5. Sahaseyyasikkh±padavaŗŗan±

49. Pańcamasikkh±pade– muµµhassat² asampaj±n±ti pubbabh±ge satisampajańńassa akaraŗavaseneta½ vutta½, bhavaŖgotiŗŗak±le pana kuto satisampajańńanti! Vik³jam±n±ti vippalapam±n± K±kaccham±n±ti n±s±ya k±kasadda½ viya niratthakasadda½ muńcam±n±. Up±sak±ti paµhamatara½ uµµhita-up±sak±.
50. Etadavocunti “bhagavat± ±vuso r±hula sikkh±pada½ pańńattan”ti bhikkh³ sikkh±padag±raveneva eta½ avocu½. Pakatiy± pana te bhagavati ca g±ravena ±yasmato ca r±hulassa sikkh±k±mat±ya tassa ±yasmato vasanaµµh±na½ ±gatassa c³¼amańcaka½ v± apassena½ v± ya½ atthi ta½ pańńapetv± c²vara½ v± uttar±saŖga½ v± uss²sakaraŗatth±ya denti Tatrida½ tass±yasmato sikkh±k±mat±ya– bhikkh³ kira ta½ d³ratova ±gacchanta½ disv± muµµhisammuńjanińca kacavaracha¹¹anakańca bahi khipanti. Athańńehi “±vuso kenida½ p±titan”ti vutte ańńe eva½ vadanti– “bhante, r±hulo imasmi½ padese sańcari, tena nu kho p±titan”ti. So pan±yasm± “na mayha½ bhante ida½ kamman”ti ekadivasampi avatv± ta½ paµis±metv± bhikkh³ kham±petv± gacchati. Vaccakuµiy± seyya½ kappes²ti ta½yeva sikkh±k±mata½ anubr³hanto dhammasen±patimah±moggall±na-±nandatther±d²na½ santika½ agantv± bhagavato va¼ańjanakavaccakuµiya½ seyya½ kappesi. S± kira kuµi kav±µabaddh± gandhaparibhaŗ¹akat± samosaritapupphad±m± cetiyaµµh±namiva tiµµhati, aparibhog± ańńesa½.
51. Uttaridirattatirattanti bhagav± s±maŗer±na½ saŖgahakaraŗatth±ya tiratta½ parih±ra½ ad±si. Na hi yutta½ kulad±rake pabb±jetv± n±nuggahetunti. Sahaseyyanti ekato seyya½. Seyy±ti k±yappas±raŗasaŖkh±ta½ sayanampi vuccati, yasmi½ sen±sane sayanti, tampi. Tattha sen±sana½ t±va dassetu½ “seyy± n±ma sabbacchann±”ti-±di vutta½. K±yappas±raŗa½ dassetu½ anupasampanne nipanne bhikkhu nipajjat²”ti-±di vutta½. Tasm± ayamettha attho– “sen±sanasaŖkh±ta½ seyya½ pavisitv± k±yappas±raŗasaŖkh±ta½ seyya½ kappeyya vidaheyya samp±deyy±”ti. Sabbacchann±ti-±din± pana tass± sen±sanasaŖkh±t±ya seyy±ya lakkhaŗa½ vutta½. Tasm± ya½ sen±sana½ upari pańcahi chadanehi ańńena v± kenaci sabbameva paµicchanna½, aya½ sabbacchann± n±ma seyy±. Aµµhakath±su pana p±kaµavoh±ra½ gahetv± v±cuggatavasena “sabbacchann± n±ma pańcahi chadanehi chann±”ti vutta½. Kińc±pi vutta½? Atha kho dussakuµiya½ vasantass±pi na sakk± an±patti k±tu½, tasm± ya½ kińci paµicch±danasamattha½ idha chadanańca paricchannańca veditabba½. Pańcavidhacchadaneyeva hi gayham±ne padaracchannepi sahaseyy± na bhaveyya. Ya½ pana sen±sana½ bh³mito paµµh±ya y±va chadana½ ±hacca p±k±rena v± ańńena v± kenaci antamaso vatthen±pi parikkhitta½, aya½ sabbaparicchann± n±ma seyy±. Chadana½ an±hacca sabbantimena pariy±yena diya¹¹hahatthubbedhena p±k±r±din± parikkhitt±pi sabbaparicchann±yev±ti kurundaµµhakath±ya½ vutta½. Yass± pana upari bahutara½ µh±na½ channa½, appa½ acchanna½, samantato v± bahutara½ parikkhitta½, appa½ aparikkhitta½, aya½ yebhuyyena chann± yebhuyyena paricchann± n±ma. Imin± hi lakkhaŗena samann±gato sacepi sattabh³mako p±s±do ek³pac±ro hoti, satagabbha½ v± catuss±la½ v±, ekaseyy±-icceva saŖkhya½ gacchati. Ta½ sandh±ya vutta½ “catutthe divase atthaŖgate s³riye anupasampanne nipanne bhikkhu nipajjati, ±patti p±cittiyass±”ti-±di.
Tattha ca nipajjanamatteneva p±cittiya½. Sace pana sambahul± s±maŗer±, eko bhikkhu, s±maŗeragaŗan±ya p±cittiy±. Te ce uµµh±yuµµh±ya nipajjanti, tesa½ payoge payoge bhikkhussa ±patti. Bhikkhussa uµµh±yuµµh±ya nipajjane pana bhikkhusseva payogena bhikkhussa ±patti. Sace pana sambahul± bhikkh³ eko s±maŗero sabbesa½ ±patti½ karoti, tassa uµµh±yuµµh±ya nipajjanenapi bhikkh³na½ ±pattiyeva. Ubhayesa½ sambahulabh±vepi eseva nayo.
Apicettha ek±v±s±dikampi catukka½ veditabba½. Yo hi ekasmi½ ±v±se ekeneva anupasampannena saddhi½ tiratta½ sahaseyya½ kappeti, tassa catutthadivasato paµµh±ya devasik± ±patti. Yopi ekasmi½yeva ±v±se n±n±-anupasampannehi saddhi½ tiratta½ sahaseyya½ kappeti, tassapi. Yopi n±n±-±v±sesu ekeneva anupasampannena saddhi½ tiratta½ sahaseyya½ kappeti, tassapi. Yopi n±n±-±v±sesu n±n±-anupasampannehi saddhi½ yojanasatampi gantv± sahaseyya½ kappeti, tassapi catutthadivasato paµµh±ya devasik± ±patti.
Ayańca sahaseyy±patti n±ma “bhikkhu½ µhapetv± avaseso anupasampanno n±m±”ti vacanato tiracch±nagatenapi saddhi½ hoti, tatra tiracch±nagatassa paricchedo methunadhamm±pattiy± vuttanayeneva veditabbo. Tasm± sacepi godh±bi¼±lamaŖgus±d²su koci pavisitv± bhikkhuno vasanasen±sane ek³pac±raµµh±ne sayati, sahaseyy±va hoti.
Yadi pana thambh±na½ upari katap±s±dassa uparimatalena saddhi½ asambaddhabhittikassa bhittiy± upari µhitasusiratul±s²sassa susirena pavisitv± tul±ya abbhantare sayitv± teneva susirena nikkhamitv± gacchati heµµh±p±s±de sayitabhikkhussa an±patti. Sace chadane chidda½ hoti, tena pavisitv± antochadane vasitv± teneva pakkamati, n±n³pac±re uparimatale chadanabbhantare sayitassa ±patti, heµµhimatale sayitassa an±patti. Sace antop±s±deneva ±rohitv± sabbatal±ni paribhuńjanti, ek³pac±r±ni honti, tesu yattha katthaci sayitassa ±patti.
Sabh±saŖkhepena kate a¹¹hakuµµakasen±sane sayitassa v±¼asaŖgh±µ±d²su kapot±dayo pavisitv± sayanti, ±pattiyeva. Parikkhepassa bahigate nibbakosabbhantare sayanti, an±patti. Parimaŗ¹ala½ v± caturassa½ v± ekacchadan±ya gabbham±l±ya satagabbha½ cepi sen±sana½ hoti, tatra ce ekena s±dh±raŗadv±rena pavisitv± visu½ p±k±rena aparicchinnagabbh³pac±re sabbagabbhe pavisanti, ekagabbhepi anupasampanne nipanne sabbagabbhesu nipann±na½ ±patti. Sace sapamukh± gabbh± honti, pamukhassa upari acchanna½ uccavatthuka½ cepi hoti, pamukhe sayito gabbhe sayit±na½ ±patti½ na karoti. Sace pana gabbhacchadaneneva saddhi½ sambaddhacchadana½ hoti, tatra sayito sabbesa½ ±patti½ karoti. Kasm±? Sabbacchannatt± sabbaparicchannatt± ca, gabbhaparikkhepoyeva hissa parikkhepoti. Eteneva hi nayena aµµhakath±su lohap±s±daparikkhepassa cat³su dv±rakoµµhakesu ±patti vutt±.
Ya½ pana andhakaµµhakath±ya½ “aparikkhitte pamukhe an±patt²ti bh³miya½ vin± jagatiy± pamukha½ sandh±ya kathinan”ti vutta½, ta½ andhakaraµµhe p±µekkasannives± ekacchadan± gabbhap±¼iyo sandh±ya vutta½. Yańca tattha “bh³miya½ vin± jagatiy±”ti vutta½, ta½ neva aµµhakath±su atthi; na p±¼iy± sameti. Dasahatthubbedh±pi hi jagati parikkhepasaŖkhya½ na gacchati. Tasm± yampi tattha dutiyasikkh±pade jagatiy± pam±ŗa½ vatv± “eta½ ek³pac±ra½ paricchanna½ n±ma hot²”ti vutta½, ta½ na gahetabba½. Yepi ekas±ladvis±latis±lacatuss±lasannives± mah±p±s±d± ekasmi½ ok±se p±de dhovitv± paviµµhena sakk± honti sabbattha anuparigantu½ tesupi sahaseyy±pattiy± na muccati. Sace tasmi½ tasmi½ µh±ne upac±ra½ paricchinditv± kat± honti, ek³pac±raµµh±neyeva ±patti.
Dv²hi dv±rehi yuttassa sudh±chadanamaŗ¹apassa majjhe p±k±ra½ karonti, ekena dv±rena pavisitv± ekasmi½ paricchede anupasampanno sayati, ekasmi½ bhikkhu, an±patti. P±k±re godh±d²na½ pavisanamattampi chidda½ hoti, ekasmińca paricchede godh± sayanti, an±pattiyeva. Na hi chiddena geha½ ek³pac±ra½ n±ma hoti. Sace p±k±ramajjhe chinditv± dv±ra½ yojenti, ek³pac±rat±ya ±patti. Ta½ dv±ra½ kav±µena pidahitv± sayanti, ±pattiyeva. Na hi dv±rapidahanena geha½ n±n³pac±ra½ n±ma hoti, dv±ra½ v± adv±ra½. Kav±µańhi sa½varaŗavivaraŗehi yath±sukha½ va¼ańjanatth±ya kata½, na va¼ańjan³pacchedanatth±ya. Sace pana ta½ dv±ra½ puna iµµhak±hi pidahanti, adv±ra½ hoti, purime n±n³pac±rabh±veyeva tiµµhati. D²ghapamukha½ cetiyaghara½ hoti. Eka½ kav±µa½ anto, eka½ bahi, dvinna½ kav±µ±na½ antare anupasampanno antocetiyaghare sayantassa ±patti½ karoti, ek³pac±ratt±.
Tatra yassa “siy± aya½ ek³pac±ran±n³pac±rat± n±ma udositasikkh±pade vutt±, idha pana ‘seyy± n±ma sabbacchann± sabbaparicchann± yebhuyyena chann± yebhuyyena paricchann±’ti ettakameva vutta½, pihitadv±ro ca gabbho sabbaparicchannova hoti. Tasm± tattha anto sayiteneva saddhi½ ±patti, bahi sayitena an±patt²”ti. So eva½ vattabbo– “apihitadv±re pana kasm± bahi sayitena ±patt²”ti? Pamukhassa gabbhena saddhi½ sabbacchannatt±. “Ki½ pana gabbhe pihite chadana½ viddhasta½ hot²”ti? Na viddhasta½, gabbhena saddhi½ pamukhassa sabbaparicchannat± na hoti. “Ki½ parikkhepo viddhasto”ti? Addh± vakkhati “na viddhasto, kav±µena upac±ro paricchanno”ti. Eva½ d³rampi gantv± puna ek³pac±ran±n³pac±rata½yeva pacc±gamissati.
Apica yadi byańjanamatteyeva attho suvińńeyyo siy±, sabbacchann±ti vacanato pańcanna½ ańńatarena chadanena chann± eva seyy± siy±, na ańńena. Evańca sati padaracchann±d²su an±patti siy±. Tato yadattha½ sikkh±pada½ pańńatta½, sveva attho parih±yeyya Parih±yatu v± m± v±, katha½ avutta½ gahetabbanti; ko v± vadati “avutta½ gahetabban”ti? Vuttańheta½ aniyatesu– “paµicchanna½ n±ma ±sana½ kuµµena v± kav±µena v± kilańjena v± s±ŗip±k±rena v± rukkhena v± thambhena v± koµµhalik±ya v± yena kenaci paµicchanna½ hot²”ti. Tasm± yath± tattha yena kenaci paµicchanna½ paµicchannameva, evamidh±pi gahetabba½. Tasm± sen±sana½ khuddaka½ v± hotu mahanta½ v± ańńena saddhi½ sambaddha½ v± asambaddha½ v± d²gha½ v± vaµµa½ v± caturassa½ v± ekabh³maka½ v±, anekabh³maka½ v±, ya½ ya½ ek³pac±ra½ sabbattha yena kenaci paµicch±danena sabbacchanne sabbaparicchanne yebhuyyena v± channe yebhuyyena v± paricchanne sahaseyy±patti hot²ti.
53. Upa¹¹hacchanne upa¹¹haparicchanne ±patti dukkaµass±ti ettha sabbacchanne upa¹¹haparicchanneti evam±d²supi mah±paccariya½ dukkaµamev±ti vutta½. Mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ pana “sabbacchanne yebhuyyenaparicchanne p±cittiya½, sabbacchanne upa¹¹haparicchanne p±cittiya½, yebhuyyenachanne upa¹¹haparicchanne p±cittiya½, sabbaparicchanne yebhuyyenachanne p±cittiya½, sabbaparichanne upa¹¹hacchanne p±cittiya½, yebhuyyenaparicchanne upa¹¹hacchanne p±cittiya½, p±¼iya½ vuttap±cittiyena saddhi½ satta p±cittiy±n²”ti vutta½. “Sabbacchanne c³¼akaparicchanne dukkaµa½, yebhuyyenachanne c³¼akaparicchanne dukkaµa½, sabbaparicchanne c³¼akacchanne dukkaµa½, yebhuyyenaparicchanne c³¼akacchanne dukkaµa½, p±¼iya½ dukkaµena saha pańca dukkaµ±n²”ti vutta½.
“Upa¹¹hacchanne c³¼akaparicchanne an±patti, upa¹¹haparicchanne c³¼akacchanne an±patti, c³¼akacchanne c³¼akaparicchanne an±patti, sabbacchanne sabba-aparicchanneti ca ettha senambamaŗ¹apavaŗŗa½ hot²”ti vutta½. Imin±peta½ veditabba½– “yath± jagati parikkhepasaŖkhaya na gacchat²”ti. Sesa½ utt±natthameva.
E¼akalomasamuµµh±na½– k±yato ca k±yacittato ca samuµµh±ti, kiriya½, nosańń±vimokkha½, acittaka½, paŗŗattivajja½, k±yakamma½, ticitta½, tivedananti.

Sahaseyyasikkh±pada½ pańcama½.