Pariv±sakath±

102. “Tena hi, bhikkhave, saŖgho ud±yissa bhikkhuno ekiss± ±pattiy± sańcetanik±ya sukkavissaµµhiy± ek±hapaµicchann±ya ek±hapariv±sa½ det³”ti-±din± nayena p±¼iya½ anekehi ±k±rehi pariv±so ca m±nattańca vutta½. Tassa yasm± ±gat±gataµµh±ne vinicchayo vuccam±no p±¼i viya ativitth±ra½ ±pajjati, na ca sakk± hoti sukhena pariggahetu½, tasm± na½ samodh±netv± idheva dassayiss±ma.
Ayańhi idha adhippeto pariv±so n±ma– paµicchannapariv±so, suddhantapariv±so, samodh±napariv±soti tividho hoti. Tattha paµicchannapariv±so t±va yath±paµicchann±ya ±pattiy± d±tabbo Kassaci hi ek±hapaµicchann± ±patti hoti yath± aya½ ud±yittherassa, kassaci dv²h±dipaµicchann± yath± parato ±gat± ud±yittherasseva, kassaci ek± ±patti hoti yath± aya½, kassaci dve tisso tatuttari v± yath± parato ±gat±, tasm± paµicchannapariv±sa½ dentena paµhama½ t±va paµicchannabh±vo j±nitabbo.
Ayańhi ±patti n±ma dasah±k±rehi paµicchann± hoti. Tatth±ya½ m±tik±– ±patti ca hoti ±pattisańń² ca, pakatatto ca hoti pakatattasańń² ca, anantar±yiko ca hoti anantar±yikasańń² ca, pahu ca hoti pahusańń² ca, ch±detuk±mo ca hoti ch±deti c±ti.
Tattha ±patti ca hoti ±pattisańń² c±ti ya½ ±panno, s± ±pattiyeva hoti. Sopi ca tattha ±pattisańń²yeva. Iti j±nanto ch±deti, chann±va hoti. Atha pan±ya½ tattha an±pattisańń², acchann± hoti, an±patti pana ±pattisańń±yapi an±pattisańń±yapi ch±denten±pi acch±dit±va hoti. Lahuka½ v± garuk±ti garuka½ v± lahuk±ti ch±deti, alajjipakkhe tiµµhati, ±patti pana acchann± hoti. Garuka½ lahuk±ti mańńam±no deseti, neva desit± hoti, na chann±. Garuka½ garuk±ti ńatv± ch±deti, chann± hoti. Garukalahukabh±va½ na j±n±ti, ±patti½ ch±dem²ti ch±deti, chann±va hoti.
Pakatattoti tividha½ ukkhepan²yakamma½ akato– so ce pakatattasańń² hutv± ch±deti, chann± hoti. Atha “mayha½ saŖghena kamma½ katan”ti apakatattasańń² hutv± ch±deti, acchann± hoti. Apakatattena pakatattasańńin± v± apakatattasańńin± v± ch±dit±pi acchann±va hoti. Vuttampi ceta½–
“¾pajjati garuka½ s±vasesa½,
ch±deti an±dariya½ paµicca;
na bhikkhun² no ca phuseyya vajja½,
pańh± mes± kusalehi cintit±”ti. (Pari. 481).
Ayańhi pańho ukkhittakena kathito.
Anantar±yikoti yassa dasasu antar±yesu ekopi natthi, so ce anantar±yikasańń² hutv± ch±deti, chann± hoti. Sacepi so bh²rukaj±tikat±ya andhak±re amanussacaŗ¹amigabhayena antar±yikasańń² hutv± ch±deti, acchann±va hoti. Yassa hi pabbatavih±re vasantassa kandara½ v± nadi½ v± atikkamitv± ±rocetabba½ hoti, antar±magge ca caŗ¹av±¼a-amanuss±dibhaya½ atthi, magge ajagar± nipajjanti, nad² p³r± hoti, ekasmi½ pana satiyeva antar±ye antar±yikasańń² hutv± ch±deti, acchann±va hoti. Antar±yikassa pana antar±yikasańń±ya v± anantar±yikasańń±ya v± ch±dayato acchann±va hoti.
Pah³ti yo sakkoti bhikkhuno santika½ gantuńceva ±rocetuńca; so ce pahusańń² hutv± ch±deti, chann± hoti. Sacassa mukhe appamattako gaŗ¹o v± hoti, hanukav±to v± vijjhati, danto v± rujjati, bhikkh± v± mand± laddh± hoti, t±vatakena pana neva vattu½ na sakkoti na gantu½; apica kho na sakkom²ti sańń² hoti, aya½ pahu hutv± appahusańń² n±ma. Imin± ch±dit±pi acch±dit±. Appahun± pana vattu½ v± gantu½ v± asamatthena pahusańńin± v± appahusańńin± v± ch±dit± hotu, acch±dit±va.
Ch±detuk±mo ca hoti ch±deti c±ti ida½ utt±natthameva. Sace pana ch±dess±m²ti dhuranikkhepa½ katv± purebhatte v± pacch±bhatte v± paµhamay±m±d²su v± lajjidhamma½ okkamitv± anto-aruŗeyeva ±roceti, aya½ ch±detuk±mo na ch±deti n±ma.
Yassa pana abhikkhuke µh±ne vasantassa ±patti½ ±pajjitv± sabh±gassa bhikkhuno ±gamana½ ±gamentassa sabh±gasantika½ v± gacchantassa addham±sopi m±sopi atikkamati, aya½ na ch±detuk±mo ch±deti n±ma, ayampi acchann±va hoti.
Yo pana ±pannamattova aggi½ akkantapuriso viya sahas± apakkamitv± sabh±gaµµh±na½ gantv± ±vi karoti, aya½ na ch±detuk±mova na ch±deti n±ma. Sace pana sabh±ga½ disv±pi “aya½ me upajjh±yo v± ±cariyo v±”ti lajj±ya n±roceti, chann±va hoti ±patti. Upajjh±y±dibh±vo hi idha appam±ŗa½ averisabh±gamattameva pam±ŗa½, tasm± averisabh±gassa santike ±rocetabb±.
Yo pana visabh±go hoti sutv± pak±setuk±mo, evar³passa upajjh±yass±pi santike na ±rocetabb±. Tattha purebhatta½ v± ±patti½ ±panno hotu pacch±bhatta½ v±, div± v± ratti½ v± y±va aruŗa½ na uggacchati t±va ±rocetabba½. Uddhaste aruŗe paµicchann± hoti, paµicch±danapaccay± ca dukkaµa½ ±pajjati. Sabh±gasaŖgh±disesa½ ±pannassa pana santike ±vi k±tu½ na vaµµati. Sace ±vi karoti, ±patti ±vikat± hoti, dukkaµ± pana na muccati, tasm± suddhassa santike ±vik±tabb±. ¾vikaronto ca “tuyha½ santike eka½ ±patti½ ±vikarom²”ti v± “±cikkh±m²”ti v± “±rocem²”ti v± “mama eka½ ±patti½ ±pannabh±va½ j±n±h²”ti v± vadatu, “eka½ garuk±patti½ ±vikarom²”ti-±din± v± nayena vadatu, sabbehipi ±k±rehi appaµicchann±va hot²ti kurundiya½ vutta½. Sace pana lahuk±patti½ ±vikarom²ti-±din± nayena vadati, paµicchann± hoti, vatthu½ ±roceti, ±patti½ ±roceti, ubhaya½ ±roceti, tividhen±pi ±rocit±va hoti. Iti im±ni dasa k±raŗ±ni upalakkhetv± paµicchannapariv±sa½ dentena paµhamameva paµicchannabh±vo j±nitabbo.
Tato paµicchannadivase ca ±pattiyo ca sallakkhetv± sace ek±hapaµicchann± hoti– “aha½, bhante, eka½ ±patti½ ±pajji½ sańcetanika½ sukkavissaµµhi½ ek±hapaµicchannan”ti eva½ y±c±petv± idha vuttanayeneva kammav±ca½ vatv± pariv±so d±tabbo. Atha dv²hat²h±dipaµicchann± hoti, dv²hapaµicchanna½ t²hapaµicchanna½ cat³hapaµicchanna½ pańc±hapaµicchanna½ ch±hapaµicchanna½ satt±hapaµicchanna½ aµµh±hapaµicchanna½ nav±hapaµicchanna½ das±hapaµicchanna½ ek±das±hapaµicchanna½ dv±das±hapa-acchanna½ teras±hapaµicchanna½ cuddas±hapaµicchannanti eva½ y±va cuddasa divas±ni divasavasena yojan± k±tabb±. Pańcadasa divas±ni paµicchann±ya pakkhapaµicchannanti vatv± yojan± k±tabb±. Tato y±va ek³nati½satimo divaso, t±va atirekapakkhapaµicchannanti.
Tato m±sapaµicchanna½ atirekam±sapaµicchanna½ dvem±sapaµicchanna½ atirekadvem±sapaµicchanna½ tem±sapaµicchanna½ atirekatem±sapaµicchanna½ catum±sapaµicchanna½ atirekacatum±sapaµicchanna½ pańcam±sapaµicchanna½ atirekapańcam±sapaµicchanna½ cham±sapaµicchanna½ atirekacham±sapaµicchanna½ sattam±sapaµicchanna½ atirekasattam±sapaµicchanna½ aµµham±sapaµicchanna½ atireka-aµµham±sapaµicchanna½ navam±sapaµicchanna½ atirekanavam±sapaµicchanna½ dasam±sapaµicchanna½ atirekadasam±sapaµicchanna½ ek±dasam±sapaµicchanna½ atireka-ek±dasam±sapaµicchannanti eva½ yojan± k±tabb±. Sa½vacchare paripuŗŗe ekasa½vaccharapaµicchannanti. Tato para½ atireka-ekasa½vacchara… dvesa½vacchara… atirekadvesa½vacchara… tisa½vacchara… atiraketisa½vacchara… catusa½vacchara… atirekacatusa½vacchara… pańcasa½vacchara… atirekapańcasa½vaccharapaµicchannanti eva½ y±va saµµhisa½vacchara… atirekasaµµhisa½vaccharapaµicchannanti v± tato v± bhiyyopi vatv± yojan± k±tabb±.
Sace pana dve tisso tatuttari v± ±pattiyo honti, yath± idha eka½ ±pattinti vutta½; eva½ dve ±pattiyo tisso ±pattiyoti vattabba½. Tato para½ pana sata½ v± hotu sahassa½ v±, sambahul±ti vattu½ vaµµati. N±n±vatthuk±supi “aha½, bhante, sambahul± saŖgh±dises± ±pattiyo ±pajji½– eka½ sukkavissaµµhi½, eka½ k±yasa½sagga½, eka½ duµµhullav±ca½, eka½ attak±ma½, eka½ sańcaritta½, ek±hapaµicchann±yo”ti eva½ gaŗanavasena v± “aha½, bhante, sambahul± saŖgh±dises± ±pattiyo ±pajji½ n±n±vatthuk±yo ek±hapaµicchann±yo”ti eva½ vatthukittanavasena v±, “aha½, bhante, sambahul± saŖgh±dises± ±pattiyo ±pajji½ ek±hapaµicchann±yo”ti eva½ n±mamattavasena v± yojan± k±tabb±.
Tattha n±ma½ duvidha½– saj±tis±dh±raŗańca sabbas±dh±raŗańca. Tattha saŖgh±disesoti saj±tis±dh±raŗa½, ±patt²ti sabbas±dh±raŗa½; tasm± “sambahul± ±pattiyo ±pajji½ ek±hapaµicchann±yo”ti eva½ sabbas±dh±raŗan±mavasenapi vattu½ vaµµati. Idańhi sabbampi pariv±s±dika½ vinayakamma½ vatthuvasena gottavasena n±mavasena ±pattivasena ca k±tu½ vaµµatiyeva.
Tattha “sukkavissaµµh²”ti vatthu ceva gottańca. “SaŖgh±diseso”ti n±mańceva ±patti ca. “K±yasa½saggo”ti vatthu ceva gottańca. “SaŖgh±diseso”ti n±mańceva ±patti ca, tattha “sukkavissaµµhi½ k±yasa½saggan”ti-±din± vacanen±pi “n±n±vatthuk±yo”ti vacanen±pi vatthu ceva gottańca gahita½ hoti. “SaŖgh±diseso”ti vacanen±pi “±pattiyo”ti vacanen±pi n±mańceva ±patti ca gahit± hoti. Idha pana eka½ ±patti½ ±pajji½ sańcetanika½ “sukkavissaµµhin”ti n±mampi vatthugott±nipi gahit±neva. Yath± ca idha “aya½ ud±yi bhikkh³”ti vutta½; eva½ yo yo ±panno hoti, tassa tassa n±ma½ gahetv± “aya½ itthann±mo bhikkh³”ti kammav±c± k±tabb±.
Kammav±c±pariyos±ne ca tena bhikkhun± m±¼akas²m±yameva “pariv±sa½ sam±diy±mi, vatta½ sam±diy±m²”ti vuttanayeneva vatta½ sam±d±tabba½ Sam±diyitv± tattheva saŖghassa ±rocetabba½, ±rocentena ca eva½ ±rocetabba½–
“Aha½, bhante, eka½ ±patti½ ±pajji½ sańcetanika½ sukkavissaµµhi½ ek±hapaµicchanna½, soha½ saŖgha½ ekiss± ±pattiy± sańcetanik±ya sukkavissaµµhiy± ek±hapaµicchann±ya ek±hapariv±sa½ y±ci½, tassa me saŖgho ekiss± ±pattiy± sańcetanik±ya sukkavissaµµhiy± ek±hapaµicchann±ya ek±hapariv±sa½ ad±si, soha½ parivas±mi– ‘veday±maha½, bhante, vedayat²’ti ma½ saŖgho dh±ret³”ti.
Imańca panattha½ gahetv± y±ya k±yaci bh±s±ya ±rocetu½ vaµµatiyeva. ¾rocetv± sace nikkhipituk±mo, vuttanayeneva saŖghamajjhe nikkhipitabba½. M±¼akato bhikkh³su nikkhantesu ekass±pi santike nikkhipitu½ vaµµati. M±¼akato nikkhamitv± sati½ paµilabhantena sahagacchantassa santike nikkhipitabba½. Sace sopi pakkanto, ańńassa yassa m±¼ake n±rocita½, tassa ±rocetv± nikkhipitabba½. ¾rocentena ca avas±ne “vedayat²ti ma½ ±yasm± dh±ret³”ti vattabba½. Dvinna½ ±rocentena “±yasmant± dh±rent³”ti, tiŗŗa½ ±rocentena “±yasmanto dh±rent³”ti vattabba½. Nikkhittak±lato paµµh±ya pakatattaµµh±ne tiµµhati.
Sace appabhikkhuko vih±ro hoti, sabh±g± bhikkh³ vasanti, vatta½ anikkhipitv± vih±reyeva rattipariggaho k±tabbo. Atha na sakk± sodhetu½, vuttanayeneva vatta½ nikkhipitv± pacc³sasamaye ekena bhikkhun± saddhi½ m±nattavaŗŗan±ya½ vuttanayeneva upac±ras²ma½ atikkamitv± mah±magg± okkamma paµicchanne µh±ne nis²ditv± anto-aruŗeyeva vuttanayeneva vatta½ sam±diyitv± tassa bhikkhuno pariv±so ±rocetabbo. ¾rocentena sace navakataro hoti, “±vuso”ti vattabba½. Sace vu¹¹hataro, “bhante”ti vattabba½. Sace ańńo koci bhikkhu kenacideva karaŗ²yena ta½ µh±na½ ±gacchati, sace esa ta½ passati, sadda½ v±ssa suŗ±ti, ±rocetabba½; an±rocentassa ratticchedo ceva vattabhedo ca. Atha dv±dasahattha½ upac±ra½ okkamitv± aj±nantasseva gacchati, ratticchedoyeva hoti, vattabhedo pana natthi.