Eva½ c²varapaccaya½ sallakkhetv± sen±sanassa k±le ghosite sannipatite saªghe sen±sanagg±hako sammannitabbo. Sammannantena ca dve sammannitabb±ti vutta½. Evañhi navako vu¹¹hatarassa, vu¹¹ho ca navakassa g±hessati. Mahante pana mah±vih±rasadise vih±re tayo catt±ro jan± sammannitabb±. Kurundiya½ pana “aµµhapi so¼asapi jane sammannitu½ vaµµat²”ti vutta½. Tesa½ sammuti kammav±c±yapi apalokanenapi vaµµatiyeva.
Tehi sammatehi bhikkh³hi sen±sana½ sallakkhetabba½, cetiyaghara½ bodhighara½ ±sanaghara½ sammuñjani-aµµo d±ru-aµµo vaccakuµi iµµhakas±l± va¹¹hakis±l± dv±rakoµµhako p±n²yam±¼o maggo pokkharaº²ti et±ni hi asen±san±ni, vih±ro a¹¹hayogo p±s±do hammiya½ guh± maº¹apo rukkham³la½ ve¼ugumboti im±ni sen±san±ni, t±ni g±hetabb±ni. G±hentena ca “paµhama½ bhikkh³ gaºetu½, bhikkh³ gaºetv± seyy± gaºetun”ti ettha vuttanayena g±hetabb±ni. Sace saªghiko ca saddh±deyyo c±ti dve c²varapaccay± honti, tesu ya½ bhikkh³ paµhama½ gaºhitu½ icchanti, ta½ g±hetv± tassa µhitikato paµµh±ya itaro g±hetabbo.
Sace pana bhikkh³na½ appat±ya pariveºaggena sen±sane g±hiyam±ne eka½ pariveºa½ mah±l±bha½ hoti, dasa v± dv±dasa v± c²var±ni labhanti, ta½ vijaµetv± aññesu al±bhakesu ±v±sesu pakkhipitv± aññesampi bhikkh³na½ g±hetabbanti mah±sumatthero ±ha. Mah±padumatthero pan±ha– “na eva½ k±tabba½, manuss± hi attano ±v±sajagganatth±ya paccaya½ denti, tasm± aññehi bhikkh³hi tattha pavisitabban”ti. Sace panettha mah±thero paµikkosati– “m±vuso, eva½ g±hetha, bhagavato anusiµµhi½ karotha, vuttañheta½ bhagavat±– ‘anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, pariveºaggena g±hetu”n’ti tassa paµikkosan±ya aµµhatv± “bhante bhikkh³ bah³, paccayo mando, saªgaha½ k±tu½ vaµµat²”ti ta½ saññ±petv± g±hetabbameva.
G±hentena ca sammatena bhikkhun± mah±therassa santika½ gantv± eva½ vattabba½– “bhante, tumh±ka½ sen±sana½ p±puº±ti, gaºhatha paccaya½ dh±reth±”ti. “Asukakulassa paccayo asukasen±sanañca mayha½ p±puº±ti, ±vuso”ti, “p±puº±ti, bhante, gaºhatha nan”ti, “gaºh±mi, ±vuso”ti, gahita½ hoti. Sace pana “gahita½ vo, bhante”ti vutte “gahita½ me”ti v± “gaºhissatha, bhante”ti vutte “gaºhiss±m²”ti v± vadati, “agahita½ hot²”ti mah±sumatthero ±ha. Mah±padumatthero pan±ha– “at²t±n±gatavacana½ v± hotu, vattam±navacana½ v±, satupp±damatta-±layakaraºamattameva cettha pam±ºa½, tasm± gahitameva hot²”ti.
Yopi pa½suk³liko bhikkhu sen±sana½ gahetv± paccaya½ vissajjeti, ayampi na aññasmi½ ±v±se pakkhipitabbo. Tasmi½yeva pariveºe aggis±l±ya v± d²ghas±l±ya v± rukkham³le v± aññassa g±hetu½ vaµµati. Pa½suk³liko “vas±m²”ti sen±sana½ jaggissati, itaro “paccaya½ gaºh±m²”ti, eva½ dv²hi k±raºehi sen±sana½ sujaggitatara½ bhavissati. Mah±paccariya½ pana vutta½– “pa½suk³like v±satth±ya sen±sana½ gaºhante sen±sanagg±h±pakena vattabba½– ‘bhante, idha paccayo atthi, so ki½ k±tabbo’ti. Tena ‘heµµh± añña½ g±h±peh²’ti vattabbo. Sace pana kiñci avatv±va vasati, vutthavassassa ca p±dam³le µhapetv± s±µaka½ denti, vaµµati. Atha vass±v±sika½ dem±ti vadanti, tasmi½ sen±sane vassa½vutthabhikkh³na½ p±puº±t²”ti. Yesa½ pana sen±sana½ natthi; kevala½ paccayameva denti, tesa½ paccaya½ avass±v±sike sen±sane g±hetu½ vaµµati.
Manuss± th³pa½ katv± vass±v±sika½ g±h±penti, th³po n±ma asen±sana½, tassa sam²pe rukkhe v± maº¹ape v± upanibandhitv± g±h±petabba½. Tena bhikkhun± cetiya½ paµijaggitabba½. Bodhirukkhabodhighara-±sanagharasammuñjani-aµµad±ru-aµµavaccakuµidv±rakoµµhakap±n²yam±¼akadantakaµµham±¼akesupi eseva nayo. Bhojanas±l± pana sen±sanameva, tasm± ta½ ekassa v± bah³na½ v± paricchinditv± g±hetu½ vaµµat²ti sabbamida½ vitth±rena mah±paccariya½ vutta½.
Sen±sanagg±h±pakena pana p±µipada-aruºato paµµh±ya y±va puna aruºa½ na bhijjati t±va g±hetabba½, idañhi sen±sanagg±hassa khetta½. Sace p±tova g±hite sen±sane añño vitakkac±riko bhikkhu ±gantv± sen±sana½ y±cati, “gahita½, bhante, sen±sana½, vass³pagato saªgho, ramaº²yo vih±ro, rukkham³l±d²su yattha icchatha tattha vasath±”ti vattabbo. Vass³pagatehi antovasse nibaddhavatta½ µhapetv± vass³pagat± bhikkh³ “sammuñjaniyo bandhath±”ti vattabb±. Sulabh± ce daº¹ak± ceva sal±k±yo ca honti, ekekena cha pañca muµµhisammuñjaniyo, dve tisso yaµµhisammuñjaniyo v± bandhitabb±. Dullabh± ce honti, dve tisso muµµhisammuñjaniyo ek± yaµµhisammuñjan² bandhitabb±. S±maºerehi pañca pañca ukk± koµµetabb±. Vasanaµµh±ne kas±vaparibhaº¹a½ k±tabba½.
Vatta½ karontehi pana “na uddisitabba½, na uddis±petabba½, na sajjh±yo k±tabbo, na pabb±jetabba½, na upasamp±detabba½, na nissayo d±tabbo, na dhammasavana½ k±tabba½, sabbeva hi ete papañc±. Nippapañc± hutv± samaºadhammameva kariss±m±”ti v± “sabbe terasa dhutaªg±ni sam±diyantu, seyya½ akappetv± µh±nacaªkamehi v²tin±mentu, m³gabbata½ gaºhantu, satt±hakaraº²yena gat±pi bh±jan²yabhaº¹a½ labhant³”ti v± evar³pa½ adhammikavatta½ na k±tabba½. Eva½ pana k±tabba½– pariyattidhammo n±ma tividhampi saddhamma½ patiµµh±peti; tasm± sakkacca½ uddisatha, uddis±petha, sajjh±ya½ karotha, padh±naghare vasant±na½ saªghaµµana½ akatv± antovih±re nis²ditv± uddisatha, uddis±petha, sajjh±ya½ karotha, dhammasavana½ samiddha½ karotha, pabb±jent± sodhetv± pabb±jetha, sodhetv± upasamp±detha, sodhetv± nissaya½ detha, ekopi hi kulaputto pabbajja½ upasampadañca labhitv± sakalas±sana½ patiµµh±peti, attano th±mena yattak±ni sakkotha tattak±ni dhutaªg±ni sam±diyatha. Antovassa½ n±meta½ sakaladivasa½ rattiy± ca paµhamapacchimay±mesu appamattehi bhavitabba½, v²riya½ ±rabhitabba½. Por±ºakamah±ther±pi sabbapalibodhe chinditv± antovasse ekac±rikavatta½ p³rayi½su, bhasse matta½ j±nitv± dasavatthukakatha½ dasa-asubhadas±nussati-aµµhati½s±rammaºakathañca k±tu½ vaµµati, ±gantuk±na½ vatta½ k±tu½ satt±hakaraº²yena gat±na½ apaloketv± d±tu½ vaµµat²ti evar³pa½ vatta½ k±tabba½.
Apica bhikkh³ ovaditabb±– “vigg±hikapisuºapharusavacan±ni m± vadatha, divase divase s²l±ni ±vajjent± catur±rakkha½ ah±pent± manasik±rabahul± viharath±”ti. Dantakaµµhakh±danavatta½ ±cikkhitabba½, cetiya½ v± bodhi½ v± vandantena gandham±la½ v± p³jentena patta½ v± thavik±ya pakkhipantena na kathetabba½, bhikkh±c±ravatta½ ±cikkhitabba½– “antog±me manussehi saddhi½ paccayasaññuttakath± v± visabh±gakath± v± na kathetabb±, rakkhitindriyehi bhavitabba½, khandhakavattañca sekhiyavattañca p³retabban”ti evar³p± bahuk±pi niyy±nikakath± ±cikkhitabb±ti.
Pacchimavass³pan±yikadivase pana sace k±la½ ghosetv± sannipatite saªghe koci dasahattha½ vattha½ ±haritv± vass±v±sika½ deti, ±gantuko sace bhikkhu saªghatthero hoti, tassa d±tabba½. Navako ce hoti, sammatena bhikkhun± saªghatthero vattabbo– “sace bhante icchatha, paµhamabh±ga½ muñcitv± ida½ vattha½ gaºhath±”ti, amuñcantassa na d±tabba½. Sace pana pubbe g±hita½ muñcitv± gaºh±ti, d±tabba½. Etenevup±yena dutiyattherato paµµh±ya parivattetv± pattaµµh±ne ±gantukassa d±tabba½. Sace paµhamavass³pagat± dve t²ºi catt±ri pañca v± vatth±ni alatthu½, laddha½ laddha½ etenevup±yena vissajj±petv± y±va ±gantukassa samaka½ hoti, t±va d±tabba½. Tena pana samake laddhe avasiµµho anubh±go ther±sane d±tabbo. Paccuppanne l±bhe sati µhitik±ya g±hetu½ katika½ k±tu½ vaµµati.
Sace dubbhikkha½ hoti, dv²supi vass³pan±yik±su vass³pagat± bhikkh³ bhikkh±ya kilamant± “±vuso, idha vasant± sabbeva kilam±ma, s±dhu vata dvebh±g± homa, yesa½ ñ±tipav±ritaµµh±n±ni atthi, te tattha vasitv± pav±raº±ya ±gantv± attano patta½ vass±v±sika½ gaºhant³”ti vadanti, tesu ye tattha vasitv± pav±raº±ya ±gacchanti, tesa½ apaloketv± vass±v±sika½ d±tabba½. S±diyant±pi hi te neva vass±v±sikassa s±mino, kh²yant±pi ca ±v±sik± neva ad±tu½ labhanti. Kurundiya½ pana vutta½– “katikavatta½ k±tabba½– ‘sabbesa½ no idha y±gubhatta½ nappahoti, sabh±gaµµh±ne vasitv± ±gacchatha, tumh±ka½ patta½ vass±v±sika½ labhissath±’ti. Tañce eko paµib±hati, supaµib±hita½; no ce paµib±hati, katik± sukat±. Pacch± tesa½ tattha vasitv± ±gat±na½ apaloketv± d±tabba½, apalokanak±le paµib±hitu½ na labbhat²”ti. Punapi vutta½– “sace vass³pagatesu ekacc±na½ vass±v±sike ap±puºante bhikkh³ katika½ karonti– ‘chinnavass±na½ vass±v±sikañca id±ni uppajjanakavass±v±sikañca imesa½ d±tu½ ruccat²’ti eva½ katik±ya kat±ya g±hitasadisameva hoti, uppannuppanna½ tesameva d±tabban”ti.
Tem±sa½ p±n²ya½ upaµµh±petv± vih±ramaggacetiyaªgaºabodhiyaªgaº±ni jaggitv± bodhirukkhe udaka½ siñcitv± pakkantopi vibbhantopi vass±v±sika½ labhatiyeva. Bhatiniviµµhañhi tena kata½. Saªghika½ pana apalokanakamma½ katv± g±hita½ antovasse vibbhantopi labhateva. Paccayavasena g±hita½ pana na labhat²ti vadanti.
Sace vutthavasso disa½gamiko bhikkhu ±v±sikassa hatthato kiñcideva kappiyabhaº¹a½ gahetv± “asukakule mayha½ vass±v±sika½ patta½, ta½ gaºhath±”ti vatv± gataµµh±ne vibbhamati, vass±v±sika½ saªghika½ hoti. Sace pana manusse sammukh± sampaµicch±petv± gacchati, labhati. “Ida½ vass±v±sika½ amh±ka½ sen±sane vutthabhikkhuno dem±”ti vutte, yassa g±hita½ tasseva hoti. Sace pana sen±sanas±mikassa piyakamyat±ya puttadh²t±dayo bah³ni vatth±ni ±haritv± “amh±ka½ sen±sane dem±”ti denti, tattha vass³pagatassa ekameva vattha½ d±tabba½, ses±ni saªghik±ni honti, vass±v±sikaµµhitik±ya g±hetabb±ni. Ýhitik±ya asati ther±sanato paµµh±ya g±hetabb±ni. Sen±sane vass³pagata½ bhikkhu½ niss±ya uppannena cittappas±dena bah³ni vatth±ni ±haritv± “sen±sanassa dem±”ti dinnesupi eseva nayo. Sace pana p±dam³le µhapetv± “etassa bhikkhuno dem±”ti vadanti, tasseva honti.
Ekassa gehe dve vass±v±sik±ni– paµhamabh±go s±maºerassa g±hito hoti, dutiyo ther±sane. So eka½ dasahattha½, eka½ aµµhahattha½ s±µaka½ peseti “vass±v±sika½ pattabhikkh³na½ deth±”ti vicinitv± varabh±ga½ s±maºerassa datv± anubh±go ther±sane d±tabbo. Sace pana ubhopi ghara½ netv± bhojetv± sayameva p±dam³le µhapeti, ya½ yassa dinna½, tadeva tassa hoti.
Ito para½ mah±paccariya½ ±gatanayo hoti– “ekassa ghare daharas±maºerassa vass±v±sika½ p±puº±ti, so ce pucchati– ‘amh±ka½ vass±v±sika½ kassa pattan’ti, ‘s±maºerass±’ti avatv± ‘d±nak±le j±nissas²’ti vatv± d±nadivase eka½ mah±thera½ pesetv± n²har±petabba½. Sace yassa vass±v±sika½ patta½, so vibbhamati v± k±la½ v± karoti, manuss± ce pucchanti– ‘kassa amh±ka½ vass±v±sika½ pattan’ti, tesa½ yath±bh³ta½ ±cikkhitabba½. Sace te vadanti– ‘tumh±ka½ dem±’ti, tassa bhikkhuno p±puº±ti. Atha saªghassa v± gaºassa v± denti, saªghassa v± gaºassa v± p±puº±ti. Sace vass³pagat± suddhapa½suk³lik±yeva honti, ±netv± dinna½ vass±v±sika½ sen±sanaparikkh±ra½ v± katv± µhapetabba½, bimbohan±d²ni v± k±tabb±n²”ti. Ida½ nev±sikavatta½.

Sen±sanagg±hakath± niµµhit±.