7. Vik±labhojanasikkh±padavaººan±

247. Sattamasikkh±pade giraggasamajjoti girimhi aggasamajjo, girissa v± aggadese samajjo. So kira sattame divase bhavissat²ti nagare ghosan± kariyati, nagarassa bahiddh± same bh³mibh±ge pabbatacch±y±ya mah±janak±yo sannipatati, anekappak±r±ni naµan±µak±ni pavattanti, tesa½ dassanattha½ mañc±timañce bandhanti. Sattarasavaggiy± apaññatte sikkh±pade dahar±va upasampann±, te “n±µak±ni ±vuso passiss±m±”ti tattha agama½su. Atha nesa½ ñ±tak± “amh±ka½ ayy± ±gat±”ti tuµµhacitt± nh±petv± vilimpetv± bhojetv± aññampi p³vakh±dan²y±di½ hatthe ada½su. Te sandh±ya vutta½– “manuss± sattarasavaggiye bhikkh³ passitv±”ti-±di.
248-9. Vik±leti vigate k±le. K±loti bhikkh³na½ bhojanak±lo adhippeto, so ca sabbantimena paricchedena majjhanhiko, tasmi½ v²tivatteti adhipp±yo. Tenevassa padabh±jane “vik±lo n±ma majjhanhike v²tivatte y±va aruºuggaman±”ti vutta½, µhitamajjhanhikopi k±lasaªgaha½ gacchati. Tato paµµh±ya pana kh±ditu½ v± bhuñjitu½ v± na sakk±, sahas± pivitu½ sakk± bhaveyya, kukkuccakena pana na kattabba½. K±laparicchedaj±nanatthañca k±latthambho yojetabbo, k±lantareva bhattakicca½ k±tabba½.
Avasesa½ kh±dan²ya½ n±m±ti ettha ya½ t±va sakkhalimodak±dipubbaºº±paraººamaya½, tattha vattabbameva natthi. Yampi vanam³l±dippabheda½ ±misagatika½ hoti, seyyathida½– m³lakh±dan²ya½ kandakh±dan²ya½ m³¼±lakh±dan²ya½ matthakakh±dan²ya½ khandhakh±dan²ya½ tacakh±dan²ya½ pattakh±dan²ya½ pupphakh±dan²ya½ phalakh±dan²ya½ aµµhikh±dan²ya½ piµµhakh±dan²ya½ niyy±sakh±dan²yanti, idampi kh±dan²yasaªkhyameva gacchati.
Tattha pana ±misagatikasallakkhaºattha½ ida½ mukhamattanidassana½– m³lakh±dan²ye t±va m³lakam³la½ kh±rakam³la½ caccum³la½ tambakam³la½ taº¹uleyyakam³la½ vatthuleyyakam³la½ vajakalim³la½ jajjhar²m³lanti evam±d²ni s³peyyapaººam³l±ni ±misagatik±ni. Ettha ca vajakalim³le jaraµµha½ chinditv± cha¹¹enti, ta½ y±vaj²vika½ hoti. Aññampi evar³pa½ eteneva nayena veditabba½. M³lakakh±rakajajjhar²m³l±na½ pana jaraµµh±nipi ±misagatik±nev±ti vutta½. Y±ni pana p±¼iya½–
“Anuj±n±mi bhikkhave, m³l±ni bhesajj±ni haliddi½ siªgivera½ vaca½ vacatta½ ativisa½ kaµukarohiºi½ us²ra½ bhaddamuttaka½, y±ni v± panaññ±nipi atthi m³l±ni bhesajj±ni neva kh±dan²ye kh±dan²yattha½ pharanti, na bhojan²ye bhojan²yattha½ pharant²”ti (mah±va. 263)–

Vutt±ni, t±ni y±vaj²vik±ni. Tesa½ c³¼apañcam³la½ mah±pañcam³lanti-±din± nayena gaºiyam±n±na½ gaºan±ya anto natthi. Kh±dan²yattha½ bhojan²yatthañca pharaº±bh±voyeva pana tesa½ lakkhaºa½. Tasm± ya½kiñci m³la½ tesu tesu janapadesu pakati-±h±ravasena manuss±na½ kh±dan²yattha½ bhojan²yatthañca pharati, ta½ y±vak±lika½; itara½ y±vaj²vikanti veditabba½. Tesu bahu½ vatv±pi hi imasmi½yeva lakkhaºe µh±tabba½. N±masaññ±su pana vuccam±n±su ta½ ta½ n±ma½ aj±nant±na½ sammohoyeva hoti, tasm± n±masaññ±ya ±dara½ akatv± lakkhaºameva dassita½.

Yath± ca m³le; eva½ kand±d²supi ya½ lakkhaºa½ dassita½, tasseva vasena vinicchayo veditabbo. Yañca ta½ p±¼iya½ halidd±di aµµhavidha½ vutta½, tassa khandhatacapupphaphalampi sabba½ y±vaj²vikanti vutta½.
Kandakh±dan²ye duvidho kando– d²gho ca rasso ca bhisaki½sukakand±di vaµµo uppalakaserukakand±di, ya½ “gaºµh²”tipi vadanti. Tattha sabbesa½ kand±na½ jiººajaraµµh±nañca challi ca sukhumam³l±ni ca y±vaj²vik±ni. Taruºo pana sukhakh±dan²yo, s±lakaly±º²potakakando ki½sukapotakakando amb±µakakando ketakakando m±luvakando bhisasaªkh±to padumapuº¹ar²kakando piº¹±lumas±lu-±dayo ca kh²ravallikando ±luvakando siggukando t±lakando n²luppalarattuppalakumudasogandhik±na½ kand± kadalikando ve¼ukando kaserukakandoti evam±dayo tesu tesu janapadesu pakati-±h±ravasena manuss±na½ kh±dan²yatthañca bhojan²yatthañca pharaºakakand± y±vak±lik±.
Kh²ravallikando adhoto y±vaj²viko, dhoto y±vak±liko. Kh²rak±kol²j²vika-usabhakalasuº±dikand± pana y±vaj²vik±. Te p±¼iya½– “y±ni v± panaññ±nipi atthi m³l±ni bhesajj±n²”ti eva½ m³labhesajjasaªgaheneva saªgahit±.
M³¼±lakh±dan²ye pana padumam³¼±la½ puº¹ar²kamu¼±lasadisameva. Erakam³la½ kandulam³lanti evam±di tesu tesu janapadesu pakati-±h±ravasena manuss±na½ kh±dan²yatthañca bhojan²yatthañca pharaºakamu¼±la½ y±vak±lika½. Haliddisiªgiveramakacicaturassavalliketakat±lahint±lakunt±lan±¼ikerap³garukkh±dimu¼±la½ pana y±vaj²vika½, ta½ sabbampi p±¼iya½– “y±ni v± panaññ±nipi atthi m³l±ni bhesajj±n²”ti (mah±va. 263) eva½ m³labhesajjasaªgaheneva saªgahita½.
Matthakakh±dan²ye t±lahint±lakunt±laketakan±¼ikerap³garukkhakhajj³r²vetta-erakakadal²na½ ka¼²rasaªkh±t± matthak± veºuka¼²ro na¼aka¼²ro ucchuka¼²ro m³lakaka¼²ro s±sapaka¼²ro sat±varika¼²ro sattanna½ dhaññ±na½ ka¼²r±ti evam±di tesu tesu janapadesu pakati-±h±ravasena manuss±na½ kh±dan²yattha½ bhojan²yatthañca pharaºako rukkhavalli-±d²na½ matthako y±vak±liko. Haliddisiªgiveravacamakacilasuº±na½ka¼²r± t±lahint±lakunt±lan±¼ikeraka¼²r±nañca chinditv± p±tito jaraµµhabundo y±vaj²viko.
Khandhakh±dan²ye antopathav²gato s±lakaly±º²khandho ucchukhandho n²luppalarattuppalakumudasogandhik±na½ khandhak±ti evam±di tesu tesu janapadesu pakati-±h±ravasena manuss±na½ kh±dan²yattha½ bhojan²yatthañca pharaºako khandho y±vak±liko. Uppalaj±t²na½ paººadaº¹ako padumaj±t²na½ sabbopi daº¹ako k±ravindakadaº¹±dayo ca avasesasabbakhandh± y±vaj²vik±.
Tacakh±dan²ye ucchutacova eko y±vak±liko, sopi saraso. Seso sabbo y±vaj²viko. Tesa½ pana matthakakhandhatac±na½ tiººa½ p±¼iya½ kas±vabhesajjena saªgaho veditabbo. Vuttañheta½–
“Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, kas±v±ni bhesajj±ni nimbakas±va½, kuµajakas±va½, paµolakas±va½, phaggavakas±va½ nattam±lakas±va½, y±ni v± panaññ±nipi atthi kas±v±ni bhesajj±ni neva kh±dan²ye kh±dan²yattha½ pharanti, na bhojan²ye bhojan²yattha½ pharant²”ti (mah±va. 263).
Ettha hi etesampi saªgaho sijjhati. Vuttakas±v±ni ca sabb±ni kappiy±n²ti veditabb±ni.
Pattakh±dan²ye m³laka½ kh±rako caccu tambako taº¹uleyyako papunn±go vatthuleyyako vajakali jajjhar² sellu siggu k±samaddako umm± c²namuggo m±so r±jam±so µhapetv± mah±nipph±va½ avasesanipph±vo aggimantho sunisannako setavaraºo n±¼ik± bh³miya½ j±taloº²ti etesa½ patt±ni aññ±ni ca evar³p±ni tesu tesu janapadesu pakati-±h±ravasena manuss±na½ kh±dan²yattha½ bhojan²yatthañca pharaºak±ni patt±ni eka½sena y±vak±lik±ni. Y± panaññ± mah±nakhapiµµhimatt± paººaloºi rukkhe ca gacche ca ±rohati, tass± patta½ y±vaj²vika½. Brahm²pattañca y±vak±likanti d²pav±sino vadanti. Ambapallava½ y±vak±lika½, asokapallava½ pana y±vaj²vika½.
Y±ni v± panaññ±ni p±¼iya½–
“Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, paºº±ni bhesajj±ni nimbapaººa½ kuµajapaººa½ paµolapaººa½ sulasipaººa½ kapp±sakapaººa½ y±ni v± panaññ±nipi atthi paºº±ni bhesajj±ni neva kh±dan²ye kh±dan²yattha½ pharanti na bhojan²ye bhojan²yattha½ pharant²”ti (mah±va. 263)–
Vutt±ni, t±ni y±vaj²vik±ni. Na kevalañca paºº±niyeva tesa½ pupphaphal±d²nipi y±vaj²vik±ni. Paºº±na½ phaggavapaººa½ ajjukapaººa½ phaºijjakapaººa½ paµolapaººa½ tamb³lapaººa½ paduminipaººanti eva½ gaºanavasena anto natthi.
Pupphakh±dan²ye m³lakapuppha½ kh±rakapuppha½ caccupuppha½ tambakapuppha½ vajakalipuppha½ jajjhar²puppha½ c³¼anipph±vapuppha½ mah±nipph±vapuppha½ kaserukapuppha½ n±¼ikerat±laketak±na½ taruºapupph±ni setavaraºapuppha½ siggupuppha½ uppalapadumaj±tik±na½ pupph±ni kaººikamatta½ agandhikapuppha½ ka¼²rapuppha½ j²vant²pupphanti evam±di tesu tesu janapadesu pakati-±h±ravasena manuss±na½ kh±dan²yattha½ bhojan²yatthañca pharaºakapuppha½ y±vak±lika½. Asokabakulakuyyakapunn±gacampakaj±tikaºav²rakaºik±rakundanavam±likamallik±d²na½ pana puppha½ y±vaj²vika½ tassa gaºan±ya anto natthi. P±¼iya½ panassa kas±vabhesajjeneva saªgaho veditabbo.
Phalakh±dan²ye panasalabujat±lan±¼ikera-ambajamb³-amb±µakatintiºikam±tuluªgakapitthal±bukumbhaº¹apussaphalatimbar³sakatipusav±tiªgaºacocamocamadhuk±d²na½ phal±ni y±ni loke tesu tesu janapadesu pakati-±h±ravasena manuss±na½ kh±dan²yattha½ bhojan²yatthañca pharanti, sabb±ni t±ni y±vak±lik±ni. N±magaºanavasena nesa½ na sakk± pariyanta½ dassetu½. Y±ni pana p±¼iya½–
“Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, phal±ni bhesajj±ni– bilaªga½, pipphali½, marica½, har²taka½, vibh²taka½, ±malaka½, goµµhaphala½, y±ni v± panaññ±nipi atthi phal±ni bhesajj±ni neva kh±dan²ye kh±dan²yattha½ pharanti na bhojan²ye bhojan²yattha½ pharant²”ti (mah±va. 263)–
Vutt±ni, t±ni y±vaj²vik±ni. Tesampi aparipakk±ni acchiva bimbavaraºaketakak±smar²-±d²na½ phal±ni j±tiphala½ kaµukaphala½ e¼± takkolanti eva½ n±mavasena na sakk± pariyanta½ dassetu½.
Aµµhikh±dan²ye labujaµµhi panasaµµhi amb±µakaµµhi s±laµµhi khajj³r²ketakatimbar³sak±na½ taruºaphalaµµhi tintiºikaµµhi bimbaphalaµµhi uppala padumaj±t²na½ pokkharaµµh²ti evam±d²ni tesu tesu janapadesu manuss±na½ pakati-±h±ravasena kh±dan²yattha½ bhojan²yatthañca pharaºak±ni aµµh²ni y±vak±lik±ni. Madhukaµµhi punn±gaµµhi har²tak±d²na½ aµµh²ni siddhatthakaµµhi r±jikaµµh²ti evam±d²ni aµµh²ni y±vaj²vik±ni. Tesa½ p±¼iya½ phalabhesajjeneva saªgaho veditabbo.
Piµµhakh±dan²ye sattanna½ t±va dhaññ±na½ dhaññ±nulom±na½ aparaºº±nañca piµµha½ panasapiµµha½ labujapiµµha½ amb±µakapiµµha½ s±lapiµµha½ dhotakat±lapiµµhañca kh²ravallipiµµhañc±ti evam±d²ni tesu tesu janapadesu pakati-±h±ravasena manuss±na½ kh±dan²yattha½ bhojan²yatthañca pharaºak±ni piµµh±ni y±vak±lik±ni. Adhotaka½ t±lapiµµha½ kh²ravallipiµµha½ assagandh±dipiµµh±ni ca y±vaj²vik±ni. Tesa½ p±¼iya½ kas±vehi ca m³laphalehi ca saªghaho veditabbo.
Niyy±sakh±dan²ye eko ucchuniyy±sova satt±hak±liko. Ses± “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, jat³ni bhesajj±ni– hiªgu½ hiªgujatu½ hiªgusip±µika½ taka½ takapatti½ takapaººi½ sajjulasa½ y±ni v± panaññ±nipi atthi jat³ni bhesajj±n²”ti (mah±va. 263) eva½ p±¼iya½ vuttaniyy±s± y±vaj²vik±. Tattha yev±panakavasena saªgahit±na½ ambaniyy±so kaºik±raniyy±soti eva½ n±mavasena na sakk± pariyanta½ dassetu½. Eva½ imesu m³lakh±dan²y±d²su ya½kiñci y±vak±lika½, sabbampi imasmi½ atthe “avasesa½ kh±dan²ya½ n±m±”ti saªgahita½
Bhojan²ya½ n±ma pañca bhojan±n²ti-±dimhi ya½ vattabba½ ta½ vuttameva. Kh±diss±mi bhuñjiss±m²ti, paµiggaºh±t²ti yo bhikkhu vik±le eta½ kh±dan²ya½ bhojan²yañca paµiggaºh±ti, tassa paµiggahaºe t±va ±patti dukkaµassa. Sesamettha utt±nameva.
E¼akalomasamuµµh±na½– k±yato ca k±yacittato ca samuµµh±ti, kiriya½, nosaññ±vimokkha½, acittaka½, paººattivajja½, k±yakamma½, ticitta½, tivedananti.

Vik±labhojanasikkh±pada½ sattama½.