Bhaº¹±g±rasammuti-±dikath±

343. Vih±ra½ ti-±d²su yo ±r±mamajjhe ±r±mikas±maºer±d²hi avivitto sabbesa½ samosaraºaµµh±ne vih±ro v± a¹¹hayogo v± hoti, so sammannitabbo. Paccantasen±sana½ pana na sammannitabba½. Ida½ pana bhaº¹±g±ra½ khaº¹as²ma½ gantv± khaº¹as²m±ya nisinnehi sammannitu½ na vaµµati, vih±ramajjheyeva sammannitabba½.
Gutt±guttañca j±neyy±ti ettha yassa t±va chadan±d²su koci doso natthi, ta½ gutta½. Yassa pana chadanatiºa½ v± chadaniµµhak± v± yattha katthaci patit±, yena ovassati v±, m³sik±d²na½ v± paveso hoti, bhitti-±d²su v± katthaci chidda½ hoti, upacik± v± uµµhahanti, ta½ sabba½ agutta½ n±ma. Ta½ sallakkhetv± paµisaªkharitabba½. S²tasamaye dv±rañca v±tap±nañca supihita½ k±tabba½, s²tena hi c²var±ni kaººakit±ni honti. Uºhasamaye antarantar± v±tappavesanattha½ vivaritabba½. Eva½ karonto hi gutt±gutta½ j±n±ti n±ma.
Imehi pana c²varapaµigg±hak±d²hi t²hipi attano vatta½ j±nitabba½. Tattha c²varapaµigg±hakena t±va ya½ ya½ manuss± “k±lac²varan”ti v± “ak±lac²varan”ti v± “accekac²varan”ti v± “vassikas±µikan”ti v± “nis²danan”ti v± “paccattharaºan”ti v± “mukhapuñchanaco¼an”ti v± denti, ta½ sabba½ ekar±si½ katv± missetv± na gaºhitabba½, visu½ visu½ katv±va gaºhitv± c²varanidahakassa tatheva ±cikkhitv± d±tabba½. C²varanidahaken±pi bhaº¹±g±rikassa dadam±nena ida½ k±lac²vara½…pe… ida½ mukhapuñchanaco¼anti ±cikkhitv±va d±tabba½. Bhaº¹±g±riken±pi tatheva visu½ visu½ viya saññ±ºa½ katv± µhapetabba½. Tato saªghena “k±lac²vara½ ±har±”ti vutte k±lac²varameva d±tabba½…pe… mukhapuñchanaco¼aka½ ±har±ti vutte tadeva d±tabba½.
Iti bhagavat± c²varapaµigg±hako anuññ±to, c²varanidahako anuññ±to, bhaº¹±g±ra½ anuññ±ta½, bhaº¹±g±riko anuññ±to, na b±hulikat±ya na asantuµµhiy±; apica kho saªghass±nuggah±ya. Sace hi ±haµ±haµa½ gahetv± bhikkh³ bh±jeyyu½, neva ±haµa½ na an±haµa½ na dinna½ n±dinna½ na laddha½ n±laddha½ j±neyyu½, ±haµ±haµa½ ther±sane v± dadeyyu½, khaº¹±khaº¹a½ v± chinditv± gaºheyyu½; eva½ sati ayuttaparibhogo ca hoti, na ca sabbesa½ saªgaho kato hoti. Bhaº¹±g±re pana c²vara½ µhapetv± ussannak±le ekekassa bhikkhuno tic²vara½ v± dve dve v± ekeka½ v± c²vara½ dassanti, laddh±laddha½ j±nissanti, aladdhabh±va½ ñatv± saªgaha½ k±tu½ maññissant²ti.
Na bhikkhave bhaº¹±g±riko vuµµh±petabboti ettha aññepi avuµµh±pan²y± j±nitabb±. Catt±ro hi na vuµµh±petabb±– vu¹¹hataro bhaº¹±g±riko, gil±no, saªghato laddhasen±sanoti. Tattha vu¹¹hataro attano vu¹¹hat±ya navakatarena na vuµµh±petabbo, bhaº¹±g±riko saªghena sammannitv± bhaº¹±g±rassa dinnat±ya, gil±no attano gil±nat±ya, saªgho pana bahussutassa uddesaparipucch±d²hi bahupak±rassa bh±ranitth±rakassa ph±suka½ ±v±sa½ anuµµh±pan²ya½ katv± deti, tasm± so upak±rat±ya ca saªghato laddhat±ya ca na vuµµh±petabboti.
Ussanna½ hot²ti bahu r±sikata½ hoti, bhaº¹±g±ra½ na gaºh±ti. Sammukh²bh³ten±ti anto-upac±ras²m±ya½ µhitena. Bh±jetunti k±la½ ghosetv± paµip±µiy± bh±jetu½. Kol±hala½ ak±s²ti “amh±ka½ ±cariyassa detha, upajjh±yassa deth±”ti eva½ mah±sadda½ ak±si. C²varabh±janakaªgesu sabh±g±na½ bhikkh³na½ ap±puºantampi mahaggha½ c²vara½ dento chand±gati½ gacchati n±ma. Aññesa½ vu¹¹hatar±na½ p±puºantampi mahaggha½ c²vara½ adatv± appaggha½ dento dos±gati½ gacchati n±ma. Moham³¼ho c²varad±navatta½ aj±nanto moh±gati½ gacchati n±ma. Mukhar±na½ navak±nampi bhayena ap±puºantameva mahaggha½ c²vara½ dento bhay±gati½ gacchati n±ma. Yo eva½ na gacchati, sabbesa½ tul±bh³to pam±ºabh³to majjhatto hoti, so sammannitabbo. Bh±jit±bh±jitanti “ettak±ni vatth±ni bh±jit±ni, ettak±ni abh±jit±n²”ti j±nanto “bh±jit±bh±jitañca j±neyy±”ti vuccati.
Uccinitv±ti “ida½ th³la½, ida½ saºha½, ida½ ghana½, ida½ tanuka½, ida½ paribhutta½, ida½ aparibhutta½, ida½ d²ghato ettaka½ puthulato ettakan”ti eva½ vatth±ni vicinitv±. Tulayitv±ti “ida½ ettaka½ agghati, ida½ ettakan”ti eva½ agghapariccheda½ katv±. Vaºº±vaººa½ katv±ti sace sabbesa½ ekekameva dasagghanaka½ p±puº±ti, icceta½ kusala½; no ce p±puº±ti, ya½ nava v± aµµha v± agghati, ta½ aññena eka-agghanakena ca dvi-agghanakena ca saddhi½ bandhitv± etena up±yena same paµiv²se µhapetv±ti attho. Bhikkh³ gaºetv± vagga½ bandhitv±ti sace ekekassa diyam±ne divaso nappahoti, dasa dasa bhikkh³ gaºetv± dasa dasa c²varapaµiv²se ekavagga½ bandhitv± eka½ bhaº¹ika½ katv± eva½ c²varapaµiv²sa½ µhapetu½ anuj±n±m²ti attho. Eva½ µhapitesu c²varapaµiv²sesu kuso p±tetabbo. Tehipi bhikkh³hi puna kusap±ta½ katv± bh±jetabba½.
S±maºer±na½ upa¹¹hapaµiv²santi ettha ye s±maºer± attissar± bhikkhusaªghassa kattabbakamma½ na karonti, uddesaparipucch±su yutt± ±cariyupajjh±y±na½yeva vattapaµipatti½ karonti, aññesa½ na karonti, etesa½yeva upa¹¹habh±go d±tabbo. Ye pana purebhattañca pacch±bhattañca bhikkhusaªghasseva kattabbakicca½ karonti, tesa½ samako d±tabbo. Idañca piµµhisamaye uppannena bhaº¹±g±re µhapitena ak±lac²vareneva kathita½. K±lac²vara½ pana samakameva d±tabba½. Tatrupp±davass±v±sika½ sammuñjan²bandhan±di saªghassa ph±tikamma½ katv± gahetabba½. Etañhettha sabbesa½ vatta½. Bhaº¹±g±rikac²varepi sace s±maºer± ±gantv± “bhante maya½ y±gu½ pac±ma, bhatta½ pac±ma, khajjaka½ pac±ma, appaharitaka½ karoma, dantakaµµha½ ±har±ma, raªgachalli½ kappiya½ katv± dema, ki½ amhehi na kata½ n±m±”ti ukkuµµhi½ karonti, samabh±gova d±tabbo. Eta½ ye ca virajjhitv± karonti, yesañca karaºabh±vo na paññ±yati, te sandh±ya vutta½. Kurundiya½ pana “sace s±maºer± ‘kasm± maya½ bhante saªghakamma½ na karoma, kariss±m±’ti y±canti, samapaµiv²so d±tabbo”ti vutta½.
Uttarituk±moti nadi½ v± kant±ra½ v± uttarituk±mo; sattha½ labhitv± dis± pakkamituk±moti attho. Saka½ bh±ga½ d±tunti ida½ bhaº¹±g±rato c²var±ni n²haritv± puñje kate ghaºµiy± pahaµ±ya bhikkhusaªghe sannipatite sattha½ labhitv± gantuk±mo “satthato m± parih±y²”ti etamattha½ sandh±ya vutta½. Tasm± an²hatesu v± c²varesu appahaµ±ya v± ghaºµiy± asannipatite v± saªghe d±tu½ na vaµµati. C²varesu pana n²hatesu ghaºµi½ paharitv± bhikkhusaªghe sannipatite c²varabh±jakena “imassa bhikkhuno koµµh±sena ettakena bhavitabban”ti takketv± nayagg±hena c²vara½ d±tabba½. Tul±ya tulitamiva hi samasama½ d±tu½ na sakk±, tasm± ³na½ v± hotu adhika½ v±, eva½ takkena nayena dinna½ sudinna½. Neva ³naka½ puna d±tabba½, n±tiritta½ paµiggaºhitabbanti.
Atirekabh±gen±ti dasa bhikkh³ honti, s±µak±pi daseva, tesu eko dv±dasa agghati, ses± dasagghanak±. Sabbesu dasagghanakavasena kuse p±tite yassa bhikkhuno dv±dasagghanako kuso p±tito, so “ettakena mama c²vara½ pahot²”ti tena atirekabh±gena gantuk±mo hoti. Bhikkh³ “atireka½ ±vuso saªghassa santakan”ti vadanti, ta½ sutv± bhagav± “saªghike ca gaºasantake ca appaka½ n±ma natthi, sabbattha sa½yamo k±tabbo, gaºhanten±pi kukkucc±yitabban”ti dassetu½ “anuj±n±mi bhikkhave anukkhepe dinne”ti ±ha. Tattha anukkhepo n±ma ya½kiñci anukkhipitabba½ anuppad±tabba½ kappiyabhaº¹a½; yattaka½ tassa paµiv²se adhika½, tattake agghanake yasmi½ kismiñci kappiyabhaº¹e dinneti attho.
Vikalake tosetv±ti ettha c²varavikalaka½ puggalavikalakanti dve vikalak±. C²varavikalaka½ n±ma sabbesa½ pañca pañca vatth±ni patt±ni, ses±nipi atthi, ekeka½ pana na p±puº±ti, chinditv± d±tabb±ni. Chindantehi ca a¹¹hamaº¹al±d²na½ v± up±hanatthavik±d²na½ v± pahonak±ni khaº¹±ni katv± d±tabb±ni, heµµhimaparicchedena caturaªgulavitth±rampi anuv±tappahonak±y±ma½ khaº¹a½ katv± d±tu½ vaµµati, aparibhoga½ pana na k±tabbanti evamettha c²varassa appahonakabh±vo c²varavikalaka½. Chinditv± dinne pana ta½ tosita½ hoti, atha kusap±to k±tabbo. Sacepi ekassa bhikkhuno koµµh±se eka½ v± dve v± vatth±ni nappahonti, tattha añña½ s±maºaka½ parikkh±ra½ µhapetv± yo tena tussati, tassa ta½ bh±ga½ datv± pacch± kusap±to k±tabbo. Idampi c²varavikalakanti andhakaµµhakath±ya½ vutta½.
Puggalavikalaka½ n±ma dasa dasa bhikkh³ gaºetv± vagga½ karont±na½ eko vaggo na p³rati, aµµha v± nava v± honti, tesa½ aµµha v± nava v± koµµh±s± “tumhe ime gahetv± visu½ bh±jeth±”ti d±tabb±. Evamaya½ puggal±na½ appahonakabh±vo puggalavikalaka½. Visu½ dinne pana ta½ tosita½ hoti, eva½ tosetv± kusap±to k±tabboti. Atha v± vikalake tosetv±ti yo c²varavibh±go ³nako, ta½ aññena parikkh±rena sama½ katv± kusap±to k±tabbo.