Uggate aruŗe vatta½ nikkhipitabba½. Sace so bhikkhu kenacideva karaŗ²yena pakkanto hoti, ya½ ańńa½ sabbapaµhama½ passati, tassa ±rocetv± nikkhipitabba½. Sace pana kańci na passati, vih±ra½ gantv± attan± saddhi½ gatabhikkhussa santike nikkhipitabbanti mah±sumatthero ±ha. Mah±padumatthero pana “ya½ paµhama½ passati, tassa ±rocetv± nikkhipitabba½, aya½ nikkhittavattassa parih±ro”ti ±ha.
Eva½ yattak±ni divas±ni ±patti paµicchann± hoti, tattak±ni tato adhikatar±ni v± kukkuccavinodanatth±ya parivasitv± saŖgha½ upasaŖkamitv± vatta½ sam±diyitv± m±natta½ y±citabba½. Ayańhi vatte sam±dinne eva m±natt±raho hoti nikkhittavattena parivutthatt±. Anikkhittavattassa pana puna sam±d±nakicca½ natthi, so hi paµicchannadivas±tikkameneva m±natt±raho hoti, tasm± tassa m±natta½ d±tabbameva. Ida½ paµicchannam±natta½ n±ma. Ta½ dentena sace ek±patti hoti p±¼iya½ vuttanayeneva d±tabba½. Atha dve v± tisso v± “soha½ parivutthapariv±so saŖgha½ dvinna½ ±patt²na½ tissanna½ ±patt²na½ ek±hapaµicchann±na½ ch±ratta½ m±natta½ y±c±m²”ti pariv±se vuttanayeneva ±pattiyo ca divase ca sallakkhetv± yojan± k±tabb±.
Appaµicchann±patti½ paµicchann±pattiy± samodh±netv±pi d±tu½ vaµµati. Katha½? Paµicchann±ya ek±hapariv±sa½ vasitv±–
“Aha½, bhante, eka½ ±patti½ ±pajji½ sańcetanika½ sukkavissaµµhi½ ek±hapaµicchanna½, soha½ saŖgha½ ekiss± ±pattiy± sańcetanik±ya sukkavissaµµhiy± ek±hapaµicchann±ya ek±hapariv±sa½ y±ci½, tassa me saŖgho ekiss± ±pattiy± sańcetanik±ya sukkavissaµµhiy± ek±hapaµicchann±ya ek±hapariv±sa½ ad±si, soha½ parivutthapariv±so Aha½, bhante, eka½ ±patti½ ±pajji½ sańcetanika½ sukkavissaµµhi½ appaµicchanna½. Soha½, bhante, saŖgha½ t±sa½ ±patt²na½ sańcetanik±na½ sukkavissaµµh²na½ paµicchann±ya ca appaµicchann±ya ca ch±ratta½ m±natta½ y±c±m²”ti.
Athassa tadanur³pa½ kammav±ca½ katv± m±natta½ d±tabba½. Sace paµicchann± dve, appaµicchann± ek± “paµicchann±nańca appaµicchann±ya c±”ti vattabba½. Atha paµicchann± ek±, appaµicchann± dve, “paµicchann±ya ca appaµicchann±nańc±”ti vattabba½. Sace paµicchann±pi dve, appaµicchann±pi dve, “paµicchann±nańca appaµicchann±nańc±”ti vattabba½. Sabbattha anur³pa½ kammav±ca½ katv± m±natta½ d±tabba½. Ciŗŗam±nattassa ca tadanur³pameva kammav±ca½ katv± abbh±na½ k±tabba½. Idha pana ek±pattivasena vutta½. Iti ya½ paµicchann±ya ±pattiy± pariv±s±vas±ne m±natta½ diyyati, ida½ paµicchannam±natta½ n±ma. Evamettha ekeneva yojan±mukhena paµicchannapariv±so ca paµicchannam±nattańca vuttanti veditabba½. Pakkham±natta½ samodh±nam±nattańca avasesapariv±sakath±vas±ne kathayiss±ma.
Suddhantapariv±so samodh±napariv±soti hi dve pariv±s± avases±. Tattha “suddhantapariv±so” n±ma parato adhammikam±nattac±r±vas±ne “tena kho pana samayena ańńataro bhikkhu sambahul± saŖgh±dises± ±pattiyo ±panno hoti, ±pattipariyanta½ na j±n±ti, rattipariyanta½ na j±n±t²”ti imasmi½ vatthusmi½ anuńń±tapariv±so. So duvidho– c³¼asuddhanto, mah±suddhantoti. Duvidhopi cesa rattipariccheda½ sakala½ v± ekacca½ v± aj±nantassa ca assarantassa ca tattha vematikassa ca d±tabbo. ¾pattipariyanta½ pana ettak± aha½ ±pattiyo ±pannoti j±n±tu v± m± v±, ak±raŗameta½.
Tattha yo upasampadato paµµh±ya anulomakkamena v± ±rocitadivasato paµµh±ya paµilomakkamena v± “asukańca asukańca divasa½ v± pakkha½ v± m±sa½ v± sa½vacchara½ v± tava suddhabh±va½ j±n±s²”ti pucchiyam±no “±ma, bhante, j±n±mi, ettaka½ n±ma k±la½ aha½ suddho”ti vadati, tassa dinno suddhantapariv±so “c³¼asuddhanto”ti vuccati.
Ta½ gahetv± parivasantena yattaka½ k±la½ attano suddhi½ j±n±ti, tattaka½ apanetv± avasesa½ m±sa½ v± dvem±sa½ v± parivasitabba½. Sace m±samatta½ asuddhomh²ti sallakkhetv± aggahesi parivasanto ca puna ańńa½ m±sa½ sarati, tampi m±sa½ parivasitabbameva. Puna pariv±sad±nakicca½ natthi. Atha dvem±sa½ asuddhomh²ti sallakkhetv± aggahesi, parivasanto ca m±samattamev±ha½ asuddhomh²ti sanniµµh±na½ karoti, m±sameva parivasitabba½. Puna pariv±sad±nakicca½ natthi. Ayańhi suddhantapariv±so n±ma uddhampi ±rohati, heµµh±pi orohati, idamassa lakkhaŗa½. Ańńasmi½ pana ±pattivuµµh±ne ida½ lakkhaŗa½– yo appaµicchanna½ ±patti½ paµicchann±ti vinayakamma½ karoti, tassa ±patti vuµµh±ti. Yo paµicchanna½ appaµicchann±ti vinayakamma½ karoti, tassa na vuµµh±ti. Acirapaµicchanna½ cirapaµicchann±ti karontass±pi vuµµh±ti. Cirapaµicchanna½ acirapaµicchann±ti karontassa na vuµµh±ti. Eka½ ±patti½ ±pajjitv± sambahul±ti karontass±pi vuµµh±ti, eka½ vin± sambahul±na½ abh±vato. Sambahul± pana ±pajjitv± eka½ ±pajjinti karontassa na vuµµh±ti.
Yo pana yath±vuttena anulomapaµilomanayena pucchiyam±nopi rattipariyanta½ na j±n±ti neva sarati vematiko v± hoti, tassa dinno suddhantapariv±so “mah±suddhanto”ti vuccati. Ta½ gahetv± gahitadivasato paµµh±ya y±va upasampadadivaso, t±va rattiyo gaŗetv± parivasitabba½. Aya½ uddha½ n±rohati, heµµh± pana orohati. Tasm± sace parivasanto rattiparicchede sanniµµh±na½ karoti, m±so v± sa½vaccharo v± mayha½ ±pannass±ti m±sa½ v± sa½vacchara½ v± parivasitabba½. Pariv±say±canad±nalakkhaŗa½ panettha parato p±¼iya½ ±gatanayeneva veditabba½. Kammav±c±pariyos±ne vattasam±d±nam±natta-abbh±n±ni vuttanay±neva. Aya½ suddhantapariv±so n±ma.
“Samodh±napariv±so” n±ma tividho hoti– odh±nasamodh±no, agghasamodh±no, missakasamodh±noti. Tattha “odh±nasamodh±no” n±ma– antar±patti½ ±pajjitv± paµicch±dentassa parivutthadivase odhunitv± makkhetv± purim±ya ±pattiy± m³ladivasaparicchede pacch± ±panna½ ±patti½ samodahitv± d±tabbapariv±so vuccati. So parato “tena hi bhikkhave saŖgho ud±yi½ bhikkhu½ antar± ekiss± ±pattiy± sańcetanik±ya sukkavissaµµhiy± pańc±hapaµicchann±ya m³l±ya paµikassitv± purim±ya ±pattiy± samodh±napariv±sa½ det³”ti ito paµµh±ya vitth±rato p±¼iya½yeva ±gato.
Aya½ panettha vinicchayo– yo paµicchann±ya ±pattiy± pariv±sa½ gahetv± parivasanto v± m±natt±raho v± m±natta½ caranto v± abbh±n±raho v± ańńa½ ±patti½ ±pajjitv± purim±ya ±pattiy± sam± v± ³natar± v± rattiyo paµicch±deti, tassa m³l±yapaµikassanena te parivutthadivase ca m±nattaciŗŗadivase ca sabbe odhunitv± adivase katv± pacch± ±pann±patti½ m³l±pattiya½ samodh±ya pariv±so d±tabbo. Tena sace m³l±patti pakkhapaµicchann±, antar±patti ³nakapakkhapaµicchann±, puna pakkhameva pariv±so parivasitabbo. Ath±pi antar±patti pakkhapaµicchann±va pakkhameva parivasitabba½. Etenup±yena y±va saµµhivassapaµicchann± m³l±patti, t±va vinicchayo veditabbo. Saµµhivass±ni parivasitv± m±natt±raho hutv±pi hi ekadivasa½ antar±patti½ paµicch±detv± punapi saµµhivass±ni pariv±s±raho hoti.
Sace pana antar±patti m³l±pattito atirekapaµicchann± hoti, tattha “ki½ k±tabban”ti vutte mah±sumatthero ±ha– “atekiccho aya½ puggalo, atekiccho n±ma ±vik±r±petv± vissajjetabbo”ti. Mah±padumatthero pan±ha– “kasm± atekiccho n±ma, nanu aya½ samuccayakkhandhako n±ma buddh±na½ µhitak±lasadiso, ±patti n±ma paµicchann± v± hotu appaµicchann± v± samaka-³natara-atirekapaµicchann± v± vinayadharassa kammav±ca½ yojetu½ samatthabh±voyevettha pam±ŗa½, tasm± y± atirekapaµicchann± hoti, ta½ m³l±patti½ katv± tattha itara½ samodh±ya pariv±so d±tabbo”ti. Aya½ “odh±nasamodh±no” n±ma.
“Agghasamodh±no” n±ma sambahul±su ±patt²su y± ek± v± dve v± tisso v± sambahul± v± ±pattiyo sabbacirapaµicchann±yo, t±sa½ agghena samodh±ya t±sa½ rattiparicchedavasena avases±na½ ³natarapaµicchann±na½ ±patt²na½ pariv±so diyyati. Aya½ vuccati agghasamodh±no. Sopi parato “tena kho pana samayena ańńataro bhikkhu sambahul± saŖgh±dises± ±pattiyo ±panno hoti, ek± ±patti ek±hapaµicchann± ek± ±patti dv²hapaµicchann±”ti-±din± nayena p±¼iya½ ±gatoyeva.
Yassa pana sata½ ±pattiyo das±hapaµicchann±, aparampi sata½ ±pattiyo das±hapaµicchann±ti eva½ dasakkhattu½ katv± ±pattisahassa½ divasasatapaµicchanna½ hoti, tena ki½ k±tabbanti? Sabba½ samodahitv± dasa divase parivasitabba½. Eva½ ekeneva das±hena divasasatampi parivasitameva hoti. Vuttampi ceta½–
“Dasasata½ rattisata½, ±pattiyo ch±dayitv±na;
dasa rattiyo vasitv±na, mucceyya p±riv±siko”ti. (Pari. 477).
Aya½ agghasamodh±no n±ma.
“Missakasamodh±no” n±ma– yo n±n±vatthuk± ±pattiyo ekato katv± diyyati. Tatr±ya½ nayo–
“Aha½, bhante, sambahul± saŖgh±dises± ±pattiyo ±pajji½ eka½ sukkavissaµµhi½, eka½ k±yasa½sagga½, eka½ duµµhullav±ca½, eka½ attak±ma½, eka½ sańcaritta½, eka½ kuµik±ra½, eka½ vih±rak±ra½, eka½ duµµhadosa½, eka½ ańńabh±giya½, eka½ saŖghabheda½, eka½ bhed±nuvattaka½, eka½ dubbaca½, eka½ kulad³saka½, soha½, bhante, saŖgha½ t±sa½ ±patt²na½ samodh±napariv±sa½ y±c±m²”ti–
Tikkhattu½ y±c±petv± tadanur³p±ya kammav±c±ya pariv±so d±tabbo.
Ettha ca saŖgh±dises± ±pattiyo ±pajji½ n±n±vatthuk±yotipi saŖgh±dises± ±pattiyo ±pajjintipi eva½ pubbe vuttanayena vatthuvasenapi gottavasenapi n±mavasenapi ±pattivasenapi yojetv± kammav±ca½ k±tu½ vaµµatiyev±ti aya½ missakasamodh±no. Sabbapariv±sakammav±c±vas±ne pana nikkhitt±nikkhittavatt±dikath± purimanayeneva veditabb±ti.

Pariv±sakath± niµµhit±.

Id±ni ya½ vutta½ “pakkham±nattańca samodh±nam±nattańca avasesapariv±sakath±vas±ne kathayiss±m±”ti, tassok±so sampatto, tasm± vuccati– “pakkham±nattan”ti bhikkhuniy± d±tabbam±natta½. Ta½ pana paµicchann±yapi appaµicchann±yapi ±pattiy± a¹¹ham±sameva d±tabba½. Vuttańheta½– “garudhamma½ ajjh±pann±ya bhikkhuniy± ubhatosaŖghe pakkham±natta½ caritabban”ti (c³¼ava. 403). Ta½ pana bhikkhun²hi attano s²ma½ sodhetv± vih±ras²m±ya v± vih±ras²ma½ sodhetu½ asakkont²hi khaŗ¹as²m±ya v± sabbantimena paricchedena catuvaggagaŗa½ sannip±t±petv± d±tabba½. Sace ek± ±patti hoti ekiss± vasena, sace dve v± tisso v± sambahul± v± ekavatthuk± v± n±n±vatthuk± v± t±sa½ t±sa½ vasena vatthugottan±ma-±patt²su ya½ ya½ icchati ta½ ta½ ±d±ya yojan± k±tabb±.
Tatrida½ ek±pattivasena mukhamattadassana½, t±ya ±pann±ya bhikkhuniy± bhikkhunisaŖgha½ upasaŖkamitv± eka½sa½ uttar±saŖga½ karitv± vu¹¹h±na½ bhikkhun²na½ p±de vanditv± ukkuµika½ nis²ditv± ańjali½ paggahetv± evamassa vacan²yo– “aha½, ayye, eka½ ±patti½ ±pajji½ g±mantara½, s±ha½, ayye, ekiss± ±pattiy± g±mantar±ya pakkham±natta½ y±c±m²”ti.
Eva½ tikkhattu½ y±c±petv± byatt±ya bhikkhuniy± paµibal±ya saŖgho ń±petabbo–
“Suŗ±tu me ayye saŖgho, aya½ itthann±m± bhikkhun² eka½ ±patti½ ±pajji g±mantara½, s± saŖgha½ ekiss± ±pattiy± g±mantar±ya pakkham±natta½ y±cati, yadi saŖghassa pattakalla½, saŖgho itthann±m±ya bhikkhuniy± ekiss± ±pattiy± g±mantar±ya pakkham±natta½ dadeyya, es± ńatti.
“Suŗ±tu me ayye saŖgho, aya½…pe… dutiyampi… tatiyampi etamattha½ vad±mi. Suŗ±tu me ayye saŖgho…pe… deti… dinna½ saŖghena itthann±m±ya bhikkhuniy± ekiss± ±pattiy± g±mantar±ya pakkham±natta½, khamati saŖghassa, tasm± tuŗh²; evameta½ dh±ray±m²”ti.
Kammav±c±pariyos±ne vatta½ sam±diyitv± bhikkhum±nattakath±ya vuttanayeneva saŖghassa ±rocetv± nikkhittavatta½ vasituk±m±ya tattheva saŖghamajjhe v± pakkant±su bhikkhun²su ekabhikkhuniy± v± dutiyik±ya v± santike vuttanayeneva nikkhipitabba½. Ańńiss± pana ±gantuk±ya santike ±rocetv± nikkhipitabba½. Nikkhittak±lato paµµh±ya pakatattaµµh±ne tiµµhati. Puna sam±diyitv± aruŗa½ uµµh±pentiy± pana bhikkhun²na½yeva santike vasitu½ na labhati. “UbhatosaŖghe pakkham±natta½ caritabban”ti hi vutta½. Tasm± ass± ±cariyupajjh±y±hi vih±ra½ gantv± saŖg±hakapakkhe µhito eko mah±thero v± dhammakathiko v± bhikkhu vattabbo– “ekiss± bhikkhuniy± vinayakamma½ kattabbamatthi, tatra no ayy±, catt±ro bhikkh³ peseth±”ti. SaŖgaha½ ak±tu½ na labbhati, pesess±m²ti vattabba½. Cat³hi pakatattabhikkhun²hi m±nattac±rini½ bhikkhuni½ gahetv± anto-aruŗeyeva nikkhamitv± g±m³pac±rato dve le¹¹up±te atikkamitv± magg± okkamma gumbavati-±d²hi paµicchannaµµh±ne nis²ditabba½. Vih±r³pac±ratopi dve le¹¹up±t± atikkamitabb± cat³hi pakatattabhikkh³hipi tattha gantabba½. Gantv± pana bhikkhun²hi saddhi½ na ekaµµh±ne nis²ditabba½, paµikkamitv± avid³raµµh±ne nis²ditabba½. Kurundimah±paccar²su pana “bhikkhun²hipi byatta½ eka½ v± dve v± up±sik±yo bhikkh³hipi eka½ v± dve v± up±sake attarakkhaŗatth±ya gahetv± gantabban”ti vutta½. Kurundiya½yeva ca bhikkhunupassayassa ca vih±rassa ca upac±ra½ muńcitu½ vaµµat²”ti vutta½, g±mass±ti na vutta½.
Eva½ nisinnesu pana bhikkh³su ca bhikkhun²su ca t±ya bhikkhuniy± “m±natta½ sam±diy±mi, vatta½ sam±diy±m²”ti vatta½ sam±diyitv± bhikkhun²saŖghassa t±va eva½ ±rocetabba½–
“Aha½, ayye, eka½ ±patti½ ±pajji½ g±mantara½, s±ha½ saŖgha½ ekiss± ±pattiy± g±mantar±ya pakkham±natta½ y±ci½, tassa me saŖgho ekiss± ±pattiy± g±mantar±ya pakkham±natta½ ad±si, s±ha½ pakkham±natta½ car±mi, ‘veday±maha½, ayye, vedayat²’ti ma½ saŖgho dh±ret³”ti.
Tato bhikkhusaŖghassa santika½ gantv± eva½ ±rocetabba½– “aha½, ayy±, eka½ ±patti½ ±pajji½ …pe… veday±maha½, ayy±, vedayat²ti ma½ saŖgho dh±ret³”ti. Idh±pi y±ya k±yaci bh±s±ya ±rocetu½ vaµµati.
¾rocetv± ca bhikkhunisaŖghasseva santike nis²ditabba½, ±rocitak±lato paµµh±ya bhikkh³na½ gantu½ vaµµati. Sace s±saŖka½ hoti, bhikkhuniyo tattheva µh±na½ pacc±s²santi, µh±tabba½. Sace ańńo bhikkhu v± bhikkhun² v± ta½ µh±na½ eti, passantiy± ±rocetabba½. No ce ±roceti, ratticchedo ceva vattabhedadukkaµańca. Sace aj±nantiy± eva upac±ra½ okkamitv± gacchati, ratticchedova hoti, na vattabhedadukkaµa½. Sace bhikkhuniyo upajjh±y±d²na½ vattakaraŗattha½ pageva gantuk±m± honti, rattivippav±sagaŗa-oh²yanag±mantar±pattirakkhaŗattha½ eka½ bhikkhuni½ µhapetv± gantabba½. T±ya aruŗe uµµhite tass± santike vatta½ nikkhipitabba½. Etenup±yena akhaŗ¹± pańcadasa rattiyo m±natta½ caritabba½.
Anikkhittavatt±ya pana p±riv±sikakkhandhake vuttanayeneva samm± vattitabba½. Aya½ pana viseso– “±gantukassa ±rocetabban”ti ettha yattak± purebhatta½ v± pacch±bhatta½ v± ta½ g±ma½ bhikkh³ v± bhikkhuniyo v± ±gacchanti, sabbesa½ ±rocetabba½. An±rocentiy± ratticchedo ca vattabhedadukkaµańca. Sacepi ratti½ koci bhikkhu ta½ g±m³pac±ra½ okkamitv± gacchati, ratticchedo hotiyeva, aj±nanapaccay± pana vattabhedato muccati. Kurundi-±d²su pana anikkhittavattabhikkh³na½ vuttanayeneva kathetabbanti vutta½. Ta½ p±riv±sikavatt±d²na½ upac±ras²m±ya paricchinnatt± yuttatara½ dissati. Uposathe ±rocetabba½, pav±raŗ±ya ±rocetabba½, catunna½ bhikkh³nańca bhikkhun²nańca devasika½ ±rocetabba½. Sace bhikkh³na½ tasmi½ g±me bhikkh±c±ro sampajjati, tattheva gantabba½. No ce sampajjati, ańńatra caritv±pi tatra ±gantv± att±na½ dassetv± gantabba½. Bahig±me v± saŖketaµµh±na½ k±tabba½– “asukasmi½ n±ma µh±ne amhe passissas²”ti. T±ya saŖketaµµh±na½ gantv± ±rocetabba½. SaŖketaµµh±ne adisv± vih±ra½ gantv± ±rocetabba½. Vih±re sabbabhikkh³na½ ±rocetabba½. Sace sabbesa½ sakk± na hoti ±rocetu½, bahi-upac±ras²m±ya µhatv± bhikkhuniyo pesetabb±. T±hi ±n²t±na½ catunna½ bhikkh³na½ ±rocetabba½. Sace vih±ro d³ro hoti s±saŖko, up±sake ca up±sik±yo ca gahetv± gantabba½. Sace pana aya½ ek± vasati, rattivippav±sa½ ±pajjati, tasm±ss± ek± pakatatt± bhikkhun² sammannitv± d±tabb± ekacchanne vasanatth±ya.
Eva½ akhaŗ¹a½ m±natta½ caritv± v²satigaŗe bhikkhunisaŖghe vuttanayeneva abbh±na½ k±tabba½. Sace m±natta½ caram±n± antar±patti½ ±pajjati, m³l±ya paµikassitv± tass± ±pattiy± m±natta½ d±tabbanti kurundiya½ vutta½. Ida½ “pakkham±natta½” n±ma.
“Samodh±nam±natta½” pana tividha½ hoti– odh±nasamodh±na½, agghasamodh±na½, missakasamodh±nanti. Tattha yadeta½ parato ud±yittherassa pańc±hapaµicchann±ya ±pattiy± pariv±sa½ parivasantassa pariv±se ca m±natt±rahaµµh±ne ca antar±patti½ ±pajjitv± m³l±yapaµikassitassa “tena hi, bhikkhave, saŖgho ud±yissa bhikkhuno tissanna½ ±patt²na½ ch±ratta½ m±natta½ det³”ti m±natta½ anuńń±ta½, ida½ “odh±nasamodh±na½” n±ma. Idańhi punappuna½ m³l±yapaµikassanena parivutthadivase odhunitv± purim±patt²hi saddhi½ samodh±ya dinna½, tasm± odh±nasamodh±nanti vuccati. Kurundiya½ pana “samodh±napariv±sa½ vutthassa d±tabba½ m±natta½ samodh±nam±nattan”ti vutta½. Tampi tena pariy±yena yujjati.
Agghasamodh±na½ pana missakasamodh±nańca agghasamodh±namissakasamodh±napariv±s±vas±ne d±tabbam±nattameva vuccati, ta½ pariv±sakammav±c±nus±rena yojetv± d±tabba½. Ett±vat± ya½ vutta½ “tena hi, bhikkhave, saŖgho ud±yissa bhikkhuno ekiss± ±pattiy± sańcetanik±ya sukkavissaµµhiy± ek±hapaµicchann±ya ek±hapariv±sa½ det³ti-±din± nayena p±¼iya½ anekehi ±k±rehi pariv±so ca m±nattańca vutta½, tassa yasm± ±gat±gataµh±ne vinicchayo vuccam±no p±¼i viya ativitth±ra½ ±pajjati, na ca sakk± hoti sukhena pariggahetu½, tasm± na½ samodh±netv± idheva dassess±m±”ti, tadida½ atthato samp±dita½ hoti.