Sen±sanagg±hakath±

318. Seyy±ti mańcaµµh±n±ni vuccanti. Seyyaggen±ti seyy±paricchedena, vass³pan±yikadivase k±la½ ghosetv± ekamańcaµµh±na½ ekassa bhikkhuno g±hetu½ anuj±n±m²ti attho. Seyyaggena g±hent±ti seyy±paricchedena g±hiyam±n±. Seyy± uss±rayi½s³ti mańcaµµh±n±ni atirek±ni ahesu½. Vih±ragg±d²supi eseva nayo. Anubh±ganti puna aparampi bh±ga½ d±tu½. Atimandesu hi bhikkh³su ekekassa bhikkhuno dve t²ŗi pariveŗ±ni d±tabb±ni. Na ak±m± d±tabboti anicch±ya na d±tabbo. Tattha vass³pan±yikadivase gahite anubh±ge pacch± ±gat±na½ na attano aruciy± so anubh±go d±tabbo. Sace pana yena gahito, so ca attano ruciy± ta½ anubh±ga½ v± paµhamabh±ga½ v± deti, vaµµati.
Niss²me µhitass±ti upac±ras²mato bahi µhitassa. Anto upac±ras²m±ya pana d³re µhitass±pi labbhatiyeva. Sen±sana½ gahetv±ti vass³pan±yikadivase gahetv±. Sabbak±la½ paµib±hant²ti catum±saccayena utuk±lepi paµib±hanti. T²su sen±sanagg±hesu purimako ca pacchimako c±ti ime dve g±h± th±var±.
Antar±muttake aya½ vinicchayo– ekasmi½ vih±re mah±l±bhasen±sana½ hoti. Sen±sanas±mik± vass³pagata½ bhikkhu½ sabbapaccayehi sakkacca½ upaµµhahitv± pav±retv± gamanak±le bahu½ samaŗaparikkh±ra½ denti. Mah±ther± d³ratopi ±gantv± vass³pan±yikadivase ta½ gahetv± ph±su½ vasitv± vutthavass± l±bha½ gaŗhitv± pakkamanti. ¾v±sik± “maya½ etthuppanna½ l±bha½ na labh±ma, nicca½ ±gantukamah±ther±va labhanti, teyeva na½ ±gantv± paµijaggissant²”ti palujjantampi na olokenti. Bhagav± tassa paµijagganattha½ “aparajjugat±ya pav±raŗ±ya ±yati½ vass±v±satth±ya antar±muttako g±hetabbo”ti ±ha.
Ta½ g±hentena saŖghatthero vattabbo– “bhante antar±muttakasen±sana½ gaŗhath±”ti. Sace gaŗh±ti, d±tabba½; no ce eteneva up±yena anuthera½ ±di½ katv± yo gaŗh±ti, tassa antamaso s±maŗerass±pi d±tabba½. Tena ta½ sen±sana½ aµµham±se paµijaggitabba½. Chadanabhittibh³m²su ya½ kińci khaŗ¹a½ v± phulla½ v± hoti, ta½ sabba½ paµisaŖkharitabba½. Uddesaparipucch±d²hi divasa½ khepetv± ratti½ tattha vasitumpi vaµµati. Ratti½ pariveŗe vasitv± tattha divasa½ khepetumpi vaµµati. Rattindiva½ tattheva vasitumpi vaµµati. Utuk±le ±gat±na½ vu¹¹h±na½ na paµib±hitabba½. Vass³pan±yikadivase pana sampatte sace saŖghatthero “mayha½ ida½ sen±sana½ deth±”ti vadati, na labhati. “Bhante, ida½ antar±muttaka½ gahetv± aµµham±se ekena bhikkhun± paµijaggitan”ti vatv± na d±tabba½. Aµµham±se paµijaggakabhikkhusseva gahita½ hoti.
Yasmi½ pana sen±sane ekasa½vacchare dvikkhattu½ paccaye denti cham±saccayena cham±saccayena, ta½ antar±muttaka½ na g±hetabba½. Yasmi½ v± tikkhattu½ denti catum±saccayena catum±saccayena, yasmi½ v± catukkhattu½ denti tem±saccayena tem±saccayena, ta½ antar±muttaka½ na g±hetabba½. Paccayeneva hi ta½ paµijaggana½ labhissati. Yasmi½ pana ekasa½vacchare sakideva bahupaccaye denti, eta½ antar±muttaka½ g±hetabbanti. Aya½ t±va antovasse vass³pan±yikadivasena p±¼iya½ ±gatasen±sanagg±hakath±.
Aya½ pana sen±sanagg±ho n±ma duvidho hoti– utuk±le ca vass±v±se ca. Tattha utuk±le t±va keci ±gantuk± bhikkh³ purebhatta½ ±gacchanti, keci pacch±bhatta½ paµhamay±ma½ v± majjhimay±ma½ v± pacchimay±ma½ v± ye yad± ±gacchanti, tesa½ tad±va bhikkh³ uµµh±petv± sen±sana½ d±tabba½. Ak±lo n±ma natthi. Sen±sanapańń±pakena pana paŗ¹itena bhavitabba½, eka½ v± dve v± mańcaµµh±n±ni µhapetabb±ni. Sace vik±le eko v± dve v± ther± ±gacchanti, te vattabb±– “bhante, ±dito paµµh±ya vuµµh±piyam±ne sabbepi bhikkh³ ubbhaŗ¹ik± bhavissanti, tumhe amh±ka½ vasanaµµh±neyeva vasath±”ti.
Bah³su pana ±gatesu vuµµh±petv± paµip±µiy± d±tabba½. Sace ekeka½ pariveŗa½ pahoti, ekeka½ pariveŗa½ d±tabba½. Tattha aggis±lad²ghas±lamaŗ¹alam±l±dayo sabbepi tasseva p±puŗanti Eva½ appahonte p±s±daggena d±tabba½. P±s±desu appahontesu ovarakaggena d±tabba½. Ovarakesu appahontesu seyyaggena d±tabba½. Seyyaggesu appahontesu mańcaµµh±nena d±tabba½. Mańcaµµh±ne appahonte ekap²µhakaµµh±navasena d±tabba½. Bhikkhuno pana µhitok±samatta½ na g±hetabba½. Etańhi sen±sana½ n±ma na hoti. P²µhakaµµh±ne pana appahonte eka½ mańcaµµh±na½ v± p²µhakaµµh±na½ v± v±rena v±rena gahetv± “bhante, vissamath±”ti tiŗŗa½ jan±na½ d±tabba½, na hi sakk± s²tasamaye sabbaratti½ ajjhok±se vasitu½. Mah±therena paµhamay±ma½ vissamitv± nikkhamitv± dutiyattherassa vattabba½– “±vuso, idha pavis±h²”ti. Sace mah±thero nidd±garuko hoti, k±la½ na j±n±ti, ukk±sitv± dv±ra½ ±koµetv± “bhante, k±lo j±to, s²ta½ anudahat²”ti vattabba½. Tena nikkhamitv± ok±so d±tabbo, ad±tu½ na labhati. Dutiyattherenapi majjhimay±ma½ vissamitv± purimanayeneva itarassa d±tabba½. Nidd±garuko vuttanayeneva vuµµh±petabbo. Eva½ ekaratti½ ekamańcaµµh±na½ tiŗŗa½ d±tabba½. Jambud²pe pana ekacce bhikkh³ “sen±sana½ n±ma mańcaµµh±na½ v± p²µhaµµh±na½ v± kińcideva kassaci sapp±ya½ hoti, kassaci asapp±yan”ti ±gantuk± hontu v± m± v±, devasika½ sen±sana½ g±henti. Aya½ utuk±le sen±sanagg±ho n±ma.
Vass±v±se pana atthi ±gantukavatta½, atthi ±v±sikavatta½, ±gantukena t±va sakaµµh±na½ muńcitv± ańńattha gantv± vasituk±mena vass³pan±yikadivasameva tattha na gantabba½. Vasanaµµh±na½ v± hi tatra samb±dha½ bhaveyya, bhikkh±c±ro v± na sampajjeyya, tena na ph±su½ vihareyya. Tasm± “id±ni m±samattena vass³pan±yik± bhavissat²”ti ta½ vih±ra½ pavisitabba½. Tattha m±samatta½ vasanto sace uddesatthiko uddesasampatti½ sallakkhetv±, sace kammaµµh±niko kammaµµh±nasapp±yata½ sallakkhetv±, sace paccayatthiko paccayal±bha½ sallakkhetv± antovasse sukha½ vasissati.
Sakaµµh±nato ca tattha gacchantena na gocarag±mo ghaµµetabbo, na tattha manuss± vattabb±– “tumhe niss±ya sal±kabhatt±d²ni v± y±gukhajjak±d²ni v± vass±v±sika½ v± natthi, aya½ cetiyassa parikkh±ro, aya½ uposath±g±rassa, ida½ t±¼ańceva s³ci ca sampaµicchatha tumh±ka½ vih±ran”ti. Sen±sana½ pana jaggitv± d±rubhaŗ¹amattik±bhaŗ¹±ni paµis±metv± gamiyavatta½ p³retv± gantabba½. Eva½ gacchanten±pi daharehi pattac²varabhaŗ¹ik±yo ukkhip±petv± telan±¼ikattaradaŗ¹±d²ni g±h±petv± chatta½ paggayha att±na½ dassentena g±madv±reneva na gantabba½, paµicchannena aµavimaggena gantabba½. Aµavimagge asati gumb±d²ni maddantena na gantabba½, gamiyavatta½ pana p³retv± vitakka½ chinditv± suddhacittena gamanavatteneva gantabba½. Sace pana g±madv±rena maggo hoti, gacchantańca na½ sapariv±ra½ disv± manuss± “amh±ka½ thero viy±”ti upadh±vitv± “kuhi½, bhante, sabbaparikkh±re gahetv± gacchath±”ti vadanti, tesu ce eko eva½ vadati– “vass³pan±yikak±lo n±m±ya½, yattha antovasse nibaddhabhikkh±c±ro bhaŗ¹apaµicch±danańca labbhati, tattha bhikkh³ gacchant²”ti. Tassa ce sutv± te manuss± “bhante, imasmimpi g±me jano bhuńjati ceva niv±seti ca, m± ańńattha gacchath±”ti vatv± mitt±macce pakkos±petv± sabbe sammantayitv± vih±re nibaddhavattańca sal±kabhatt±d²ni ca vass±v±sikańca paµµhapetv± “idheva bhante vasath±”ti y±canti, sabba½ s±ditu½ vaµµati. Sabbańheta½ kappiyańceva anavajjańca. Kurundiya½ pana “‘kuhi½ gacchath±’ti vutte ‘asukaµµh±nan’ti vatv±, ‘kasm± tattha gacchath±’ti vutte ‘k±raŗa½ ±cikkhitabba”n’ti vutta½. Ubhayampi panettha suddhacittatt±va anavajja½. Ida½ ±gantukavatta½ n±ma.
Ida½ pana ±v±sikavatta½– paµikacceva hi ±v±sikehi vih±ro jaggitabbo. Khaŗ¹aphullapaµisaŖkharaŗaparibhaŗ¹±ni k±tabb±ni. Rattiµµh±nadiv±µµh±navaccakuµipass±vaµµh±n±ni padh±nagharavih±ramaggoti im±ni sabb±ni paµijaggitabb±ni, cetiye sudh±kamma½ muddavedik±ya telamakkhana½ mańcap²µhapaµijaggananti idampi sabba½ k±tabba½– “vassa½ vasituk±m± ±gantv± uddesaparipucch±kammaµµh±n±nuyog±d²ni karont± sukha½ vasissant²”ti. Kataparikammehi ±s±¼h²juŗhapańcamito paµµh±ya vass±v±sika½ pucchitabba½. Kattha pucchitabba½? Yato pakatiy± labbhati. Yehi pana na dinnapubba½, te pucchitu½ na vaµµati. Kasm± pucchitabba½? Kad±ci hi manuss± denti, kad±ci dubbhikkh±d²hi upaddut± na denti. Tattha ye na dassanti, te apucchitv± vass±v±sike g±hite g±hitabhikkh³na½ l±bhantar±yo hoti, tasm± pucchitv±va g±hetabba½, pucchantena “tumh±ka½ vass±v±sikagg±hakak±lo upakaµµho”ti vattabba½. Sace vadanti “bhante, ima½ sa½vacchara½ ch±tak±d²hi upaddutamha, na sakkoma d±tun”ti v± “ya½ maya½ pubbe dema, tato ³natara½ dass±m±”ti v± “id±ni kapp±so sulabho, ya½ pubbe dema, tato bahutara½ dass±m±”ti v± vadanti, ta½ sallakkhetv± tadanur³pena nayena tesa½ tesa½ sen±sane bhikkh³na½ vass±v±sika½ g±hetabba½.
Sace manuss± vadanti– “yassa amh±ka½ vass±v±sika½ p±puŗ±ti, so tem±sa½ p±n²ya½ upaµµh±petu, vih±ramagga½ jaggatu, cetiyaŖgaŗabodhiyaŖgaŗ±ni jaggatu, bodhirukkhe udaka½ ±sińcat³”ti, yassa ta½ p±puŗ±ti, tassa ±cikkhitabba½. Yo pana g±mo paµikkamma yojanadviyojanantare hoti, tatra ce kul±ni upanikkhepa½ µhapetv± vih±re vass±v±sika½ dentiyeva, t±ni kul±ni apucchitv±pi tesa½ sen±sane vatta½ katv± vasantassa vass±v±sika½ g±hetabba½. Sace pana tesa½ sen±sane pa½suk³liko vasati, ±gatańca ta½ disv± “tumh±ka½ vass±v±sika½ dem±”ti vadanti, tena saŖghassa ±cikkhitabba½. Sace t±ni kul±ni saŖghassa d±tu½ na icchanti, “tumh±ka½yeva dem±”ti vadanti, sabh±go bhikkhu “vatta½ katv± gaŗh±h²”ti vattabbo. Pa½suk³likassa paneta½ na vaµµati, iti saddh±deyye d±yakamanuss± pucchitabb±.
Tatrupp±de pana kappiyak±rak± pucchitabb±. Katha½ pucchitabb±? “Ki½, ±vuso, saŖghassa bhaŗ¹apaµicch±dana½ bhavissat²”ti. Sace vadanti– “bhavissati, bhante, ekekassa navahattha½ s±µaka½ dass±ma, vass±v±sika½ g±heth±”ti, g±hetabba½. Sacepi vadanti– “s±µaka½ natthi; vatthu pana atthi, g±hetha, bhante”ti, vatthumhi santepi g±hetu½ vaµµatiyeva. Kappiyak±rak±nańhi hatthe “kappiyabhaŗ¹a½ paribhuńjath±”ti dinnavatthuto ya½ ya½ kappa½, ta½ ta½ sabba½ paribhuńjitu½ anuńń±ta½.
Ya½ panettha piŗ¹ap±tatth±ya gil±napaccayatth±ya v± uddissa dinna½, ta½ c²vare upan±mentehi saŖghasuµµhut±ya apaloketv± upan±metabba½. Sen±sanatth±ya uddissa dinna½ garubhaŗ¹a½ hoti, c²varavaseneva catupaccayavasena v± dinna½ c²vare upan±ment±na½ apalokanakammakicca½ natthi, apalokanakamma½ karontehi ca puggalavaseneva k±tabba½, saŖghavasena na k±tabba½. J±tar³parajatavasen±pi ±makadhańńavasena v± apalokanakamma½ na vaµµati. Kappiyabhaŗ¹avasena c²varataŗ¹ul±divaseneva ca vaµµati. Ta½ pana eva½ kattabba½– “id±ni subhikkha½ sulabhapiŗ¹a½, bhikkh³ c²varena kilamanti, ettaka½ n±ma taŗ¹ulabh±ga½ bhikkh³na½ c²vara½ k±tu½ ruccat²”ti. “Gil±napaccayo sulabho gil±no v± natthi, ettaka½ n±ma taŗ¹ulabh±ga½ bhikkh³na½ c²vara½ k±tu½ ruccat²”ti.