4. Padasodhammasikkh±padavaººan±

44. Catutthasikkh±pade– appatiss±ti appatissav±. Up±sak±ti vutte vacanampi na sotuk±m±; an±dar±ti attho. Appatissay± v± an²cavuttinoti attho. Asabh±gavuttik±ti visabh±gaj²vik±, yath± bhikkh³su vattitabba½; eva½ appavattavuttinoti attho.
45. Padaso dhamma½ v±ceyy±ti ekato pada½ pada½ dhamma½ v±ceyya; koµµh±sa½ koµµh±sa½ v±ceyy±ti attho. Yasm± pana ta½ koµµh±san±maka½ pada½ catubbidha½ hoti, tasm± ta½ dassetu½ “pada½ anupada½ anvakkhara½ anubyañjanan”ti padabh±jana½ vutta½. Tattha padanti eko g±th±p±do adhippeto. Anupadanti dutiyap±do. Anvakkharanti ekekamakkhara½. Anubyañjananti purimabyañjanena sadisa½ pacch±byañjana½. Ya½ kiñci v± ekamakkhara½ anvakkhara½, akkharasam³ho anubyañjana½, akkhar±nubyañjanasam³ho pada½. Paµhamapada½ padameva, dutiya½ anupadanti evamettha n±n±karaºa½ veditabba½.
Id±ni pada½ n±ma ekato paµµhapetv± ekato os±pent²ti g±th±bandha½ dhamma½ v±cento “manopubbaªgam± dhamm±”ti ekameka½ pada½ s±maºerena saddhi½ ekato ±rabhitv± ekatoyeva niµµh±peti. Eva½ v±centassa padagaºan±ya p±cittiy± veditabb±. Anupada½ n±ma p±µekka½ paµµhapetv± ekato os±pent²ti therena “manopubbaªgam± dhamm±”ti vutte s±maºero ta½ pada½ ap±puºitv± “manoseµµh± manomay±”ti dutiyapada½ ekato bhaºati, ime p±µekka½ paµµhapetv± ekato os±penti n±ma. Eva½ v±centass±pi anupadagaºan±ya p±cittiy±. Anvakkhara½ n±ma r³pa½ aniccanti vuccam±no “r³”ti op±tet²ti “r³pa½ aniccanti bhaºa s±maºer±”ti vuccam±no r³k±ramattameva ekato vatv± tiµµhati. Eva½ v±centass±pi anvakkharagaºan±ya p±cittiy±. G±th±bandhepi ca esa nayo labbhatiyeva. Anubyañjana½ n±ma r³pa½ aniccanti vuccam±no vedan± anicc±ti sadda½ nicch±ret²ti “r³pa½, bhikkhave, anicca½, vedan± anicc±”ti ima½ sutta½ v±cayam±no therena “r³pa½ aniccan”ti vuccam±no s±maºero s²ghapaññat±ya “vedan± anicc±”ti ima½ aniccapada½ therassa “r³pa½ aniccan”ti etena aniccapadena saddhi½ ekato bhaºanto v±ca½ nicch±reti. Eva½ v±centass±pi anubyañjanagaºan±ya p±cittiy±. Aya½ panettha saªkhepo– imesu pad±d²su ya½ ya½ ekato bhaºati tena tena ±patti½ ±pajjat²ti.
Buddhabh±sitoti sakala½ vinayapiµaka½ abhidhammapiµaka½ dhammapada½ cariy±piµaka½ ud±na½ itivuttaka½ j±taka½ suttanip±to vim±navatthu petavatthu brahmaj±l±d²ni ca sutt±ni. S±vakabh±sitoti catuparisapariy±pannehi s±vakehi bh±sito anaªgaºasamm±diµµhi-anum±nasuttacu¼avedallamah±vedall±diko. Isibh±sitoti b±hiraparibb±jakehi bh±sito sakalo paribb±jakavaggo, b±variyassa antev±sik±na½ so¼asanna½ br±hmaº±na½ pucch±ti evam±di. Devat±bh±sitoti devat±hi bh±sito; so devat±sa½yuttadevaputtasa½yuttam±rasa½yuttabrahmasa½yuttasakkasa½yutt±divasena veditabbo.
Atth³pasañhitoti aµµhakath±nissito. Dhamm³pasañhitoti p±¼inissito; ubhayen±pi vivaµµ³panissitameva vadati. Kiñc±pi vivaµµ³panissita½ vadati, tisso saªg²tiyo ±ru¼hadhamma½yeva pana padaso v±centassa ±patti Vivaµµ³panissitepi n±n±bh±s±vasena g±th±silokabandh±d²hi abhisaªkhate an±patti. Tisso saªg²tiyo an±ru¼hepi kulumbasutta½ r±jov±dasutta½ tikkhindriya½ catuparivaµµa½ nandopanandanti ²dise ±pattiyeva. Apal±ladamanampi vutta½, mah±paccariyampana paµisiddha½. Meº¹akamilindapañhesu therassa sakapaµibh±ne an±patti, ya½ rañño saññ±panattha½ ±haritv± vutta½, tattha ±patti. Vaººapiµaka-aªgulim±lapiµakaraµµhap±laga-ajata-±¼avakagajjitagu¼hamaggagu¼havessantaragu¼havinayavedallapiµak±ni pana abuddhavacan±niyev±ti vutta½. S²l³padeso n±ma dhammasen±patin± vuttoti vadanti, tasmi½ ±pattiyeva. Aññ±nipi maggakath±-±rammaºakath±buddhikadaº¹aka ñ±ºavatthu-asubhakath±d²ni atthi, tesu sattati½sa bodhipakkhiyadhamm± vibhatt±, dhutaªgapañhe paµipad± vibhatt±; tasm± tesu ±patt²ti vutta½. Mah±paccariy±d²su pana saªg²ti½ an±ru¼hesu r±jov±datikkhindriyacatuparivaµµanandopanandakulumbasuttesuyeva ±patt²ti vatv± avasesesu ya½ buddhavacanato ±haritv± vutta½, tadeva ±pattivatthu hoti, na itaranti ayamattho pariggahito.
48. Ekato uddis±pentoti anupasampannena saddhi½ ekato uddesa½ gaºhantopi ekato vadati an±patt²ti attho.
Tatr±ya½ vinicchayo– upasampanno ca anupasampanno ca nis²ditv± uddis±penti. ¾cariyo nisinn±na½ bhaº±m²ti tehi saddhi½ ekato vadati, ±cariyassa ±patti. Anupasampannena saddhi½ gaºhantassa an±patti. Dvepi µhit± gaºhanti, eseva nayo. Daharabhikkhu nisinno, s±maºero µhito, nisinnassa bhaº±m²ti bhaºato an±patti. Sace daharo tiµµhati, itaro nis²dati, µhitassa bhaº±m²ti bhaºatopi an±patti. Sace bah³na½ bhikkh³na½ antare eko s±maºero nisinno hoti, tasmi½ nisinne padaso dhamma½ v±centassa ±cariyassa acittak±patti. Sace s±maºero upac±ra½ muñcitv± µhito v± nisinno v± hoti, yesa½ v±ceti, tesu apariy±pannatt± ekena dis±bh±gena pal±yanakagantha½ n±ma gaºh±t²ti saªkhya½ gacchati, tasm± an±patti. Ekato sajjh±ya½ karontopi anupasampannena saddhi½ upasampanno ekato sajjh±ya½ karonto tena saddhi½yeva bhaºati, an±patti. Anupasampannassa santike uddesa½ gaºhantassapi tena saddhi½ ekato bhaºantassa an±patti. Ayampi hi ekato sajjh±ya½ karoticceva saªkhya½ gacchati.
Yebhuyyena paguºa½ gantha½ bhaºanta½ op±tet²ti sace ekag±th±ya eko p±do na ±gacchati, sesa½ ±gacchati, aya½ yebhuyyena paguºagantho n±ma. Etena nayena suttepi veditabbo. Ta½ op±tentassa eva½ bhaº±h²ti ekatopi bhaºantassa an±patti. Os±renta½ op±tet²ti sutta½ ucc±renta½ parisamajjhe parisaªkam±na½ eva½ vadeh²ti tena saddhi½ ekatopi vadantassa an±patti. Ya½ pana mah±paccariy±d²su “may± saddhi½ m± vad±”ti vutto yadi vadati, “an±patt²”ti vutta½, ta½ mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ natthi, natthibh±voyeva cassa yutto. Kasm±? Kiriyasamuµµh±natt±. Itarath± hi kiriy±kiriya½ bhaveyya. Sesa½ utt±natthameva.
Padasodhammasamuµµh±na½– v±cato ca v±c±cittato ca samuµµh±ti, kiriya½, nosaññ±vimokkha½, acittaka½, paººattivajja½, vac²kamma½, ticitta½, tivedananti.

Padasodhammasikkh±pada½ catuttha½.