2. Gaºabhojanasikkh±padavaººan±

209. Dutiyasikkh±pade– parih²nal±bhasakk±roti so kira aj±tasattun± r±j±na½ m±r±petv±pi abhim±re yojetv±pi ruhirupp±da½ katv±pi gu¼hapaµicchanno ahosi. Yad± pana div±yeva dhanap±laka½ payojesi, tad± p±kaµo j±to. “Katha½ devadatto hatthi½ payojes²”ti parikath±ya uppann±ya “na kevala½ hatthi½ payojesi, r±j±nampi m±r±pesi, abhim±repi pesesi, silampi pavijjhi, p±po devadatto”ti p±kaµo ahosi. “Kena saddhi½ ida½ kammamak±s²”ti ca vutte “raññ± aj±tasattun±”ti ±ha½su. Tato n±gar± “kathañhi n±ma r±j± evar³pa½ cora½ s±sanakaºµaka½ gahetv± vicarissat²”ti uµµhahi½su. R±j± nagarasaªkhobha½ ñatv± devadatta½ n²hari. Tato paµµh±ya cassa pañcath±lip±kasat±ni upacchindi, upaµµh±nampissa na agam±si, aññepissa manuss± na kiñci d±tabba½ v± k±tabba½ v± maññi½su. Tena vutta½– “parih²nal±bhasakk±ro”ti. Kulesu viññ±petv± viññ±petv± bhuñjat²ti “m± me gaºo bhijj²”ti parisa½ posento “tva½ ekassa bhikkhuno bhatta½ dehi, tva½ dvinnan”ti eva½ viññ±petv± sapariso kulesu bhuñjati.
211. C²vara½ paritta½ uppajjat²ti bhatta½ agaºhant±na½ c²vara½ na denti, tasm± paritta½ uppajjati.
212. C²varak±rake bhikkh³ bhattena nimantent²ti g±me piº¹±ya caritv± cirena c²vara½ niµµh±pente disv± “eva½ lahu½ niµµh±petv± c²vara½ paribhuñjissant²”ti puññak±mat±ya nimantenti.
215. N±n±verajjaketi n±n±vidhehi aññarajjehi ±gate. “N±n±virajjake”tipi p±µho, ayamevattho.
217-8. Gaºabhojaneti gaºassa bhojane. Idha ca gaºo n±ma catt±ro bhikkh³ ±di½ katv± tatuttari½ bhikkh³ adhippet±, teneva sabbantima½ pariccheda½ dassento ±ha “yattha catt±ro bhikkh³…pe… eta½ gaºabhojana½ n±m±”ti. Ta½ paneta½ gaºabhojana½ dv²h±k±rehi pasavati nimantanato v± viññattito v±. Katha½ nimantanato pasavati? Catt±ro bhikkh³ upasaªkamitv± “tumhe, bhante, odanena nimantemi, odana½ me gaºhatha ±kaªkhatha oloketha adhiv±setha paµim±neth±”ti eva½ yena kenaci vevacanena v± bh±santarena v± pañcanna½ bhojan±na½ n±ma½ gahetv± nimanteti. Eva½ ekato nimantit± paricchinnak±lavasena ajjatan±ya v± sv±tan±ya v± ekato gacchanti, ekato gaºhanti, ekato bhuñjanti, gaºabhojana½ hoti, sabbesa½ ±patti. Ekato nimantit± ekato v± n±nato v± gacchanti, ekato gaºhanti, n±nato bhuñjanti ±pattiyeva. Paµiggahaºameva hi ettha pam±ºa½. Ekato nimantit± ekato v± n±nato v± gacchanti, n±nato gaºhanti, ekato v± n±nato v± bhuñjanti, an±patti. Catt±ri pariveº±ni v± vih±re v± gantv± n±nato nimantit± ekaµµh±ne µhitesuyeva v± eko puttena eko pitar±ti evampi n±nato nimantit± ekato v± n±nato v± gacchantu, ekato v± n±nato v± bhuñjantu, sace ekato gaºhanti, gaºabhojana½ hoti, sabbesa½ ±patti. Eva½ t±va nimantanato pasavati.
Katha½ viññattito? Catt±ro bhikkh³ ekato µhit± v± nisinn± v± up±saka½ disv± “amh±ka½ catunnampi bhatta½ deh²”ti v± viññ±peyyu½, p±µekka½ v± passitv± “mayha½ dehi, mayha½ deh²”ti eva½ ekato v± n±nato v± viññ±petv± ekato v± gacchantu n±nato v±, bhatta½ gahetv±pi ekato v± bhuñjantu n±nato v±, sace ekato gaºhanti, gaºabhojana½ hoti, sabbesa½ ±patti. Eva½ viññattito pasavati.
P±d±pi phalit±ti yath± mah±cammassa parato ma½sa½ dissati; eva½ ph±lit±, v±lik±ya v± sakkhar±ya v± pahaµamatte dukkha½ upp±denti, na sakk± hoti antog±me piº¹±ya caritu½. ¿dise gelaññe gil±nasamayoti bhuñjitabba½, na lesakappiya½ k±tabba½.
C²vare kayiram±neti yad± s±µakañca suttañca labhitv± c²vara½ karonti tad±; visuñhi c²varak±rasamayo n±ma natthi. Tasm± yo tattha c²vare kattabba½ ya½kiñci kamma½ karoti, mah±paccariyañhi “antamaso s³civedhanako”tipi vutta½, tena c²varak±rasamayoti bhuñjitabba½. Kurundiya½ pana vitth±reneva vutta½. Yo c²vara½ vic±reti, chindati, moghasutta½ µhapeti, ±gantukapaµµa½ µhapeti, pacc±gata½ sibbati, ±gantukapaµµa½ bandhati, anuv±ta½ chindati ghaµµeti ±ropeti, tattha pacc±gata½ sibbati, sutta½ karoti valeti, pipphalika½ niseti, parivattana½ karoti, sabbopi c²vara½ karotiyev±ti vuccati. Yo pana sam²pe nisinno j±taka½ v± dhammapada½ v± katheti, aya½ na c²varak±rako. Eta½ µhapetv± ses±na½ gaºabhojane an±patt²ti.
Addhayojananti ettakampi addh±na½ gantuk±mena. Yo pana d³ra½ gantuk±mo, tattha vattabbameva natthi. Gacchanten±ti addh±na½ gacchantena, addhayojanabbhantare g±vutepi bhuñjitu½ vaµµati. Gatena bhuñjitabbanti gatena ekadivasa½ bhuñjitabba½. N±v±bhiruhanepi eseva nayo. Aya½ pana viseso– abhiru¼hena icchitaµµh±na½ gantv±pi y±va na orohati t±va bhuñjitabbanti mah±paccariya½ vutta½. Catutthe ±gateti aya½ antimaparicchedo, catutthepi ±gate yattha na y±penti; so mah±samayo. Yattha pana sata½ v± sahassa½ v± sannipatanti, tattha vattabbameva natthi. Tasm± t±dise k±le “mah±samayo”ti adhiµµhahitv± bhuñjitabba½. Yo koci paribb±jakasam±pannoti sahadhammikesu v± titthiyesu v± aññataro, etesañhi yena kenaci kate bhatte “samaºabhattasamayo”ti bhuñjitabba½.
220. An±patti samayeti sattasu samayesu aññatarasmi½ an±patti. Dve tayo ekatoti yepi akappiyanimantana½ s±diyitv± dve v± tayo v± ekato gahetv± bhuñjanti, tesampi an±patti.
Tattha animantitacatuttha½, piº¹ap±tikacatuttha½, anupasampannacatuttha½, pattacatuttha½, gil±nacatutthanti pañcanna½ catukk±na½ vasena vinicchayo veditabbo Katha½? Idhekacco catt±ro bhikkh³ “bhatta½ gaºhath±”ti nimanteti. Tesu tayo gat±, eko na gato. Up±sako “eko bhante thero kuhin”ti pucchati. N±gato up±sak±ti. So añña½ taªkhaºappatta½ kañci “ehi bhante”ti pavesetv± catunnampi bhatta½ deti, sabbesa½ an±patti. Kasm±? Gaºap³rakassa animantitatt±. Tayo eva hi tattha nimantit± gaºhi½su, tehi gaºo na p³rati, gaºap³rako ca animantito, tena gaºo bhijjat²ti ida½ animantitacatuttha½.
Piº¹ap±tikacatutthe– nimantanak±le eko piº¹ap±tiko hoti, so n±dhiv±seti. Gamanavel±ya pana “ehi bhante”ti vutte anadhiv±sitatt± an±gacchantampi “etha bhikkha½ lacchath±”ti gahetv± gacchanti, so ta½ gaºa½ bhindati. Tasm± sabbesa½ an±patti.
Anupasampannacatutthe– s±maºerena saddhi½ nimantit± honti, sopi gaºa½ bhindati.
Pattacatutthe– eko saya½ agantv± patta½ peseti; evampi gaºo bhijjati. Tasm± sabbesa½ an±patti.
Gil±nacatutthe– gil±nena saddhi½ nimantit± honti, tattha gil±nasseva an±patti, itaresa½ pana gaºap³rako hoti. Na hi gil±nena gaºo bhijjati. Tasm± tesa½ ±pattiyeva. Mah±paccariya½ pana avisesena vutta½.
Samayaladdhako sayameva muccati, ses±na½ gaºap³rakatt± ±pattikaro hoti. Tasm± c²varad±nasamayaladdhak±d²nampi vasena catukk±ni veditabb±ni. Sace pana adhiv±setv± gatesupi cat³su janesu eko paº¹ito bhikkhu “aha½ tumh±ka½ gaºa½ bhindiss±mi, nimantana½ s±diyath±”ti vatv± y±gukhajjak±vas±ne bhattatth±ya patta½ gaºhant±na½ adatv± “ime t±va bhikkh³ bhojetv± vissajjetha, aha½ pacch± anumodana½ katv± gamiss±m²”ti nisinno. Tesu bhutv± gatesu “detha bhante pattan”ti up±sakena patta½ gahetv± bhatte dinne bhuñjitv± anumodana½ katv± gacchati, sabbesa½ an±patti. Pañcannañhi bhojan±na½yeva vasena gaºabhojane visaªketa½ natthi. Odanena nimantit± kumm±sa½ gaºhant±pi ±patti½ ±pajjanti. T±ni ca tehi ekato na gahit±ni. Y±gu-±d²su pana visaªketa½ hoti, t±ni tehi ekato gahit±n²ti. Eva½ eko paº¹ito aññesampi an±patti½ karoti.
Tasm± sace koci saªghabhatta½ kattuk±mena nimantanatth±ya pesito vih±ra½ ±gamma “bhante, sve amh±ka½ ghare bhikkha½ gaºhath±”ti avatv± “bhatta½ gaºhath±”ti v± “saªghabhatta½ gaºhath±”ti v± “saªgho bhatta½ gaºh±t³”ti v± vadati, bhattuddesakena paº¹itena bhavitabba½, nemantanik± gaºabhojanato piº¹ap±tik± ca dhutaªgabhedato mocetabb±. Katha½? Eva½ t±va vattabba½– “sve na sakk± up±sak±”ti. “Punadivase, bhante”ti. “Punadivasepi na sakk±”ti. Eva½ y±va addham±sampi haritv± puna vattabbo– “tva½ ki½ avac±”ti? Sace punapi “saªghabhatta½ gaºhath±”ti vadati, tato “ima½ t±va up±saka puppha½ kappiya½ karohi, ima½ tiºan”ti eva½ vikkhepa½ katv± puna “ki½ kathayitth±”ti pucchitabbo. Sace punapi tatheva vadati, “±vuso, tva½ piº¹ap±tike v± mah±there v± na lacchasi, s±maºere lacchas²”ti vattabbo. “Nanu, bhante asukasmiñca asukasmiñca g±me bhadante bhojesu½, aha½ kasm± na labh±m²”ti ca vutte “te nimantetu½ j±nanti, tva½ na j±n±s²”ti. Te katha½ nimantesu½ bhanteti? Te evam±ha½su– “amh±ka½, bhante, bhikkha½ gaºhath±”ti. Sace sopi tatheva vadati, vaµµati. Atha punapi “bhatta½ gaºhath±”ti vadati, “na d±ni tva½, ±vuso, bah³ bhikkh³ lacchasi, tayo eva lacchas²”ti vattabbo. “Nanu, bhante, asukasmiñca asukasmiñca g±me sakala½ bhikkhusaªgha½ bhojesu½, aha½ kasm± na labh±m²”ti? “Tva½ nimantetu½ na j±n±s²”ti. “Te katha½ nimantesun”ti? Te “bhikkha½ gaºhath±”ti ±ha½s³ti. Sace sopi “bhikkha½ gaºhath±”ti vadati, vaµµati. Atha punapi “bhattamev±”ti vadati, tato vattabbo– “gaccha tva½, natthamh±ka½ tava bhattenattho, nibaddhagocaro esa amh±ka½, mayamettha piº¹±ya cariss±m±”ti. Ta½ “caratha, bhante”ti vatv± ±gata½ pucchanti– “ki½ bho laddh± bhikkh³”ti “Ki½ etena bahu ettha vattabba½, ‘ther± sve piº¹±ya cariss±m±’ti ±ha½su. M± d±ni tumhe pamajjitth±”ti. Dutiyadivase cetiyavatta½ katv± µhit± bhikkh³ saªghattherena vattabb±– “±vuso, dhurag±me saªghabhatta½ apaº¹itamanusso pana agam±si gacch±ma dhurag±me piº¹±ya cariss±m±”ti. Bhikkh³hi therassa vacana½ k±tabba½, na dubbacehi bhavitabba½, g±madv±re aµµhatv±va piº¹±ya caritabba½. Tesu patt±ni gahetv± nis²d±petv± bhojentesu bhuñjitabba½. Sace ±sanas±l±ya bhatta½ µhapetv± rathik±su ±hiº¹ant± ±rocenti– “±sanas±l±ya, bhante, bhatta½ gaºhath±”ti na vaµµati.
Atha pana bhatta½ ±d±ya tattha tattha gantv± “bhatta½ gaºhath±”ti vadanti, paµikacceva v± vih±ra½ abhiharitv± patir³pe µh±ne µhapetv± ±gat±gat±na½ denti, aya½ abhihaµabhikkh± n±ma vaµµati. Sace pana bhattas±l±ya d±na½ sajjetv± ta½ ta½ pariveºa½ pahiºanti “bhattas±l±ya bhatta½ gaºhath±”ti, na vaµµati. Ye pana manuss± piº¹ac±rike bhikkh³ disv± ±sanas±la½ sammajjitv± tattha nis²d±petv± bhojenti, na te paµikkhipitabb±. Ye pana g±me bhikkha½ alabhitv± g±mato nikkhamante bhikkh³ disv± “bhante bhatta½ gaºhath±”ti vadanti, te paµikkhipitabb±, na v± nivattitabba½. Sace “nivattatha, bhante, bhatta½ gaºhath±”ti vadanti, “nivattath±”ti vuttapade nivattitu½ vaµµati. “Nivattatha bhante, ghare bhatta½ kata½, g±me bhatta½ katan”ti vadanti, gehe ca g±me ca bhatta½ n±ma yassa kassaci hot²ti nivattitu½ vaµµati. “Nivattatha, bhatta½ gaºhath±”ti sambandha½ katv± vadanti, nivattitu½ na vaµµati. ¾sanas±lato piº¹±ya caritu½ nikkhamante disv± “nis²datha bhante bhatta½ gaºhath±”ti vuttepi eseva nayo. Niccabhattanti dhuvabhatta½ vuccati. “Niccabhatta½ gaºhath±”ti vadanti, bah³nampi ekato gahetu½ vaµµati. Sal±kabhatt±d²supi eseva nayo. Sesamettha utt±nameva.
E¼akalomasamuµµh±na½– kiriya½, nosaññ±vimokkha½, acittaka½, paººattivajja½, k±yakamma½, ticitta½, tivedananti.

Gaºabhojanasikkh±pada½ dutiya½.