ aññataro P²µha½ n±ma mas±rak±d²na½yeva catunna½ p²µh±na½ aññatara½. Bhisi n±ma uººabhisi-±d²na½ pañcanna½ aññatar±. Bimbohana½ n±ma vuttappak±r±na½ bimbohan±na½ aññatara½. Lohakumbh² n±ma k±¼alohena v± tambalohena v± yena kenaci lohena kat± kumbh². Lohabh±ºak±d²supi eseva nayo. Ettha pana bh±ºakanti arañjaro vuccati. V±rakoti ghaµo. Kaµ±ha½ kaµ±hameva. V±si±d²su valli±d²su ca duviññeyya½ n±ma natthi. Eva½–
Dvisaªgah±ni dve honti, tatiya½ catusaªgaha½;
catuttha½ navakoµµh±sa½, pañcama½ aµµhabhedana½.
Iti pañcahi r±s²hi, pañcanimmalalocano;
pañcav²savidha½ n±tho, garubhaº¹a½ pak±sayi.
Tatr±ya½ vinicchayakath±– idañhi sabbampi garubhaº¹a½ idha avissajjiya½, k²µ±girivatthusmi½ “avebhaªgiyan”ti vutta½. Pariv±re pana–
“Avissajjiya½ avebhaªgiya½, pañca vutt± mahesin±;
vissajjentassa paribhuñjantassa an±patti,
pañh± mes± kusalehi cintit±”ti. (Pari. 479)–
¾gata½. Tasm± m³lacchejjavasena avissajjiya½ avebhaªgiyañca parivattanavasena pana vissajjentassa paribhuñjantassa ca an±patt²ti evamettha adhipp±yo veditabbo.
Tatr±ya½ anupubbikath± ida½ t±va pañcavidhampi c²varapiº¹ap±tabhesajjatth±ya upanetu½ na vaµµati. Th±varena ca th±vara½ garubhaº¹ena ca garubhaº¹a½ parivattetu½ vaµµati. Th±vare pana khetta½ vatthu ta¼±ka½ m±tik±ti evar³pa½ bhikkhusaªghassa vic±retu½ v± sampaµicchitu½ v± adhiv±setu½ v± na vaµµati, kappiyak±rakeheva vic±ritato kappiyabhaº¹a½ vaµµati. ¾r±mena pana ±r±ma½ ±r±mavatthu½ vih±ra½ vih±ravatthunti im±ni catt±ri parivattetu½ vaµµati.
Tatr±ya½ parivattananayo– saªghassa n±¼iker±r±mo d³re hoti, kappiyak±rak± v± bahutara½ kh±danti. Yampi na kh±danti, tato sakaµavetana½ datv± appameva haranti. Aññesa½ pana tassa ±r±massa avid³rag±mav±s²na½ manuss±na½ vih±rassa sam²pe ±r±mo hoti, te saªgha½ upasaªkamitv± sakena ±r±mena ta½ ±r±ma½ y±canti, saªghena “ruccati saªghass±”ti apaloketv± sampaµicchitabbo. Sacepi bhikkh³na½ rukkhasahassa½ hoti, manuss±na½ pañca sat±ni, “tumh±ka½ ±r±mo khuddako”ti na vattabba½. Kiñc±pi hi aya½ khuddako, atha kho itarato bahutara½ ±ya½ deti. Sacepi samakameva deti; evampi icchiticchitakkhaºe paribhuñjitu½ sakk±ti gahetabbameva. Sace pana manuss±na½ bahutar± rukkh± honti, “nanu tumh±ka½ bahutar± rukkh±”ti vattabba½. Sace “atireka½ amh±ka½ puñña½ hotu, saªghassa dem±”ti vadanti, j±n±petv± sampaµicchitu½ vaµµati. Bhikkh³na½ rukkh± phaladh±rino, manuss±na½ rukkh± na t±va phala½ gaºhanti, kiñc±pi na gaºhanti, na cirena gaºhissant²ti sampaµicchitabbameva. Manuss±na½ rukkh± phaladh±rino, bhikkh³na½ na t±va phala½ gaºhanti, “nanu tumh±ka½ rukkh± phaladh±rino”ti vattabba½. Sace “gaºhatha, bhante, amh±ka½ puñña½ bhavissat²”ti denti, j±n±petv± sampaµicchitu½ vaµµati; eva½ ±r±mena ±r±mo parivattetabbo. Eteneva nayena ±r±mavatthupi vih±ropi vih±ravatthupi ±r±mena parivattetabba½. ¾r±mavatthun± ca mahantena v± khuddakena v± ±r±ma-±r±mavatthu vih±ravih±ravatth³ni
Katha½ vih±rena vih±ro parivattetabbo? Saªghassa antog±me geha½ hoti, manuss±na½ vih±ramajjhe p±s±do, ubhopi agghena samak±, sace manuss± tena p±s±dena ta½ geha½ y±canti, sampaµicchitu½ vaµµati. Bhikkh³na½ ce mahagghatara½ geha½ hoti, “mahagghatara½ amh±ka½ gehan”ti vutte “kiñc±pi mahagghatara½, pabbajit±na½ as±ruppa½, na sakk± tattha pabbajitehi vasitu½, ida½ pana s±ruppa½ gaºhath±”ti vadanti; evampi sampaµicchitu½ vaµµati. Sace pana manuss±na½ mahaggha½ hoti, “nanu tumh±ka½ geha½ mahagghan”ti vattabba½. “Hotu, bhante, amh±ka½ puñña½ bhavissati, gaºhath±”ti vutte pana sampaµicchitu½ vaµµati. Eva½ vih±rena vih±ro parivattetabbo. Eteneva nayena vih±ravatthupi ±r±mopi ±r±mavatthupi vih±rena parivattetabba½. Vih±ravatthun± ca mahagghena v± appagghena v± vih±ravih±ravatthu-±r±ma-±r±mavatth³ni. Eva½ t±va th±varena th±varaparivattana½ veditabba½.
Garubhaº¹ena garubhaº¹aparivattane pana mañcap²µha½ mahanta½ v± hotu khuddaka½ v±, antamaso caturaªgulap±daka½ v± g±mad±rakehi pa½sv±g±rakesu k²¼antehi katampi saªghassa dinnak±lato paµµh±ya garubhaº¹a½ hoti. Sacepi r±jar±jamah±matt±dayo ekappah±reneva mañcasata½ v± mañcasahassa½ v± denti, sabbe kappiyamañc± sampaµicchitabb±, sampaµicchitv± vu¹¹hapaµip±µiy± “saªghikaparibhogena paribhuñjath±”ti d±tabb±, puggalikavasena na d±tabb±. Atirekamañce bhaº¹±g±r±d²su paññapetv± pattac²vara½ nikkhipitumpi vaµµati. Bahis²m±ya “saªghassa dem±”ti dinnamañco saªghattherassa vasanaµµh±ne d±tabbo. Tattha ce bah³ mañc± honti, mañcena kamma½ natthi; yassa vasanaµµh±ne kamma½ atthi, tattha “saªghikaparibhogena paribhuñjath±”ti d±tabbo. Mahagghena satagghanakena v± sahassagghanakena v± satasahassagghanakena v± mañcena añña½ mañcasata½ labhati, parivattetv± gahetabba½. Na kevala½ mañcena mañcoyeva, ±r±ma-±r±mavatthuvih±ravih±ravatthup²µhabhisibimbohan±nipi parivattetu½ vaµµanti. Esa nayo p²µhabhisibimbohanesupi. Etesu hi kappiy±kapyiya½ vuttanayameva. Tattha akappiya½ na paribhuñjitabba½, kappiya½ saªghikaparibhogena paribhuñjitabba½. Akappiya½ v± mahaggha½ kappiya½ v± parivattetv± vuttavatth³ni gahetabb±ni. Agarubhaº¹upaga½ pana bhisibimbohana½ n±ma natthi.
Lohakumbh² lohabh±ºaka½ lohakaµ±hanti im±ni t²ºi mahant±ni v± hontu khuddak±ni v± antamaso pasatamatta-udakagaºhanak±nipi garubhaº¹±niyeva. Lohav±rako pana k±¼alohatambalohavaµµalohaka½saloh±na½ yena kenaci kato s²ha¼ad²pe p±dagaºhanako bh±jetabbo. P±do ca n±ma magadhan±¼iy± pañcan±¼imatta½ gaºh±ti, tato adhikagaºhanako garubhaº¹a½. Im±ni t±va p±¼iya½ ±gat±ni lohabh±jan±ni.
P±¼iya½ pana an±gat±nipi bhiªg±rapaµiggaha-u¼uªkadabbikaµacchup±titaµµakasarakasamugga-aªg±rakapalladh³makaµacchu-±d²ni khuddak±ni v± mahant±ni v± sabb±ni garubhaº¹±ni. Patto, ayath±laka½, tambalohath±lakanti im±ni pana bh±jan²y±ni. Ka½salohavaµµalohabh±janavikati saªghikaparibhogena v± gihivikaµ± v± vaµµati, puggalikaparibhogena na vaµµati. Ka½saloh±dibh±jana½ saªghassa dinnampi hi p±rih±riya½ na vaµµati. “Gihivikaµanih±reneva paribhuñjitabban”ti mah±paccariya½ vutta½.
Ýhapetv± pana bh±janavikati½ aññasmimpi kappiyalohabhaº¹e– añjan², añjanisal±k±, kaººamalaharaº², s³ci, paººas³ci, khuddako, pipphalako, khuddaka½, ±rakaºµaka½, kuñcik±, t±¼a½, kattarayaµµhi vedhako, natthud±na½, bhindiv±lo, lohak³µo, lohakuµµi, lohagu¼o, lohapiº¹i, lohacakkalika½, aññampi vippakatalohabhaº¹a½ bh±jan²ya½. Dh³manettaph±lad²parukkhad²pakapallaka-olambakad²pa-itthipurisatiracch±nagatar³pak±ni pana aññ±ni v± bhitticchadanakav±µ±d²su upanetabb±ni, antamaso lohakhilaka½ up±d±ya sabb±ni lohabhaº¹±ni garubhaº¹±niyeva honti, attan± laddh±nipi pariharitv± puggalikaparibhogena na paribhuñjitabb±ni, saªghikaparibhogena v± gihivikaµ±ni v± vaµµanti. Tipubhaº¹epi eseva nayo. Kh²rap±s±ºamay±ni taµµakasarak±d²ni garubhaº¹±niyeva.
Ghaµako pana telabh±jana½ v± p±dagaºhanakato atirekameva garubhaº¹a½. Suvaººarajatah±rak³µaj±tiphalikabh±jan±ni gihivikaµ±nipi na vaµµanti, pageva saªghikaparibhogena v± puggalikaparibhogena v±. Sen±sanaparibhoge pana ±m±sampi an±m±sampi sabba½ vaµµati.
V±si-±d²su y±ya v±siy± µhapetv± daº¹akaµµhacchedana½ v± ucchutacchana½ v± añña½ mah±kamma½ k±tu½ na sakk±, aya½ bh±jan²y±. Tato mahattar² yena kenaci ±k±rena kat± v±si garubhaº¹ameva. Pharasu pana antamaso vejj±na½ sir±vedhanapharasupi garubhaº¹ameva. Kuµh±riya½ pharasusadiso eva vinicchayo. Y± pana ±vudhasaªkhepena kat±, aya½ an±m±s±. Kud±lo antamaso caturaªgulamattopi garubhaº¹ameva. Nikh±dana½ caturassamukha½ v± hotu doºimukha½ v± vaªka½ v± ujuka½ v±, antamaso sammuñjanidaº¹akavedhanampi daº¹abaddha½ ce, garubhaº¹ameva. Sammuñjanidaº¹akhaºanaka½ pana adaº¹aka½ phalamattameva, ya½ sakk± sip±µik±ya pakkhipitv± pariharitu½, ta½ bh±jan²ya½. Sikharampi nikh±daneneva saªgahita½. Yehi manussehi vih±re v±si-±d²ni dinn±ni honti, te ca ghare da¹¹he v± corehi v± vilutte “detha no, bhante, upakaraºe, puna p±katike kariss±m±”ti vadanti, d±tabb±. Sace ±haranti na v±retabb±; an±harant±pi na codetabb±.
Kamm±rataµµak±racundak±rana¼ak±ramaºik±rapattabandhak±na½ adhikaraºimuµµhikasaº¹±satul±d²ni sabb±ni lohamaya-upakaraº±ni saªghe dinnak±lato paµµh±ya garubhaº¹±ni. Tipukoµµakasuvaººak±racammak±ra-upakaraºesupi eseva nayo. Aya½ pana viseso– tipukoµµaka-upakaraºesupi tipucchedanasatthaka½, suvaººak±ra-upakaraºesu suvaººacchedanasatthaka½, cammak±ra-upakaraºesu kataparikammacammachiddanaka½ khuddakasatthakanti im±ni bh±jan²yabhaº¹±ni. Nah±pitatunnak±ra-upakaraºesupi µhapetv± mah±kattari½ mah±saº¹±sa½ mah±pipphalakañca sabba½ bh±jan²ya½. Mah±kattari-±d²ni garubhaº¹±ni.
Valli-±d²su vettavalli-±dik± y± k±ci a¹¹hab±huppam±º± valli saªghassa dinn± v± tatthaj±tak± v± rakkhitagopit± garubhaº¹a½ hoti, s± saªghakamme ca cetiyakamme ca kate sace atirek± hoti, puggalikakammepi upanetu½ vaµµati; arakkhit± pana garubhaº¹ameva na hoti. Suttamakaciv±kan±¼ikerah²racammamay± rajjuk± v± yott±ni v± v±ke ca n±¼ikerah²re ca vaµµetv± kat± ekavaµµ± v± dvivaµµ± v± saªghassa dinnak±lato paµµh±ya garubhaº¹a½. Sutta½ pana avaµµetv± dinna½ makaciv±kan±¼ikerah²r± ca bh±jan²y±. Yehi panet±ni rajjukayott±d²ni dinn±ni honti, te attano karaº²yena harant± na v±retabb±.
Yo koci antamaso aµµhaªgulas³cidaº¹amattopi ve¼u saªghassa dinno v± tatthaj±tako v± rakkhitagopito garubhaº¹a½, sopi saªghakamme ca cetiyakamme ca kate atireko puggalikakamme d±tu½ vaµµati. P±dagaºhanakatelan±¼i pana kattarayaµµhi, up±hanadaº¹ako, chattadaº¹o, chattasal±k±ti idamettha bh±jan²yabhaº¹a½. Da¹¹hagehamanuss± gaºhitv± gacchant± na v±retabb±. Rakkhitagopita½ ve¼u½ gaºhantena samaka½ v± atireka½ v± th±vara½ antamaso ta½agghanakampi ph±tikamma½ katv± gahetabbo Ph±tikamma½ akatv± gaºhantena tattheva va¼añjetabbo gamanak±le saªghik±v±se µhapetv± gantabba½. Asatiy± gahetv± gatena pahiºitv± d±tabbo. Desantara½ gatena sampattavih±re saªghik±v±se µhapetabbo.
Tiºanti muñja½ pabbajañca µhapetv± avasesa½ ya½kiñci tiºa½. Yattha pana tiºa½ natthi, tattha paººehi ch±denti; tasm± paººampi tiºeneva saªgahita½. Iti muñj±d²su ya½kiñci muµµhippam±ºampi tiºa½ t±lapaºº±d²su ca eka½ paººampi saªghassa dinna½ v± tatthaj±taka½ v± bah±r±me saªghassa tiºavatthuto j±tatiºa½ v± rakkhitagopita½ garubhaº¹a½ hoti, tampi saªghakamme ca cetiyakamme ca kate atireka½ puggalikakamme d±tu½ vaµµati. Da¹¹hagehamanuss± gahetv± gacchant± na v±retabb±. Aµµhaªgulappam±ºopi rittapotthako garubhaº¹ameva.
Mattik± pakatimattik± v± hotu pañcavaºº± v± sudh± v± sajjurasakaªguµµhasiles±d²su v± ya½kiñci, dullabhaµµh±ne ±netv± v± dinna½ tatthaj±taka½ v± rakkhitagopita½ t±laphalapakkamatta½ garubhaº¹a½ hoti. Tampi saªghakamme ca cetiyakamme ca niµµhite atireka½ puggalikakamme d±tu½ vaµµati. Hiªguhiªgulakaharit±lamanosilañjan±ni pana bh±jan²yabhaº¹±ni.
D±rubhaº¹e yo koci aµµhaªgulas³cidaº¹amattopi d±rubhaº¹ako d±rudullabhaµµh±ne saªghassa dinno v± tatthaj±tako v± rakkhitagopito, aya½ garubhaº¹a½ hot²ti kurundiya½ vutta½. Mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ pana sabbampi d±ruve¼ucammap±s±º±divikati½ d±rubhaº¹ena saªgaºhitv± “tena kho pana samayena saªghassa ±sandiko uppanno hot²”ti ito paµµh±ya d±rubhaº¹avinicchayo vutto.
Tatr±ya½ atthuddh±ro, ±sandiko, sattaªgo, bhaddap²µha½, p²µhik±, e¼akap±dakap²µha½, ±malakavaµµakap²µha½, phalaka½, koccha½, pal±lap²µhakanti imesu t±va ya½kiñci khuddaka½ v± hotu mahanta½ v±, saªghassa dinna½ garubhaº¹a½ hoti. Pal±lap²µhena cettha kadalipatt±dip²µh±nipi saªgahit±ni. Byagghacamma-onaddhampi v±¼ar³paparikkhitta½, ratanaparisibbita½, kocchaka½ garubhaº¹ameva.
Vaªkaphalaka½, d²ghaphalaka½, c²varadhovanaphalaka½, ghaµµanaphalaka½, ghaµµanamuggaro, dantakaµµhacchedanagaºµhik±, daº¹amuggaro, ambaºa½, rajanadoºi, udakapaµicchako, d±rumayo v± dantamayo v± ve¼umayo v± sap±dakopi ap±dakopi samuggo, mañj³s±, p±dagaºhanakato atirekappam±ºo karaº¹o, udakadoºi, udakakaµ±ha½, u¼uªko, kaµacchu, p±n²yasar±va½, p±n²yasaªkhoti etesupi ya½kiñci saªghe dinna½ garubhaº¹a½. Saªkhath±laka½ pana bh±jan²ya½, tath± d±rumayo udakatumbo.
P±dakathalikamaº¹ala½ d±rumaya½ v± hotu co¼apaºº±dimaya½ v± sabba½ garubhaº¹a½. ¾dh±rako pattapidh±na½, t±lavaºµa½, b²jan², caªkoµaka½, pacchi, yaµµhisammuñjan² muµµhisammuñjan²ti etesupi ya½kiñci khuddaka½ v± mahanta½ v± d±ruve¼upaººacamm±d²su yena kenaci kata½ garubhaº¹ameva.
Thambhatul±sop±naphalak±d²su d±rumaya½ v± p±s±ºamaya½ v± ya½kiñci gehasambh±rar³pa½, yo koci kaµas±rako, ya½kiñci bh³mattharaºa½, ya½kiñci akappiyacamma½, sabba½ saªghe dinna½ garubhaº¹a½, bh³mattharaºa½ k±tu½ vaµµati. E¼akacamma½ pana paccattharaºagatika½ hoti, tampi garubhaº¹ameva. Kappiyacamm±ni bh±jan²y±ni. Kurundiya½ pana “sabba½ mañcappam±ºa½ camma½ garubhaº¹an”ti vutta½.
Udukkhala½, musala½, suppa½, nisada½, nisadapoto, p±s±ºadoºi, p±s±ºakaµ±ha½, turivemabhast±di sabba½ pesak±r±dibhaº¹a½, sabba½ kasibhaº¹a½, sabba½ cakkayuttakay±na½ garubhaº¹ameva. Mañcap±do mañca-aµan², p²µhap±do, p²µha-aµan², v±sipharasu-±d²na½ daº¹±ti etesu ya½kiñci vippakatatacchanakamma½ aniµµhitameva bh±jan²ya½, tacchitamaµµha½ pana garubhaº¹a½ hoti. Anuññ±tav±siy± pana daº¹o chattamuµµhipaººa½ kattarayaµµhi up±han± araºisahita½ dhammakaraºo p±dagaºhanakato anatiritta½ ±malakatumba½ ±malakaghaµo l±bukatumba½ l±bughaµo vis±ºakatumbanti sabbameta½ bh±jan²ya½, tato mahantatara½ garubhaº¹a½.
Hatthidanto v± ya½kiñci vis±ºa½ v± atacchita½ yath±j±tameva bh±jan²ya½, tehi katamañcap±d±d²su purimasadisoyeva vinicchayo. Tacchitaniµµhitopi hiªgukaraº¹ako añjanakaraº¹ako gaºµhik± vidho añjan² añjanisal±k± udakapuñchan²ti ida½ sabba½ bh±jan²yameva.
Mattik±bhaº¹e sabba½ manuss±na½ upabhogaparibhoga½ ghaµapiµhar±dikul±labh±jana½ pattakaµ±ha½ aªg±rakaµ±ha½ dh³mad±naka½ d²parukkhako d²pakapallik± cayaniµµhak± chadaniµµhak± th³pik±ti saªghassa dinnak±lato paµµh±ya garubhaº¹a½, p±dagaºhanakato anatirittappam±ºo pana ghaµako patta½ th±laka½ kañcanako kuº¹ik±ti idamettha bh±jan²yabhaº¹a½. Yath± ca mattik±bhaº¹e; eva½ lohabhaº¹epi kuº¹ik± bh±jan²yakoµµh±sameva bhajat²ti ayamettha anupubbikath±.

Avissajjiyavatthukath± niµµhit±.